Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 21,035 100.0 19,389 100.0 2,815 100.0 875
Single modes 14,886 70.8 18,848 97.2 2,319 82.4 372
Truck 14,475 68.8 18,836 97.2 2,297 81.6 338
For-hire truck 8,414 40.0 5,010 25.8 1,796 63.8 1,101
Private truck 6,051 28.8 13,810 71.2 500 17.7 66
Rail S S S S S S S
Water 3 S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S 332
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air) 406 1.9 8 S S 1,480
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 5,123 24.4 162 0.8 169 6.0 1,097
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,121 24.3 161 0.8 169 6.0 1,097
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,223
Truck and water S S S S S S S
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes 1,026 4.9 S S S S 484

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 70 100.0 10 100.0 12 100.0 1,248
Single modes 46 64.9 9 89.1 11 89.5 1,202
Truck 45 64.8 9 89.1 11 89.4 1,201
For-hire truck 43 61.3 9 88.0 10 88.4 1,201
Private truck S S S S S S 1,205
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,264
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 24 34.6 1 7.4 1 7.3 1,257
Parcel, USPS or courier 24 34.6 1 7.4 1 7.3 1,257
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,126

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,152
Single modes S S S S S S 2,423
Truck S S S S S S 2,384
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,384
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,228
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,082
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,082
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,372

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 107 100.0 S S S S 2,600
Single modes 72 67.4 S S S S 2,587
Truck S S S S S S 2,595
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,595
Private truck S S S S S S 2,608
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,442
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 34 31.8 1 11.2 2 11.3 2,605
Parcel, USPS or courier 34 31.8 1 11.2 2 11.3 2,605
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,604

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 44 100.0 5 100.0 7 100.0 1,374
Single modes 24 54.6 4 85.1 6 85.6 1,438
Truck 24 54.4 4 85.0 6 85.5 1,444
For-hire truck 24 54.4 4 85.0 6 85.5 1,444
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,372
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 20 45.4 1 14.9 1 14.4 1,371
Parcel, USPS or courier 20 45.4 1 14.9 1 14.4 1,371
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,262 100.0 S S S S 3,006
Single modes 599 47.5 83 45.3 246 45.1 2,988
Truck 525 41.6 80 43.8 238 43.7 3,030
For-hire truck 459 36.3 75 40.7 221 40.5 3,032
Private truck S S S S S S 2,993
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,756
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 394 31.2 S S S S 3,011
Parcel, USPS or courier 394 31.2 S S S S 3,011
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,223
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,964

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 90 100.0 6 100.0 11 100.0 1,973
Single modes 36 39.9 3 59.4 7 59.3 1,976
Truck 35 38.9 3 58.2 7 58.1 1,988
For-hire truck 34 37.2 3 55.9 6 55.8 1,988
Private truck 2 1.7 2.3 2.3 1,984
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,878
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 49 54.7 2 34.4 4 34.5 1,971
Parcel, USPS or courier 49 54.7 2 34.4 4 34.5 1,971
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,070

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 900 100.0 1,465 100.0 92 100.0 88
Single modes 704 78.2 1,453 99.1 91 98.7 74
Truck 704 78.2 1,453 99.1 91 98.7 74
For-hire truck 247 27.4 334 22.8 33 35.7 93
Private truck 457 50.7 S S S S 71
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 728
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 186 20.7 12 0.8 S S 100
Parcel, USPS or courier 186 20.7 12 0.8 S S 100
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 79

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 42 100.0 S S S S 316
Single modes S S S S S S 339
Truck S S S S S S 321
For-hire truck S S S S S S 321
Private truck S S S S S S 311
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 592
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 315
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 315
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9 100.0 S S 100.0 411
Single modes S S S S S S 405
Truck S S S S S S 405
For-hire truck S S S S S S 408
Private truck S S S S S S 410
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 79.6 30.4 30.7 414
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 79.6 30.4 30.7 414
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 423

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 461 100.0 99 100.0 138 100.0 1,367
Single modes 224 48.6 55 55.4 77 55.6 1,399
Truck 212 46.1 55 55.3 77 55.5 1,381
For-hire truck 201 43.6 S S S S 1,381
Private truck 11 2.4 S S S S 1,361
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,441
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 228 49.4 9 9.1 12 9.1 1,364
Parcel, USPS or courier 228 49.4 9 9.1 12 9.1 1,364
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,384

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,069
Single modes S S S S S S 1,090
Truck S S S S S S 1,090
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,091
Private truck S S S S S S 1,060
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,105
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 0.8 2 0.8 1,066
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 0.8 2 0.8 1,066
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,050

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5,416
Single modes S S S S S S 5,259
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water S S S S S S 7,833
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 7,833
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,206
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,514
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 5,513
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,582
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5,513

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9 100.0 S S S S 2,628
Single modes S S S S S S 2,641
Truck S S S S S S 2,703
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,703
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,458
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 72.5 19.8 19.4 2,633
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 72.5 19.8 19.4 2,633
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,528

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 465 100.0 71 100.0 73 100.0 1,008
Single modes 271 58.3 S S S S 1,033
Truck 266 57.2 S S S S 1,027
For-hire truck 189 40.7 49 68.6 50 67.5 1,022
Private truck S S S S S S 1,047
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,089
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 184 39.5 5 6.4 5 6.3 1,004
Parcel, USPS or courier 184 39.5 5 6.4 5 6.3 1,004
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 973

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 218 100.0 24 100.0 22 100.0 889
Single modes 160 73.2 21 88.2 20 88.9 1,024
Truck 150 68.7 21 87.9 19 87.9 917
For-hire truck 125 57.4 19 78.7 18 79.0 919
Private truck S S S S S S 914
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,075
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 57 26.1 S S S S 880
Parcel, USPS or courier 57 26.1 S S S S 880
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 962

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,260
Single modes 44 33.1 S S S S 1,295
Truck 44 33.1 S S S S 1,296
For-hire truck 41 30.8 S S S S 1,292
Private truck S S S S S S 1,332
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,262
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,256
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,256
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 55 100.0 S S S S 1,485
Single modes S S S S S S 1,462
Truck S S S S S S 1,485
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,499
Private truck S S S S S S 1,450
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,374
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 19 34.7 1 6.3 1 6.3 1,486
Parcel, USPS or courier 19 34.7 1 6.3 1 6.3 1,486
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 897
Single modes S S S S S S 883
Truck S S S S S S 882
For-hire truck S S S S S S 882
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,361
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 22 3.7 1 2.8 1 2.8 903
Parcel, USPS or courier 22 3.7 1 2.8 1 2.8 903
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,000

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,504
Single modes S S S S S S 1,535
Truck S S S S S S 1,538
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,538
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,494
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 33 23.1 S S S S 1,503
Parcel, USPS or courier 33 23.1 S S S S 1,503
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 150 100.0 116 100.0 27 100.0 241
Single modes 116 77.4 114 99.1 27 99.2 260
Truck 116 77.3 114 99.1 27 99.2 251
For-hire truck 61 40.6 72 61.9 18 65.8 286
Private truck 55 36.7 43 37.2 9 33.4 235
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,683
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 32 21.7 1 0.9 0.8 220
Parcel, USPS or courier 32 21.7 1 0.9 0.8 220
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 238

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 208 100.0 S S S S 385
Single modes 114 54.8 S S S S 389
Truck 112 53.7 S S S S 386
For-hire truck 106 51.3 S S S S 398
Private truck S S S S S S 373
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 460
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 91 43.7 2 9.0 1 9.6 385
Parcel, USPS or courier 91 43.7 2 9.0 1 9.6 385
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 398

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,963 100.0 6,204 100.0 290 100.0 60
Single modes 3,419 86.3 6,183 99.7 289 99.7 54
Truck 3,404 85.9 6,182 99.6 289 99.6 51
For-hire truck 1,049 26.5 1,397 22.5 67 23.1 52
Private truck 2,353 59.4 4,784 77.1 221 76.5 51
Rail
Water S S S S S S 109
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 109
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 491
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 473 11.9 10 0.2 1 0.2 67
Parcel, USPS or courier 472 11.9 10 0.2 1 0.2 67
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 196
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 71 1.8 11 0.2 0.1 64

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 223 100.0 18 100.0 15 100.0 849
Single modes 125 55.9 14 74.8 11 74.6 840
Truck 122 54.6 13 74.4 11 74.2 828
For-hire truck 103 46.1 13 71.0 11 70.8 831
Private truck S S 1 3.3 3.3 801
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 3 1.4 0.4 0.4 900
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 97 43.6 S S S S 849
Parcel, USPS or courier 97 43.6 S S S S 849
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1 0.4 S S S S 832

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 161 100.0 13 100.0 19 100.0 1,392
Single modes 47 29.5 11 85.3 17 85.8 1,416
Truck 47 29.2 11 85.3 17 85.8 1,400
For-hire truck 43 26.7 11 83.5 16 84.1 1,400
Private truck S S S S S S 1,394
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,696
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 113 70.1 2 13.6 3 13.1 1,390
Parcel, USPS or courier 113 70.1 2 13.6 3 13.1 1,390
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,424

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 57 100.0 S S S S 1,360
Single modes S S S S S S 1,395
Truck S S S S S S 1,373
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,380
Private truck S S 1.7 1.5 1,335
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,418
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 24 42.6 S S S S 1,357
Parcel, USPS or courier 24 42.6 S S S S 1,357
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,387

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 114 100.0 14 100.0 18 100.0 1,272
Single modes S S 13 91.5 16 91.4 1,193
Truck S S 13 91.1 16 91.0 1,198
For-hire truck S S 13 91.0 16 90.9 1,198
Private truck S S S S S S 1,292
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,146
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 53 46.6 1 8.4 2 8.6 1,285
Parcel, USPS or courier 53 46.6 1 8.4 2 8.6 1,285
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,220

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,503
Single modes S S S S S S 2,292
Truck S S S S S S 2,338
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,338
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,087
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 6.9 7.2 2,527
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 6.9 7.2 2,527
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,411

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 25 100.0 1 100.0 1 100.0 1,566
Single modes S S S S S S 1,414
Truck S S S S S S 1,646
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,646
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,380
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 71.6 1 70.4 1,575
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 71.6 1 70.4 1,575
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11 100.0 S S S S 2,742
Single modes S S S S S S 2,767
Truck S S S S S S 2,767
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,767
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 55.2 S S S S 2,741
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 55.2 S S S S 2,741
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 237 100.0 187 100.0 23 100.0 126
Single modes 178 75.0 184 98.6 23 98.8 123
Truck 178 75.0 184 98.6 23 98.8 123
For-hire truck 48 20.1 27 14.4 3 13.1 118
Private truck 130 54.9 158 84.2 20 85.7 124
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 54 22.6 1 0.5 0.6 128
Parcel, USPS or courier 54 22.6 1 0.5 0.6 128
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 123

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 746 100.0 157 100.0 35 100.0 215
Single modes 531 71.2 148 94.1 33 94.2 215
Truck 519 69.5 148 94.0 32 94.1 213
For-hire truck 481 64.5 110 69.8 24 68.5 214
Private truck 37 5.0 38 24.0 9 25.5 207
Rail S S S S S S 356
Water S S S S S S 198
Shallow draft S S S S S S 198
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 239
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 211 28.3 7 4.3 2 4.4 215
Parcel, USPS or courier 211 28.3 7 4.3 2 4.4 215
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 4 0.5 S S S S 230

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 13 100.0 S S S S 2,179
Single modes S S S S S S 2,192
Truck S S S S S S 2,231
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,232
Private truck S S S S S S 2,199
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,100
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 22.4 1 22.3 2,177
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 22.4 1 22.3 2,177
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,207

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,403 100.0 220 100.0 53 100.0 231
Single modes 767 54.7 208 94.6 50 94.6 232
Truck 693 49.4 205 93.5 50 93.7 224
For-hire truck 434 30.9 126 57.3 34 65.2 249
Private truck 256 18.2 79 36.1 15 28.4 195
Rail
Water S S S S S S 495
Shallow draft S S S S S S 495
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 281
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 497 35.5 11 5.2 3 5.2 230
Parcel, USPS or courier 497 35.5 11 5.2 3 5.2 230
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 0.2 262

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 309 100.0 80 100.0 64 100.0 779
Single modes 186 60.4 33 41.7 25 39.5 779
Truck 185 59.8 33 41.6 25 39.3 752
For-hire truck 179 58.0 33 40.7 25 38.5 752
Private truck S S S S S S 752
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 2 0.6 S S S S 1,032
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 100 32.4 S S S S 779
Parcel, USPS or courier 100 32.4 S S S S 779
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 832

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 22 100.0 S S S S 1,740
Single modes S S S S S S 1,934
Truck S S S S S S 1,911
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,900
Private truck S S S S S S 1,971
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,990
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 34.2 25.2 23.4 1,732
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 34.2 25.2 23.4 1,732
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,973

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 739 100.0 S S S S 721
Single modes S S S S S S 803
Truck S S S S S S 714
For-hire truck S S S S S S 717
Private truck 6 0.9 1 0.9 1 1.0 681
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,061
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 255 34.5 8 5.9 5 6.5 709
Parcel, USPS or courier 255 34.5 8 5.9 5 6.5 709
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 629

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 48 100.0 S S S S 1,625
Single modes 18 37.0 S S S S 1,582
Truck 18 36.6 S S S S 1,588
For-hire truck 18 36.6 S S S S 1,588
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,399
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 31 63.0 17.3 1 16.6 1,626
Parcel, USPS or courier 31 63.0 17.3 1 16.6 1,626
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 95 100.0 S S S S 3,079
Single modes S S S S S S 3,004
Truck S S S S S S 3,044
For-hire truck S S S S S S 3,044
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,754
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 26 27.3 1 1.8 2 1.9 3,081
Parcel, USPS or courier 26 27.3 1 1.8 2 1.9 3,081
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3,104

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 746 100.0 87 100.0 31 100.0 374
Single modes 432 57.8 76 87.7 26 84.6 359
Truck 360 48.2 76 87.7 26 84.6 357
For-hire truck 269 36.0 58 66.9 21 67.3 411
Private truck S S S S S S 286
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 459
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 301 40.3 9 10.5 4 13.3 376
Parcel, USPS or courier 301 40.3 9 10.5 4 13.3 376
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 353

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,408 100.0 9,499 100.0 103 100.0 12
Single modes 2,883 84.6 9,287 97.8 101 98.8 13
Truck 2,883 84.6 9,287 97.8 101 98.8 13
For-hire truck 610 17.9 1,764 18.6 21 20.3 10
Private truck 2,273 66.7 7,509 79.0 80 78.1 13
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 204 6.0 9 0.1 0.1 18
Parcel, USPS or courier 203 6.0 8 0.1 18
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 88
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes 321 9.4 S S S S 4

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 161 100.0 11 100.0 10 100.0 918
Single modes 64 39.5 10 89.6 9 89.4 913
Truck 63 38.8 10 89.4 9 89.3 908
For-hire truck 52 32.1 8 77.8 7 78.2 907
Private truck S S S S S S 912
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,061
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 95 58.7 1 10.2 1 10.3 921
Parcel, USPS or courier 95 58.7 1 10.2 1 10.3 921
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 902

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15 100.0 S S S S 1,724
Single modes S S S S S S 1,563
Truck S S S S S S 1,563
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,563
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 29.5 30.6 1,724
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 29.5 30.6 1,724
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,734

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 252 100.0 33 100.0 38 100.0 951
Single modes 148 58.6 S S S S 1,002
Truck 144 57.0 S S S S 995
For-hire truck 93 36.7 S S S S 1,111
Private truck S S S S S S 823
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,154
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 104 41.2 S S S S 948
Parcel, USPS or courier 104 41.2 S S S S 948
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 899

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 631 100.0 53 100.0 105 100.0 1,852
Single modes 258 41.0 46 86.7 91 87.4 1,946
Truck 250 39.6 45 85.1 90 85.9 1,963
For-hire truck 229 36.3 39 74.4 80 76.5 1,972
Private truck S S S S S S 1,891
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 9 1.4 S S S S 1,746
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 285 45.1 6 11.1 11 10.4 1,846
Parcel, USPS or courier 285 45.1 6 11.1 11 10.4 1,846
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 1 2.2 2 2.2 1,832

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,362
Single modes S S S S S S 2,341
Truck S S S S S S 2,346
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,346
Private truck S S S S S S 2,353
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,214
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 28 17.2 1 1.8 1 1.8 2,369
Parcel, USPS or courier 28 17.2 1 1.8 1 1.8 2,369
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,327

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 108 100.0 24 100.0 6 100.0 233
Single modes 76 70.9 23 95.6 5 95.6 232
Truck 76 70.9 23 95.6 5 95.6 232
For-hire truck 49 45.1 16 67.2 4 67.4 256
Private truck 28 25.8 S S S S 227
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 30 27.5 1 4.1 4.2 234
Parcel, USPS or courier 30 27.5 1 4.1 4.2 234
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 256

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 543 100.0 S S S S 480
Single modes S S S S S S 531
Truck S S S S S S 520
For-hire truck S S S S S S 530
Private truck S S S S S S 446
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 853
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 144 26.5 4 5.7 2 5.0 469
Parcel, USPS or courier 144 26.5 4 5.7 2 5.0 469
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 605

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,039
Single modes S S S S S S 3,021
Truck S S S S S S 3,036
For-hire truck S S S S S S 3,036
Private truck S S S S S S 3,100
Rail S S S S S S 3,282
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,881
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 54 24.5 2 5.5 6 5.4 3,045
Parcel, USPS or courier 54 24.5 2 5.5 6 5.4 3,045
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3,088

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 18 100.0 2 100.0 1 100.0 565
Single modes S S 2 86.4 1 87.0 694
Truck S S 2 86.4 1 87.0 694
For-hire truck S S 2 86.4 1 87.0 694
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 49.2 13.6 13.0 562
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 49.2 13.6 13.0 562
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 121 100.0 S S S S 1,112
Single modes 55 45.8 S S S S 1,124
Truck 55 45.7 S S S S 1,123
For-hire truck 45 37.2 S S S S 1,127
Private truck S S S S S S 1,087
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,144
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 65 54.2 1 9.4 1 9.0 1,111
Parcel, USPS or courier 65 54.2 1 9.4 1 9.0 1,111
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,079

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,044
Single modes S S S S S S 1,934
Truck S S S S S S 1,934
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,934
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,057
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,057
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.