Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 94,427 100.0 187,449 100.0 53,270 100.0 882
Single modes 74,928 79.4 181,752 97.0 51,272 96.2 420
Truck 68,055 72.1 131,118 69.9 22,331 41.9 235
For-hire truck 40,831 43.2 50,818 27.1 18,474 34.7 850
Private truck 26,846 28.4 79,400 42.4 3,399 6.4 72
Rail 2,116 2.2 20,728 11.1 22,488 42.2 1,220
Water 912 1.0 S S 4,516 8.5 727
Shallow draft 695 0.7 S S S S 124
Great Lakes
Deep draft 217 0.2 S S S S 1,184
Air (including truck and air) 2,237 2.4 21 58 0.1 3,154
Pipeline3 1,608 1.7 8,694 4.6 S S S
Multiple modes 14,494 15.3 929 0.5 1,331 2.5 1,469
Parcel, USPS or courier 13,188 14.0 317 0.2 418 0.8 1,470
Truck and Rail 1,214 1.3 405 0.2 850 1.6 2,476
Truck and water S S S S 62 0.1 826
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3
Other and unknown modes 5,004 5.3 4,768 2.5 666 1.3 173

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 360 100.0 S S S S 2,590
Single modes S S S S S S 2,651
Truck S S S S S S 2,568
For-hire truck 103 28.6 S S S S 2,582
Private truck S S S S S S 2,508
Rail S S S S S S 2,810
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,714
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.4 3 0.4 2,583
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.4 3 0.4 2,583
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,530
Single modes S S S S S S 1,918
Truck S S S S S S 927
For-hire truck S S S S S S 949
Private truck S S S S S S 735
Rail
Water S S S S S S 1,934
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1,934
Air (including truck and air) 3 3.3 1 S S 2,293
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 5.7 S S S S 895
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 898
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 646
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,644 100.0 256 100.0 341 100.0 1,335
Single modes 940 57.2 248 96.9 332 97.2 1,566
Truck 370 22.5 226 88.1 294 86.2 1,351
For-hire truck 366 22.3 225 87.8 293 85.9 1,351
Private truck S S S S S S 1,352
Rail S S S S S S 1,656
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,166
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 696 42.3 3 1.1 3 1.0 1,270
Parcel, USPS or courier 696 42.3 3 1.1 3 1.0 1,270
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,329

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 324 100.0 146 100.0 316 100.0 2,148
Single modes 290 89.4 131 89.6 282 89.4 2,183
Truck 254 78.4 101 69.2 214 67.8 2,165
For-hire truck 224 69.3 90 61.9 192 60.8 2,179
Private truck S S S S S S 2,087
Rail S S S S S S 2,274
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,938
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 33 10.0 10 6.9 22 7.1 2,133
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,132
Truck and Rail 14 4.5 9 5.9 19 6.1 2,232
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,141

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12,984 100.0 6,235 100.0 5,285 100.0 1,302
Single modes 10,259 79.0 6,048 97.0 5,155 97.5 2,370
Truck 9,847 75.8 4,327 69.4 3,278 62.0 809
For-hire truck 8,380 64.5 3,258 52.3 2,476 46.8 794
Private truck 1,308 10.1 690 11.1 438 8.3 819
Rail S S 1,683 27.0 S S 905
Water S S S S S S 994
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 994
Air (including truck and air) 308 2.4 S S S S 3,997
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,267 17.5 80 1.3 60 1.1 760
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,263 17.4 51 0.8 38 0.7 760
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 773
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 457 3.5 107 1.7 70 1.3 716

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 874 100.0 S S S S 1,308
Single modes 735 84.0 S S S S 1,296
Truck 609 69.7 S S S S 1,263
For-hire truck 588 67.2 S S S S 1,266
Private truck 21 2.4 23 2.1 25 1.8 1,107
Rail 122 13.9 220 20.2 304 21.6 1,381
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 4 0.5 S S S S 1,590
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 137 15.6 S S S S 1,312
Parcel, USPS or courier 124 14.2 3 0.3 4 0.3 1,312
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,367
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,248

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 258 100.0 15 100.0 48 100.0 3,018
Single modes 90 34.9 11 75.0 36 76.0 3,021
Truck 81 31.2 8 54.1 25 52.2 3,015
For-hire truck 80 31.1 7 45.6 21 44.0 3,014
Private truck S S S S S S 3,030
Rail S S S S S S 3,570
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,018
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,017
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3,017
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3,003

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 144 100.0 16 100.0 48 100.0 2,885
Single modes 32 22.1 8 51.6 24 50.2 2,821
Truck 27 18.6 8 51.5 24 50.1 2,886
For-hire truck 23 15.7 8 49.2 23 47.9 2,886
Private truck S S S S S S 2,874
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,797
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,924
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,861
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,145
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,899

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,862
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,853
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,853
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,876

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 601 100.0 169 100.0 528 100.0 3,126
Single modes 322 53.7 154 91.0 482 91.2 3,155
Truck 285 47.4 140 82.6 435 82.2 3,203
For-hire truck 282 47.0 140 82.4 434 82.1 3,204
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 3,305
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.1 1 0.1 3,005
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 262 43.6 15 8.7 45 8.5 3,124
Parcel, USPS or courier 243 40.5 3 1.7 9 1.7 3,124
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,060
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3,068

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 785 100.0 230 100.0 638 100.0 2,684
Single modes 695 88.5 225 97.6 623 97.7 2,626
Truck 690 87.9 191 82.9 521 81.7 2,634
For-hire truck 672 85.6 186 80.9 508 79.7 2,629
Private truck S S S S S S 2,721
Rail S S S S S S 3,017
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,391
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 65 8.3 2 0.9 6 0.9 2,700
Parcel, USPS or courier 65 8.3 2 0.9 6 0.9 2,700
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,787

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10 100.0 S S S S 2,886
Single modes S S S S S S 2,955
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water S S S S S S 2,584
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,584
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,657
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 8 83.8 S S S S 2,873
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,868
Truck and Rail
Truck and water 6 63.5 S S S S 2,966
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,877

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,149 100.0 3,181 100.0 1,137 100.0 460
Single modes 921 80.2 2,618 82.3 940 82.7 542
Truck 762 66.3 1,450 45.6 415 36.5 217
For-hire truck 549 47.8 856 26.9 343 30.1 402
Private truck 212 18.5 S S 71 6.2 130
Rail 51 4.5 309 9.7 205 18.1 670
Water S S S S S S 373
Shallow draft S S S S S S 373
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 9 0.8 1,915
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 142 12.3 S S S S 413
Parcel, USPS or courier 66 5.8 3 0.1 2 0.1 414
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 378
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,807 100.0 1,012 100.0 2,234 100.0 2,089
Single modes 1,111 61.5 888 87.7 1,947 87.2 2,138
Truck 1,025 56.7 626 61.8 1,331 59.6 2,108
For-hire truck 896 49.6 463 45.7 984 44.0 2,107
Private truck S S S S S S 2,135
Rail 75 4.2 S S S S 2,308
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,562
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 679 37.6 S S S S 2,082
Parcel, USPS or courier 622 34.4 20 2.0 43 1.9 2,082
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,305
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,197

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,606 100.0 421 100.0 978 100.0 2,265
Single modes 1,034 64.4 372 88.4 859 87.7 2,312
Truck 910 56.7 285 67.7 647 66.2 2,266
For-hire truck 897 55.8 282 67.0 641 65.5 2,266
Private truck S S S S S S 2,292
Rail S S S S S S 2,461
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,631
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 373 23.2 42 10.0 105 10.7 2,263
Parcel, USPS or courier 212 13.2 8 1.8 18 1.8 2,263
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,434
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,300

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 632 100.0 S S S S 1,836
Single modes 590 93.5 S S S S 1,880
Truck 558 88.3 S S 186 31.3 1,855
For-hire truck 447 70.8 92 23.9 170 28.5 1,853
Private truck 110 17.5 S S S S 1,889
Rail S S S S S S 1,451
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,771
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,825
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,825
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,018
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,805

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 270 100.0 S S S S 1,968
Single modes 215 79.5 S S S S 2,249
Truck 202 74.9 S S S S 1,937
For-hire truck 192 70.9 S S S S 1,950
Private truck S S S S S S 1,744
Rail S S S S S S 1,805
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,852
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 17 6.4 S S S S 1,883
Parcel, USPS or courier 17 6.4 S S S S 1,883
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,777

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 653 100.0 S S S S 2,376
Single modes 568 87.0 S S S S 2,313
Truck 484 74.1 128 17.3 301 16.1 2,371
For-hire truck 443 67.8 120 16.2 282 15.1 2,361
Private truck 40 6.1 S S S S 2,449
Rail 73 11.1 S S S S 2,544
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,154
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 85 13.0 6 0.8 15 0.8 2,393
Parcel, USPS or courier 77 11.7 3 0.4 7 0.4 2,393
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,586
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 278 100.0 166 100.0 422 100.0 2,567
Single modes 245 87.9 150 90.4 382 90.4 2,576
Truck 110 39.5 55 33.1 134 31.8 2,574
For-hire truck 104 37.3 S S S S 2,591
Private truck 6 2.2 S S S S 2,404
Rail 134 48.3 95 57.3 248 58.6 2,594
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,768
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 16 5.9 0.1 0.1 2,565
Parcel, USPS or courier 16 5.9 0.1 0.1 2,565
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,555

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 182 100.0 S S S S 3,232
Single modes 151 83.0 S S S S 3,182
Truck S S S S S S 3,258
For-hire truck S S 15 13.2 52 15.1 3,284
Private truck S S S S S S 3,243
Rail S S S S S S 2,804
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,987
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 20 11.1 S S S S 3,243
Parcel, USPS or courier 19 10.5 1 0.6 2 0.6 3,243
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,320
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3,150

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 240 100.0 12 100.0 34 100.0 2,812
Single modes S S 9 73.7 25 74.2 2,809
Truck S S 8 65.8 22 65.3 2,816
For-hire truck S S 8 65.8 22 65.3 2,816
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 3,263
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1 0.6 S S S S 2,659
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 85 35.3 S S S S 2,812
Parcel, USPS or courier 85 35.3 S S S S 2,812
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 440 100.0 24 100.0 74 100.0 3,107
Single modes 156 35.3 21 90.7 67 90.8 3,113
Truck 152 34.5 21 90.6 67 90.7 3,127
For-hire truck 152 34.5 21 90.5 67 90.6 3,127
Private truck S S S S S S 3,107
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,873
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 272 61.7 2 8.7 6 8.6 3,106
Parcel, USPS or courier 272 61.7 2 8.7 6 8.6 3,106
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3,101

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,151 100.0 S S S S 2,400
Single modes 594 51.6 S S S S 2,384
Truck 581 50.4 S S S S 2,353
For-hire truck 558 48.5 S S S S 2,354
Private truck 23 2.0 S S S S 2,349
Rail 11 1.0 15 4.2 38 4.3 2,535
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,677
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 555 48.2 S S S S 2,403
Parcel, USPS or courier 119 10.4 S S S S 2,396
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,631
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,437

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,209 100.0 298 100.0 514 100.0 1,852
Single modes 736 60.8 285 95.6 491 95.5 2,040
Truck 511 42.3 179 60.1 313 61.0 1,791
For-hire truck 493 40.8 174 58.4 304 59.1 1,789
Private truck 18 1.5 S S S S 1,859
Rail 69 5.7 105 35.3 176 34.2 1,667
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 0.2 2 0.3 2,857
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 441 36.5 9 3.2 17 3.2 1,826
Parcel, USPS or courier 440 36.4 8 2.6 14 2.7 1,826
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,773
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 4 1.2 6 1.2 1,741

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 273 100.0 132 100.0 342 100.0 2,415
Single modes 238 87.4 127 96.3 330 96.3 2,450
Truck 198 72.6 74 55.8 182 53.1 2,386
For-hire truck 151 55.3 62 46.8 152 44.5 2,386
Private truck S S S S S S 2,384
Rail S S 53 40.4 147 43.1 2,760
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 2 0.9 S S S S 2,659
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 23 8.4 5 3.6 12 3.6 2,391
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.7 2 0.7 2,390
Truck and Rail S S 4 2.9 10 2.9 2,618
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,465

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 764 100.0 S S S S 1,929
Single modes 484 63.3 S S S S 2,234
Truck 469 61.4 S S S S 1,902
For-hire truck 358 46.8 S S S S 1,902
Private truck S S 19 6.5 36 6.3 1,900
Rail S S S S S S 2,202
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,660
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 276 36.1 35 12.4 73 12.8 1,899
Parcel, USPS or courier 247 32.4 S S S S 1,899
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,320
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,983

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 321 100.0 3,446 100.0 3,611 100.0 924
Single modes 295 91.8 3,445 100.0 3,610 100.0 1,116
Truck 68 21.1 S S S S 674
For-hire truck 53 16.6 S S S S 705
Private truck S S S S S S 599
Rail 225 70.1 3,189 92.5 3,454 95.6 912
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,904
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 23 7.0 1 1 828
Parcel, USPS or courier 23 7.0 1 1 828
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 1,025

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 266 100.0 249 100.0 403 100.0 1,423
Single modes 222 83.7 247 99.2 400 99.2 1,616
Truck 214 80.5 S S S S 1,578
For-hire truck 204 76.7 S S S S 1,579
Private truck S S S S S S 1,643
Rail S S S S S S 1,809
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,315
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 43 16.3 2 0.8 3 0.8 1,400
Parcel, USPS or courier 43 16.3 2 0.8 3 0.8 1,400
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 455 100.0 S S S S 637
Single modes 277 60.8 S S S S 890
Truck 245 53.7 201 31.0 S S 564
For-hire truck 224 49.1 127 19.6 S S 563
Private truck S S S S S S 571
Rail S S S S S S 942
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,282
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 178 39.0 5 0.7 3 0.5 553
Parcel, USPS or courier 178 39.0 5 0.7 3 0.5 553
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 498

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 106 100.0 S S S S 3,136
Single modes 37 35.1 4 26.6 13 26.0 3,150
Truck 30 28.5 4 26.3 12 25.8 3,157
For-hire truck 30 28.3 4 26.2 12 25.7 3,159
Private truck S S S S S S 3,015
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,112
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 67 63.0 1 7.0 3 6.9 3,133
Parcel, USPS or courier 67 63.0 1 7.0 3 6.9 3,133
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3,217

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 686 100.0 155 100.0 455 100.0 2,908
Single modes 420 61.3 S S S S 2,927
Truck 366 53.3 S S S S 2,931
For-hire truck 353 51.5 S S S S 2,950
Private truck S S S S S S 2,793
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,897
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 265 38.7 S S S S 2,902
Parcel, USPS or courier 243 35.5 5 3.1 14 3.1 2,902
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,224
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,914

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 63 100.0 27 100.0 S S 1,382
Single modes 55 87.2 S S S S 1,397
Truck 51 81.1 12 43.6 17 33.7 1,350
For-hire truck 41 65.5 9 32.7 13 25.3 1,456
Private truck S S 3 10.9 4 8.5 1,318
Rail S S S S S S 1,969
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,623
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 8 12.8 S S S S 1,369
Parcel, USPS or courier 8 12.8 S S S S 1,369
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,367

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 73 100.0 203 100.0 2,847
Single modes 738 33.3 67 91.5 186 91.4 2,837
Truck 522 23.5 66 90.6 184 90.5 2,867
For-hire truck 497 22.4 53 72.4 150 74.0 2,872
Private truck S S S S S S 2,594
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,786
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 5 7.2 15 7.2 2,848
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 5 7.2 15 7.2 2,848
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,901

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 524 100.0 135 100.0 383 100.0 2,777
Single modes 428 81.6 127 94.4 361 94.4 2,802
Truck 391 74.5 121 90.1 343 89.5 2,797
For-hire truck 390 74.3 121 89.6 341 89.0 2,797
Private truck S S S S S S 2,770
Rail S S 6 4.3 19 4.9 3,071
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,478
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 95 18.2 6 4.7 18 4.8 2,774
Parcel, USPS or courier 89 16.9 5 3.6 13 3.5 2,774
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,261
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,738

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,494
Single modes S S S S S S 1,489
Truck S S S S S S 1,481
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,473
Private truck S S S S S S 1,487
Rail 7 12.5 75 30.4 114 35.8 1,522
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 10 17.7 0.1 0.1 1,496
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 17.7 0.1 0.1 1,496
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,327

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,371 100.0 333 100.0 804 100.0 2,429
Single modes 891 65.0 313 94.1 756 94.1 2,463
Truck 886 64.6 313 94.0 756 94.0 2,454
For-hire truck 814 59.4 288 86.5 698 86.9 2,456
Private truck 13 1.0 S S S S 2,452
Rail S S S S S S 2,557
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 5 0.4 2,603
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 391 28.5 13 4.1 32 4.0 2,422
Parcel, USPS or courier 391 28.5 13 4.1 32 4.0 2,422
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,461

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 492 100.0 129 100.0 251 100.0 1,964
Single modes 394 80.1 126 97.2 243 96.9 1,968
Truck 274 55.8 115 88.8 219 87.3 1,938
For-hire truck 271 55.0 113 87.3 215 85.9 1,928
Private truck S S S S S S 1,944
Rail S S S S S S 2,208
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,075
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 98 19.9 S S S S 1,961
Parcel, USPS or courier 93 19.0 S S S S 1,961
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,339
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,000

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 41,290 100.0 116,396 100.0 3,482 100.0 43
Single modes 35,825 86.8 112,361 96.5 3,412 98.0 34
Truck 35,233 85.3 108,735 93.4 3,159 90.7 32
For-hire truck 13,842 33.5 34,030 29.2 1,612 46.3 77
Private truck 21,376 51.8 74,272 63.8 1,519 43.6 26
Rail 159 0.4 2,138 1.8 149 4.3 69
Water S S 1,233 1.1 102 2.9 64
Shallow draft S S 1,233 1.1 102 2.9 64
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 246
Pipeline3 48 0.1 255 0.2 S S S
Multiple modes 1,872 4.5 166 0.1 10 0.3 106
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,856 4.5 43 5 0.1 107
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 146
Truck and water S S S S S S 297
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3
Other and unknown modes 3,592 8.7 3,869 3.3 60 1.7 13

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,016 100.0 150 100.0 415 100.0 2,871
Single modes 832 81.9 138 92.1 382 92.0 2,732
Truck 623 61.3 137 90.8 377 90.8 2,734
For-hire truck 622 61.2 136 90.6 375 90.5 2,734
Private truck S S S S S S 2,815
Rail S S S S S S 2,915
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,710
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 184 18.1 S S S S 2,878
Parcel, USPS or courier 177 17.5 8 5.0 21 5.1 2,878
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,764
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 95 100.0 S S S S 3,079
Single modes S S S S S S 3,004
Truck S S S S S S 3,044
For-hire truck S S S S S S 3,044
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,754
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 26 27.3 1 1.8 2 1.9 3,081
Parcel, USPS or courier 26 27.3 1 1.8 2 1.9 3,081
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3,104

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 454 100.0 104 100.0 295 100.0 2,753
Single modes 429 94.6 103 99.1 293 99.1 2,737
Truck 413 91.0 88 84.9 245 83.2 2,734
For-hire truck 394 86.8 84 80.3 232 78.8 2,737
Private truck S S S S S S 2,728
Rail S S S S S S 3,185
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,528
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 21 4.7 1 0.9 3 0.9 2,765
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 4.7 1 0.9 3 0.9 2,765
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,724

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,591
Single modes S S S S S S 1,653
Truck S S S S S S 1,611
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,612
Private truck S S S S S S 1,356
Rail S S S S S S 1,818
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,776
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,527
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,527
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 2 0.9 3 0.8 1,636

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 552 100.0 133 100.0 313 100.0 2,438
Single modes 387 70.2 121 91.1 284 90.9 2,612
Truck 287 52.1 117 88.1 274 87.7 2,453
For-hire truck 284 51.5 115 87.0 271 86.6 2,453
Private truck S S S S S S 2,380
Rail S S S S S S 2,571
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 89 16.1 0.3 1 0.3 2,791
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 154 28.0 10 7.3 24 7.6 2,386
Parcel, USPS or courier 146 26.4 6 4.2 13 4.2 2,386
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,779
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,278

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,629 100.0 546 100.0 1,242 100.0 2,184
Single modes 984 60.4 519 95.2 1,184 95.4 2,254
Truck 701 43.0 342 62.6 736 59.3 2,093
For-hire truck 605 37.1 313 57.3 677 54.5 2,091
Private truck S S 29 5.3 59 4.8 2,104
Rail S S 177 32.5 447 36.0 2,551
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,137
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 562 34.5 10 1.8 22 1.7 2,159
Parcel, USPS or courier 559 34.3 5 0.9 10 0.8 2,158
Truck and Rail 4 0.2 5 0.9 12 1.0 2,421
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,103

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 994 100.0 947 100.0 741 100.0 785
Single modes 870 87.5 943 99.6 738 99.6 845
Truck 841 84.6 501 53.0 378 51.1 738
For-hire truck 731 73.5 441 46.6 343 46.3 751
Private truck S S S S S S 680
Rail S S 441 46.6 S S 903
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,689
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 121 12.2 4 0.4 3 0.4 771
Parcel, USPS or courier 121 12.2 4 0.4 3 0.4 771
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 835

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 8 100.0 25 100.0 3,052
Single modes S S 7 86.3 21 85.9 3,024
Truck 21 14.1 7 85.7 21 85.4 3,081
For-hire truck 21 14.1 7 85.7 21 85.4 3,081
Private truck S S S S S S 3,062
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,952
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,053
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3,053
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,294
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 345 100.0 88 100.0 253 100.0 2,851
Single modes 258 74.8 76 86.6 218 86.1 2,806
Truck 244 70.6 73 82.6 207 81.7 2,812
For-hire truck 244 70.6 73 82.6 207 81.7 2,812
Private truck S S S S S S 2,739
Rail S S S S S S 3,135
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,629
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 2.7 7 2.8 2,869
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 1.6 4 1.7 2,869
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,158
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,940

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,981 100.0 37,478 100.0 6,464 100.0 262
Single modes 9,667 88.0 37,211 99.3 6,402 99.0 230
Truck 7,395 67.3 9,296 24.8 1,702 26.3 194
For-hire truck 4,461 40.6 5,955 15.9 1,265 19.6 255
Private truck 2,795 25.5 3,278 8.7 425 6.6 157
Rail 230 2.1 S S S S 326
Water 384 3.5 S S S S S
Shallow draft 277 2.5 S S S S 122
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air) 102 0.9 S S S S 1,705
Pipeline3 1,556 14.2 8,433 22.5 S S S
Multiple modes 1,234 11.2 86 0.2 23 0.4 296
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,229 11.2 56 0.1 16 0.2 296
Truck and Rail 6 29 7 0.1 242
Truck and water S S S S S S 371
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 80 0.7 S S S S 194

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 93 100.0 59 100.0 157 100.0 2,673
Single modes S S 58 99.1 156 99.1 2,613
Truck S S 52 87.3 135 86.1 2,610
For-hire truck S S 49 83.9 130 82.7 2,611
Private truck S S S S S S 2,586
Rail S S S S S S 2,936
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,325
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,687
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,687
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 954 100.0 502 100.0 1,097 100.0 2,025
Single modes 402 42.2 415 82.6 890 81.1 2,073
Truck 359 37.6 130 25.9 256 23.4 2,045
For-hire truck 323 33.8 113 22.5 224 20.4 2,049
Private truck S S S S S S 2,027
Rail S S 284 56.6 632 57.6 2,229
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 16 1.7 1 0.1 1 0.1 2,676
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,020
Parcel, USPS or courier 211 22.1 6 1.2 12 1.1 2,018
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,403
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 9 0.9 S S S S 2,112

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 189 100.0 S S S S 1,135
Single modes 159 84.1 S S S S 1,004
Truck 25 13.1 46 0.5 45 0.5 991
For-hire truck 23 12.0 42 0.5 42 0.4 990
Private truck S S S S S S 995
Rail 134 71.0 S S S S 1,009
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,147
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,147
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.