Table B-13 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table B-13 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.1 16.3 15.9 12.0
Single modes 17.7 2.1 17.0 1.6 17.4 2.3 20.0
Truck 16.3 1.8 20.4 4.4 9.7 4.2 15.0
For-hire truck 26.7 3.5 12.9 5.4 10.5 3.7 12.6
Private truck 10.0 3.4 29.7 6.6 16.2 1.2 17.6
Rail 15.4 0.9 23.2 4.0 28.6 5.7 9.6
Water S S 38.9 0.5 32.2 0.2 47.0
Shallow draft S S 39.1 0.5 35.6 0.2 33.0
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 28.0
Air (including truck and air) 46.5 1.6 S S S S 7.4
Pipeline 38.1 44.0 S S S
Multiple modes 9.3 1.6 21.0 0.5 25.0 2.4 8.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 9.2 1.4 20.2 32.0 0.4 8.4
Truck and rail 24.0 0.2 18.6 0.2 23.6 1.0 15.4
Truck and water 36.5 0.2 S S S S 3.6
Rail and water S S S S S S 29.8
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 30.2
Other and unknown modes 29.2 1.4 41.7 1.5 25.3 0.4 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.4 28.9 29.0 1.1
Single modes 38.5 9.8 34.6 9.9 35.0 10.0 1.0
Truck 36.3 8.5 36.9 11.7 37.1 11.7 0.9
For-hire truck 36.3 8.5 36.9 11.7 37.1 11.7 0.9
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 0.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 44.1 4.8 44.1 4.9 0.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.3 28.1 34.4 14.6
Single modes 25.5 7.5 28.9 8.7 29.9 9.2 14.9
Truck 28.6 8.3 29.8 9.1 33.0 9.4 5.2
For-hire truck 35.3 8.0 S S S S 9.5
Private truck S S 38.1 10.5 43.7 9.6 24.6
Rail
Water S S S S S S 29.8
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 29.8
Air (including truck and air) 44.3 2.1 36.6 0.3 42.0 0.4 16.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 21.9 7.5 34.3 8.7 38.9 9.2 12.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 48.4 0.7 6.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water 25.6 7.7 36.0 8.8 40.7 9.0 8.0
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.9 31.8 32.5 5.4
Single modes 34.6 7.8 35.3 4.9 35.7 4.7 8.1
Truck 33.0 7.9 23.0 7.5 23.7 7.2 1.0
For-hire truck 33.2 7.9 23.1 7.5 23.9 7.2 1.0
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail 35.6 4.0 41.8 8.0 41.4 7.7 2.5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 49.9 0.1 16.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 23.3 7.6 S S S S 3.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 22.9 7.3 28.1 0.4 26.7 0.3 3.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.5 S S S S 1.3
Single modes 37.9 12.9 S S S S 10.6
Truck 37.7 11.9 S S S S 10.6
For-hire truck 37.7 11.9 S S S S 10.6
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.1 12.9 S S S S 1.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.1 12.9 S S S S 1.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.1 13.0 14.2 9.2
Single modes 37.9 4.1 14.4 2.0 15.7 1.9 8.7
Truck 43.4 5.3 17.4 4.4 21.4 5.0 4.8
For-hire truck 48.4 6.7 20.6 4.7 23.2 4.9 2.5
Private truck 15.9 2.2 20.6 2.3 16.9 1.2 10.2
Rail 18.6 2.0 23.0 5.3 22.7 5.4 3.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 44.2 0.3 8.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 16.2 3.8 31.9 1.5 30.6 2.0 8.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 16.9 3.6 12.2 12.4 8.6
Truck and rail 35.3 0.6 33.7 1.5 31.9 2.0 10.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 39.5 0.7 45.0 2.1 47.6 1.4 12.3

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.2 38.7 33.4 5.1
Single modes 23.3 7.5 39.7 3.7 34.4 3.6 8.2
Truck 24.5 7.7 25.3 9.1 25.7 8.8 1.4
For-hire truck 25.4 7.6 24.9 8.7 25.3 8.5 1.2
Private truck S S S S S S 23.8
Rail S S S S 44.2 10.8 12.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 37.6 37.7 0.1 22.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 22.8 4.7 S S S S 1.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 23.6 4.1 28.3 0.3 28.0 0.3 1.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.8

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 43.6 46.5 47.2 0.8
Single modes 44.1 11.5 47.0 14.7 47.6 14.7 10.7
Truck S S 38.2 16.1 38.6 16.2 10.6
For-hire truck S S 38.2 16.1 38.6 16.2 10.6
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 23.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 47.6 11.6 47.5 14.7 47.6 14.7 0.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 47.6 11.6 47.5 14.7 47.6 14.7 0.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 46.7 S S S S 10.7
Single modes S S S S S S 23.6
Truck S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 47.3 19.4 S S S S 21.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 47.3 19.4 S S S S 21.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 10.7
Single modes S S S S S S 18.3
Truck S S S S S S 21.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.1
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 32.2 32.6 1.3
Single modes S S 39.5 9.6 40.3 9.9 0.8
Truck 32.4 11.8 S S S S 0.8
For-hire truck 32.3 11.8 S S S S 0.8
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 25.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 19.6 10.7 S S S S 1.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 19.7 9.6 35.7 4.3 36.0 4.5 1.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.8 24.4 25.1 0.8
Single modes 18.4 9.0 30.5 10.8 31.5 11.1 1.3
Truck 20.7 7.5 31.1 8.4 31.0 8.4 0.9
For-hire truck 21.4 7.6 32.2 8.7 32.0 8.7 0.9
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail 37.2 7.2 37.3 12.5 38.3 13.1 21.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 37.5 9.0 S S S S 0.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.7 8.0 22.9 7.7 23.1 7.7 0.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.8 S S S S 6.2
Single modes S S 40.4 3.0 32.4 3.2 7.1
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water S S S S S S 29.8
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 29.8
Air (including truck and air) S S 36.0 1.4 36.5 2.1 15.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.4 8.5 S S S S 2.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.8 5.2 S S S S 15.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water 49.0 8.5 S S S S 1.3
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.8

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 10.1 18.2 19.7 12.9
Single modes 11.8 2.9 18.4 0.7 20.2 1.1 14.8
Truck 12.5 3.9 11.9 7.6 10.8 7.8 2.4
For-hire truck 14.1 5.2 17.3 7.6 13.6 7.4 3.1
Private truck 18.8 5.1 18.0 7.4 20.3 6.8 2.7
Rail S S S S S S 23.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 20.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 22.5 2.7 20.3 0.1 19.7 0.1 4.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 22.5 2.7 20.3 0.1 19.7 0.1 4.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 49.7 0.5 S S S S 21.1

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.0 23.5 24.8 1.0
Single modes 24.3 8.5 25.2 7.5 26.5 7.7 2.2
Truck 34.3 8.9 23.4 6.2 23.4 6.1 0.4
For-hire truck 34.4 8.9 23.4 6.2 23.4 6.1 0.4
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail 33.4 7.4 30.9 10.0 31.9 10.2 2.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 42.1 42.3 0.1 15.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 22.1 8.8 30.7 7.5 30.7 7.7 1.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 28.3 6.2 S S S S 1.0
Truck and rail 40.2 5.5 34.8 7.1 34.7 7.3 18.3
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.6

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.9 S S S S 0.7
Single modes 28.0 6.2 S S S S 1.1
Truck 37.3 9.0 S S S S 0.9
For-hire truck 37.6 9.0 18.2 19.3 18.2 19.4 0.9
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 18.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 40.2 4.0 S S S S 18.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.5 6.2 22.5 0.8 23.0 0.8 0.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.5 6.2 22.5 0.8 23.0 0.8 0.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 12.0 S S S S 3.6
Single modes 13.9 5.4 S S S S 5.2
Truck 22.5 10.9 32.7 14.2 32.4 14.3 1.6
For-hire truck 24.4 10.1 27.2 7.5 27.8 7.3 1.9
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail 40.5 10.3 S S S S 15.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.9 5.4 S S S S 1.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.9 5.4 S S S S 1.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.8 44.0 45.2 5.9
Single modes 32.0 10.5 45.4 14.0 46.7 14.1 12.7
Truck 37.2 8.7 S S S S 10.6
For-hire truck 37.3 6.8 46.0 11.4 45.7 11.3 14.9
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.2 10.6 34.2 14.0 34.9 14.1 1.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.5 10.6 47.0 11.0 47.1 10.9 1.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.0 34.0 33.2 1.2
Single modes 38.3 11.2 35.2 12.0 37.3 11.6 1.9
Truck S S 37.5 14.1 36.9 14.2 1.1
For-hire truck S S 37.5 14.1 36.9 14.2 1.1
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.1 9.9 S S S S 1.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.4 9.9 S S S S 1.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.9 42.2 44.1 1.3
Single modes 35.0 9.4 47.5 11.8 49.3 11.9 1.8
Truck 36.6 8.4 S S S S 0.6
For-hire truck 37.0 8.9 S S S S 0.7
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 28.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 21.1 10.5 S S S S 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 23.3 9.3 34.2 4.0 34.1 4.0 2.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 0.9
Single modes S S S S S S 1.8
Truck S S S S S S 18.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 18.3
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 47.0 2.3 S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.9 17.6 S S S S 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.5 16.3 31.7 18.9 32.3 18.9 10.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.7 48.7 49.2 0.5
Single modes 28.7 10.0 48.1 8.9 48.7 9.0 2.1
Truck 36.2 12.1 47.1 14.3 47.0 14.4 10.6
For-hire truck 36.2 12.1 47.1 14.3 47.0 14.4 10.6
Private truck
Rail 49.1 6.7 S S S S 25.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 22.5 10.1 S S S S 0.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 25.1 11.2 24.1 10.3 23.9 10.4 0.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.4 44.8 43.6 0.9
Single modes 31.9 10.4 45.6 8.4 44.4 8.7 2.1
Truck 42.4 10.1 S S S S 0.5
For-hire truck 42.1 10.1 S S S S 0.5
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 25.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 15.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.2 10.4 S S S S 0.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.2 10.4 S S S S 0.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.6 20.2 20.3 0.9
Single modes 16.4 4.4 23.2 5.7 23.4 5.9 1.5
Truck 23.1 6.5 31.4 10.3 31.5 10.5 1.4
For-hire truck 23.7 6.5 31.9 10.2 31.9 10.4 1.4
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail 39.2 7.1 43.3 11.8 42.5 12.1 15.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 32.3 1.2 S S S S 14.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 20.2 4.0 S S S S 0.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.2 3.9 27.3 0.2 28.0 0.2 0.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 25.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.9

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 47.0 37.9 35.5 3.5
Single modes S S 40.1 6.8 37.8 6.9 6.2
Truck S S S S S S 1.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1.3
Private truck S S S S S S 23.7
Rail 39.7 12.0 49.0 12.8 48.9 13.2 21.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 36.8 1.9 35.8 2.5 15.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.9 7.5 43.5 6.8 44.3 6.9 3.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 25.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 10.6
Single modes S S S S S S 18.4
Truck S S S S S S 18.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 18.3
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 38.2 13.7 49.8 16.9 49.7 16.9 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.2 12.6 S S S S 10.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.8 43.7 44.9 2.2
Single modes 32.7 10.3 45.6 4.0 46.5 3.9 4.1
Truck 36.6 8.4 32.7 8.7 32.9 8.6 10.6
For-hire truck 36.9 8.5 33.3 5.7 33.5 5.5 10.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail 37.3 9.2 49.5 11.1 S S 10.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 20.9 7.2 S S S S 2.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 22.5 7.4 S S S S 2.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.5 21.8 19.7 14.1
Single modes 19.6 5.0 22.5 2.4 20.8 3.7 17.9
Truck 19.4 5.0 26.8 9.3 25.3 9.5 7.3
For-hire truck 19.2 4.7 34.4 11.9 34.7 11.9 7.0
Private truck 30.0 3.8 25.2 10.5 28.7 10.8 8.0
Rail S S S S S S 30.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.5 5.0 S S S S 6.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.5 5.0 S S S S 6.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 49.2 43.1 43.6 2.1
Single modes S S 43.4 10.5 43.8 10.5 10.9
Truck S S 34.0 19.5 34.0 19.7 14.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 14.9
Private truck S S S S S S 29.9
Rail S S S S S S 28.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.6 12.7 S S S S 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.6 12.7 S S S S 10.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.3 22.3 21.4 8.5
Single modes 18.6 5.2 22.7 1.5 21.8 2.6 11.4
Truck 12.9 7.7 34.8 10.4 30.7 11.0 8.4
For-hire truck 15.5 5.7 33.3 8.5 30.8 8.8 9.8
Private truck 34.6 5.8 S S 45.0 4.5 19.3
Rail 34.5 2.4 32.7 10.9 37.0 11.9 21.5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 44.2 0.3 45.9 0.5 18.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 25.4 5.4 S S S S 8.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.7 5.2 35.4 0.4 37.8 0.4 8.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.6

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.9 S S S S 0.7
Single modes 32.5 13.1 S S S S 10.6
Truck S S 30.6 18.7 30.7 18.9 10.6
For-hire truck S S 30.6 18.7 30.7 18.9 10.6
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.2 13.1 47.2 14.0 46.9 14.0 0.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.2 13.1 47.2 14.0 46.9 14.0 0.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.7 22.5 23.1 0.8
Single modes 35.7 7.0 23.4 1.8 23.9 1.7 0.9
Truck 44.0 7.3 29.4 2.3 29.5 2.2 0.3
For-hire truck 44.2 7.6 24.7 2.1 24.7 2.0 0.3
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail 22.4 7.4 24.6 2.4 25.2 2.3 0.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.9 7.0 43.1 1.8 42.8 1.7 0.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 41.5 6.6 S S S S 0.8
Truck and rail 37.7 2.2 S S S S 23.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.7 46.2 48.1 6.5
Single modes 33.5 13.0 47.3 13.3 49.0 13.4 10.6
Truck 35.6 11.0 S S S S 10.7
For-hire truck 35.6 11.0 S S S S 10.7
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.3 27.1 26.9 1.3
Single modes 24.1 8.3 30.5 11.0 30.3 11.2 1.2
Truck 24.1 7.8 34.3 4.1 34.6 3.9 0.6
For-hire truck 24.1 7.8 34.3 4.1 34.6 3.9 0.6
Private truck
Rail 38.0 3.8 32.2 11.4 31.6 11.6 15.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 41.0 3.8 S S S S 1.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 29.6 8.5 S S S S 1.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.9 9.1 S S S S 1.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 25.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.8

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.3 28.2 29.7 1.0
Single modes 18.6 8.8 32.4 6.9 33.8 6.8 1.8
Truck 24.5 8.7 28.7 9.1 28.4 9.3 1.0
For-hire truck 24.0 8.7 29.1 8.7 28.7 8.8 1.0
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 21.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 49.2 8.9 41.6 6.1 41.2 6.0 1.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.8

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.2 S S S S 10.7
Single modes S S S S S S 18.4
Truck S S S S S S 18.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 18.4
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 49.6 19.2 49.8 19.2 15.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 49.6 19.2 49.8 19.2 15.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.2 S S S S 0.6
Single modes 25.4 6.7 S S S S 1.2
Truck 23.4 7.7 33.7 14.9 33.3 15.0 0.4
For-hire truck 23.5 7.7 33.9 14.7 33.5 14.8 0.4
Private truck S S 48.7 0.4 49.0 0.4 25.8
Rail 49.6 6.5 S S S S 21.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 15.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 29.7 7.2 S S S S 0.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.8 7.4 31.4 5.2 31.4 5.2 0.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.7 21.5 21.4 3.1
Single modes 35.4 10.0 21.6 7.9 21.4 7.9 5.3
Truck 46.7 11.4 39.1 8.8 38.8 8.8 1.3
For-hire truck 48.6 11.7 41.2 8.9 40.9 8.9 1.3
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail 24.4 5.5 21.2 12.5 21.2 12.7 14.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 26.0 10.0 28.1 7.9 28.3 7.9 1.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.0 10.0 28.1 7.9 28.3 7.9 1.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.6 23.0 15.9 8.2
Single modes 17.1 3.3 23.7 2.3 16.2 0.9 12.8
Truck 17.7 3.9 24.8 3.8 17.6 3.8 8.3
For-hire truck 37.6 5.2 20.5 6.6 18.6 5.1 11.3
Private truck 12.6 5.2 32.0 7.5 21.9 5.7 8.2
Rail 47.0 0.3 45.3 2.6 38.2 3.0 42.5
Water S S 45.9 0.6 48.1 1.3 36.4
Shallow draft S S 45.9 0.6 48.1 1.3 36.4
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 49.4 S S 25.6
Pipeline 47.0 44.0 0.1 S S S
Multiple modes 20.5 0.7 44.2 27.8 0.2 9.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.7 0.7 19.7 17.6 9.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 30.0
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.0
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 28.7
Other and unknown modes 40.8 3.5 45.9 2.3 46.9 0.9 35.8

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.6 32.7 32.6 0.6
Single modes 30.6 9.3 34.2 6.4 33.8 6.5 1.3
Truck 37.6 8.6 34.3 10.5 34.5 10.6 1.2
For-hire truck 38.0 8.6 34.1 10.4 34.3 10.5 1.2
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail 29.8 4.3 49.7 13.6 47.6 13.9 18.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 33.1 1.0 S S S S 0.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.0 9.4 41.1 6.4 41.7 6.5 0.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.3 9.5 48.4 6.6 48.8 6.8 0.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.6

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.9 S S S S 1.3
Single modes 49.4 13.9 S S S S 21.1
Truck S S S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.6
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.4 13.2 S S S S 10.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.4 13.2 S S S S 10.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.4 37.6 39.3 0.8
Single modes 24.3 8.5 26.2 6.2 26.3 6.8 1.2
Truck 28.6 10.1 30.9 10.6 31.2 10.9 10.6
For-hire truck 29.2 9.8 30.9 10.6 31.2 10.9 10.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 21.0 8.6 S S S S 1.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 22.2 9.6 17.5 1.9 17.8 1.9 1.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.8 48.7 S S 2.6
Single modes 39.4 16.6 49.1 18.2 S S 18.2
Truck 41.4 14.9 45.9 16.3 44.2 17.4 18.5
For-hire truck 40.2 14.6 47.6 16.3 46.0 17.4 18.5
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.7 16.6 39.4 18.2 38.6 18.2 15.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.7 16.6 39.4 18.2 38.6 18.2 15.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.8 31.0 29.8 1.4
Single modes 34.3 9.7 32.1 4.5 31.0 4.5 1.2
Truck 43.8 11.1 S S 48.5 11.8 1.1
For-hire truck 44.1 11.2 S S S S 1.1
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail 46.7 8.2 42.0 12.1 43.0 12.3 21.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 16.7 9.8 S S S S 1.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 15.4 8.9 25.4 1.0 25.3 1.0 1.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.9

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 12.9 23.9 24.8 2.0
Single modes 15.1 3.8 24.1 0.3 25.1 0.3 3.7
Truck 15.2 3.4 19.9 9.0 19.8 9.2 2.1
For-hire truck 15.9 3.8 21.4 8.7 21.3 8.8 2.2
Private truck 48.5 0.9 32.3 1.0 33.9 1.1 11.0
Rail 34.5 4.5 38.6 9.2 39.0 9.4 1.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 32.1 1.1 46.0 0.3 45.6 0.4 2.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 23.2 4.0 21.5 0.3 21.8 0.3 1.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 23.4 4.0 20.3 0.2 20.5 0.2 1.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 21.2

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.8 21.8 25.1 3.9
Single modes 39.5 3.4 21.7 0.9 25.0 1.0 6.3
Truck 27.4 10.3 17.3 8.7 18.8 9.8 3.2
For-hire truck 32.6 9.5 15.3 9.0 16.3 9.6 3.4
Private truck 31.7 3.8 S S S S 18.3
Rail 29.2 3.7 38.6 8.7 38.8 9.9 15.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 17.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 26.2 2.8 S S S S 2.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.5 3.0 31.3 0.5 31.6 0.4 2.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.6 S S S S 0.8
Single modes 41.1 15.1 S S S S 18.4
Truck S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 29.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 37.7 15.1 S S S S 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 37.7 15.1 S S S S 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.4 26.5 26.3 1.5
Single modes 27.1 9.4 34.4 10.7 33.4 10.7 1.8
Truck 29.2 9.2 46.0 13.4 46.0 13.4 0.6
For-hire truck 33.8 10.5 46.1 13.5 46.1 13.5 0.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 29.4 9.4 S S S S 1.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.1 10.2 48.9 7.8 S S 1.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 6.5 11.7 10.0 8.3
Single modes 6.1 1.6 11.7 0.4 10.0 0.6 5.5
Truck 6.3 2.6 15.3 6.6 12.7 4.5 4.6
For-hire truck 16.0 4.4 17.1 6.1 15.6 5.2 6.3
Private truck 10.0 4.7 26.5 6.4 24.2 5.3 6.8
Rail S S S S 40.4 3.0 17.0
Water S S S S S S 29.9
Shallow draft S S S S S S 29.9
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 45.8 0.9 44.9 39.5 17.0
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 16.8 1.5 20.7 0.3 24.4 0.5 9.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 17.1 1.5 18.4 19.6 0.1 9.4
Truck and rail 26.0 31.7 0.3 33.0 0.4 16.7
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 32.8 0.5 45.4 0.4 36.3 0.5 36.0

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.4 49.7 49.7 1.0
Single modes 36.8 11.7 S S S S 10.6
Truck 36.8 11.7 S S S S 10.6
For-hire truck 36.8 11.7 S S S S 10.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.3 11.7 S S S S 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.3 11.7 S S S S 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.5 45.5 46.6 0.9
Single modes 38.4 6.4 46.2 3.4 47.3 3.5 1.6
Truck 49.7 9.4 S S S S 1.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1.6
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail 45.7 8.7 S S S S 10.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 16.4 4.3 41.5 1.1 42.1 1.2 1.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 17.7 4.4 44.9 1.2 46.0 1.2 1.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.4 37.9 38.1 8.5
Single modes 22.4 10.7 37.8 1.5 38.0 1.2 11.1
Truck 22.3 10.7 37.8 1.5 38.1 1.2 2.4
For-hire truck 24.8 11.4 46.1 9.7 47.0 9.9 2.7
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 49.2 10.7 49.8 1.5 48.0 1.2 15.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 49.2 10.7 49.8 1.5 48.0 1.2 15.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.