Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 354,399 100.0 399,764 100.0 90,300 100.0 446
Less than 50 lbs 40,450 11.4 946 0.2 425 0.5 566
50 to 99 lbs 12,317 3.5 741 0.2 162 0.2 219
100 to 499 lbs 31,042 8.8 4,757 1.2 895 1.0 188
500 to 749 lbs 10,956 3.1 2,369 0.6 401 0.4 170
750 to 999 lbs 9,420 2.7 2,165 0.5 405 0.4 186
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 85,585 24.1 29,694 7.4 5,913 6.5 191
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 141,640 40.0 199,894 50.0 31,733 35.1 175
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 10,474 3.0 39,040 9.8 2,966 3.3 73
100,000 lbs or more 12,516 3.5 120,159 30.1 47,401 52.5 339

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 300,305 100.0 382,839 100.0 81,202 100.0 135
Less than 50 lbs 11,174 3.7 396 0.1 40 114
50 to 99 lbs 6,053 2.0 526 0.1 47 88
100 to 499 lbs 24,390 8.1 4,281 1.1 652 0.8 140
500 to 749 lbs 9,047 3.0 2,246 0.6 353 0.4 158
750 to 999 lbs 8,710 2.9 2,046 0.5 333 0.4 162
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 81,071 27.0 28,608 7.5 5,520 6.8 186
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 137,803 45.9 196,296 51.3 30,815 37.9 174
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 10,378 3.5 38,815 10.1 2,958 3.6 73
100,000 lbs or more 11,678 3.9 109,625 28.6 40,483 49.9 335

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 287,156 100.0 295,816 100.0 47,782 100.0 125
Less than 50 lbs 10,398 3.6 392 0.1 34 94
50 to 99 lbs 5,576 1.9 523 0.2 43 81
100 to 499 lbs 23,761 8.3 4,270 1.4 638 1.3 137
500 to 749 lbs 8,864 3.1 2,243 0.8 349 0.7 156
750 to 999 lbs 7,431 2.6 2,035 0.7 327 0.7 160
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 79,286 27.6 28,575 9.7 5,482 11.5 185
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 137,476 47.9 195,987 66.3 30,475 63.8 172
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 10,201 3.6 38,562 13.0 2,814 5.9 71
100,000 lbs or more 4,165 1.5 23,229 7.9 S S 177

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 175,027 100.0 143,605 100.0 39,238 100.0 456
Less than 50 lbs 3,118 1.8 39 23 652
50 to 99 lbs S S 50 27 556
100 to 499 lbs 10,948 6.3 1,010 0.7 505 1.3 506
500 to 749 lbs 4,483 2.6 648 0.5 267 0.7 414
750 to 999 lbs 4,128 2.4 496 0.3 246 0.6 492
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 45,908 26.2 9,979 6.9 4,074 10.4 411
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 97,771 55.9 109,226 76.1 25,365 64.6 269
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 4,519 2.6 14,063 9.8 1,530 3.9 97
100,000 lbs or more 2,501 1.4 8,093 5.6 S S 516

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 111,893 100.0 151,334 100.0 8,469 100.0 41
Less than 50 lbs 7,279 6.5 353 0.2 11 0.1 30
50 to 99 lbs 3,923 3.5 474 0.3 16 0.2 34
100 to 499 lbs 12,811 11.4 3,259 2.2 133 1.6 40
500 to 749 lbs 4,379 3.9 1,594 1.1 82 1.0 52
750 to 999 lbs 3,302 3.0 1,538 1.0 81 1.0 53
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 33,347 29.8 18,578 12.3 1,407 16.6 76
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 39,558 35.4 86,323 57.0 5,066 59.8 62
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,631 5.0 24,183 16.0 1,264 14.9 54
100,000 lbs or more 1,662 1.5 15,034 9.9 410 4.8 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 4,389 100.0 62,755 100.0 26,829 100.0 575
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 197
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 8 0.2 S S S S 1,530
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 315 7.2 295 0.5 326 1.2 1,152
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 176 4.0 S S 144 0.5 574
100,000 lbs or more 3,825 87.1 62,205 99.1 26,352 98.2 497

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 12,020 100.0 S S 652
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 35
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S 12,016 100.0 S S 839

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 12,016 100.0 S S 839
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S 12,016 100.0 S S 839

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 35
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 35
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 5,066 100.0 69 100.0 79 100.0 1,347
Less than 50 lbs 774 15.3 4 6.5 6 7.5 1,361
50 to 99 lbs 478 9.4 3 3.8 4 5.2 1,489
100 to 499 lbs 567 11.2 9 13.8 14 17.4 1,393
500 to 749 lbs S S 3 4.9 4 4.7 1,109
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,771 35.0 24 35.7 32 40.1 1,337
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 880
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 2,827 100.0 12,180 100.0 S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more 2,826 100.0 12,176 100.0 S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 43,408 100.0 9,966 100.0 8,102 100.0 730
Less than 50 lbs 28,556 65.8 526 5.3 384 4.7 739
50 to 99 lbs 5,995 13.8 197 2.0 114 1.4 572
100 to 499 lbs 6,269 14.4 420 4.2 239 3.0 588
500 to 749 lbs S S 88 0.9 48 0.6 537
750 to 999 lbs 667 1.5 103 1.0 S S 679
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 12 0.1 S S 1,770
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 329 0.8 261 2.6 457 5.6 1,769
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 228 0.5 8,357 83.9 6,768 83.5 741

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 42,716 100.0 1,336 100.0 851 100.0 729
Less than 50 lbs 28,553 66.8 526 39.4 384 45.1 739
50 to 99 lbs 5,995 14.0 197 14.8 114 13.4 571
100 to 499 lbs 6,257 14.6 420 31.4 236 27.7 579
500 to 749 lbs S S 88 6.6 48 5.6 537
750 to 999 lbs 657 1.5 103 7.7 S S 665
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 14
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 444 100.0 254 100.0 433 100.0 1,981
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,245
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,700
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,091
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 300 67.5 215 84.8 391 90.2 1,802
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 772

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 5,120
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 5,304
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 5,305
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 5,529
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 5,319
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 6,130
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,596
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 192 100.0 8,326 100.0 6,742 100.0 740
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 192 100.0 8,326 100.0 6,742 100.0 740

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 9
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 9
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 9
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 10,685 100.0 6,960 100.0 997 100.0 51
Less than 50 lbs 721 6.7 24 0.3 S
50 to 99 lbs 268 2.5 17 0.2 1 31
100 to 499 lbs 383 3.6 55 0.8 3 0.3 S
500 to 749 lbs S S 34 0.5 1 0.1 34
750 to 999 lbs S S S S 1 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 4,401 41.2 1,074 15.4 373 37.4 283
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 3,507 32.8 3,337 47.9 460 46.2 129
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 96 0.9 225 3.2 7 0.7 42
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.