Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 102,600 102,935 −0.3 158,053 141,322 11.8 48,620 38,715 25.6 1,015 530 91.6
Single modes 86,420 84,352 2.5 151,528 120,204 26.1 44,383 33,099 34.1 487 249 95.4
Truck 73,655 74,415 −1 132,229 95,595 38.3 18,403 18,265 0.8 197 197 −0.1
Rail 5,272 4,707 12 17,197 8,996 91.2 25,202 12,478 102 1,572 1,563 0.6
Water S 2,411 S 1,626 15,525 −89.5 158 2,251 −93 679 S S
Air (including truck and air) 7,075 2,814 151.5 S 61 S S 105 S 2,233 1,686 32.4
Pipeline 61 S S 255 S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 11,422 12,608 −9.4 1,912 2,941 −35 3,643 2,277 60 1,674 892 87.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 10,352 9,520 8.7 264 290 −8.9 375 220 70.7 1,674 889 88.3
Truck and Rail 671 S S 991 950 4.3 1,776 1,202 47.7 2,522 1,798 40.3
Other multiple modes 400 S S 658 S S S 855 S 1,096 1,587 −30.9
Other and unknown modes 4,757 5,975 −20.4 4,612 18,176 −74.6 594 3,338 −82.2 S 489 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 5,267 7,495 −29.7 7,809 23,927 −67.4 2,899 5,412 −46.4 2,057 722 184.9
Single modes 4,164 5,926 −29.7 7,238 13,852 −47.7 2,309 3,092 −25.3 S S S
Truck 3,773 4,392 −14.1 5,498 4,314 27.4 1,844 2,252 −18.1 S S S
Rail S 212 S S 288 S S 529 S 2,244 2,528 −11.2
Water 108 1,313 −91.8 812 9,248 −91.2 127 S S 156 1,227 −87.3
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 2,695 2,043 31.9
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 127 S 313 S S 542 265 104.7 2,333 1,610 44.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S 69 S S 3 S S 2 S 2,333 1,605 45.4
Truck and Rail S 17 S S 18 S S 52 S 2,566 2,991 −14.2
Other multiple modes 34 41 −16.4 S S S 129 210 −38.9 1,444 2,035 −29
Other and unknown modes 213 1,443 −85.3 S 9,932 S S 2,055 S S 1,903 S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 7,892 9,072 −13 7,766 7,514 3.4 2,791 2,628 6.2 S 272 S
Single modes 7,527 7,930 −5.1 7,486 7,255 3.2 2,379 2,306 3.2 S 194 S
Truck 7,391 7,749 −4.6 7,334 6,391 14.8 2,043 1,809 13 S 194 S
Rail 77 154 −49.8 134 213 −37.2 291 480 −39.4 2,280 2,341 −2.6
Water S S S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 2,443 2,345 4.2
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 309 S S S 167 S S 243 S 2,618 1,411 85.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S 75 S S 5 S S S S 2,619 1,401 86.9
Truck and Rail S S S S 68 S S S S 2,409 2,360 2.1
Other multiple modes S 63 S S S S S S S 1,915 1,397 37.1
Other and unknown modes S 129 S S 92 S 2 S S S 326 S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 359 577 −37.8 52,982 24,150 119.4 1,365 S S S 102 S
Single modes 341 536 −36.4 52,433 23,825 120.1 1,263 S S S 90 S
Truck 329 501 −34.3 50,597 20,082 152 1,143 S S S 88 S
Rail 8 S S 1,165 S S 107 S S 225 1,752 −87.2
Water 3 S S 672 S S 12 S S 19 112 −83.2
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,944
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 532 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S 550 S S
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,633
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 34
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 127 S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 5,914 4,064 45.5 21,918 11,260 94.6 1,254 814 54.1 S 18 S
Single modes 5,854 4,035 45.1 21,864 11,171 95.7 1,148 801 43.3 S 19 S
Truck 5,572 3,598 54.9 21,392 9,838 117.4 994 473 110 S 19 S
Rail S S 246 S S 629
Water S S S S S S 250
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,784
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 3,007 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 2,243 141 S
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 3,390 464 630.1
Other and unknown modes S 15 S S S S S S S 9 S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 7,123 7,491 −4.9 4,862 6,261 −22.3 1,949 952 104.9 1,062 422 151.3
Single modes 6,139 5,396 13.8 4,792 6,089 −21.3 1,864 846 120.3 1,075 S S
Truck 5,730 5,282 8.5 4,590 5,949 −22.8 1,372 780 75.8 163 S S
Rail S 34 S S 136 S S S S 786 432 82.1
Water S S S S S S S S S 1,995 2,192 −9
Air (including truck and air) S 79 S S S S S S S 2,493 1,662 50
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 860 1,981 −56.6 39 116 −66.5 S 95 S 1,390 550 152.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 807 1,964 −58.9 15 95 −83.6 14 34 −58.6 1,388 549 152.6
Truck and Rail S 12 S S 4 S S 13 S 2,302 3,113 −26
Other multiple modes 39 S S S S S S S S 2,800 2,701 3.6
Other and unknown modes S 113 S S 56 S S 11 S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 24,441 25,151 −2.8 34,088 39,081 −12.8 33,497 21,301 57.3 888 687 29.2
Single modes 22,728 22,066 3 29,868 31,266 −4.5 31,040 19,846 56.4 491 367 33.7
Truck 18,143 18,174 −0.2 16,887 23,895 −29.3 7,871 8,166 −3.6 406 279 45.8
Rail 4,312 2,983 44.6 12,838 7,026 82.7 23,147 10,448 121.5 1,809 1,535 17.8
Water S 563 S S 326 S 17 S S 911 5,431 −83.2
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 19 S S 44 S 2,739 1,851 48
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,158 2,332 −50.3 1,071 854 25.3 2,212 960 130.4 1,572 1,038 51.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 673 1,296 −48.1 28 55 −48.8 27 61 −55.7 1,585 1,039 52.6
Truck and Rail 282 305 −7.8 626 721 −13.2 1,056 753 40.1 1,642 1,578 4.1
Other multiple modes S S S S 78 S S 146 S S S S
Other and unknown modes 555 753 −26.3 S S S S 495 S 105 S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 8,457 11,823 −28.5 21,191 16,938 25.1 2,750 3,307 −16.8 419 334 25.7
Single modes 6,785 9,332 −27.3 20,987 14,934 40.5 2,589 2,519 2.8 232 205 12.9
Truck 6,133 8,670 −29.3 20,083 14,071 42.7 1,560 1,728 −9.7 184 182 1.2
Rail 348 302 15.1 888 754 17.8 1,002 773 29.6 1,002 1,270 −21.1
Water S S S S S S 31
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 11 S S 17 S 2,323 1,695 37
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,417 1,790 −20.9 58 S S 87 525 −83.5 921 641 43.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,393 1,153 20.8 35 51 −32.2 36 33 8.7 920 636 44.7
Truck and Rail S 134 S S 114 S S 187 S 1,741 1,664 4.6
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S 305 S 2,514 2,137 17.6
Other and unknown modes 255 700 −63.5 S 514 S S S S S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 27,387 22,037 24.3 1,230 1,324 −7.1 651 971 −32.9 1,102 577 91
Single modes S 15,533 S 821 1,047 −21.6 486 626 −22.4 1,115 432 158
Truck 13,668 12,914 5.8 771 819 −5.8 449 502 −10.6 408 261 56.3
Rail S 912 S S 215 S S S S 795 2,420 −67.1
Water S S S S S S 1,830
Air (including truck and air) S 1,704 S S 13 S S 23 S 2,579 1,640 57.3
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 4,782 3,868 23.6 53 56 −4.8 60 72 −16.1 1,170 822 42.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,772 3,539 34.8 51 37 35.7 54 34 61 1,169 815 43.5
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 315
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,991 1,837 8.3
Other and unknown modes 3,261 2,636 23.7 355 221 61 S 273 S 425 S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 15,658 S S 6,162 S S 1,397 1,260 10.9 1,073 970 10.7
Single modes 13,443 S S 6,010 S S 1,253 1,164 7.6 866 219 296.2
Truck 12,829 S S 5,060 S S 1,114 1,089 2.3 449 157 185.9
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S 7
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 5 S S 4 S 1,674 1,798 −6.9
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,961 1,403 39.8 105 74 42.1 141 94 51 1,305 1,405 −7.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,903 1,355 40.5 61 42 45.6 80 45 77.5 1,298 1,404 −7.6
Truck and Rail 10 S S S S S S S S 2,984 1,439 107.4
Other multiple modes S 25 S S 10 S S 16 S 1,408 2,117 −33.5
Other and unknown modes 254 S S 47 23 110 S 2 S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S 561 S 45 411 −89 S 49 S S 703 S
Single modes S 490 S 30 408 −92.7 S 47 S S 338 S
Truck S 466 S 18 242 −92.5 S 44 S S 323 S
Rail S S S S S S 3,380
Water S S S S S S 15
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 2,495 742 236.3
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 69 S S 1 S S S S 1,080 1,282 −15.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S 67 S 1 −86.9 S 1 S 1,074 1,273 −15.6
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,736 3,211 −45.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,720
Other and unknown modes S 3 S S S S S S S S 33 S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.