Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 102,600 100.0 158,053 100.0 48,620 100.0 1,015
Single modes 86,420 84.2 151,528 95.9 44,383 91.3 487
Truck 73,655 71.8 132,229 83.7 18,403 37.9 197
For-hire truck 43,164 42.1 50,583 32.0 14,998 30.8 740
Private truck 30,267 29.5 81,127 51.3 3,331 6.9 51
Rail 5,272 5.1 17,197 10.9 25,202 51.8 1,572
Water S S 1,626 1.0 158 0.3 679
Shallow draft S S 1,622 1.0 148 0.3 69
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,411
Air (including truck and air) 7,075 6.9 S S S S 2,233
Pipeline3 61 255 0.2 S S S
Multiple modes 11,422 11.1 1,912 1.2 3,643 7.5 1,674
Parcel, USPS or courier 10,352 10.1 264 0.2 375 0.8 1,674
Truck and rail 671 0.7 991 0.6 1,776 3.7 2,522
Truck and water 387 0.4 S S S S 2,456
Rail and water S S S S S S 2,667
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 66
Other and unknown modes 4,757 4.6 4,612 2.9 594 1.2 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 237 100.0 118 100.0 318 100.0 2,664
Single modes 121 50.9 103 87.5 277 86.9 2,586
Truck 102 43.1 86 72.8 227 71.4 2,529
For-hire truck 102 43.1 86 72.8 227 71.4 2,529
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,787
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,652
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,668
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 1.8 6 1.8 2,668
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,846
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,761

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 550 100.0 151 100.0 253 100.0 1,306
Single modes 286 52.0 67 44.6 53 20.8 2,164
Truck 267 48.5 65 42.9 47 18.7 667
For-hire truck 197 35.9 S S S S 687
Private truck S S 38 25.3 27 10.8 635
Rail
Water S S S S S S 1,997
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1,997
Air (including truck and air) 17 3.1 0.3 1 0.4 2,737
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 264 48.0 83 55.4 201 79.2 900
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 2 0.8 856
Truck and rail S S S S S S 676
Truck and water 159 29.0 70 46.7 183 72.1 2,159
Rail and water S S S S S S 2,418
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,008
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 671

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,353 100.0 1,060 100.0 1,507 100.0 1,303
Single modes 1,088 80.4 975 91.9 1,398 92.8 1,862
Truck 490 36.2 223 21.0 282 18.7 1,295
For-hire truck 488 36.1 221 20.9 280 18.6 1,295
Private truck S S S S S S 1,192
Rail 208 15.4 751 70.9 1,116 74.0 1,492
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1 2,121
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 253 18.7 S S S S 1,208
Parcel, USPS or courier 236 17.5 7 0.7 9 0.6 1,208
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,403
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,069

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 132 100.0 S S S S 2,179
Single modes 92 69.9 S S S S 2,176
Truck 86 64.9 S S S S 2,175
For-hire truck 86 64.9 S S S S 2,175
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,564
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 38 28.8 S S S S 2,188
Parcel, USPS or courier 38 28.8 S S S S 2,188
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,992

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 17,501 100.0 10,926 100.0 8,705 100.0 922
Single modes 15,524 88.7 10,139 92.8 8,136 93.5 1,349
Truck 12,433 71.0 5,538 50.7 3,951 45.4 678
For-hire truck 11,122 63.6 4,502 41.2 3,427 39.4 735
Private truck 1,126 6.4 959 8.8 481 5.5 563
Rail 1,417 8.1 4,582 41.9 4,156 47.7 944
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 30 0.3 2,139
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,813 10.4 400 3.7 387 4.4 730
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,626 9.3 30 0.3 22 0.2 730
Truck and rail 186 1.1 370 3.4 366 4.2 1,026
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 164 0.9 387 3.5 181 2.1 555

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 877 100.0 748 100.0 970 100.0 1,413
Single modes 701 79.9 734 98.2 952 98.1 1,624
Truck 286 32.7 163 21.7 208 21.5 1,304
For-hire truck 272 31.0 150 20.1 194 20.0 1,306
Private truck S S S S S S 1,140
Rail S S S S 743 76.6 1,275
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 1 0.1 1,927
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 107 12.2 S S S S 1,311
Parcel, USPS or courier 105 12.0 3 0.4 4 0.4 1,311
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,371
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,269
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,340

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 311 100.0 232 100.0 788 100.0 3,024
Single modes 199 63.8 229 98.9 780 99.0 2,987
Truck S S 7 3.2 22 2.8 3,016
For-hire truck S S 7 3.2 22 2.8 3,016
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 3,422
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,979
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 112 35.9 3 1.1 8 1.0 3,041
Parcel, USPS or courier 112 35.9 3 1.1 8 1.0 3,041
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,878

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 27 100.0 S S S S 2,784
Single modes S S S S S S 2,766
Truck S S S S S S 3,000
For-hire truck S S S S S S 3,000
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,685
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2 8.2 S S S S 2,882
Parcel, USPS or courier 2 8.2 S S S S 2,882
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,701
Single modes S S S S S S 2,666
Truck S S S S S S 2,852
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,852
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,645
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,829
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,829
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 537 100.0 1,782 100.0 3,185
Single modes S S 445 82.7 1,447 81.2 3,033
Truck 570 18.9 S S S S 3,092
For-hire truck 569 18.8 S S S S 3,091
Private truck S S S S S S 3,359
Rail S S S S S S 3,449
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,938
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 232 7.7 S S S S 3,202
Parcel, USPS or courier 219 7.3 9 1.7 29 1.6 3,202
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,611
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3,145

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 773 100.0 343 100.0 998 100.0 2,677
Single modes 440 56.9 284 82.8 828 82.9 2,637
Truck 277 35.9 123 36.0 328 32.9 2,660
For-hire truck 272 35.2 116 33.9 308 30.8 2,659
Private truck S S S S S S 2,848
Rail 116 15.1 159 46.5 497 49.8 3,045
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,532
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 333 43.1 S S S S 2,696
Parcel, USPS or courier 269 34.8 3 0.8 8 0.8 2,694
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,898
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,815

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 365 100.0 S S S S 3,981
Single modes S S 3 0.7 12 0.9 4,404
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water S S S S S S 2,695
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,695
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 0.3 6 0.4 4,404
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 259 71.0 S S S S 2,802
Parcel, USPS or courier 32 8.6 S S S S 2,804
Truck and rail
Truck and water 226 61.9 S S S S 2,770
Rail and water S S S S S S 2,780
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,753
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,713

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,148 100.0 2,027 100.0 828 100.0 855
Single modes 1,992 92.8 1,999 98.6 816 98.5 1,075
Truck 1,749 81.4 1,501 74.0 589 71.1 465
For-hire truck 1,092 50.8 1,152 56.8 424 51.2 468
Private truck 655 30.5 347 17.1 165 19.9 459
Rail S S S S S S 482
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,611
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 141 6.6 5 0.3 2 0.3 530
Parcel, USPS or courier 141 6.6 5 0.3 2 0.3 530
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 14 0.7 S S S S 439

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,785 100.0 1,412 100.0 3,277 100.0 2,214
Single modes 1,310 73.4 1,278 90.5 2,974 90.8 2,363
Truck 861 48.2 262 18.6 562 17.2 2,130
For-hire truck 858 48.1 262 18.5 561 17.1 2,130
Private truck S S S S S S 2,156
Rail 412 23.1 1,015 71.9 2,410 73.5 2,362
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 2 2,526
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 442 24.8 129 9.2 291 8.9 2,195
Parcel, USPS or courier 324 18.2 S S S S 2,195
Truck and rail 118 6.6 117 8.2 263 8.0 2,268
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,151

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 487 100.0 S S S S 2,304
Single modes 386 79.2 S S S S 2,323
Truck 260 53.5 S S S S 2,240
For-hire truck 259 53.1 59 10.5 135 9.6 2,250
Private truck S S S S S S 2,216
Rail S S S S S S 2,539
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 28 5.8 S S S S 2,364
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 93 19.1 1 0.3 3 0.2 2,296
Parcel, USPS or courier 93 19.1 1 0.3 3 0.2 2,296
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,242

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 238 100.0 S S S S 2,105
Single modes 225 94.6 S S S S 2,349
Truck 151 63.5 46 13.6 84 12.0 1,859
For-hire truck 137 57.7 27 7.9 49 7.0 1,862
Private truck S S S S S S 1,766
Rail 68 28.6 S S S S 2,021
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,687
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 13 5.3 S S S S 1,822
Parcel, USPS or courier 13 5.3 S S S S 1,822
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,639

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 140 100.0 61 100.0 117 100.0 1,877
Single modes 80 57.5 59 97.0 114 97.0 2,301
Truck 60 42.6 S S S S 1,777
For-hire truck 52 37.4 18 28.8 30 25.9 1,790
Private truck S S S S S S 1,737
Rail S S S S S S 2,090
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,008
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 59 41.9 2 2.9 3 2.9 1,806
Parcel, USPS or courier 57 40.5 1 1.6 2 1.5 1,806
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,998
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,911

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 254 100.0 64 100.0 153 100.0 2,313
Single modes 147 57.9 38 60.1 96 62.9 2,292
Truck S S 20 31.7 47 30.6 2,411
For-hire truck S S 20 31.7 47 30.6 2,411
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,748
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,253
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 79 31.2 S S S S 2,330
Parcel, USPS or courier 75 29.4 S S S S 2,329
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,585
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,245

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 136 100.0 75 100.0 199 100.0 2,529
Single modes 84 61.5 69 91.8 183 92.1 2,703
Truck 72 53.2 S S S S 2,543
For-hire truck 72 52.8 S S S S 2,539
Private truck S S S S S S 2,550
Rail S S S S S S 2,765
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,873
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 30 21.8 S S S S 2,445
Parcel, USPS or courier 28 20.6 1 2.0 4 1.9 2,445
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,546
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,671

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,312
Single modes S S S S S S 3,288
Truck S S S S S S 3,323
For-hire truck S S S S S S 3,325
Private truck S S S S S S 3,244
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1 1.3 S S S S 2,996
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 14 17.8 S S S S 3,314
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 13.5 1.0 1 1.0 3,314
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,339
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 370 100.0 219 100.0 685 100.0 2,817
Single modes 279 75.4 202 92.5 633 92.4 2,693
Truck 223 60.3 21 9.5 59 8.6 2,831
For-hire truck 223 60.3 21 9.5 59 8.6 2,831
Private truck
Rail 49 13.3 S S S S 3,163
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,593
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 90 24.4 S S S S 2,863
Parcel, USPS or courier 71 19.1 2 0.9 6 0.8 2,862
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,212
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,766

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 644 100.0 440 100.0 1,402 100.0 3,156
Single modes 457 70.9 433 98.4 1,380 98.4 2,963
Truck 245 38.1 S S S S 3,091
For-hire truck 243 37.6 S S S S 3,090
Private truck S S S S S S 3,123
Rail S S S S S S 3,368
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,924
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 187 29.0 S S S S 3,180
Parcel, USPS or courier 187 29.0 S S S S 3,180
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3,187

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 517 100.0 255 100.0 643 100.0 2,395
Single modes 372 71.9 228 89.6 576 89.6 2,414
Truck 288 55.6 103 40.6 248 38.5 2,313
For-hire truck 284 54.8 102 40.1 245 38.1 2,313
Private truck S S S S S S 2,330
Rail 67 13.0 124 48.7 327 50.9 2,647
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 17 3.3 S S S S 2,549
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 107 20.6 S S S S 2,386
Parcel, USPS or courier 98 19.0 2 0.8 5 0.8 2,386
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,675
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,448

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 958 100.0 710 100.0 1,289 100.0 2,033
Single modes S S 668 94.1 1,210 93.9 2,414
Truck S S S S S S 1,712
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,711
Private truck S S S S S S 1,723
Rail 114 11.9 352 49.6 698 54.1 1,990
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 2,732
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 249 26.0 39 5.5 73 5.7 1,972
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,972
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,888
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,843

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,556
Single modes S S S S S S 2,678
Truck S S S S S S 2,473
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,473
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,572
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,710
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 40 33.7 2 4.7 5 4.7 2,514
Parcel, USPS or courier 36 30.2 S S S S 2,487
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,781
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 856 100.0 905 100.0 1,962 100.0 2,085
Single modes 461 53.8 858 94.8 1,872 95.4 2,281
Truck 268 31.4 85 9.4 171 8.7 1,965
For-hire truck 267 31.2 84 9.3 170 8.6 1,966
Private truck S S S S S S 1,809
Rail 177 20.7 763 84.3 S S 2,193
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,899
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 111 12.9 S S S S 2,066
Parcel, USPS or courier 100 11.7 S S S S 2,066
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,221
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,816

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 584 100.0 294 100.0 209 100.0 1,194
Single modes 441 75.5 287 97.7 202 96.8 1,889
Truck 424 72.5 262 89.3 181 86.6 712
For-hire truck 311 53.3 205 69.7 136 65.1 745
Private truck 112 19.2 57 19.5 45 21.5 637
Rail S S S S S S 904
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,020
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 143 24.4 S S S S 943
Parcel, USPS or courier 143 24.4 S S S S 943
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 597

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 287 100.0 124 100.0 209 100.0 1,602
Single modes S S 123 99.5 208 99.5 1,676
Truck S S 28 23.0 47 22.3 1,626
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,627
Private truck S S S S S S 1,570
Rail S S S S S S 1,740
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,932
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 26 9.1 S S S S 1,606
Parcel, USPS or courier 26 9.1 S S S S 1,606
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,547

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 721 100.0 454 100.0 338 100.0 878
Single modes 577 80.0 439 96.7 320 94.7 1,146
Truck 362 50.3 283 62.5 160 47.5 658
For-hire truck 264 36.6 211 46.4 128 37.9 669
Private truck 98 13.6 S S 32 9.6 633
Rail 42 5.8 155 34.1 159 47.1 1,025
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.1 1,318
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 131 18.2 S S S S 669
Parcel, USPS or courier 124 17.2 3 0.7 3 0.8 668
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,295
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 601

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 209 100.0 S S S S 3,113
Single modes 196 93.8 S S S S 3,109
Truck S S 10 15.1 32 14.1 3,108
For-hire truck S S 10 15.1 32 14.1 3,108
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 3,377
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,980
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 13 6.2 0.7 1 0.6 3,113
Parcel, USPS or courier 13 6.2 0.7 1 0.6 3,113
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 869 100.0 392 100.0 1,258 100.0 2,978
Single modes 700 80.6 379 96.7 1,218 96.8 2,852
Truck 391 45.0 38 9.7 112 8.9 2,913
For-hire truck 390 44.9 35 9.0 103 8.2 2,910
Private truck S S S S S S 2,961
Rail 177 20.3 340 86.7 1,103 87.7 3,219
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,816
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 168 19.4 13 3.3 40 3.2 2,992
Parcel, USPS or courier 161 18.5 S S S S 2,992
Truck and rail 7 0.8 S S S S 3,186
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,729

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 94 100.0 61 100.0 101 100.0 1,673
Single modes 71 75.1 60 98.3 100 98.6 2,256
Truck 48 50.8 S S S S 1,500
For-hire truck 48 50.6 S S S S 1,501
Private truck S S S S S S 1,401
Rail S S S S S S 1,771
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,197
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,318
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,318
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 740 100.0 329 100.0 1,011 100.0 2,938
Single modes 422 57.1 285 86.8 872 86.3 2,767
Truck 216 29.2 56 17.0 160 15.8 2,839
For-hire truck 216 29.2 56 17.0 160 15.8 2,839
Private truck
Rail 116 15.7 223 67.7 693 68.5 3,097
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 90 12.2 S S S S 2,727
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 302 40.9 S S S S 2,962
Parcel, USPS or courier 281 38.0 S S S S 2,962
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,210
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,751

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 654 100.0 160 100.0 475 100.0 2,777
Single modes 361 55.2 147 91.6 436 91.9 2,658
Truck 298 45.6 95 59.3 266 56.1 2,770
For-hire truck 295 45.1 93 58.1 261 54.9 2,770
Private truck S S S S S S 2,924
Rail S S S S S S 3,212
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,581
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 259 39.6 11 7.1 33 6.9 2,807
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,799
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,222
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,811

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 91 100.0 S S S S 1,480
Single modes S S S S S S 1,519
Truck S S S S S S 1,464
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,443
Private truck S S S S S S 1,662
Rail S S S S S S 1,817
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,043
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.5 1 0.4 1,474
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.5 1 0.4 1,474
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,206 100.0 S S S S 2,431
Single modes 899 74.5 S S S S 2,388
Truck 349 29.0 124 13.8 310 12.7 2,439
For-hire truck 345 28.6 124 13.8 308 12.6 2,435
Private truck S S 1 2 2,523
Rail 176 14.6 S S S S 2,752
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,347
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 272 22.6 S S S S 2,443
Parcel, USPS or courier 260 21.6 5 0.5 11 0.5 2,443
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,675
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,392

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 202 100.0 175 100.0 386 100.0 2,105
Single modes 168 83.5 174 99.6 385 99.6 2,412
Truck 121 59.9 38 21.7 76 19.6 2,009
For-hire truck 117 58.1 36 20.7 72 18.7 2,009
Private truck S S S S S S 1,997
Rail 38 18.7 136 77.8 309 80.0 2,264
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,957
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 33 16.5 1 0.4 1 0.3 1,981
Parcel, USPS or courier 33 16.5 1 0.4 1 0.3 1,981
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,960

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 41,290 100.0 116,396 100.0 3,482 100.0 43
Single modes 35,825 86.8 112,361 96.5 3,412 98.0 34
Truck 35,233 85.3 108,735 93.4 3,159 90.7 32
For-hire truck 13,842 33.5 34,030 29.2 1,612 46.3 77
Private truck 21,376 51.8 74,272 63.8 1,519 43.6 26
Rail 159 0.4 2,138 1.8 149 4.3 69
Water S S 1,233 1.1 102 2.9 64
Shallow draft S S 1,233 1.1 102 2.9 64
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 246
Pipeline3 48 0.1 255 0.2 S S S
Multiple modes 1,872 4.5 166 0.1 10 0.3 106
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,856 4.5 43 5 0.1 107
Truck and rail S S S S S S 146
Truck and water S S S S S S 297
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3
Other and unknown modes 3,592 8.7 3,869 3.3 60 1.7 13

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 620 100.0 204 100.0 601 100.0 2,773
Single modes 348 56.1 190 93.4 563 93.6 2,734
Truck 277 44.6 67 32.7 185 30.7 2,815
For-hire truck 274 44.2 66 32.4 183 30.5 2,815
Private truck S S S S S S 2,826
Rail 60 9.7 123 60.5 377 62.7 3,076
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 11 1.8 S S S S 2,640
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 268 43.2 12 6.0 35 5.8 2,778
Parcel, USPS or courier 266 43.0 9 4.3 24 4.1 2,778
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,067
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,844

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 50 100.0 S S S S 3,099
Single modes 29 57.1 S S S S 3,135
Truck S S S S S S 3,108
For-hire truck S S S S S S 3,108
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 3,467
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,128
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 20 39.7 S S S S 3,098
Parcel, USPS or courier 20 39.7 S S S S 3,098
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3,203

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 162 100.0 60 100.0 178 100.0 2,844
Single modes 88 54.3 48 78.8 136 76.6 2,844
Truck 80 49.4 43 71.7 123 69.2 2,772
For-hire truck 79 48.8 43 71.7 123 69.2 2,828
Private truck S S S S S S 2,697
Rail S S S S S S 3,052
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,913
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 74 45.6 S S S S 2,844
Parcel, USPS or courier 60 37.4 1 1.6 3 1.5 2,843
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,285
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3,019

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 76 100.0 41 100.0 S S 1,486
Single modes 68 90.3 41 99.4 S S 1,560
Truck 51 66.9 14 34.5 20 26.1 1,402
For-hire truck 49 64.8 14 33.0 19 24.7 1,397
Private truck S S S S S S 1,623
Rail S S S S S S 2,083
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,107
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 9.7 0.6 0.4 1,446
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 9.7 0.6 0.4 1,446
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 785 100.0 207 100.0 497 100.0 2,430
Single modes 533 67.9 188 90.8 449 90.3 2,429
Truck 417 53.0 S S 246 49.4 2,386
For-hire truck 414 52.8 S S S S 2,385
Private truck S S S S S S 2,401
Rail 40 5.1 77 37.3 203 40.8 2,612
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,455
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 248 31.5 S S S S 2,431
Parcel, USPS or courier 235 29.9 2 1.1 6 1.1 2,430
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,675
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,389

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,843 100.0 1,046 100.0 2,399 100.0 2,240
Single modes 1,578 85.6 1,037 99.1 2,378 99.2 2,482
Truck 1,232 66.9 391 37.4 837 34.9 2,095
For-hire truck 1,206 65.4 373 35.7 798 33.3 2,090
Private truck 27 1.4 18 1.7 38 1.6 2,205
Rail 255 13.8 641 61.3 1,528 63.7 2,375
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 90 4.9 4 0.4 14 0.6 3,050
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 236 12.8 7 0.7 15 0.6 2,131
Parcel, USPS or courier 234 12.7 5 0.5 10 0.4 2,131
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,255
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,390

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,479 100.0 715 100.0 622 100.0 870
Single modes 1,349 91.2 699 97.7 607 97.6 1,018
Truck 587 39.7 405 56.6 298 48.0 791
For-hire truck 477 32.2 321 44.9 233 37.6 800
Private truck 110 7.5 S S S S 759
Rail 96 6.5 292 40.9 307 49.4 957
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,166
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 124 8.4 S S S S 770
Parcel, USPS or courier 114 7.7 3 0.4 3 0.4 770
Truck and rail S S S S S S 928
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 762

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 24 100.0 S S S S 3,077
Single modes 14 59.2 S S S S 3,010
Truck S S S S S S 3,025
For-hire truck S S S S S S 3,025
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,847
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,877
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 10 40.8 S S S S 3,104
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 40.8 S S S S 3,104
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 448 100.0 78 100.0 238 100.0 2,924
Single modes 315 70.4 61 77.3 178 75.0 2,700
Truck 289 64.6 48 61.2 136 57.2 2,861
For-hire truck 263 58.7 48 61.0 136 57.1 2,861
Private truck S S S S S S 2,967
Rail S S S S S S 3,335
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,589
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 132 29.6 S S S S 2,956
Parcel, USPS or courier 111 24.8 3 4.1 S S 2,955
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,422
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,951

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15,511 100.0 13,609 100.0 2,154 100.0 210
Single modes 13,500 87.0 13,324 97.9 2,091 97.1 177
Truck 12,778 82.4 11,770 86.5 1,899 88.1 162
For-hire truck 6,242 40.2 6,643 48.8 1,242 57.7 205
Private truck 6,515 42.0 5,121 37.6 655 30.4 134
Rail S S S S 146 6.8 290
Water S S S S S S 104
Shallow draft S S S S S S 104
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 336 2.2 2 1 240
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,782 11.5 110 0.8 29 1.3 250
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,743 11.2 41 0.3 9 0.4 250
Truck and rail 39 0.3 69 0.5 19 0.9 289
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 229 1.5 175 1.3 34 1.6 86

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 47 100.0 21 100.0 55 100.0 2,656
Single modes 37 79.6 S S S S 2,620
Truck 37 79.6 S S S S 2,620
For-hire truck 37 79.6 S S S S 2,620
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,667
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 10 20.4 S S S S 2,685
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 20.4 S S S S 2,685
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 633 100.0 751 100.0 1,671 100.0 2,065
Single modes 535 84.5 735 97.9 1,637 97.9 2,027
Truck 414 65.5 S S S S 2,002
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,002
Private truck S S S S S S 2,120
Rail 120 18.9 S S S S 2,285
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,691
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 51 8.0 10 1.4 23 1.4 2,073
Parcel, USPS or courier 45 7.2 2 0.3 4 0.2 2,073
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,234
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,108

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 63 100.0 18 100.0 19 100.0 1,264
Single modes 48 76.3 18 97.5 19 97.8 1,616
Truck 47 74.0 18 97.5 19 97.7 1,070
For-hire truck 44 69.6 14 80.4 15 77.8 1,068
Private truck S S S S S S 1,159
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,227
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 15 23.7 2.5 2.2 1,041
Parcel, USPS or courier 15 23.7 2.5 2.2 1,041
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.