Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 21,035 15,043 39.8 19,389 22,453 −13.6 2,815 1,499 87.8 875 651 34.3
Single modes 14,886 11,124 33.8 18,848 22,054 −14.5 2,319 1,238 87.4 372 164 126.6
Truck 14,475 10,931 32.4 18,836 22,044 −14.6 2,297 1,214 89.2 338 148 129.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S S 1,863 S
Water 3 S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air) 406 139 192.4 8 3 166.8 S 5 S 1,480 1,504 −1.6
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 5,123 3,262 57 162 98 65.1 169 90 87.3 1,097 1,099 −0.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,121 3,261 57.1 161 98 64.2 169 90 88.1 1,097 1,099 −0.2
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 3,223 1,583 103.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,026 657 56.1 S 302 S S S S 484 508 −4.6

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 516 385 34.1 143 S S 54 S S 258 44 483.8
Single modes 514 378 36 143 S S 54 S S S 44 S
Truck 489 378 29.2 136 S S 38 S S S 44 S
Rail S S S S S S 3,282
Water S S S S S S 109
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,135
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2 S S S S S S S 389 1,241 −68.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S 400 1,241 −67.7
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 88
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 2 5 −66.6

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,197 1,239 −3.4 1,681 725 131.7 S S S S 72 S
Single modes 1,146 1,225 −6.5 1,657 681 143.4 S S S S 68 S
Truck 1,146 1,225 −6.5 1,657 681 143.4 S S S S 68 S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 293 1,411 −79.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 737 1,411 −47.8
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S 17 S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 68 S S 3,947 S S 106 S S 42 19 116.4
Single modes 65 S S 3,805 S S 105 S S 47 19 146.3
Truck 65 S S 3,805 S S 105 S S 47 19 147.5
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 335
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,579
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,579
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 3 107 −97.3

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,861 924 101.4 8,097 3,524 129.8 255 107 139.6 26 23 16.7
Single modes 1,859 924 101.1 8,095 3,524 129.7 255 107 139.6 29 23 25.8
Truck 1,859 924 101.1 8,095 3,524 129.7 255 107 139.6 29 23 25.8
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,010
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,010
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 2 1 75.3

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,931 1,620 19.2 717 472 51.9 189 142 32.7 486 366 32.7
Single modes 1,336 1,354 −1.3 700 452 54.8 181 122 48.1 426 S S
Truck 1,332 1,341 −0.6 700 452 54.8 180 122 48.1 419 S S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) 4 S S S S S S 1,486 544 173.3
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 586 256 128.5 14 18 −21.1 8 S S 549 875 −37.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 586 256 128.5 14 18 −21.1 8 S S 549 875 −37.2
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 196
Other and unknown modes 9 10 −10.4 3 S S S S 16 S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,004 1,834 9.3 638 647 −1.3 200 198 0.7 927 1,047 −11.5
Single modes 1,544 1,576 −2 604 633 −4.5 172 183 −6.3 365 435 −16
Truck 1,515 1,568 −3.4 602 633 −4.8 170 182 −6.8 352 377 −6.5
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) 30 S S S S S S S S 934 2,282 −59.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 387 216 79.1 27 11 150.4 24 11 108.9 1,106 1,347 −17.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 387 216 78.9 27 11 149.1 24 11 105.3 1,106 1,347 −17.9
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,223
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes 72 S S S S S 4 S S S S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S 3,093 S 3,377 1,218 177.3 S S S 1,066 603 76.8
Single modes S 1,895 S 3,202 953 236.1 S 208 S 675 S S
Truck S 1,872 S 3,202 948 237.6 S 199 S 670 S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,966
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,137 880 29.2
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 648 855 −24.2 S 35 S S 27 S 1,320 840 57.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 648 855 −24.2 S 35 S S 26 S 1,320 840 57.2
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 450
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 1,102 457 141

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 3,590 2,711 32.4 152 113 35 64 79 −20 731 S S
Single modes 2,061 2,186 −5.7 109 103 5.6 44 75 −41.1 234 S S
Truck 1,786 2,099 −14.9 107 99 8.4 42 64 −34.8 192 S S
Rail S S S S S S 3,485
Water S S S S S S 4,216
Air (including truck and air) 274 46 494.1 1 1 −2 2 2 −16.1 1,230 1,137 8.2
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,196 431 177.6 S 6 S 16 4 337.9 974 814 19.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,196 431 177.6 S 6 S 16 4 337.9 974 814 19.7
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 333 94 253 S S S 3 S S S 88 S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 4,785 3,108 54 620 S S 284 177 61.1 1,056 1,115 −5.3
Single modes 2,305 1,459 58 518 S S 194 140 38.5 533 605 −11.9
Truck 2,236 1,398 59.9 517 S S 193 139 38.7 434 568 −23.5
Rail S S S S S S S S S 356 737 −51.7
Water S S S S S S 198
Air (including truck and air) S 61 S 1 1 37.7 1 1 13.9 1,541 2,423 −36.4
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,257 1,501 50.4 60 29 109.5 57 29 96.3 1,142 1,257 −9.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,257 1,500 50.4 60 28 110.8 57 28 100.0.3 1,142 1,257 −9.1
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,310
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 5,582
Other and unknown modes 222 147 50.8 S 12 S S S S 521 769 −32.2

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S S S S S S 2 S S 909 301 201.9
Single modes S S S S S S S S S 447 S S
Truck S S S S S S S S S 449 S S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 206 1,668 −87.6
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 1 S S S S S S S 921 1,031 −10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S 1 S S S S S S S 921 1,031 −10.7
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 13 S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.