Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 354,399 297,781 19 399,764 547,250 −27 90,300 76,413 18.2 446 553 −19.3
Single modes 300,305 243,120 23.5 382,839 513,496 −25.4 81,202 68,081 19.3 135 178 −24.5
Truck 287,156 221,617 29.6 295,816 427,739 −30.8 47,782 42,242 13.1 125 160 −21.5
Rail 4,389 6,535 −32.8 62,755 45,928 36.6 26,829 20,654 29.9 575 432 33.3
Water S S S 12,020 S S S S S 652 173 276.7
Air (including truck and air) 5,066 9,610 −47.3 69 216 −68.2 79 224 −64.9 1,347 1,285 4.9
Pipeline 2,827 4,021 −29.7 12,180 20,779 −41.4 S S S S S S
Multiple modes 43,408 43,789 −0.9 9,966 11,071 −10 8,102 5,635 43.8 730 806 −9.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 42,716 42,382 0.8 1,336 1,303 2.5 851 974 −12.6 729 806 −9.6
Truck and Rail 444 735 −39.6 254 S S 433 842 −48.5 1,981 1,628 21.6
Other multiple modes 249 672 −62.9 8,376 5,866 42.8 6,817 S S 4,276 1,316 224.9
Other and unknown modes 10,685 10,871 −1.7 6,960 22,683 −69.3 997 2,697 −63 51 75 −32.1

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 11,710 12,510 −6.4 9,178 15,154 −39.4 S 2,025 S 63 66 −4.2
Single modes 11,631 12,029 −3.3 9,174 14,486 −36.7 S 1,912 S 58 60 −3.3
Truck 11,620 11,915 −2.5 9,174 14,446 −36.5 S 1,884 S 58 59 −2.1
Rail S S S S S S 717
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S 1,546 S
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 137 S S 52 S S S S 1,200 733 63.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 4 S S 2 S 1,200 711 68.8
Truck and Rail 89 S S S S 1,814
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 344 S S S S S 28 S S S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 32,913 31,833 3.4 28,026 24,523 14.3 4,356 4,963 −12.2 53 56 −5.5
Single modes 31,154 30,762 1.3 26,953 23,798 13.3 4,121 4,640 −11.2 50 45 11.6
Truck 31,132 30,582 1.8 26,936 23,670 13.8 4,070 4,454 −8.6 49 45 9.8
Rail S 178 S S 127 S S 184 S 3,010 1,735 73.4
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 815 1,200 −32.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 199 429 −53.7 124 93 33.3 192 176 9.7 744 616 20.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S 319 S S 13 S S S S 684 603 13.5
Truck and Rail 170 109 56 121 79 53 191 170 12.5 1,462 2,114 −30.8
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,999 156 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S 632 S S 148 S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,206 1,781 −32.3 102,343 141,060 −27.4 S 5,639 S 34 50 −30.9
Single modes 1,202 1,673 −28.2 102,215 136,369 −25 S 4,850 S 34 39 −12.7
Truck 1,172 1,638 −28.5 100,485 134,054 −25 S 4,375 S 34 39 −12.7
Rail 25 35 −28.6 1,361 2,315 −41.2 265 475 −44.3 218 S S
Water S S S S S S 18
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 717 569 26
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 2,049 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 735 459 60
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 2,997 1,632 83.7
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 16
Other and unknown modes S 40 S S 1,351 S S S S S 224 S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 12,654 18,822 −32.8 128,266 186,370 −31.2 33,366 23,756 40.5 119 29 313.1
Single modes 12,303 17,610 −30.1 117,774 167,859 −29.8 26,455 22,020 20.1 79 30 163.7
Truck 7,315 11,238 −34.9 42,695 95,444 −55.3 2,172 3,742 −42 70 29 142.2
Rail 1,691 1,246 35.7 55,623 34,022 63.5 23,334 14,920 56.4 482 425 13.4
Water S S S 7,271 S S 805 S S 159 187 −15
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 843 868 −2.9
Pipeline 2,827 3,821 −26 12,180 19,567 −37.8 S S S S S S
Multiple modes 250 412 −39.5 8,335 4,543 83.5 6,751 1,584 326.3 662 203 226.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 660 231 186
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 198
Other multiple modes 192 394 −51.2 8,326 4,332 92.2 6,742 1,542 337.2 740 S S
Other and unknown modes 102 800 −87.2 S S S S 153 S 96 S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 75,568 34,350 120 22,577 15,989 41.2 9,105 6,718 35.5 459 461 −0.3
Single modes 67,873 26,567 155.5 21,908 15,320 43 8,714 6,262 39.2 291 203 43
Truck 65,842 24,899 164.4 19,664 12,164 61.7 7,489 3,955 89.3 278 183 52.3
Rail 816 S S S S S 1,171 S S 525 S S
Water S S S S S S S S S 225 267 −15.6
Air (including truck and air) S 443 S S 5 S S 6 S 1,533 1,041 47.2
Pipeline 200 S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 6,748 6,820 −1.1 216 189 14.5 217 194 11.8 578 611 −5.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 6,687 6,696 −0.1 168 115 46.5 111 64 72.5 578 610 −5.3
Truck and Rail 61 122 −50.2 48 74 −35.6 102 128 −20.4 2,379 1,792 32.8
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 5,219 7,775 −32.9
Other and unknown modes S 963 S 452 481 −5.9 S 262 S 110 96 14.7

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 46,140 52,673 −12.4 23,765 24,157 −1.6 6,012 7,803 −23 761 612 24.4
Single modes 36,176 43,934 −17.7 22,757 22,841 −0.4 5,487 6,888 −20.3 227 545 −58.4
Truck 35,257 43,233 −18.4 22,547 22,405 0.6 5,268 6,490 −18.8 215 512 −58.1
Rail 253 297 −14.7 185 390 −52.5 183 345 −47.1 S S S
Water S S S S S S 8
Air (including truck and air) 666 402 65.8 25 42 −41.1 37 53 −31.1 1,231 1,667 −26.2
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 8,285 7,692 7.7 500 457 9.4 420 431 −2.6 902 641 40.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 8,246 7,609 8.4 477 417 14.4 369 S S 901 641 40.5
Truck and Rail S 83 S S 40 S S 78 S 2,510 S S
Other multiple modes 8 S S 1 4,833
Other and unknown modes 1,678 1,047 60.3 S 860 S 105 S S 100 231 −56.6

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 50,732 58,092 −12.7 48,093 90,509 −46.9 12,744 16,644 −23.4 442 588 −24.7
Single modes 44,887 50,083 −10.4 46,883 86,187 −45.6 12,266 15,441 −20.6 194 181 7.1
Truck 43,377 47,253 −8.2 44,074 82,192 −46.4 10,487 12,496 −16.1 179 169 5.9
Rail 1,326 2,245 −40.9 2,734 3,880 −29.5 1,633 2,861 −42.9 698 981 −28.9
Water S S S S S S S S S 2,005 56 S
Air (including truck and air) 150 557 −73 S 110 S 7 84 −91.2 1,522 1,114 36.6
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 4,837 6,061 −20.2 317 350 −9.5 279 516 −45.8 704 1,013 −30.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,662 5,803 −19.7 227 186 22.1 154 135 13.7 701 1,012 −30.7
Truck and Rail 137 S S 44 S S 58 S S 2,457 3,328 −26.2
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 4,566 2,513 81.6
Other and unknown modes 1,008 1,947 −48.2 894 S S 198 688 −71.1 S 86 S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 62,207 51,952 19.7 6,750 5,276 27.9 2,554 3,283 −22.2 353 567 −37.8
Single modes 39,868 36,459 9.4 6,142 4,544 35.2 2,375 2,861 −17 143 168 −15.4
Truck 36,814 27,636 33.2 6,056 3,968 52.6 2,287 2,231 2.5 116 109 6.5
Rail 141 959 −85.3 67 524 −87.2 73 560 −87 834 1,125 −25.9
Water S S S S S S 610
Air (including truck and air) 2,913 S S 20 52 −62.1 15 71 −78.6 1,335 1,202 11.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 17,794 11,363 56.6 157 192 −17.9 110 198 −44.7 597 1,008 −40.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 17,786 11,230 58.4 157 129 22.2 107 93 15.7 597 1,008 −40.8
Truck and Rail 130 S S S S 1,973
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 5,309 S S
Other and unknown modes 4,545 4,130 10 450 541 −16.8 69 223 −69 S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 60,218 34,873 72.7 28,996 S S S 5,420 S 240 786 −69.5
Single modes 54,248 23,377 132.1 27,726 S S S 3,066 S 96 276 −65.4
Truck 53,710 22,628 137.4 23,188 S S 4,844 2,499 93.9 94 260 −63.8
Rail S 442 S 250 2,681 −90.7 S 562 S 419 S S
Water S S S S S S 1,238
Air (including truck and air) 89 308 −71.1 1 5 −76.6 S 6 S 1,823 1,261 44.5
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 5,204 10,680 −51.3 307 S S 109 S S 415 843 −50.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,159 10,517 −50.9 293 430 −31.8 96 312 −69.3 415 843 −50.8
Truck and Rail S 28 S S S S S 12 S 903 1,140 −20.8
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 7,506 1,359 452.2
Other and unknown modes 765 816 −6.2 S 239 S S 61 S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,051 894 17.5 1,771 626 183 S 160 S 444 535 −17
Single modes 962 626 53.6 1,306 597 118.8 S 140 S 227 363 −37.5
Truck 917 597 53.7 997 585 70.5 S 117 S S 258 S
Rail 31 S S S S S S S S 371 2,062 −82
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 17 S S S S 1 S 1,628 1,232 32.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 59 127 −53.5 S S S S S S 928 744 24.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 59 125 −53 S S S S S S 928 744 24.8
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,881
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 22 S S S S 58 S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.