Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 21,035 100.0 19,389 100.0 2,815 100.0 875
Single modes 14,886 70.8 18,848 97.2 2,319 82.4 372
Truck3 14,475 68.8 18,836 97.2 2,297 81.6 338
For-hire Truck 8,414 40.0 5,010 25.8 1,796 63.8 1,101
Private Truck 6,051 28.8 13,810 71.2 500 17.7 66
Rail S S S S S S S
Water 3 S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S 332
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air) 406 1.9 8 S S 1,480
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 5,123 24.4 162 0.8 169 6.0 1,097
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,121 24.3 161 0.8 169 6.0 1,097
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,223
Truck and water S S S S S S S
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes 1,026 4.9 S S S S 484

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 65
Single modes S S S S S S 65
Truck3 S S S S S S 65
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 65
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 54
Single modes S S S S S S 55
Truck3 S S S S S S 54
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 54
Rail
Water S S S S S S 109
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 109
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 108
Single modes S S S S S S 124
Truck3 S S S S S S 124
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 124
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 93
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 93
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 352 100.0 S S 47 100.0 494
Single modes 350 99.7 S S 47 99.9 400
Truck3 326 92.7 S S 31 67.1 S
For-hire Truck 179 50.8 S S 20 43.9 618
Private Truck S S 23 29.9 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 3,282
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,135
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,264
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,455
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 88
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 29
Single modes S S S S S S 29
Truck3 S S S S S S 29
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 29
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 745 100.0 1,512 100.0 S S S
Single modes 744 99.9 1,511 99.9 S S S
Truck3 744 99.9 1,511 99.9 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 689
Private Truck 588 79.0 S S S S 31
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 293
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 737
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 357 100.0 163 100.0 3 100.0 16
Single modes S S 140 85.9 3 98.1 19
Truck3 S S 140 85.9 3 98.1 19
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 35
Private Truck S S 140 85.9 3 98.0 19
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 246
Single modes S S S S S S 246
Truck3 S S S S S S 246
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 246
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 13 100.0 1,385 100.0 49 100.0 86
Single modes 13 99.3 1,369 98.8 48 99.3 87
Truck3 13 99.3 1,369 98.8 48 99.3 87
For-hire Truck 6 48.3 328 23.7 S S 260
Private Truck 7 50.9 1,037 74.9 27 54.7 23
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 22 100.0 2,410 100.0 22 100.0 9
Single modes 21 94.7 2,289 95.0 22 98.0 10
Truck3 21 94.7 2,289 95.0 22 98.0 10
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 9
Private Truck 19 86.8 2,087 86.6 20 88.6 9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 98
Truck3 S S S S S S 98
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 98
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,303 100.0 5,218 100.0 169 100.0 32
Single modes 1,303 100.0 5,218 100.0 169 100.0 32
Truck3 1,303 100.0 5,218 100.0 169 100.0 32
For-hire Truck 542 41.6 2,127 40.8 75 44.0 37
Private Truck 761 58.4 3,091 59.2 95 56.0 28
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 51 100.0 15
Single modes S S S S 51 100.0 15
Truck3 S S S S 51 100.0 15
For-hire Truck 99 27.6 659 31.8 S S 38
Private Truck S S S S S S 12
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 762
Private Truck S S S S S S 40
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,010
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,010
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 530 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 379 71.4 S S S S S
Truck3 379 71.4 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 190 35.9 S S S S 567
Private Truck 189 35.6 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 2 0.5 S S 5

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 48 100.0 S S S S 38
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 61
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 57
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 57
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 16

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 36
Single modes S S S S S S 59
Truck3 S S S S S S 59
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 47
Private Truck S S S S S S 66
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 390 100.0 141 100.0 44 100.0 273
Single modes 317 81.3 137 97.1 43 98.3 280
Truck3 317 81.3 137 97.1 43 98.3 280
For-hire Truck 190 48.8 76 54.1 38 85.7 606
Private Truck 127 32.5 61 43.0 S S 60
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 194
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 24

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 957 100.0 189 100.0 77 100.0 668
Single modes 596 62.2 180 95.0 71 91.3 652
Truck3 592 61.9 179 94.9 70 90.9 641
For-hire Truck 408 42.6 107 56.6 66 85.8 1,229
Private Truck 184 19.2 72 38.3 4 5.1 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 4 0.4 0.2 0.4 1,494
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 9 4.6 7 8.6 682
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 9 4.6 7 8.6 682
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 196
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 5 0.5 1 0.4 0.1 54

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 756
Single modes S S S S S S 527
Truck3 S S S S S S 527
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 527
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,588
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,588
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 294 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 271 92.2 S S S S S
Truck3 271 92.2 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 55 18.7 8 2.5 5 14.1 447
Private Truck 216 73.5 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 1.2 408
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 1.2 408
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 592
Single modes S S S S S S 586
Truck3 S S S S S S 586
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 635
Private Truck S S S S S S 36
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 5 4.1 1.9 S S 697
Parcel, USPS or courier 5 3.9 1.2 1.6 695
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,223
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 116

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 250 100.0 S S 9 100.0 175
Single modes 228 91.4 S S 8 89.6 S
Truck3 218 87.3 S S 8 87.4 S
For-hire Truck 88 35.0 52 41.8 5 63.2 S
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 294
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 854
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 854
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,459

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 309 100.0 27 100.0 S S 559
Single modes 174 56.4 14 53.2 S S S
Truck3 173 55.9 14 53.0 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck 85 27.4 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,800
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 104 33.5 S S S S 813
Parcel, USPS or courier 103 33.5 S S S S 813
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,032 100.0 154 100.0 134 100.0 1,205
Single modes 760 73.7 137 88.6 113 84.4 855
Truck3 742 71.9 135 87.5 111 82.8 851
For-hire Truck 619 60.0 122 78.9 100 75.1 962
Private Truck 123 11.9 13 8.6 S S 411
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 18 1.7 S S S S 958
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 242 23.5 15 9.8 18 13.5 1,255
Parcel, USPS or courier 242 23.5 15 9.8 18 13.5 1,255
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 3 1.7 3 2.0 1,059

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 282 100.0 S S S S 1,141
Single modes 162 57.4 S S S S S
Truck3 162 57.4 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 57 20.1 S S S S 616
Private Truck 105 37.3 S S S S 27
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,338
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,338
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,000

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 390 100.0 171 100.0 40 100.0 912
Single modes 373 95.6 163 95.1 35 87.2 470
Truck3 372 95.4 163 95.1 35 86.9 464
For-hire Truck 240 61.6 47 27.6 27 67.1 955
Private Truck 132 33.8 116 67.5 8 19.8 60
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1 0.2 S S S S 1,518
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 13 3.4 1 0.4 1 2.3 2,109
Parcel, USPS or courier 13 3.4 1 0.4 1 2.3 2,109
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 290

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 774 100.0 S S 67 100.0 734
Single modes 529 68.4 S S 61 90.8 174
Truck3 524 67.7 S S 60 90.6 164
For-hire Truck 294 38.0 65 35.4 52 78.0 773
Private Truck 230 29.7 S S S S 58
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 911
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 226 29.2 6 3.4 6 8.9 1,286
Parcel, USPS or courier 226 29.2 6 3.4 6 8.9 1,286
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 19 2.4 1 0.6 S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,434
Single modes S S S S S S 1,488
Truck3 S S S S S S 1,489
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,774
Private Truck 145 4.0 10 1.4 S S 276
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,398
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 299 8.3 5 0.6 S S 1,258
Parcel, USPS or courier 299 8.3 5 0.6 S S 1,258
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,871

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,463 100.0 64 100.0 42 100.0 694
Single modes 1,399 56.8 48 74.6 29 68.3 494
Truck3 1,153 46.8 47 72.9 S S 398
For-hire Truck 823 33.4 S S S S 659
Private Truck 330 13.4 S S S S 275
Rail
Water S S S S S S 4,216
Shallow draft S S S S S S 495
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 7,833
Air (including truck and air) 245 9.9 1 1.4 2 4.3 1,308
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 786 31.9 S S S S 817
Parcel, USPS or courier 786 31.9 S S S S 817
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 279 11.3 2 3.9 3 6.5 S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 143 100.0 S S 3 100.0 187
Single modes 100 69.6 S S S S S
Truck3 100 69.5 S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 2,171
Private Truck 99 69.1 S S S S 36
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,785
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 826
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 826
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 38

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 70 100.0 3 100.0 S S 871
Single modes 61 87.3 3 95.7 S S 1,229
Truck3 61 87.3 3 95.7 S S 1,229
For-hire Truck 61 86.8 S S S S 1,309
Private Truck S S S S S S 32
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 5 6.7 S S S S 835
Parcel, USPS or courier 5 6.7 S S S S 835
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 20

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 913 100.0 22 100.0 16 100.0 791
Single modes 501 54.9 17 76.4 11 67.1 S
Truck3 472 51.7 17 74.6 11 66.6 S
For-hire Truck 263 28.8 10 42.8 9 56.5 808
Private Truck 208 22.8 7 31.8 2 10.1 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 683
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 398 43.6 S S S S 1,061
Parcel, USPS or courier 398 43.6 S S S S 1,061
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 24

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 1 100.0 317
Single modes S S S S S S 116
Truck3 S S S S S S 116
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 807
Private Truck S S S S S S 43
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 53

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,582 100.0 327 100.0 206 100.0 1,124
Single modes 1,277 35.7 236 72.1 124 60.3 863
Truck3 1,223 34.1 235 72.0 123 60.0 777
For-hire Truck 773 21.6 103 31.7 116 56.7 1,405
Private Truck 450 12.6 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 356
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.2 1 0.3 1,415
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,111 58.9 52 16.0 49 23.8 1,146
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,111 58.9 52 16.0 49 23.8 1,146
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 194 5.4 S S S S 1,126

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 182
Truck3 S S S S S S 182
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 186
Private Truck S S S S S S 25
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 14

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,061 100.0 272 100.0 75 100.0 847
Single modes 896 84.5 262 96.4 67 89.0 S
Truck3 881 83.1 262 96.2 66 88.4 S
For-hire Truck 268 25.2 89 32.8 S S 626
Private Truck 614 57.9 S S S S S
Rail
Water S S S S S S 198
Shallow draft S S S S S S 198
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,084
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 7 2.6 S S 1,212
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 7 2.6 S S 1,212
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,582
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 26 2.5 3 1.0 S S 52

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 2 100.0 909
Single modes S S S S S S 447
Truck3 S S S S S S 449
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 935
Private Truck S S S S S S 67
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 206
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 921
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 921
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 13

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.