Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 143,194 100.0 142,708 100.0 32,484 100.0 348
Single modes 134,578 94.0 140,997 98.8 31,776 97.8 195
Truck3 126,452 88.3 125,103 87.7 24,299 74.8 178
For-hire Truck 79,062 55.2 58,027 40.7 19,016 58.5 532
Private Truck 46,670 32.6 66,436 46.6 5,024 15.5 64
Rail 6,968 4.9 15,805 11.1 7,428 22.9 551
Water S S S S S S 238
Shallow draft S S S S S S 459
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 70
Air (including truck and air) 1,135 0.8 28 31 0.1 1,225
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 6,602 4.6 400 0.3 336 1.0 756
Parcel, USPS or courier 6,283 4.4 157 0.1 115 0.4 756
Truck and rail 166 0.1 148 0.1 151 0.5 1,072
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,806
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 6
Other and unknown modes 2,014 1.4 1,311 0.9 372 1.1 49

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 841
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 115
Rail S S S S S S 153
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 878
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 878
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 39

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 902 100.0 S S 396 100.0 S
Single modes 892 99.0 S S 393 99.1 S
Truck3 824 91.4 S S 361 91.1 S
For-hire Truck S S S S 258 65.2 S
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 77
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 603
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 83

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,353 100.0 1,364 100.0 604 100.0 S
Single modes 2,352 100.0 1,364 100.0 604 100.0 S
Truck3 2,352 100.0 1,364 100.0 604 100.0 S
For-hire Truck 1,570 66.7 S S S S 515
Private Truck 769 32.7 320 23.4 76 12.5 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,677
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,677
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 596 100.0 367 100.0 S S 327
Single modes 596 100.0 367 100.0 S S 327
Truck3 596 100.0 367 100.0 S S 327
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 633
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,702 100.0 5,645 100.0 855 100.0 158
Single modes 7,690 99.8 5,634 99.8 854 99.9 114
Truck3 7,540 97.9 5,171 91.6 643 75.2 109
For-hire Truck S S 451 8.0 150 17.6 433
Private Truck 6,734 87.4 4,720 83.6 493 57.7 96
Rail S S S S S S 455
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 525
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 525
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 60

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,396 100.0 996 100.0 40 100.0 26
Single modes 1,394 99.8 994 99.8 40 100.0 26
Truck3 1,394 99.8 994 99.8 40 100.0 26
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1
Private Truck 1,354 97.0 945 94.9 40 99.8 26
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 10

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 153
Single modes S S S S S S 163
Truck3 S S S S S S 163
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 163
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 9
Single modes S S S S S S 9
Truck3 S S S S S S 9
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 23 100.0 714 100.0 108 100.0 160
Single modes S S 633 88.6 97 90.1 127
Truck3 S S 331 46.3 S S 102
For-hire Truck S S 179 25.0 S S 124
Private Truck S S S S S S 84
Rail 11 45.5 302 42.3 S S 307
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 187

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 147 100.0 19,858 100.0 806 100.0 47
Single modes 147 100.0 19,855 100.0 806 100.0 47
Truck3 145 98.6 19,458 98.0 805 99.9 47
For-hire Truck 30 20.8 3,933 19.8 184 22.8 46
Private Truck 112 76.4 15,268 76.9 603 74.8 47
Rail S S S S S S 2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 32

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 494
Single modes S S S S S S 479
Truck3 S S S S S S 460
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 562
Private Truck S S S S S S 118
Rail S S S S S S 1,084
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 965
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 662
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,758
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,161

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 609
Single modes S S S S S S 610
Truck3 S S S S S S 610
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 608
Private Truck S S S S S S 611
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 504

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 196
Single modes S S S S S S 196
Truck3 S S S S S S 195
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 195
Rail S S S S S S 199
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 28
Single modes S S S S S S 28
Truck3 S S S S S S 28
For-hire Truck 416 20.2 1,659 21.5 73 31.1 46
Private Truck S S S S S S 22
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 416 100.0 1,715 100.0 S S S
Single modes 416 100.0 1,715 100.0 S S S
Truck3 416 100.0 1,715 100.0 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 560
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 560
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 746 100.0 819 100.0 S S S
Single modes 743 99.7 819 100.0 S S S
Truck3 743 99.7 819 100.0 S S S
For-hire Truck 191 25.6 255 31.1 47 31.3 185
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 188
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 188
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,000 100.0 2,407 100.0 670 100.0 496
Single modes 2,969 99.0 2,393 99.4 667 99.6 394
Truck3 2,310 77.0 1,173 48.7 S S 400
For-hire Truck 1,888 62.9 894 37.2 S S 542
Private Truck S S 279 11.6 38 5.7 94
Rail 656 21.9 1,220 50.7 141 21.1 120
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 779
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 2 0.2 661
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,099
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 82 100.0 601
Single modes S S S S S S 88
Truck3 S S S S S S 88
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 3
Private Truck S S S S S S 99
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 953
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 953
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 283 11.3 256 21.9 48 59.0 177

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 32
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,560 100.0 2,343 100.0 S S S
Single modes 3,510 98.6 2,327 99.3 S S 149
Truck3 3,347 94.0 2,119 90.5 847 85.6 148
For-hire Truck 2,702 75.9 S S S S 401
Private Truck 645 18.1 282 12.0 27 2.7 S
Rail S S S S S S 661
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 526
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 526
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 20 0.6 S S S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12,712 100.0 6,239 100.0 3,785 100.0 299
Single modes 12,241 96.3 6,179 99.0 3,683 97.3 213
Truck3 11,289 88.8 5,124 82.1 2,579 68.1 194
For-hire Truck 7,174 56.4 3,568 57.2 2,101 55.5 640
Private Truck 3,635 28.6 1,373 22.0 S S S
Rail 901 7.1 1,052 16.9 1,102 29.1 1,049
Water S S S S S S 10
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 10
Air (including truck and air) S S 2 2 1,275
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 435 3.4 42 0.7 S S 681
Parcel, USPS or courier 318 2.5 13 0.2 9 0.2 666
Truck and rail S S S S 41 1.1 1,736
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,411
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 36 0.3 S S S S S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 177
Single modes S S S S S S 177
Truck3 S S S S S S 177
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 207
Private Truck S S S S S S 136
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 9,186 100.0 2,807 100.0 402
Single modes S S 9,109 99.2 2,796 99.6 403
Truck3 S S 8,362 91.0 2,182 77.7 401
For-hire Truck S S 4,799 52.2 1,666 59.4 497
Private Truck 1,346 14.8 3,560 38.8 516 18.4 69
Rail 193 2.1 S S S S 821
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 502
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 494
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,390
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 19 0.2 74 0.8 6 0.2 S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 9,667 100.0 S S 364
Single modes S S 9,569 99.0 S S 375
Truck3 S S 6,064 62.7 S S 338
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 583
Private Truck 95 1.6 97 1.0 3 59
Rail S S 3,480 36.0 2,482 40.3 720
Water S S S S S S 73
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 73
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 44 0.7 S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 900
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,886

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,575 100.0 1,341 100.0 437 100.0 158
Single modes 1,959 76.1 1,122 83.7 393 89.8 122
Truck3 1,956 76.0 1,121 83.6 390 89.1 121
For-hire Truck 1,663 64.6 959 71.6 364 83.2 S
Private Truck 293 11.4 162 12.1 26 5.9 57
Rail S S S S S S 2,682
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 323
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,255 100.0 148 100.0 95 100.0 727
Single modes 583 46.5 137 92.2 88 92.8 1,010
Truck3 473 37.7 134 90.2 85 89.6 S
For-hire Truck 330 26.3 121 81.8 78 82.5 840
Private Truck S S S S S S 122
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,218
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 11 7.4 7 6.9 768
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 11 7.4 7 6.9 768
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 1 0.4 S S S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 27,102 100.0 5,771 100.0 2,556 100.0 810
Single modes 25,734 95.0 5,508 95.5 2,408 94.2 695
Truck3 25,598 94.4 5,502 95.3 2,399 93.8 664
For-hire Truck 19,221 70.9 4,059 70.3 2,059 80.5 745
Private Truck 6,372 23.5 1,442 25.0 339 13.3 349
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 6 0.1 S S 1,592
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,190 4.4 S S 64 2.5 932
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,100 4.1 44 0.8 41 1.6 933
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,890
Truck and water S S S S S S S
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 6
Other and unknown modes 178 0.7 S S S S 381

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,907 100.0 22,801 100.0 1,787 100.0 S
Single modes 2,854 98.2 22,691 99.5 1,786 99.9 S
Truck3 2,779 95.6 22,049 96.7 1,547 86.6 S
For-hire Truck 1,554 53.4 5,002 21.9 950 53.1 290
Private Truck 1,226 42.2 17,047 74.8 598 33.4 S
Rail 67 2.3 642 2.8 238 13.3 S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,410
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 536
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 536
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 1 S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,071 100.0 7,071 100.0 2,869 100.0 432
Single modes 3,745 92.0 6,922 97.9 2,842 99.0 334
Truck3 3,012 74.0 4,731 66.9 1,582 55.1 322
For-hire Truck 2,142 52.6 3,506 49.6 1,311 45.7 496
Private Truck 810 19.9 1,188 16.8 246 8.6 192
Rail 722 17.7 2,155 30.5 1,243 43.3 618
Water S S S S S S 459
Shallow draft S S S S S S 459
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 558
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 718
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 718
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 171

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,634 100.0 1,615 100.0 S S 450
Single modes 2,373 90.1 1,575 97.5 835 96.1 228
Truck3 2,275 86.4 1,385 85.7 S S 221
For-hire Truck S S 1,221 75.6 S S 457
Private Truck 275 10.4 164 10.2 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 539
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,020
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 647
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 647
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 17

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,828 100.0 1,414 100.0 716 100.0 352
Single modes 6,912 88.3 1,365 96.5 708 98.9 241
Truck3 6,898 88.1 1,365 96.5 708 98.9 235
For-hire Truck 4,887 62.4 721 51.0 533 74.5 551
Private Truck 2,011 25.7 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 14 0.2 S S 1,005
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 658 8.4 9 0.6 6 0.9 605
Parcel, USPS or courier 657 8.4 9 0.6 6 0.8 605
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,309
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 42

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,547 100.0 709 100.0 596 100.0 566
Single modes 6,094 80.7 661 93.2 579 97.1 439
Truck3 5,609 74.3 646 91.2 554 93.0 372
For-hire Truck 5,209 69.0 592 83.5 545 91.4 761
Private Truck 400 5.3 S S 10 1.6 S
Rail S S S S S S 2,011
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 432 5.7 5 0.6 6 0.9 1,077
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,308 17.3 17 2.3 13 2.1 783
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,302 17.3 16 2.3 12 2.1 783
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 673
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 146 1.9 S S S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,183 100.0 1,847 100.0 955 100.0 242
Single modes 9,979 98.0 1,764 95.5 898 94.0 S
Truck3 8,272 81.2 1,663 90.0 805 84.3 S
For-hire Truck 7,415 72.8 1,512 81.9 764 80.0 576
Private Truck 857 8.4 151 8.2 41 4.3 S
Rail 1,701 16.7 101 5.5 92 9.7 912
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,611
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 145 1.4 72 3.9 54 5.6 688
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 5 0.3 4 0.4 688
Truck and rail S S S S S S 756
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 831
Single modes S S S S S S 966
Truck3 S S S S S S 948
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 951
Private Truck S S S S S S 107
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,261
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 748
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 748
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 615

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,106 100.0 121 100.0 113 100.0 651
Single modes 1,630 77.4 116 95.9 109 96.4 404
Truck3 1,406 66.8 106 87.9 101 89.0 384
For-hire Truck 1,323 62.8 99 81.9 100 88.6 1,249
Private Truck S S S S S S 60
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 875
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 2.9 4 3.2 732
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 2.9 4 3.2 732
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 256

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 489
Private Truck S S S S S S 136
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 982
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 886
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 886
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,774 100.0 779 100.0 363 100.0 713
Single modes 1,553 87.5 759 97.4 354 97.5 502
Truck3 1,499 84.5 759 97.4 353 97.3 460
For-hire Truck 854 48.1 479 61.4 274 75.5 859
Private Truck 645 36.4 280 36.0 79 21.8 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,236
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 215 12.1 10 1.3 7 2.0 957
Parcel, USPS or courier 215 12.1 10 1.3 7 2.0 957
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 73
Single modes S S S S S S 73
Truck3 S S S S S S 68
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 69
Private Truck S S S S S S 63
Rail S S S S S S 424
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 13,633 100.0 3,832 100.0 620 100.0 S
Single modes 13,386 98.2 3,821 99.7 617 99.5 86
Truck3 13,374 98.1 3,821 99.7 617 99.4 85
For-hire Truck 1,087 8.0 428 11.2 182 29.4 378
Private Truck 12,286 90.1 3,392 88.5 434 70.0 74
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 769
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 232 1.7 6 0.2 3 0.5 448
Parcel, USPS or courier 232 1.7 6 0.2 3 0.5 448
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 95 100.0 131 100.0 S S 267
Single modes 82 85.8 131 99.5 S S 147
Truck3 82 85.8 131 99.5 S S 147
For-hire Truck 21 22.5 S S S S 409
Private Truck S S S S 6 33.6 66
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 617
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 617
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.