Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 21,035 100.0 19,389 100.0 2,815 100.0
Less than 50 miles 6,608 31.4 15,387 79.4 329 11.7
50 to 99 miles 1,685 8.0 1,745 9.0 145 5.2
100 to 249 miles 2,495 11.9 682 3.5 127 4.5
250 to 499 miles 1,659 7.9 241 1.2 104 3.7
500 to 749 miles 1,953 9.3 258 1.3 192 6.8
750 to 999 miles 2,202 10.5 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,395 6.6 237 1.2 330 11.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 728 3.5 56 0.3 111 4.0
2,000 miles or more 2,310 11.0 S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 14,886 100.0 18,848 100.0 2,319 100.0
Less than 50 miles 5,727 38.5 15,156 80.4 327 14.1
50 to 99 miles 1,289 8.7 1,728 9.2 144 6.2
100 to 249 miles 1,679 11.3 658 3.5 122 5.2
250 to 499 miles 939 6.3 222 1.2 96 4.1
500 to 749 miles S S S S 139 6.0
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 671 4.5 182 1.0 253 10.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 292 2.0 46 0.2 93 4.0
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 14,475 100.0 18,836 100.0 2,297 100.0
Less than 50 miles 5,725 39.6 15,155 80.5 327 14.2
50 to 99 miles 1,275 8.8 1,728 9.2 144 6.3
100 to 249 miles 1,590 11.0 655 3.5 121 5.3
250 to 499 miles 856 5.9 222 1.2 96 4.2
500 to 749 miles S S S S 139 6.0
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 653 4.5 182 1.0 253 11.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 272 1.9 45 0.2 91 4.0
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 8,414 100.0 5,010 100.0 1,796 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,456 17.3 2,974 59.4 70 3.9
50 to 99 miles 443 5.3 420 8.4 35 2.0
100 to 249 miles 1,046 12.4 396 7.9 74 4.1
250 to 499 miles 783 9.3 200 4.0 88 4.9
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 603 7.2 158 3.2 217 12.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 258 3.1 44 0.9 89 4.9
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 6,051 100.0 13,810 100.0 500 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,267 70.5 12,168 88.1 257 51.4
50 to 99 miles 829 13.7 1,306 9.5 108 21.7
100 to 249 miles 543 9.0 260 1.9 47 9.4
250 to 499 miles 71 1.2 22 0.2 8 1.5
500 to 749 miles 37 0.6 4 3 0.6
750 to 999 miles 170 2.8 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 50 0.8 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 3 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 406 100.0 8 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 87 21.4 S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S 0.8 0.4
500 to 749 miles S S 5.5 3.6
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 18 4.4 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 120 29.5 S S S S

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S
Less than 50 miles S S
50 to 99 miles S S
100 to 249 miles S S
250 to 499 miles S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 5,123 100.0 162 100.0 169 100.0
Less than 50 miles 501 9.8 17 10.5 0.3
50 to 99 miles 370 7.2 13 8.2 1 0.7
100 to 249 miles 786 15.3 21 12.8 4 2.5
250 to 499 miles 583 11.4 17 10.5 8 4.6
500 to 749 miles 542 10.6 28 17.2 22 13.2
750 to 999 miles 628 12.3 13 8.3 14 8.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 709 13.8 19 11.8 27 15.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 343 6.7 8 4.8 15 8.7
2,000 miles or more 662 12.9 26 15.9 78 46.0

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 5,121 100.0 161 100.0 169 100.0
Less than 50 miles 500 9.8 16 9.9 0.3
50 to 99 miles 370 7.2 13 8.2 1 0.7
100 to 249 miles 786 15.3 21 12.9 4 2.6
250 to 499 miles 583 11.4 17 10.6 8 4.6
500 to 749 miles 542 10.6 28 17.3 22 13.3
750 to 999 miles 628 12.3 13 8.4 14 8.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 709 13.8 19 11.9 27 15.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 343 6.7 8 4.8 15 8.7
2,000 miles or more 661 12.9 26 16.0 78 45.9

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,026 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles 381 37.1 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 25 2.5 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 30 2.9 S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 37 3.6 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 30 2.9 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 15 1.5 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 2 0.5 4 1.1
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.