Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 143,194 100.0 142,708 100.0 32,484 100.0
Less than 50 miles 24,769 17.3 66,750 46.8 1,519 4.7
50 to 99 miles 15,091 10.5 17,056 12.0 1,651 5.1
100 to 249 miles 32,029 22.4 28,736 20.1 5,488 16.9
250 to 499 miles 28,765 20.1 14,043 9.8 6,920 21.3
500 to 749 miles 22,881 16.0 9,456 6.6 7,281 22.4
750 to 999 miles 9,497 6.6 3,703 2.6 3,821 11.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,293 2.3 1,520 1.1 2,197 6.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,344 1.6 372 0.3 774 2.4
2,000 miles or more 4,524 3.2 1,074 0.8 2,832 8.7

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 134,578 100.0 140,997 100.0 31,776 100.0
Less than 50 miles 23,916 17.8 66,317 47.0 1,512 4.8
50 to 99 miles 14,629 10.9 16,938 12.0 1,640 5.2
100 to 249 miles 30,072 22.3 28,071 19.9 5,362 16.9
250 to 499 miles 27,127 20.2 13,867 9.8 6,820 21.5
500 to 749 miles 21,397 15.9 9,347 6.6 7,194 22.6
750 to 999 miles 8,720 6.5 3,583 2.5 3,696 11.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,900 2.2 1,509 1.1 2,181 6.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,124 1.6 365 0.3 759 2.4
2,000 miles or more 3,692 2.7 1,002 0.7 2,612 8.2

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 126,452 100.0 125,103 100.0 24,299 100.0
Less than 50 miles 23,515 18.6 64,446 51.5 1,434 5.9
50 to 99 miles 13,935 11.0 14,671 11.7 1,380 5.7
100 to 249 miles 28,146 22.3 23,258 18.6 4,297 17.7
250 to 499 miles 25,445 20.1 10,416 8.3 4,799 19.7
500 to 749 miles 19,411 15.4 7,026 5.6 5,090 20.9
750 to 999 miles 8,387 6.6 3,212 2.6 3,259 13.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,623 2.1 903 0.7 1,237 5.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,039 1.6 356 0.3 740 3.0
2,000 miles or more 2,952 2.3 816 0.7 2,063 8.5

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 79,062 100.0 58,027 100.0 19,016 100.0
Less than 50 miles 6,906 8.7 18,393 31.7 521 2.7
50 to 99 miles 4,588 5.8 7,821 13.5 728 3.8
100 to 249 miles 13,876 17.6 11,532 19.9 2,263 11.9
250 to 499 miles 22,084 27.9 9,161 15.8 4,251 22.4
500 to 749 miles 17,004 21.5 6,226 10.7 4,523 23.8
750 to 999 miles 7,877 10.0 3,028 5.2 3,079 16.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,180 2.8 799 1.4 1,094 5.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,838 2.3 311 0.5 643 3.4
2,000 miles or more 2,708 3.4 755 1.3 1,914 10.1

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 46,670 100.0 66,436 100.0 5,024 100.0
Less than 50 miles 16,577 35.5 45,781 68.9 895 17.8
50 to 99 miles 9,333 20.0 6,823 10.3 649 12.9
100 to 249 miles 14,095 30.2 11,662 17.6 2,020 40.2
250 to 499 miles 3,195 6.8 1,139 1.7 487 9.7
500 to 749 miles 2,254 4.8 712 1.1 502 10.0
750 to 999 miles 440 0.9 146 0.2 144 2.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 370 0.8 83 0.1 112 2.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 161 0.3 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S 61 149 3.0

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 6,968 100.0 15,805 100.0 7,428 100.0
Less than 50 miles 395 5.7 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 683 9.8 2,257 14.3 258 3.5
100 to 249 miles 1,876 26.9 4,812 30.4 1,065 14.3
250 to 499 miles 1,525 21.9 3,411 21.6 2,002 27.0
500 to 749 miles 1,431 20.5 2,304 14.6 2,089 28.1
750 to 999 miles 218 3.1 370 2.3 435 5.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 269 3.9 605 3.8 944 12.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 543 7.8 183 1.2 541 7.3

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,135 100.0 28 100.0 31 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 50 4.4 2 6.1 1 2.5
250 to 499 miles 145 12.8 4 14.2 3 10.9
500 to 749 miles 556 49.0 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 114 10.1 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 8 0.7 1.6 1 2.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 56 4.9 1 4.5 3 8.6
2,000 miles or more 197 17.4 S S S S

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S
Less than 50 miles S S
50 to 99 miles S S
100 to 249 miles S S
250 to 499 miles S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 6,602 100.0 400 100.0 336 100.0
Less than 50 miles 264 4.0 9 2.2
50 to 99 miles 301 4.6 11 2.9 1 0.3
100 to 249 miles 1,056 16.0 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 1,537 23.3 109 27.2 73 21.6
500 to 749 miles 1,410 21.4 87 21.7 71 21.2
750 to 999 miles 692 10.5 24 6.0 26 7.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 378 5.7 8 2.0 11 3.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 190 2.9 4 1.0 8 2.5
2,000 miles or more 775 11.7 33 8.3 125 37.1

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 6,283 100.0 157 100.0 115 100.0
Less than 50 miles 260 4.1 8 5.0 0.2
50 to 99 miles 301 4.8 11 7.3 1 1.0
100 to 249 miles 984 15.7 31 19.6 6 5.6
250 to 499 miles 1,460 23.2 36 23.3 18 16.0
500 to 749 miles 1,364 21.7 34 21.5 25 22.2
750 to 999 miles 686 10.9 16 10.1 16 14.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 376 6.0 5 3.0 7 5.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 190 3.0 4 2.5 8 7.2
2,000 miles or more 662 10.5 12 7.8 32 27.7

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 166 100.0 148 100.0 151 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S 13 8.9 37 24.6

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,014 100.0 1,311 100.0 372 100.0
Less than 50 miles 588 29.2 423 32.3 7 1.8
50 to 99 miles 161 8.0 107 8.2 11 2.9
100 to 249 miles S S 550 42.0 106 28.4
250 to 499 miles 101 5.0 S S 27 7.3
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.