Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 9.2 11.0 16.5 11.1
Single modes 11.1 1.7 11.4 0.9 16.9 0.8 11.7
Truck 11.5 2.3 12.0 5.5 7.4 5.3 15.0
For-hire truck 14.1 3.0 12.5 3.8 10.7 4.7 9.8
Private truck 13.0 3.2 15.4 5.4 8.5 1.9 9.2
Rail 38.1 0.5 18.6 0.6 20.3 2.6 14.9
Water S S S S S S 30.5
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.1
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) 31.3 0.9 16.9 16.9 8.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 6.0 1.4 22.7 0.1 19.5 0.6 11.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 6.4 1.4 25.8 0.1 17.6 0.5 11.1
Truck and rail S S S S 39.4 0.2 22.8
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.3
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Other and unknown modes 25.4 1.2 40.5 0.9 38.3 0.4 26.1

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 15.1
Single modes S S S S S S 18.4
Truck S S S S S S 18.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 18.4
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 31.6
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 15.1
Single modes S S S S S S 18.5
Truck S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.6 S S S S 10.7
Single modes 39.8 17.2 S S S S 21.1
Truck 39.8 17.2 S S S S 21.1
For-hire truck 39.8 17.2 S S S S 21.1
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.9 24.8 24.6 0.8
Single modes 39.3 11.4 25.8 12.2 25.5 12.2 1.3
Truck 39.5 9.5 34.7 13.5 34.6 13.4 10.5
For-hire truck 39.5 9.5 34.7 13.5 34.6 13.4 10.5
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 45.4 0.8 45.4 0.7 15.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.3 11.1 37.5 10.9 37.5 10.9 1.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.1 11.4 38.7 9.6 38.4 9.6 1.1
Truck and rail 46.7 0.6 S S S S 23.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 46.1 S S S S 10.5
Single modes S S S S S S 25.8
Truck S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.2 5.3 S S S S 10.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.2 5.3 S S S S 10.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.9 23.2 24.9 6.0
Single modes 22.6 4.0 23.4 1.1 25.1 1.2 7.4
Truck 22.6 4.0 23.4 1.1 25.1 1.2 7.6
For-hire truck 37.4 9.5 31.2 6.6 37.0 6.9 4.7
Private truck 32.7 9.7 28.8 6.8 31.5 7.0 8.1
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 38.0 4.0 30.1 1.1 31.3 1.2 8.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.0 4.0 30.1 1.1 31.3 1.2 8.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.5

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 35.2 38.1 16.0
Single modes S S 35.4 10.5 38.2 10.5 14.9
Truck S S 33.8 12.4 35.9 13.4 10.9
For-hire truck S S 42.1 15.3 44.9 15.9 10.8
Private truck 45.0 5.6 48.6 9.3 49.7 9.3 25.9
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 11.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 11.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 31.6
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 38.0 S S 49.6 2.2
Single modes 48.2 13.6 S S 48.6 12.5 11.1
Truck 47.4 12.4 S S 49.1 12.2 11.0
For-hire truck 48.4 11.9 S S S S 11.0
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.2 12.3 S S S S 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 43.6 12.6 S S S S 2.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.1 31.4 33.2 1.4
Single modes 47.1 9.9 32.8 4.2 35.0 4.1 1.6
Truck S S 26.9 13.0 27.0 13.4 10.6
For-hire truck S S 28.3 12.1 28.4 12.4 10.6
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 28.5 10.1 S S S S 14.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 28.5 10.1 S S S S 14.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 29.8
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 23.6
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.2 30.7 30.2 1.7
Single modes 39.3 7.3 32.9 11.1 33.8 11.1 10.6
Truck 42.9 5.0 33.6 11.1 34.4 11.1 10.7
For-hire truck 42.9 5.0 33.6 11.1 34.4 11.1 10.7
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.1 7.3 48.9 11.1 48.5 11.1 1.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.9 9.6 29.7 10.5 29.2 10.5 1.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 45.4 S S S S 1.9
Single modes S S S S S S 2.1
Truck S S S S S S 2.1
For-hire truck 45.6 8.8 S S S S 2.3
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.7 9.9 35.5 6.3 35.3 6.2 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.7 9.9 35.5 6.3 35.3 6.2 10.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.2 S S S S 2.5
Single modes 48.6 16.3 S S S S 15.0
Truck 49.4 16.5 S S S S 18.4
For-hire truck 49.8 16.6 S S S S 23.6
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 45.8 45.6 10.7
Single modes S S 45.8 17.8 45.6 17.8 21.1
Truck S S 45.8 17.8 45.6 17.8 21.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 36.2 35.9 1.7
Single modes S S 36.8 13.6 36.5 13.6 3.0
Truck S S 36.8 15.4 36.5 15.4 10.7
For-hire truck S S 33.8 13.8 34.0 13.7 10.7
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 41.4 15.9 36.7 13.6 36.2 13.6 14.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 41.4 15.9 36.7 13.6 36.2 13.6 14.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 48.2 48.7 18.3
Single modes S S 48.2 14.9 48.7 14.9 23.6
Truck S S 49.0 12.9 48.5 13.1 25.9
For-hire truck S S 49.0 12.9 48.5 13.1 25.9
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.0 39.8 S S 6.8
Single modes 36.7 8.4 43.5 6.8 S S 7.7
Truck 36.7 8.4 43.5 6.8 S S 7.7
For-hire truck 38.5 11.3 S S S S 12.0
Private truck S S 36.1 11.4 48.7 10.7 13.7
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.1 8.5 35.4 0.5 38.8 0.5 11.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.1 8.5 35.4 0.5 38.8 0.5 11.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 35.0

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 26.5 24.3 3.1
Single modes S S 26.8 0.9 24.5 0.8 7.9
Truck S S 26.8 0.9 24.5 0.8 2.2
For-hire truck 38.7 17.0 34.6 9.4 31.8 9.4 2.9
Private truck S S 42.8 9.1 43.1 9.1 21.1
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.3 23.2 18.0 4.2
Single modes 16.8 4.0 24.0 2.9 18.8 2.9 3.9
Truck 16.8 4.1 24.0 2.9 18.8 2.9 4.0
For-hire truck 39.0 4.5 S S 29.0 6.2 7.0
Private truck 19.5 6.5 24.5 5.9 24.5 6.4 3.2
Rail
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 12.3 3.4 S S S S 6.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 12.3 3.4 S S S S 6.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 29.0 0.9 S S S S 19.6

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 48.1 43.1 42.6 2.5
Single modes S S 48.3 14.9 48.3 14.5 4.9
Truck S S S S S S 4.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 4.8
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 47.5 14.6 S S S S 2.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 47.5 14.6 S S S S 2.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 43.6 S S S S 10.8
Single modes S S S S S S 15.1
Truck 39.3 10.9 S S S S 15.0
For-hire truck 39.8 10.8 S S S S 18.3
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.8 13.7 35.0 17.8 34.9 17.9 10.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.8 13.7 35.0 17.8 34.9 17.9 10.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 15.0
Single modes S S S S S S 18.6
Truck S S S S S S 21.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.1
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.7 S S S S 2.2
Single modes 46.7 12.7 S S S S 15.3
Truck S S S S S S 15.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 15.1
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 41.7 12.7 S S S S 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 41.7 12.7 S S S S 10.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 25.8
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 15.1
Single modes S S S S S S 25.8
Truck S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 25.8
Single modes S S S S S S 29.8
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.7 23.2 25.6 4.0
Single modes 40.4 10.9 23.5 0.9 26.0 0.8 3.7
Truck 40.4 10.9 23.5 0.9 26.0 0.8 3.0
For-hire truck 26.5 7.4 33.7 10.4 39.1 10.4 4.4
Private truck 49.9 8.9 42.1 10.3 44.6 10.4 3.7
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 34.4 10.9 44.8 0.8 42.0 0.7 6.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.4 10.9 44.8 0.8 42.0 0.7 6.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 43.6 S S S S 14.1
Single modes 47.8 9.4 S S S S 21.3
Truck S S S S S S 4.3
For-hire truck S S S S 49.7 19.6 4.3
Private truck S S S S S S 11.2
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.2 10.0 S S S S 23.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.2 10.0 S S S S 23.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 21.5
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.6 26.4 28.2 14.8
Single modes 17.8 9.0 27.3 2.2 28.8 1.8 6.9
Truck 17.6 9.0 27.1 2.2 28.7 1.7 7.2
For-hire truck 27.8 8.7 38.4 11.2 39.8 10.8 8.9
Private truck 21.7 5.8 42.7 10.2 S S 8.9
Rail
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.4 5.0 S S S S 23.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.2 4.7 30.5 0.6 24.8 0.5 23.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.5

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.9 20.3 21.1 1.9
Single modes 23.1 9.4 22.1 4.6 23.0 4.9 1.9
Truck 23.4 9.2 29.4 10.9 28.6 11.9 2.1
For-hire truck 26.7 10.4 31.6 12.4 30.6 12.5 2.2
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.0 4.1 39.6 0.6 40.8 0.7 2.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.0 4.1 39.6 0.6 40.8 0.7 2.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 21.2
Single modes S S S S S S 25.8
Truck S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 40.0 41.9 2.0
Single modes S S 40.5 10.4 42.4 10.4 3.0
Truck S S 37.6 9.5 39.3 9.6 3.5
For-hire truck S S 37.7 10.9 39.3 10.9 3.6
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 41.5 10.4 42.7 10.4 1.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 41.5 10.4 42.7 10.4 1.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 48.3 S S S S 18.3
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 41.9 13.3 S S S S 21.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 41.9 13.3 S S S S 21.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.9 S S S S 1.3
Single modes 49.4 13.9 S S S S 21.1
Truck S S S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.6
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.4 13.2 S S S S 10.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.4 13.2 S S S S 10.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.7 29.6 31.0 3.8
Single modes 21.7 7.7 30.4 3.5 31.7 3.5 5.5
Truck 21.7 7.7 30.4 3.5 31.7 3.5 5.5
For-hire truck 29.5 8.2 32.6 5.2 33.7 4.8 7.4
Private truck 27.1 7.6 17.6 3.7 16.6 2.7 6.2
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 20.4 5.7 24.7 1.2 25.3 1.3 4.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.4 5.7 24.7 1.2 25.3 1.3 4.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 10.6 15.9 21.1 6.5
Single modes 11.8 2.9 16.5 1.9 21.5 1.1 6.3
Truck 11.8 2.9 16.5 1.9 21.5 1.1 6.3
For-hire truck 19.8 2.6 29.4 4.3 41.1 5.7 14.2
Private truck 12.2 2.6 18.4 4.6 25.9 5.8 6.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 20.8 1.2 36.3 35.2 5.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.9 1.2 38.5 39.2 4.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Other and unknown modes 31.4 2.7 S S S S 22.6

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.8 44.9 47.7 2.1
Single modes 29.7 4.0 45.0 2.4 47.8 2.3 2.1
Truck 29.8 4.8 33.2 16.5 33.6 17.7 1.8
For-hire truck 28.5 10.0 40.4 17.1 40.9 18.1 1.9
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 18.4
Single modes S S S S S S 25.8
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.6 45.9 42.9 3.9
Single modes 49.8 8.9 46.2 1.5 43.1 1.6 6.5
Truck S S S S 45.8 7.3 7.2
For-hire truck S S S S 46.6 8.2 7.7
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 28.5 1.5 28.8 1.6 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 28.5 1.5 28.8 1.6 10.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.6 40.9 43.0 1.0
Single modes 35.6 5.6 40.6 2.2 42.7 2.3 1.3
Truck 40.0 8.3 32.5 17.6 32.3 18.6 0.8
For-hire truck 41.6 12.0 37.8 18.2 37.6 18.9 10.6
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.2 S S S S 14.9
Single modes 47.8 10.7 S S S S 23.6
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.4 10.7 38.8 18.1 38.7 18.0 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.4 10.7 38.8 18.1 38.7 18.0 18.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.8 36.3 34.3 5.0
Single modes 38.3 10.7 36.7 11.8 36.6 11.7 6.8
Truck 38.3 10.7 36.7 11.9 36.7 12.2 3.9
For-hire truck S S S S 47.8 11.2 11.6
Private truck 49.6 9.5 48.5 12.6 S S 19.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 21.0 12.6 20.8 12.8 19.6 12.5 5.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 21.0 12.6 20.8 12.8 19.6 12.5 5.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.0

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.7 18.4 18.5 1.9
Single modes 36.3 6.7 18.5 1.2 18.8 1.2 3.3
Truck 38.7 8.6 18.3 1.2 18.5 1.2 3.0
For-hire truck 37.4 9.4 17.6 7.7 18.1 7.6 3.5
Private truck S S S S S S 26.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.7 6.7 29.7 1.2 27.9 1.2 2.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.7 6.7 29.7 1.2 27.9 1.2 2.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 49.3 S S S S 0.9
Single modes S S S S S S 23.6
Truck S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 48.1 43.9 S S 6.7
Single modes 48.7 1.1 43.8 S S 7.6
Truck S S 41.4 17.7 S S 11.7
For-hire truck S S 43.7 18.0 S S 18.7
Private truck S S S S S S 28.4
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.6 S S S S 3.1
Single modes 34.7 10.7 S S S S 10.8
Truck 40.4 13.3 S S S S 10.7
For-hire truck 48.7 14.0 S S S S 10.6
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.6 10.7 38.3 10.7 39.5 10.7 4.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.6 10.7 38.3 10.7 39.5 10.7 4.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 27.9
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.