Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 143,194 100.0 142,708 100.0 32,484 100.0 348
Single modes 134,578 94.0 140,997 98.8 31,776 97.8 195
Truck 126,452 88.3 125,103 87.7 24,299 74.8 178
For-hire truck 79,062 55.2 58,027 40.7 19,016 58.5 532
Private truck 46,670 32.6 66,436 46.6 5,024 15.5 64
Rail 6,968 4.9 15,805 11.1 7,428 22.9 551
Water S S S S S S 238
Shallow draft S S S S S S 459
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 70
Air (including truck and air) 1,135 0.8 28 31 0.1 1,225
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6,602 4.6 400 0.3 336 1.0 756
Parcel, USPS or courier 6,283 4.4 157 0.1 115 0.4 756
Truck and rail 166 0.1 148 0.1 151 0.5 1,072
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,806
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 6
Other and unknown modes 2,014 1.4 1,311 0.9 372 1.1 49

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,244 100.0 2,231 100.0 959 100.0 382
Single modes 2,160 96.3 2,226 99.8 957 99.8 381
Truck 1,991 88.7 1,695 76.0 642 67.0 364
For-hire truck 1,491 66.4 1,453 65.1 550 57.3 371
Private truck 458 20.4 224 10.0 88 9.2 340
Rail S S S S S S 583
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 954
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 81 3.6 2 0.1 1 382
Parcel, USPS or courier 81 3.6 2 0.1 1 382
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 490

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,546
Single modes S S S S S S 2,280
Truck S S S S S S 2,158
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,158
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,024
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,606
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,606
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 119 100.0 247 100.0 2,039
Single modes S S 119 99.5 246 99.5 2,056
Truck S S 118 99.0 244 99.0 2,056
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,071
Private truck S S S S S S 1,997
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,055
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.5 1 0.5 2,033
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.5 1 0.5 2,033
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,027

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 447 100.0 209 100.0 181 100.0 787
Single modes 417 93.2 208 99.2 179 99.2 777
Truck 397 88.8 190 90.6 161 89.2 775
For-hire truck 297 66.4 168 80.4 144 79.6 775
Private truck 100 22.4 21 10.3 17 9.6 773
Rail S S S S S S 1,018
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,029
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 31 6.8 2 0.8 1 0.8 794
Parcel, USPS or courier 31 6.8 2 0.8 1 0.8 794
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,708 100.0 825 100.0 2,056 100.0 2,498
Single modes 3,056 82.4 772 93.6 1,925 93.6 2,441
Truck 2,371 63.9 653 79.1 1,584 77.1 2,431
For-hire truck 2,125 57.3 587 71.2 1,427 69.4 2,433
Private truck S S 60 7.3 144 7.0 2,414
Rail 494 13.3 117 14.1 333 16.2 2,818
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 191 5.1 S S S S 2,461
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 600 16.2 14 1.7 35 1.7 2,518
Parcel, USPS or courier 580 15.6 10 1.2 25 1.2 2,518
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,758
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,490

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 584 100.0 181 100.0 308 100.0 1,584
Single modes 555 95.0 180 99.3 305 99.3 1,577
Truck 530 90.8 S S S S 1,568
For-hire truck 496 84.8 S S S S 1,569
Private truck S S S S S S 1,530
Rail S S S S S S 1,975
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,606
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 26 4.5 1 0.7 2 0.7 1,586
Parcel, USPS or courier 26 4.5 1 0.7 2 0.7 1,586
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,537

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 660 100.0 162 100.0 142 100.0 811
Single modes 619 93.9 161 99.4 141 99.4 824
Truck 596 90.3 112 68.8 90 63.1 819
For-hire truck 314 47.6 107 65.7 86 60.2 818
Private truck S S 5 3.1 4 3.0 827
Rail 23 3.5 50 30.6 52 36.3 1,039
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 994
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 40 6.1 1 0.6 1 0.6 806
Parcel, USPS or courier 40 6.1 1 0.6 1 0.6 806
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 556 100.0 145 100.0 77 100.0 576
Single modes 534 96.1 145 99.5 76 99.5 595
Truck 534 96.1 145 99.5 76 99.5 586
For-hire truck 534 96.0 144 99.2 76 99.2 586
Private truck S S S S S S 583
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,077
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 22 3.9 1 0.5 0.5 551
Parcel, USPS or courier 22 3.9 1 0.5 0.5 551
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 157 100.0 45 100.0 21 100.0 491
Single modes 147 93.9 44 99.0 20 98.9 485
Truck 146 93.3 44 98.2 20 97.5 473
For-hire truck 141 89.8 S S S S 469
Private truck 5 3.4 S S 2 11.4 487
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 800
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 4.1 S S S S 494
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 4.1 S S S S 494
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 489

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,484 100.0 2,529 100.0 1,215 100.0 553
Single modes 6,181 95.3 2,509 99.2 1,205 99.2 519
Truck 6,023 92.9 2,058 81.4 963 79.3 498
For-hire truck 4,342 67.0 1,525 60.3 728 59.9 513
Private truck 1,609 24.8 475 18.8 205 16.9 432
Rail 146 2.3 450 17.8 242 19.9 522
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 12 0.2 S S S S 1,258
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 292 4.5 11 0.4 6 0.5 576
Parcel, USPS or courier 289 4.5 9 0.4 5 0.4 576
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 375
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 10 0.2 9 0.3 S S 405

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12,860 100.0 8,795 100.0 1,955 100.0 176
Single modes 12,335 95.9 8,716 99.1 1,941 99.3 167
Truck 11,978 93.1 7,783 88.5 1,600 81.8 164
For-hire truck 5,832 45.3 4,714 53.6 1,044 53.4 219
Private truck 6,040 47.0 3,034 34.5 550 28.1 142
Rail 304 2.4 923 10.5 S S 364
Water S S S S S S 201
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 201
Air (including truck and air) 49 0.4 1 1 382
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 430 3.3 8 2 201
Parcel, USPS or courier 424 3.3 8 2 201
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 673
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 96 0.7 71 0.8 13 0.6 120

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5,177
Single modes S S S S S S 4,799
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,799
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,204
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 10.1 S S S S 5,057
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 6,702
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 95 100.0 5 100.0 12 100.0 2,269
Single modes S S 4 78.7 10 80.3 2,361
Truck S S 4 78.7 10 80.3 2,361
For-hire truck S S 4 78.7 10 80.3 2,361
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,250
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,250
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,651 100.0 1,675 100.0 1,423 100.0 760
Single modes 2,435 91.8 1,650 98.5 1,399 98.3 787
Truck 1,880 70.9 1,007 60.1 801 56.3 785
For-hire truck 1,562 58.9 896 53.5 710 49.9 788
Private truck S S S S S S 762
Rail S S S S S S 923
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 756
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 198 7.5 S S S S 751
Parcel, USPS or courier 180 6.8 4 0.3 3 0.2 751
Truck and rail S S S S S S 986
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 738

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,218 100.0 869 100.0 574 100.0 616
Single modes 2,110 95.1 865 99.5 572 99.6 638
Truck 2,101 94.7 845 97.2 554 96.6 636
For-hire truck 1,940 87.4 706 81.2 457 79.6 630
Private truck S S S S S S 687
Rail S S S S S S 874
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 854
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 105 4.7 4 0.5 2 0.4 609
Parcel, USPS or courier 105 4.7 4 0.5 2 0.4 609
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 590

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 704 100.0 197 100.0 209 100.0 1,042
Single modes 657 93.3 196 99.6 208 99.6 1,035
Truck 657 93.3 196 99.6 208 99.6 1,035
For-hire truck 647 91.9 185 94.1 197 94.1 1,035
Private truck S S S S S S 1,047
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,034
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 47 6.7 1 0.4 1 0.4 1,054
Parcel, USPS or courier 47 6.7 1 0.4 1 0.4 1,054
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 981

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 402 100.0 132 100.0 145 100.0 1,095
Single modes 367 91.4 131 99.2 144 99.2 1,036
Truck 329 81.8 103 77.9 111 76.6 1,029
For-hire truck 317 78.9 102 77.1 110 75.9 1,061
Private truck S S S S S S 966
Rail S S S S S S 1,165
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,208
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.8 1 0.8 1,112
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.8 1 0.8 1,112
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,217 100.0 780 100.0 414 100.0 448
Single modes 1,164 95.6 779 99.8 414 99.9 465
Truck 1,088 89.4 653 83.8 328 79.2 470
For-hire truck 961 79.0 612 78.4 309 74.5 474
Private truck S S S S S S 318
Rail 43 3.5 125 16.1 86 20.7 692
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 425
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 54 4.4 1 0.2 0.1 432
Parcel, USPS or courier 54 4.4 1 0.2 0.1 432
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 749 100.0 141 100.0 115 100.0 732
Single modes 719 95.9 140 99.2 115 99.3 691
Truck 702 93.7 113 79.9 84 72.4 671
For-hire truck 408 54.5 107 75.5 79 68.7 671
Private truck S S S S S S 671
Rail S S S S S S 1,136
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,123
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 30 4.1 1 0.5 1 0.4 763
Parcel, USPS or courier 30 4.1 1 0.5 1 0.4 763
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 693

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 557 100.0 S S S S 1,110
Single modes 501 90.1 S S S S 1,185
Truck S S S S S S 1,184
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,186
Private truck S S S S S S 1,129
Rail S S S S S S 1,165
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,349
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 55 9.9 S S S S 1,056
Parcel, USPS or courier 51 9.1 1 0.3 1 0.2 1,055
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,303
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,267 100.0 1,076 100.0 556 100.0 527
Single modes 2,154 95.0 1,073 99.7 555 99.7 535
Truck 1,984 87.5 857 79.6 432 77.7 513
For-hire truck 1,855 81.8 793 73.7 398 71.6 514
Private truck S S 46 4.3 24 4.4 498
Rail 105 4.6 215 20.0 122 21.9 568
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 817
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 112 5.0 3 0.2 1 0.3 522
Parcel, USPS or courier 112 5.0 3 0.2 1 0.3 522
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 504

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,397 100.0 469 100.0 440 100.0 931
Single modes 1,331 95.3 462 98.6 433 98.5 938
Truck 1,278 91.5 405 86.4 376 85.6 929
For-hire truck 1,250 89.5 391 83.5 363 82.5 929
Private truck 13 0.9 S S S S 933
Rail 30 2.1 57 12.1 57 12.8 1,014
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,163
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 65 4.7 S S S S 927
Parcel, USPS or courier 61 4.4 2 0.4 2 0.4 927
Truck and rail S S S S S S 981
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 923

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,422 100.0 959 100.0 791 100.0 764
Single modes 3,069 89.7 931 97.1 770 97.4 760
Truck 2,658 77.7 648 67.6 482 61.0 754
For-hire truck 2,553 74.6 615 64.2 458 58.0 756
Private truck 105 3.1 33 3.4 24 3.0 721
Rail 314 9.2 280 29.2 285 36.0 983
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 97 2.8 S S S S 763
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 12 1.2 S S 766
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 5 0.6 4 0.5 766
Truck and rail S S S S S S 863
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 704

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 608 100.0 276 100.0 373 100.0 1,265
Single modes 470 77.4 275 99.4 371 99.5 1,245
Truck 396 65.1 134 48.4 164 44.0 1,241
For-hire truck 388 63.8 132 47.6 162 43.3 1,247
Private truck 8 1.4 2 0.7 3 0.7 1,174
Rail S S S S S S 1,470
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,140
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 133 21.9 2 0.6 2 0.5 1,270
Parcel, USPS or courier 133 21.9 2 0.6 2 0.5 1,270
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,160

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,097 100.0 860 100.0 537 100.0 575
Single modes 3,065 99.0 859 99.9 536 99.9 564
Truck 3,024 97.6 725 84.3 430 80.2 560
For-hire truck 2,968 95.8 700 81.4 415 77.2 556
Private truck 56 1.8 25 2.9 16 2.9 604
Rail S S S S S S 793
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,058
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 31 1.0 1 0.1 1 0.1 582
Parcel, USPS or courier 31 1.0 1 0.1 1 0.1 582
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 525

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 738 100.0 425 100.0 349 100.0 836
Single modes 674 91.4 422 99.3 347 99.4 810
Truck 662 89.7 397 93.3 317 90.8 808
For-hire truck 593 80.4 390 91.8 311 89.3 808
Private truck 65 8.8 5 1.2 4 1.2 822
Rail S S S S S S 1,110
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 990
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 64 8.6 S S S S 842
Parcel, USPS or courier 64 8.6 S S S S 842
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 33 100.0 16 100.0 37 100.0 2,165
Single modes 27 80.5 16 97.7 37 97.7 2,198
Truck 27 80.5 16 97.7 37 97.7 2,201
For-hire truck S S 3 20.3 7 19.3 2,155
Private truck S S S S S S 2,363
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,947
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 19.4 S S S S 2,134
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 19.4 S S S S 2,134
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,354

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 100 100.0 19 100.0 24 100.0 1,205
Single modes 61 60.9 19 98.4 24 98.6 1,270
Truck 61 60.3 19 98.4 24 98.5 1,262
For-hire truck 59 59.0 16 81.7 21 83.8 1,263
Private truck S S S S S S 1,157
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,319
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,176
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,176
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 286 100.0 S S S S 2,398
Single modes 256 89.4 S S S S 2,383
Truck 245 85.6 S S S S 2,483
For-hire truck 221 77.3 S S S S 2,486
Private truck S S S S S S 2,425
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,130
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 28 9.9 S S S S 2,407
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 3.8 1 0.5 1 0.4 2,404
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,838
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,162

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 984
Single modes S S S S S S 1,003
Truck S S S S S S 1,001
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,003
Private truck S S S S S S 915
Rail S S S S S S 1,068
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,143
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 4.8 0.2 0.2 981
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 4.8 0.2 0.2 981
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 977

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,473 100.0 890 100.0 609 100.0 695
Single modes 2,332 94.3 885 99.5 606 99.4 701
Truck 2,236 90.4 808 90.8 551 90.4 698
For-hire truck 2,125 85.9 767 86.2 521 85.5 697
Private truck S S 15 1.6 11 1.7 729
Rail 32 1.3 77 8.6 55 9.0 711
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,043
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 137 5.6 3 0.4 2 0.4 690
Parcel, USPS or courier 137 5.6 3 0.4 2 0.4 690
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 733

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 96 100.0 S S S S 1,617
Single modes 47 49.5 S S S S 1,537
Truck 47 48.7 S S S S 1,532
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,505
Private truck 24 25.3 S S S S 1,605
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,699
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 48 50.5 1 3.1 1 3.5 1,663
Parcel, USPS or courier 48 50.5 1 3.1 1 3.5 1,663
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,125 100.0 S S S S 809
Single modes 3,760 91.2 S S S S 843
Truck 3,317 80.4 1,408 71.1 S S 790
For-hire truck 2,984 72.4 S S S S 791
Private truck 264 6.4 54 2.7 45 2.5 791
Rail S S S S S S 940
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 85 2.1 S S S S 992
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 316 7.7 S S S S 789
Parcel, USPS or courier 311 7.5 6 0.3 5 0.3 789
Truck and rail S S S S S S 823
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 877

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16,920 100.0 14,777 100.0 2,305 100.0 138
Single modes 15,727 93.0 14,387 97.4 2,233 96.9 125
Truck 15,326 90.6 11,765 79.6 1,762 76.5 124
For-hire truck 6,928 40.9 6,299 42.6 972 42.2 164
Private truck 8,386 49.6 5,462 37.0 790 34.3 105
Rail 387 2.3 2,586 17.5 454 19.7 177
Water S S S S S S 459
Shallow draft S S S S S S 459
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 737
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 427 2.5 16 0.1 3 0.1 173
Parcel, USPS or courier 427 2.5 16 0.1 3 0.1 173
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 147

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 96 100.0 S S S S 1,532
Single modes 84 87.4 S S S S 1,589
Truck 83 87.2 S S S S 1,627
For-hire truck 68 71.0 S S S S 1,627
Private truck S S S S S S 1,621
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,336
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 12 12.6 0.3 0.3 1,526
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 12.6 0.3 0.3 1,526
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,287 100.0 2,867 100.0 1,859 100.0 565
Single modes 7,109 97.5 2,790 97.3 1,804 97.0 590
Truck 6,432 88.3 1,828 63.8 1,088 58.5 578
For-hire truck 6,216 85.3 1,751 61.1 1,044 56.2 580
Private truck 202 2.8 71 2.5 40 2.2 549
Rail 654 9.0 961 33.5 716 38.5 732
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 664
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 167 2.3 S S S S 555
Parcel, USPS or courier 102 1.4 4 0.1 2 0.1 554
Truck and rail S S S S S S 756
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 540

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 614 100.0 213 100.0 261 100.0 1,028
Single modes 553 90.1 209 98.3 257 98.5 1,060
Truck 487 79.3 101 47.5 105 40.1 1,037
For-hire truck 477 77.7 98 46.0 101 38.7 1,038
Private truck S S S S S S 1,023
Rail 61 9.9 108 50.8 152 58.4 1,418
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,086
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 0.8 2 0.7 1,023
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 0.8 2 0.7 1,023
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 999

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 454 100.0 104 100.0 295 100.0 2,753
Single modes 429 94.6 103 99.1 293 99.1 2,737
Truck 413 91.0 88 84.9 245 83.2 2,734
For-hire truck 394 86.8 84 80.3 232 78.8 2,737
Private truck S S S S S S 2,728
Rail S S S S S S 3,185
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,528
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 21 4.7 1 0.9 3 0.9 2,765
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 4.7 1 0.9 3 0.9 2,765
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,724

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,952 100.0 2,436 100.0 1,555 100.0 613
Single modes 5,505 92.5 2,402 98.6 1,532 98.5 634
Truck 5,248 88.2 1,853 76.0 1,127 72.5 624
For-hire truck 4,998 84.0 1,521 62.4 923 59.4 625
Private truck 217 3.7 309 12.7 190 12.2 604
Rail 218 3.7 549 22.5 404 26.0 741
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 966
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 425 7.1 S S S S 596
Parcel, USPS or courier 412 6.9 8 0.3 5 0.3 596
Truck and rail S S S S S S 743
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 631

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 130 100.0 106 100.0 108 100.0 913
Single modes 122 94.0 106 99.8 108 99.8 926
Truck 111 85.7 46 43.6 42 39.1 911
For-hire truck 81 62.1 35 33.0 32 29.2 908
Private truck S S S S S S 939
Rail S S S S S S 1,112
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,236
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 890
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 890
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 40,927 100.0 88,692 100.0 4,558 100.0 40
Single modes 39,504 96.5 88,016 99.2 4,512 99.0 39
Truck 37,045 90.5 82,158 92.6 3,684 80.8 38
For-hire truck 11,894 29.1 26,387 29.8 1,478 32.4 70
Private truck 25,102 61.3 55,470 62.5 2,184 47.9 36
Rail 2,443 6.0 5,842 6.6 S S 102
Water S S S S S S 9
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 9
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 385
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 713 1.7 S S S S 80
Parcel, USPS or courier 642 1.6 24 S S 79
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 165
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 6
Other and unknown modes 711 1.7 566 0.6 30 0.6 16

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 53 100.0 23 100.0 34 100.0 1,323
Single modes 51 96.5 23 99.6 34 99.6 1,416
Truck 47 88.8 14 62.8 19 57.8 1,419
For-hire truck 42 80.0 12 52.5 16 48.9 1,426
Private truck S S S S S S 1,281
Rail S S S S S S 1,698
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,343
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2 3.5 0.4 0.4 1,304
Parcel, USPS or courier 2 3.5 0.4 0.4 1,304
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,803 100.0 1,774 100.0 763 100.0 394
Single modes 2,438 87.0 1,730 97.5 755 98.8 402
Truck 2,240 79.9 1,257 70.8 467 61.1 352
For-hire truck 1,758 62.7 987 55.6 396 51.9 389
Private truck 467 16.7 263 14.8 68 8.9 259
Rail S S S S S S 617
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 961
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 5 0.3 2 0.3 389
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 5 0.3 2 0.3 389
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 209

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,923 100.0 1,893 100.0 2,287 100.0 1,101
Single modes 5,355 90.4 1,850 97.7 2,243 98.1 1,146
Truck 5,102 86.1 1,477 78.0 1,660 72.6 1,099
For-hire truck 4,464 75.4 1,327 70.1 1,487 65.0 1,093
Private truck 552 9.3 118 6.2 138 6.1 1,135
Rail 174 2.9 371 19.6 581 25.4 1,614
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 2 1,480
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 532 9.0 9 0.5 10 0.4 1,069
Parcel, USPS or courier 532 9.0 9 0.5 10 0.4 1,069
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,058

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 458 100.0 78 100.0 161 100.0 2,064
Single modes S S 77 99.6 160 99.6 2,051
Truck S S 77 99.1 159 99.2 2,069
For-hire truck S S 77 98.8 159 98.9 2,070
Private truck S S S S S S 1,991
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,848
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.4 1 0.4 2,080
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.4 1 0.4 2,080
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,989

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 43 100.0 15 100.0 15 100.0 1,003
Single modes 32 75.9 15 98.4 15 98.4 1,021
Truck 32 74.4 13 89.6 13 89.2 1,007
For-hire truck 31 72.5 12 84.4 12 83.9 1,007
Private truck S S S S S S 1,014
Rail S S S S S S 1,048
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,107
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 10 22.4 1.2 1.2 1,000
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 22.4 1.2 1.2 1,000
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 991

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,970 100.0 2,167 100.0 717 100.0 362
Single modes 2,704 91.0 2,089 96.4 695 97.0 328
Truck 2,654 89.4 1,852 85.5 610 85.1 325
For-hire truck 1,777 59.8 1,531 70.6 503 70.2 371
Private truck 871 29.3 319 14.7 106 14.7 253
Rail 47 1.6 237 10.9 85 11.8 364
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 813
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 189 6.4 6 0.3 2 0.3 386
Parcel, USPS or courier 189 6.4 6 0.3 2 0.3 386
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 77 2.6 71 3.3 S S 252

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 370 100.0 119 100.0 348 100.0 2,803
Single modes 305 82.3 117 98.9 344 98.9 2,793
Truck 251 67.7 65 54.7 182 52.2 2,805
For-hire truck 240 64.8 63 53.2 177 50.8 2,804
Private truck S S S S S S 2,917
Rail S S S S S S 3,107
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,556
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 63 17.0 1 1.1 4 1.1 2,805
Parcel, USPS or courier 63 17.0 1 1.1 4 1.1 2,805
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,828

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 375 100.0 207 100.0 86 100.0 428
Single modes 358 95.5 202 97.3 83 97.1 437
Truck 337 89.9 179 86.2 69 80.1 432
For-hire truck S S 148 71.5 58 67.7 444
Private truck 95 25.2 31 14.7 11 12.4 351
Rail S S S S S S 491
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 886
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 12 3.2 S S S S 423
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 3.2 S S S S 423
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 453

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,284 100.0 449 100.0 457 100.0 944
Single modes 1,213 94.5 444 98.8 451 98.8 954
Truck 1,067 83.1 349 77.8 341 74.6 955
For-hire truck 840 65.5 304 67.8 300 65.8 958
Private truck S S 45 10.0 40 8.9 900
Rail 43 3.4 92 20.6 109 23.9 1,183
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 945
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 65 5.1 4 1.0 4 0.9 940
Parcel, USPS or courier 61 4.8 3 0.6 2 0.5 940
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,185
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 857

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,905
Single modes S S S S S S 1,801
Truck S S S S S S 1,801
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,801
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,887
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,887
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,081

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.