Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 21,035 100.0 19,389 100.0 2,815 100.0 875
Less than 50 lbs 4,516 21.5 84 0.4 72 2.6 984
50 to 99 lbs 1,077 5.1 40 0.2 24 0.8 592
100 to 499 lbs 3,105 14.8 328 1.7 144 5.1 432
500 to 749 lbs 1,204 5.7 144 0.7 117 4.1 793
750 to 999 lbs 378 1.8 81 0.4 24 0.9 304
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 5,257 25.0 1,648 8.5 S S 629
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 3,868 18.4 7,961 41.1 1,017 36.1 147
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,512 7.2 8,450 43.6 266 9.5 32
100,000 lbs or more 118 0.6 653 3.4 77 2.7 148

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 14,886 100.0 18,848 100.0 2,319 100.0 372
Less than 50 lbs 909 6.1 18 0.1 6 0.3 426
50 to 99 lbs 367 2.5 18 0.1 5 0.2 262
100 to 499 lbs 2,029 13.6 263 1.4 89 3.8 331
500 to 749 lbs 1,116 7.5 102 0.5 41 1.7 391
750 to 999 lbs 331 2.2 72 0.4 23 1.0 323
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 4,754 31.9 1,502 8.0 S S 559
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 3,773 25.3 7,941 42.1 1,012 43.6 147
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,492 10.0 8,437 44.8 266 11.5 32
100,000 lbs or more 116 0.8 495 2.6 49 2.1 113

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 14,475 100.0 18,836 100.0 2,297 100.0 338
Less than 50 lbs 753 5.2 17 5 0.2 367
50 to 99 lbs 266 1.8 18 4 0.2 218
100 to 499 lbs 1,941 13.4 259 1.4 S S 307
500 to 749 lbs 1,113 7.7 102 0.5 40 1.7 384
750 to 999 lbs 328 2.3 72 0.4 23 1.0 322
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 4,727 32.7 1,499 8.0 S S 556
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 3,741 25.8 7,941 42.2 1,011 44.0 147
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,492 10.3 8,437 44.8 266 11.6 32
100,000 lbs or more 114 0.8 492 2.6 41 1.8 91

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 8,414 100.0 5,010 100.0 1,796 100.0 1,101
Less than 50 lbs 236 2.8 3 3 0.2 1,382
50 to 99 lbs 115 1.4 3 3 0.2 955
100 to 499 lbs 1,026 12.2 64 1.3 S S 1,070
500 to 749 lbs S S 46 0.9 35 1.9 745
750 to 999 lbs 201 2.4 22 0.4 20 1.1 929
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 3,185 37.9 667 13.3 S S 1,224
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,200 26.1 1,745 34.8 790 44.0 504
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 514 6.1 2,445 48.8 97 5.4 40
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 246

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 6,051 100.0 13,810 100.0 500 100.0 66
Less than 50 lbs 517 8.5 14 0.1 1 0.2 75
50 to 99 lbs 149 2.5 14 0.1 1 0.1 47
100 to 499 lbs 908 15.0 193 1.4 15 3.1 73
500 to 749 lbs 195 3.2 56 0.4 5 1.0 87
750 to 999 lbs 127 2.1 50 0.4 3 0.5 53
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,540 25.5 830 6.0 47 9.4 57
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,542 25.5 6,194 44.9 221 44.3 36
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 977 16.2 5,981 43.3 168 33.7 28
100,000 lbs or more 96 1.6 478 3.5 39 7.8 85

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 356
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 3,282

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3 100.0 S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 3 100.0 S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 332
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 332
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 406 100.0 8 100.0 S S 1,480
Less than 50 lbs 155 38.3 1 12.0 1 10.4 1,418
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,472
100 to 499 lbs 88 21.7 S S S S 1,781
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,551
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 795
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 24 5.8 2 26.8 S S 1,657
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,688
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 5,123 100.0 162 100.0 169 100.0 1,097
Less than 50 lbs 3,449 67.3 62 38.5 65 38.3 1,106
50 to 99 lbs 539 10.5 20 12.1 19 10.9 953
100 to 499 lbs 986 19.2 47 28.8 36 21.1 787
500 to 749 lbs 67 1.3 S S S S 1,765
750 to 999 lbs S S S S 1 0.6 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 327
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,223
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 5,121 100.0 161 100.0 169 100.0 1,097
Less than 50 lbs 3,449 67.3 62 38.8 65 38.4 1,106
50 to 99 lbs 538 10.5 19 12.1 19 11.0 955
100 to 499 lbs 986 19.2 47 29.0 36 21.2 787
500 to 749 lbs 67 1.3 S S S S 1,766
750 to 999 lbs S S S S 1 0.6 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 391
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 3,223
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,223
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 88
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 88
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 5,582
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 196
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 2
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,026 100.0 S S S S 484
Less than 50 lbs 159 15.5 4 1.1 1 0.3 281
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S S
100 to 499 lbs 90 8.8 19 4.9 S S 709
500 to 749 lbs 21 2.0 S S S S 1,963
750 to 999 lbs 18 1.7 S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 144 37.9 S S 1,293
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 20 5.2 S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 12
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 252

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.