Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 143,194 100.0 142,708 100.0 32,484 100.0 348
Less than 50 lbs 6,419 4.5 161 0.1 61 0.2 457
50 to 99 lbs 1,919 1.3 145 0.1 35 0.1 241
100 to 499 lbs 8,948 6.2 1,140 0.8 268 0.8 228
500 to 749 lbs 5,724 4.0 728 0.5 182 0.6 252
750 to 999 lbs 3,641 2.5 610 0.4 138 0.4 228
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 30,409 21.2 8,705 6.1 2,274 7.0 259
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 73,133 51.1 81,488 57.1 18,729 57.7 243
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 6,787 4.7 23,241 16.3 2,366 7.3 97
100,000 lbs or more 6,214 4.3 26,490 18.6 8,430 26.0 424

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 134,578 100.0 140,997 100.0 31,776 100.0 195
Less than 50 lbs 2,185 1.6 85 11 146
50 to 99 lbs 1,005 0.7 111 14 123
100 to 499 lbs 7,730 5.7 1,055 0.7 230 0.7 205
500 to 749 lbs 5,343 4.0 705 0.5 176 0.6 251
750 to 999 lbs 3,595 2.7 605 0.4 137 0.4 227
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 29,874 22.2 8,499 6.0 2,185 6.9 258
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 72,441 53.8 80,624 57.2 18,356 57.8 242
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 6,199 4.6 22,837 16.2 2,242 7.1 94
100,000 lbs or more 6,206 4.6 26,476 18.8 8,425 26.5 424

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 126,452 100.0 125,103 100.0 24,299 100.0 178
Less than 50 lbs 1,801 1.4 83 8 106
50 to 99 lbs 980 0.8 110 13 110
100 to 499 lbs 7,448 5.9 1,048 0.8 220 0.9 196
500 to 749 lbs 5,313 4.2 704 0.6 176 0.7 251
750 to 999 lbs 3,570 2.8 604 0.5 136 0.6 226
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 29,698 23.5 8,490 6.8 2,175 9.0 257
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 71,829 56.8 79,947 63.9 18,020 74.2 240
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 4,398 3.5 22,321 17.8 2,022 8.3 88
100,000 lbs or more 1,416 1.1 11,797 9.4 S S 205

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 79,062 100.0 58,027 100.0 19,016 100.0 532
Less than 50 lbs 373 0.5 8 4 666
50 to 99 lbs 230 0.3 12 8 668
100 to 499 lbs 4,170 5.3 279 0.5 173 0.9 638
500 to 749 lbs 2,503 3.2 241 0.4 143 0.8 597
750 to 999 lbs 1,703 2.2 191 0.3 112 0.6 587
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 17,295 21.9 3,031 5.2 1,591 8.4 541
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 49,595 62.7 41,489 71.5 14,737 77.5 385
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,001 2.5 8,347 14.4 1,036 5.5 119
100,000 lbs or more 1,193 1.5 S S S S 420

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 46,670 100.0 66,436 100.0 5,024 100.0 64
Less than 50 lbs 1,428 3.1 75 0.1 4 57
50 to 99 lbs 749 1.6 99 0.1 5 48
100 to 499 lbs 3,276 7.0 768 1.2 46 0.9 55
500 to 749 lbs S S 463 0.7 32 0.6 69
750 to 999 lbs S S 412 0.6 23 0.5 55
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 12,295 26.3 5,415 8.2 561 11.2 98
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 21,632 46.4 37,874 57.0 3,049 60.7 87
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,396 5.1 13,962 21.0 985 19.6 69
100,000 lbs or more 223 0.5 S S 318 6.3 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 6,968 100.0 15,805 100.0 7,428 100.0 551
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 469
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 843
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 390 5.6 S S 327 4.4 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,782 25.6 S S 202 2.7 S
100,000 lbs or more 4,790 68.7 14,679 92.9 6,895 92.8 561

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 238
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 9
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 297
100,000 lbs or more

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 459
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 459
100,000 lbs or more

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 70
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 9
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 105
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,135 100.0 28 100.0 31 100.0 1,225
Less than 50 lbs 384 33.9 2 7.2 2 7.9 1,194
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,964
100 to 499 lbs 283 24.9 7 25.9 S S 1,243
500 to 749 lbs S S 1 2.0 1 1.8 962
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,067
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 168 14.8 7 23.6 7 21.7 983
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 869
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 6,602 100.0 400 100.0 336 100.0 756
Less than 50 lbs 4,026 61.0 67 16.7 50 14.8 760
50 to 99 lbs 890 13.5 29 7.3 21 6.3 711
100 to 499 lbs 1,010 15.3 48 12.0 37 10.9 726
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs 32 0.5 2 0.5 1 0.4 760
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,480
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S 117 34.7 615
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 756
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,390

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 6,283 100.0 157 100.0 115 100.0 756
Less than 50 lbs 4,026 64.1 67 42.6 50 43.5 760
50 to 99 lbs 890 14.2 29 18.6 21 18.4 711
100 to 499 lbs 1,009 16.1 48 30.6 37 31.9 723
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs 32 0.5 2 1.2 1 1.1 760
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 824
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 166 100.0 148 100.0 151 100.0 1,072
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,099
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 98 58.9 S S 96 63.4 1,263
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 756
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,390

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,806
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 4,962
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 6,582
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 7,402
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 6
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 6
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 2,014 100.0 1,311 100.0 372 100.0 49
Less than 50 lbs 208 10.3 10 0.7 32
50 to 99 lbs 23 1.1 4 0.3 S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S 38 2.9 1 0.3 31
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 26
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 24
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 441 21.9 198 15.1 39 10.4 219
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 513 25.5 698 53.3 257 69.0 270
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 201
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 122

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.