Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 354,399 100.0 399,764 100.0 90,300 100.0
Less than 50 miles 101,820 28.7 217,690 54.5 5,605 6.2
50 to 99 miles 49,593 14.0 51,108 12.8 5,252 5.8
100 to 249 miles 65,631 18.5 58,416 14.6 15,843 17.5
250 to 499 miles 50,920 14.4 37,036 9.3 20,032 22.2
500 to 749 miles 32,974 9.3 19,551 4.9 17,703 19.6
750 to 999 miles 14,051 4.0 5,330 1.3 6,339 7.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 14,982 4.2 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 6,546 1.8 1,029 0.3 2,039 2.3
2,000 miles or more 17,881 5.0 2,124 0.5 5,662 6.3

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 300,305 100.0 382,839 100.0 81,202 100.0
Less than 50 miles 91,929 30.6 212,810 55.6 5,387 6.6
50 to 99 miles 43,944 14.6 49,724 13.0 5,120 6.3
100 to 249 miles 57,593 19.2 54,739 14.3 14,404 17.7
250 to 499 miles 42,364 14.1 32,078 8.4 15,228 18.8
500 to 749 miles 24,799 8.3 18,528 4.8 16,877 20.8
750 to 999 miles 10,258 3.4 4,867 1.3 5,772 7.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 10,503 3.5 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 5,369 1.8 982 0.3 1,946 2.4
2,000 miles or more 13,544 4.5 1,882 0.5 4,986 6.1

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 287,156 100.0 295,816 100.0 47,782 100.0
Less than 50 miles 88,274 30.7 184,243 62.3 4,021 8.4
50 to 99 miles 42,789 14.9 39,323 13.3 3,554 7.4
100 to 249 miles 53,984 18.8 31,548 10.7 6,586 13.8
250 to 499 miles 41,113 14.3 20,376 6.9 8,758 18.3
500 to 749 miles 23,957 8.3 8,638 2.9 6,298 13.2
750 to 999 miles 9,656 3.4 3,255 1.1 3,346 7.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 9,920 3.5 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 5,125 1.8 660 0.2 1,279 2.7
2,000 miles or more 12,338 4.3 1,736 0.6 4,563 9.5

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 175,027 100.0 143,605 100.0 39,238 100.0
Less than 50 miles 24,756 14.1 68,836 47.9 1,714 4.4
50 to 99 miles 21,296 12.2 17,346 12.1 1,601 4.1
100 to 249 miles 35,656 20.4 21,068 14.7 4,640 11.8
250 to 499 miles 35,013 20.0 17,181 12.0 7,442 19.0
500 to 749 miles 22,121 12.6 7,780 5.4 5,660 14.4
750 to 999 miles 9,088 5.2 3,077 2.1 3,161 8.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 9,667 5.5 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 5,103 2.9 655 0.5 1,269 3.2
2,000 miles or more 12,327 7.0 1,706 1.2 4,483 11.4

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 111,893 100.0 151,334 100.0 8,469 100.0
Less than 50 miles 63,406 56.7 114,825 75.9 2,276 26.9
50 to 99 miles 21,447 19.2 21,775 14.4 1,935 22.8
100 to 249 miles 18,276 16.3 10,414 6.9 1,933 22.8
250 to 499 miles 6,078 5.4 3,176 2.1 1,309 15.5
500 to 749 miles 1,834 1.6 856 0.6 637 7.5
750 to 999 miles 565 0.5 174 0.1 180 2.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 253 0.2 80 109 1.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 11 S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 4,389 100.0 62,755 100.0 26,829 100.0
Less than 50 miles 543 12.4 10,079 16.1 793 3.0
50 to 99 miles 307 7.0 9,482 15.1 1,418 5.3
100 to 249 miles 1,383 31.5 22,854 36.4 7,750 28.9
250 to 499 miles 1,039 23.7 11,694 18.6 6,466 24.1
500 to 749 miles 392 8.9 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 212 4.8 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 311 7.1 1,099 1.8 1,921 7.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 84 1.9 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 118 2.7 134 0.2 392 1.5

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 12,020 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles S S 6,955 57.9 489 7.7
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 40 4.6 88 0.7 178 2.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 12,016 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles S S 6,952 57.9 489 7.7
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 40 4.6 88 0.7 178 2.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 5,066 100.0 69 100.0 79 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S 2 3.1 1 0.8
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 213 4.2 7 10.5 4 4.5
500 to 749 miles 134 2.6 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 232 4.6 4 6.1 6 7.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 160 3.2 1 2.2 3 3.8
2,000 miles or more 1,088 21.5 12 17.0 32 40.4

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,827 100.0 12,180 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 2,665 94.3 11,533 94.7 S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 43,408 100.0 9,966 100.0 8,102 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,236 9.8 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 4,120 9.5 207 2.1 21 0.3
100 to 249 miles 6,936 16.0 2,246 22.5 1,138 14.0
250 to 499 miles 7,887 18.2 4,781 48.0 4,728 58.4
500 to 749 miles 7,446 17.2 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 3,418 7.9 365 3.7 468 5.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,062 9.4 127 1.3 187 2.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,024 2.4 40 0.4 81 1.0
2,000 miles or more 4,279 9.9 201 2.0 564 7.0

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 42,716 100.0 1,336 100.0 851 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,201 9.8 138 10.4 5 0.5
50 to 99 miles 4,120 9.6 207 15.5 21 2.5
100 to 249 miles 6,894 16.1 292 21.9 59 7.0
250 to 499 miles 7,783 18.2 244 18.3 106 12.5
500 to 749 miles 7,339 17.2 151 11.3 112 13.2
750 to 999 miles 3,303 7.7 79 5.9 82 9.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,026 9.4 90 6.8 127 14.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,010 2.4 29 2.2 58 6.8
2,000 miles or more 4,039 9.5 105 7.8 280 32.9

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 444 100.0 254 100.0 433 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 36 8.2 37 14.4 59 13.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 215 48.5 94 36.9 271 62.5

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more 25 46.4 S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 192 100.0 8,326 100.0 6,742 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles 41 21.2 1,951 23.4 1,078 16.0
250 to 499 miles 100 52.1 4,527 54.4 4,616 68.5
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 10,685 100.0 6,960 100.0 997 100.0
Less than 50 miles 5,654 52.9 3,831 55.0 S S
50 to 99 miles 1,528 14.3 1,177 16.9 110 11.1
100 to 249 miles 1,102 10.3 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 669 6.3 177 2.5 76 7.6
500 to 749 miles 729 6.8 72 1.0 52 5.2
750 to 999 miles 375 3.5 97 1.4 100 10.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 416 3.9 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 58 0.5 S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.