Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 18,147 100.0 16,509 100.0 2,711 100.0 504
Single modes 14,962 82.4 16,122 97.7 2,609 96.2 198
Truck 14,046 77.4 14,355 86.9 1,665 61.4 154
For-hire truck 6,817 37.6 4,286 26.0 1,272 46.9 612
Private truck 7,208 39.7 10,046 60.9 391 14.4 45
Rail 284 1.6 489 3.0 682 25.1 1,490
Water S S S S S S 129
Shallow draft S S S S S S 118
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 155
Air (including truck and air) 375 2.1 2 3 0.1 1,864
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2,441 13.4 118 0.7 79 2.9 815
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,406 13.3 102 0.6 59 2.2 814
Truck and Rail S S S S 18 0.7 2,586
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,582
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes 745 4.1 269 1.6 24 0.9 51

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,147
Single modes S S S S S S 1,160
Truck S S S S S S 1,151
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,151
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,624
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,067
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,126
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,126
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,079

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,401
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,401
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,401
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,788
Single modes S S S S S S 3,017
Truck S S S S S S 2,639
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,639
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,336
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,606
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,606
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,613

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 22 100.0 S S S S 1,410
Single modes 21 94.0 S S S S 1,414
Truck 21 94.0 S S S S 1,414
For-hire truck 21 94.0 S S S S 1,414
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,384
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,384
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 558 100.0 41 100.0 126 100.0 2,998
Single modes 334 59.9 35 85.4 107 85.2 2,924
Truck 199 35.6 26 64.0 80 63.0 3,008
For-hire truck 199 35.6 26 64.0 80 63.0 3,008
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 3,188
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.7 1 0.7 2,834
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 222 39.8 6 14.4 18 14.6 3,009
Parcel, USPS or courier 212 37.9 4 8.7 11 8.5 3,008
Truck and Rail 10 1.8 S S S S 3,292
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3,007

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 31 100.0 S S S S 1,961
Single modes S S S S S S 1,975
Truck S S S S S S 1,975
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,975
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 29 94.0 S S S S 1,961
Parcel, USPS or courier 29 94.0 S S S S 1,961
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,774 100.0 765 100.0 64 100.0 74
Single modes 1,692 95.4 760 99.3 64 99.4 72
Truck 1,692 95.4 760 99.3 64 99.4 69
For-hire truck 656 37.0 183 23.9 16 24.3 83
Private truck 1,036 58.4 578 75.5 48 75.1 67
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,324
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 78 4.4 4 0.5 0.5 80
Parcel, USPS or courier 78 4.4 4 0.5 0.5 80
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 48

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 38 100.0 15 100.0 292
Single modes S S 38 99.7 15 99.7 414
Truck S S 25 66.5 9 59.9 334
For-hire truck S S 17 44.8 6 40.1 324
Private truck 8 4.4 8 21.7 3 19.8 371
Rail S S S S S S 468
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,255
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 290
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 290
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 411
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 411
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 411
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 190 100.0 S S 24 100.0 1,413
Single modes 153 80.4 S S 19 81.2 1,487
Truck 135 71.0 S S 19 80.5 1,425
For-hire truck 133 69.9 S S S S 1,425
Private truck S S S S S S 1,314
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,032
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 37 19.5 S S S S 1,386
Parcel, USPS or courier 35 18.5 S S S S 1,386
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,489
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,275

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 108 100.0 37 100.0 41 100.0 1,097
Single modes 89 82.1 33 89.5 37 90.0 1,059
Truck S S 21 57.4 23 55.4 1,058
For-hire truck S S 21 55.7 22 53.8 1,058
Private truck S S S S S S 1,065
Rail S S S S S S 1,194
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 18 16.7 S S S S 1,103
Parcel, USPS or courier 18 16.7 S S S S 1,103
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,066

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5,783
Single modes S S S S S S 5,508
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,508
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,825
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,825
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,577
Single modes S S S S S S 2,515
Truck S S S S S S 2,507
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,507
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,640
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,476
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,636
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,636
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 252 100.0 22 100.0 23 100.0 989
Single modes 38 14.9 9 40.8 10 42.1 1,067
Truck 29 11.6 9 40.3 10 41.6 1,047
For-hire truck 29 11.6 9 40.3 10 41.6 1,047
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,087
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 214 85.1 13 59.2 13 57.9 986
Parcel, USPS or courier 197 78.1 6 26.8 6 26.3 986
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,012
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 370 100.0 S S S S 897
Single modes S S S S S S 960
Truck S S S S S S 960
For-hire truck 242 65.5 S S S S 967
Private truck S S S S S S 889
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 68 18.4 2 2.8 2 2.7 895
Parcel, USPS or courier 68 18.4 2 2.8 2 2.7 895
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 85 100.0 S S S S 1,227
Single modes 59 70.2 S S S S 1,251
Truck 31 36.9 S S S S 1,249
For-hire truck 31 36.7 S S S S 1,272
Private truck S S S S S S 1,142
Rail S S S S S S 1,267
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,226
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,226
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 13 100.0 18 100.0 1,513
Single modes S S 12 97.5 18 97.4 1,464
Truck S S 12 97.5 18 97.4 1,464
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,465
Private truck S S S S S S 1,432
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,514
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,514
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,400

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 25 100.0 23 100.0 929
Single modes S S 24 98.5 23 98.5 978
Truck S S 24 98.5 23 98.5 963
For-hire truck S S 22 89.3 21 88.7 962
Private truck S S S S S S 1,006
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,163
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 12 5.4 1.5 1.5 922
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 5.4 1.5 1.5 922
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 35 100.0 61 100.0 1,643
Single modes S S 35 99.9 61 99.9 1,719
Truck S S 5 15.5 8 13.6 1,668
For-hire truck S S 5 15.5 8 13.6 1,668
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,773
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,618
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,618
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 169 100.0 181 100.0 S S 227
Single modes 146 86.5 168 92.7 S S 244
Truck 146 86.5 168 92.7 S S 244
For-hire truck 68 40.0 S S S S 246
Private truck S S 74 40.6 16 29.5 243
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 22 13.2 0.2 0.2 207
Parcel, USPS or courier 22 13.2 0.2 0.2 207
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 162

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 108 100.0 41 100.0 375
Single modes S S 107 98.6 40 98.6 368
Truck S S 107 98.6 40 98.6 367
For-hire truck 141 31.5 84 77.3 31 76.8 359
Private truck S S 23 21.3 9 21.8 373
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,106
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 382
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 382
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 522

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,815 100.0 2,001 100.0 93 100.0 55
Single modes 3,233 84.8 1,937 96.8 89 96.2 54
Truck 3,233 84.7 1,937 96.8 89 96.2 54
For-hire truck 721 18.9 S S 16 17.5 67
Private truck 2,501 65.6 1,452 72.6 73 78.6 52
Rail
Water S S S S S S 64
Shallow draft S S S S S S 64
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,639
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 508 13.3 S S S S 56
Parcel, USPS or courier 508 13.3 S S S S 56
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 74 1.9 S S S S 54

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 298 100.0 24 100.0 19 100.0 886
Single modes S S 22 91.6 17 90.8 861
Truck S S S S S S 847
For-hire truck S S S S S S 847
Private truck S S S S S S 944
Rail S S S S S S 635
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,174
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 60 20.0 S S S S 890
Parcel, USPS or courier 60 20.0 S S S S 890
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 939

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 33 100.0 S S S S 1,486
Single modes S S S S S S 1,472
Truck 11 34.4 S S S S 1,353
For-hire truck 11 33.7 S S S S 1,374
Private truck S S S S S S 1,279
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,485
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 32.2 4.3 1 4.1 1,492
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 32.2 4.3 1 4.1 1,492
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,383

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,286
Single modes S S S S S S 1,304
Truck S S S S S S 1,280
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,281
Private truck S S S S S S 1,278
Rail S S S S S S 1,734
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,282
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,282
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 96 100.0 S S S S 1,233
Single modes 49 50.7 S S S S 1,152
Truck S S S S S S 1,313
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,313
Private truck S S S S S S 1,330
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,055
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 47 49.3 S S S S 1,245
Parcel, USPS or courier 47 49.3 S S S S 1,245
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,395
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,395
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,395
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,452
Single modes S S S S S S 1,487
Truck S S S S S S 1,487
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,491
Private truck S S S S S S 1,469
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,444
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,444
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,864
Single modes S S S S S S 2,829
Truck S S S S S S 2,708
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,708
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,871
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,921
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,921
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 237 100.0 110 100.0 14 100.0 120
Single modes 187 78.9 109 98.4 14 98.6 119
Truck 187 78.9 109 98.4 14 98.6 115
For-hire truck 58 24.5 60 54.2 8 58.2 121
Private truck 129 54.4 49 44.1 6 40.4 113
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,413
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 49 20.8 2 1.4 1.2 120
Parcel, USPS or courier 49 20.8 2 1.4 1.2 120
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 101

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,018 100.0 S S S S 295
Single modes 888 87.3 S S S S 388
Truck S S S S S S 215
For-hire truck S S S S 27 8.4 233
Private truck S S S S S S 206
Rail S S S S S S 481
Water S S S S S S 203
Shallow draft S S S S S S 203
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,698
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 100 9.8 S S S S 247
Parcel, USPS or courier 100 9.8 S S S S 247
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 255

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,205
Single modes S S S S S S 2,341
Truck S S S S S S 2,341
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,341
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,204
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,204
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 890 100.0 535 100.0 159 100.0 259
Single modes 553 62.1 526 98.2 157 98.8 248
Truck 551 61.9 524 97.9 156 98.7 246
For-hire truck 368 41.4 372 69.4 108 68.3 278
Private truck 174 19.6 145 27.2 S S 221
Rail
Water S S S S S S 155
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 155
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,289
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 117 13.1 S S S S 274
Parcel, USPS or courier 115 12.9 2 0.3 0.3 274
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 174
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 163

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 316 100.0 119 100.0 99 100.0 786
Single modes 217 68.6 114 95.7 95 96.1 784
Truck 215 67.8 88 73.7 65 65.2 779
For-hire truck 194 61.4 82 69.2 60 60.8 778
Private truck S S S S S S 794
Rail S S S S S S 1,164
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,092
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 43 13.5 1 0.8 1 0.7 787
Parcel, USPS or courier 43 13.5 1 0.8 1 0.7 787
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 758

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,705
Single modes S S S S S S 1,714
Truck S S S S S S 1,714
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,700
Private truck S S S S S S 1,811
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,692
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,692
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 256 100.0 189 100.0 719
Single modes S S 253 98.9 187 98.9 726
Truck S S 194 75.7 140 73.7 708
For-hire truck S S 194 75.6 140 73.6 709
Private truck S S S S S S 641
Rail S S S S S S 814
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 776
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 1.0 2 0.9 715
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 1.0 2 0.9 715
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 727

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 13 100.0 S S S S 1,617
Single modes S S S S S S 1,532
Truck S S S S S S 1,532
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,529
Private truck S S S S S S 1,535
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 43.5 S S S S 1,634
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 43.5 S S S S 1,634
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,535

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 50 100.0 S S S S 3,099
Single modes 29 57.1 S S S S 3,135
Truck S S S S S S 3,108
For-hire truck S S S S S S 3,108
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 3,467
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,128
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 20 39.7 S S S S 3,098
Parcel, USPS or courier 20 39.7 S S S S 3,098
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3,203

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 671 100.0 272 100.0 91 100.0 319
Single modes 537 80.0 267 98.3 89 98.4 352
Truck 537 79.9 267 98.3 89 98.4 351
For-hire truck 404 60.1 240 88.4 81 89.2 350
Private truck 133 19.8 27 9.9 8 9.2 354
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,150
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 124 18.4 3 1.2 1 1.1 315
Parcel, USPS or courier 124 18.4 3 1.2 1 1.1 315
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 299

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,408 100.0 9,499 100.0 103 100.0 12
Single modes 2,883 84.6 9,287 97.8 101 98.8 13
Truck 2,883 84.6 9,287 97.8 101 98.8 13
For-hire truck 610 17.9 1,764 18.6 21 20.3 10
Private truck 2,273 66.7 7,509 79.0 80 78.1 13
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 204 6.0 9 0.1 0.1 18
Parcel, USPS or courier 203 6.0 8 0.1 18
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 88
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes 321 9.4 S S S S 4

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 130 100.0 106 100.0 108 100.0 913
Single modes 122 94.0 106 99.8 108 99.8 926
Truck 111 85.7 46 43.6 42 39.1 911
For-hire truck 81 62.1 35 33.0 32 29.2 908
Private truck S S S S S S 939
Rail S S S S S S 1,112
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,236
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 890
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 890
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,644
Single modes S S S S S S 1,559
Truck S S S S S S 1,542
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,542
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,589
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,783
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,783
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 384 100.0 108 100.0 111 100.0 1,036
Single modes 314 81.9 108 99.4 111 99.3 929
Truck S S S S 88 78.7 917
For-hire truck S S S S 87 77.8 916
Private truck S S S S S S 1,063
Rail S S S S S S 1,253
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,132
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.6 1 0.7 1,091
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.6 1 0.7 1,091
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 115 100.0 45 100.0 88 100.0 1,789
Single modes 105 91.5 44 98.0 86 98.1 1,762
Truck 93 81.4 18 40.1 32 36.4 1,753
For-hire truck 91 79.0 16 35.2 28 32.0 1,752
Private truck S S S S S S 1,781
Rail S S S S S S 2,081
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,041
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,800
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,800
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,933

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 21 100.0 S S S S 2,361
Single modes 8 37.2 S S S S 2,409
Truck S S S S S S 2,364
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,364
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,557
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 13 62.8 10.7 10.7 2,360
Parcel, USPS or courier 13 62.8 10.7 10.7 2,360
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 41 100.0 25 100.0 5 100.0 240
Single modes 27 65.8 18 72.8 4 78.8 266
Truck 27 65.7 18 72.8 4 78.7 235
For-hire truck S S S S 2 40.9 240
Private truck 7 17.2 8 34.3 S S 230
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,365
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 17.5 1.4 1.6 238
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 17.5 1.4 1.6 238
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 143

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 313 100.0 39 100.0 22 100.0 576
Single modes 256 82.0 38 96.6 21 96.6 581
Truck 207 66.2 38 96.2 21 95.8 546
For-hire truck 182 58.1 29 74.6 16 74.8 548
Private truck S S S S S S 538
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,073
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 56 18.0 1 3.4 1 3.4 575
Parcel, USPS or courier 56 18.0 1 3.4 1 3.4 575
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 39 100.0 S S S S 3,045
Single modes S S S S S S 3,165
Truck S S S S S S 3,065
For-hire truck S S S S S S 3,065
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,340
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,039
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3,039
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 26 100.0 37 100.0 S S 678
Single modes 25 98.9 37 100.0 S S 632
Truck S S 16 43.6 S S 605
For-hire truck S S 15 41.0 S S 625
Private truck S S S S S S 497
Rail S S S S S S 918
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 750
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 750
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 92 100.0 S S S S 1,238
Single modes 88 95.5 S S S S 1,241
Truck 79 85.9 S S S S 1,169
For-hire truck 67 72.5 S S S S 1,157
Private truck S S S S S S 1,189
Rail S S S S S S 1,362
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,095
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 4 4.5 1.0 1.0 1,236
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 4.5 1.0 1.0 1,236
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,012
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,012
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,012
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.