Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 128,514 100.0 163,527 100.0 44,310 100.0 442
Single modes 116,296 90.5 161,236 98.6 43,087 97.2 211
Truck 106,392 82.8 119,583 73.1 18,713 42.2 170
For-hire truck 62,592 48.7 51,413 31.4 13,325 30.1 451
Private truck 43,499 33.8 67,506 41.3 5,288 11.9 77
Rail 8,477 6.6 40,208 24.6 22,343 50.4 653
Water S S S S S S 541
Shallow draft S S S S S S 217
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 579
Air (including truck and air) 1,041 0.8 S S 46 0.1 1,470
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 9,959 7.7 769 0.5 729 1.6 713
Parcel, USPS or courier 9,378 7.3 332 0.2 208 0.5 713
Truck and Rail 491 0.4 325 0.2 470 1.1 1,393
Truck and water S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,113
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 6
Other and unknown modes 2,259 1.8 1,522 0.9 494 1.1 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,036 100.0 4,618 100.0 2,155 100.0 358
Single modes 2,713 89.4 4,596 99.5 2,147 99.6 415
Truck 2,488 81.9 2,158 46.7 836 38.8 377
For-hire truck 1,742 57.4 1,755 38.0 696 32.3 383
Private truck 745 24.5 400 8.7 140 6.5 365
Rail S S S S S S 542
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,389
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 135 4.5 S S S S 338
Parcel, USPS or courier 130 4.3 3 1 338
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 714
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 316

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,350
Single modes S S S S S S 2,350
Truck S S S S S S 2,350
For-hire truck
Private truck S S S S S S 2,350
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 20 100.0 41 100.0 2,121
Single modes S S 19 97.0 40 97.0 2,150
Truck 50 25.7 19 96.0 39 95.8 2,052
For-hire truck 50 25.7 19 96.0 39 95.8 2,052
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,351
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,263
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 31 16.1 2.2 1 2.2 2,108
Parcel, USPS or courier 31 16.1 2.2 1 2.2 2,108
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,246

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 748 100.0 422 100.0 346 100.0 781
Single modes 694 92.7 393 93.1 315 91.0 787
Truck 676 90.3 342 80.9 274 79.1 777
For-hire truck 560 74.8 285 67.5 228 65.8 777
Private truck S S S S S S 801
Rail S S S S S S 799
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,306
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 774
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.1 0.1 766
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,077
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 417 100.0 1,094 100.0 2,492
Single modes S S 330 79.3 844 77.2 2,487
Truck S S 316 75.8 803 73.5 2,490
For-hire truck S S 312 74.8 793 72.5 2,487
Private truck S S S S S S 2,511
Rail S S S S S S 2,962
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,479
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 626 13.6 79 18.9 230 21.0 2,492
Parcel, USPS or courier 567 12.3 16 3.8 40 3.7 2,491
Truck and Rail 59 1.3 63 15.0 190 17.3 3,002
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,325
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,516

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 348 100.0 25 100.0 41 100.0 1,596
Single modes S S 24 97.1 40 97.2 1,678
Truck S S 24 96.7 40 96.7 1,594
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,595
Private truck S S S S S S 1,591
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 11 3.1 0.4 0.4 1,855
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 85 24.5 1 2.9 1 2.8 1,584
Parcel, USPS or courier 85 24.5 1 2.9 1 2.8 1,584
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,687

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 695 100.0 130 100.0 114 100.0 850
Single modes 536 77.1 126 96.5 S S 868
Truck S S 72 55.2 57 50.1 818
For-hire truck S S 66 50.9 53 46.2 819
Private truck S S S S S S 803
Rail S S S S S S 983
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,224
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 147 21.2 3 2.0 2 2.0 848
Parcel, USPS or courier 147 21.2 3 2.0 2 2.0 848
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 826

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 156 100.0 58 100.0 32 100.0 620
Single modes 151 96.3 57 99.8 32 99.8 644
Truck 148 94.9 57 99.8 32 99.7 581
For-hire truck 148 94.8 57 99.5 32 99.5 581
Private truck S S S S S S 595
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 974
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 609
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 609
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 447
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 447
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 447
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,219 100.0 3,100 100.0 S S 525
Single modes 2,775 86.2 3,016 97.3 S S 485
Truck 2,456 76.3 1,449 46.7 660 38.4 437
For-hire truck 1,734 53.9 887 28.6 387 22.5 451
Private truck 703 21.8 S S S S 418
Rail S S S S S S 644
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 33 1.0 S S S S 1,276
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 311 9.7 12 0.4 6 0.3 539
Parcel, USPS or courier 310 9.6 12 0.4 6 0.3 539
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 269
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 133 4.1 73 2.3 32 1.9 465

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,925 100.0 10,172 100.0 2,135 100.0 218
Single modes 9,840 90.1 10,046 98.8 2,107 98.7 203
Truck 9,467 86.7 9,168 90.1 1,858 87.0 196
For-hire truck 6,500 59.5 5,899 58.0 1,333 62.4 227
Private truck 2,928 26.8 3,114 30.6 492 23.0 171
Rail 197 1.8 873 8.6 245 11.5 286
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 782
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 907 8.3 53 0.5 11 0.5 234
Parcel, USPS or courier 907 8.3 53 0.5 11 0.5 234
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 178 1.6 S S S S 144

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5,076
Single modes S S S S S S 5,034
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,034
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,420
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 5,034
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,575
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 84 100.0 68 100.0 158 100.0 2,313
Single modes 80 95.4 68 99.9 158 99.9 2,317
Truck 73 86.5 68 99.8 158 99.8 2,361
For-hire truck 67 79.9 56 83.1 132 83.4 2,368
Private truck S S S S S S 2,298
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,306
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 4 4.6 0.1 0.1 2,301
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 4.6 0.1 0.1 2,301
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,983 100.0 2,148 100.0 1,999 100.0 806
Single modes 1,479 74.6 2,035 94.8 1,896 94.8 817
Truck 1,139 57.5 602 28.0 512 25.6 801
For-hire truck 1,017 51.3 524 24.4 446 22.3 791
Private truck S S S S S S 921
Rail 277 14.0 1,243 57.9 1,254 62.7 1,006
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 997
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 470 23.7 S S S S 803
Parcel, USPS or courier 455 23.0 14 0.7 12 0.6 803
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 927
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 834

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,476 100.0 S S S S 688
Single modes 2,048 82.7 S S S S 691
Truck 1,517 61.3 628 11.7 418 10.1 655
For-hire truck 1,240 50.1 482 9.0 320 7.7 658
Private truck S S 146 2.7 98 2.4 639
Rail S S S S S S 907
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 877
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 396 16.0 S S S S 688
Parcel, USPS or courier 329 13.3 S S S S 688
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 942
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 600

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 872 100.0 517 100.0 626 100.0 1,076
Single modes 827 94.9 515 99.5 623 99.6 1,108
Truck 693 79.5 292 56.4 S S 1,073
For-hire truck 668 76.6 S S S S 1,075
Private truck S S 10 1.8 9 1.5 991
Rail S S 223 43.1 280 44.7 1,358
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,240
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 44 5.1 2 0.5 3 0.4 1,066
Parcel, USPS or courier 43 4.9 2 0.3 2 0.3 1,066
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,103
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,185

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 506 100.0 119 100.0 143 100.0 1,161
Single modes 425 84.0 116 97.5 140 97.6 1,212
Truck 233 46.0 95 79.7 114 79.7 1,156
For-hire truck 219 43.3 91 76.1 110 76.7 1,181
Private truck S S S S S S 951
Rail S S 21 17.7 25 17.8 1,193
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,267
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 77 15.2 2 2.1 3 1.9 1,152
Parcel, USPS or courier 72 14.3 2 1.4 2 1.3 1,152
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,131
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,074

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,029 100.0 12,965 100.0 6,950 100.0 500
Single modes 2,601 85.9 12,956 99.9 6,944 99.9 498
Truck 2,202 72.7 S S 421 6.1 465
For-hire truck 1,265 41.8 399 3.1 205 3.0 494
Private truck S S S S S S 442
Rail 396 13.1 11,928 92.0 6,523 93.9 577
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 824
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 9 6 500
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 6 3 500
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,035
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 632

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 755 100.0 1,101 100.0 930 100.0 766
Single modes 703 93.1 1,080 98.1 915 98.3 814
Truck 354 46.9 287 26.0 216 23.2 740
For-hire truck 337 44.6 255 23.1 192 20.7 738
Private truck S S S S S S 752
Rail 347 46.0 794 72.1 699 75.1 882
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,296
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 50 6.6 S S S S 750
Parcel, USPS or courier 36 4.7 S S S S 750
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 787
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 2 0.3 S S S S 794

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 460 100.0 141 100.0 173 100.0 1,079
Single modes 294 63.8 133 93.8 163 94.5 1,143
Truck 256 55.6 82 58.1 97 56.4 1,106
For-hire truck 252 54.7 72 51.0 86 49.9 1,114
Private truck S S S S S S 1,089
Rail S S S S S S 1,299
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,338
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 1.9 0.2 0.2 1,065
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 1.9 0.2 0.2 1,065
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,132

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,457 100.0 290 100.0 148 100.0 537
Single modes 1,388 95.3 287 99.2 147 99.2 550
Truck 1,388 95.2 287 99.2 147 99.2 550
For-hire truck 1,218 83.6 242 83.7 123 83.1 505
Private truck S S S S S S 570
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 970
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 69 4.7 2 0.8 1 0.8 531
Parcel, USPS or courier 69 4.7 2 0.8 1 0.8 531
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 714 100.0 S S S S 957
Single modes 443 62.1 S S S S 961
Truck 358 50.2 S S S S 951
For-hire truck 331 46.4 S S S S 953
Private truck S S 10 4.1 9 3.7 949
Rail S S S S S S 1,069
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,184
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 261 36.5 7 2.7 6 2.7 956
Parcel, USPS or courier 261 36.5 7 2.7 6 2.7 956
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 956

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,437 100.0 449 100.0 398 100.0 823
Single modes 1,236 86.0 444 98.8 393 98.8 903
Truck 608 42.3 311 69.1 264 66.3 794
For-hire truck 527 36.7 283 63.1 243 61.0 807
Private truck 81 5.6 27 6.0 21 5.3 757
Rail S S 133 29.7 129 32.5 903
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 981
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 191 13.3 3 0.6 2 0.5 785
Parcel, USPS or courier 191 13.3 3 0.6 2 0.5 785
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 11 0.8 3 0.6 3 0.7 710

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 715 100.0 131 100.0 162 100.0 1,258
Single modes 430 60.2 122 92.9 150 92.7 1,240
Truck 417 58.4 122 92.8 150 92.7 1,224
For-hire truck 361 50.6 111 84.8 137 84.3 1,221
Private truck S S S S S S 1,270
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 13 1.8 1,301
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 196 27.4 7 5.3 9 5.4 1,260
Parcel, USPS or courier 196 27.4 7 5.3 9 5.4 1,260
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,235

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,002 100.0 713 100.0 450 100.0 530
Single modes 950 94.8 685 96.0 424 94.3 528
Truck 881 87.9 563 79.0 331 73.5 519
For-hire truck 789 78.7 476 66.7 278 61.7 515
Private truck 92 9.2 87 12.2 53 11.8 624
Rail 66 6.6 121 17.0 93 20.8 784
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 965
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 51 5.1 S S S S 537
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 532
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 964
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 563

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 559 100.0 226 100.0 199 100.0 849
Single modes 432 77.3 223 98.5 196 98.5 839
Truck 414 74.0 220 97.1 192 96.7 817
For-hire truck 371 66.3 147 64.7 122 61.4 815
Private truck S S S S S S 924
Rail S S S S S S 1,168
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 971
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 127 22.7 3 1.5 3 1.5 856
Parcel, USPS or courier 127 22.7 3 1.5 3 1.5 856
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 747

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 17 100.0 40 100.0 2,180
Single modes S S 17 99.3 40 99.4 2,149
Truck 8 20.2 17 99.3 40 99.4 2,148
For-hire truck 4 8.9 S S S S 2,339
Private truck 5 11.3 S S S S 2,119
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,227
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 3 7.4 0.7 0.6 2,240
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 7.4 0.7 0.6 2,240
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,160

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 214 100.0 135 100.0 177 100.0 1,396
Single modes 191 89.5 129 95.8 170 95.6 1,579
Truck 188 87.9 S S S S 1,313
For-hire truck 182 85.2 S S S S 1,256
Private truck S S S S S S 1,416
Rail S S S S S S 1,442
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1 0.3 S S S S 1,912
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 4.0 S S S S 1,200
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 4.0 S S S S 1,200
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,392

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 69 100.0 2 100.0 5 100.0 2,485
Single modes S S 1 77.3 4 77.4 2,512
Truck S S 1 76.1 3 76.2 2,303
For-hire truck S S 1 56.8 3 55.5 2,295
Private truck S S S S S S 2,375
Rail S S S S S S 2,983
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,416
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 22.7 1 22.6 2,479
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 22.7 1 22.6 2,479
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 294 100.0 S S S S 1,012
Single modes 217 73.6 S S S S 988
Truck 215 73.0 S S S S 980
For-hire truck 212 72.0 S S S S 979
Private truck S S S S S S 991
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,197
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 70 23.9 1 1.2 1 1.2 1,020
Parcel, USPS or courier 70 23.9 1 1.2 1 1.2 1,020
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 997

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,784 100.0 S S S S 709
Single modes 1,413 79.2 S S S S 698
Truck 1,142 64.0 483 31.3 S S 691
For-hire truck 941 52.8 439 28.5 305 26.6 686
Private truck S S 42 2.7 28 2.4 705
Rail S S S S S S 766
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,040
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 363 20.4 9 0.6 7 0.6 711
Parcel, USPS or courier 363 20.3 9 0.6 6 0.5 711
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 823
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 8 0.5 S S S S 746

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,967
Single modes S S S S S S 2,040
Truck S S S S S S 1,692
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,692
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,022
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,068
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 0.4 S S S S 1,770
Parcel, USPS or courier 0.4 S S S S 1,770
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,730

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,218 100.0 325 100.0 270 100.0 817
Single modes 876 71.9 315 97.0 262 97.2 829
Truck 834 68.5 311 95.8 258 95.6 781
For-hire truck 629 51.7 221 68.0 185 68.5 777
Private truck S S S S S S 791
Rail S S S S S S 1,037
Water S S S S S S 775
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 775
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 951
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 270 22.2 7 2.0 5 1.9 817
Parcel, USPS or courier 270 22.2 7 2.0 5 1.9 817
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 3 1.0 2 0.9 733

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 19,171 100.0 13,055 100.0 2,003 100.0 144
Single modes 18,077 94.3 12,915 98.9 1,981 98.9 145
Truck 17,722 92.4 11,104 85.1 1,679 83.8 145
For-hire truck 8,686 45.3 5,642 43.2 953 47.6 156
Private truck 8,899 46.4 5,288 40.5 698 34.8 138
Rail 324 1.7 1,790 13.7 298 14.9 179
Water S S S S S S 217
Shallow draft S S S S S S 217
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 393
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 965 5.0 53 0.4 8 0.4 144
Parcel, USPS or courier 959 5.0 52 0.4 7 0.4 144
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 397
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 129 0.7 87 0.7 15 0.7 109

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16 100.0 3 100.0 4 100.0 1,450
Single modes S S 3 91.7 4 91.8 1,593
Truck S S 3 91.2 4 91.1 1,546
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,541
Private truck S S S S S S 1,547
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,676
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 38.0 8.3 8.2 1,436
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 38.0 8.3 8.2 1,436
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 1,804 100.0 1,140 100.0 603
Single modes S S 1,777 98.5 1,122 98.3 620
Truck S S 1,402 77.7 823 72.2 609
For-hire truck S S 1,216 67.4 715 62.7 619
Private truck S S S S S S 558
Rail 254 3.3 S S S S 847
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 15 0.2 S S 746
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 651 8.4 26 1.5 18 1.6 598
Parcel, USPS or courier 611 7.9 21 1.2 13 1.1 598
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 990
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 627

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 440 100.0 395 100.0 456 100.0 1,086
Single modes 410 93.2 386 97.6 445 97.7 1,095
Truck 282 64.1 295 74.8 313 68.8 1,069
For-hire truck 233 53.0 S S S S 1,070
Private truck S S S S S S 1,065
Rail S S S S S S 1,403
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,455
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 27 6.1 S S S S 1,084
Parcel, USPS or courier 23 5.3 1 0.3 1 0.3 1,083
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,331
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,089

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 162 100.0 60 100.0 178 100.0 2,844
Single modes 88 54.3 48 78.8 136 76.6 2,844
Truck 80 49.4 43 71.7 123 69.2 2,772
For-hire truck 79 48.8 43 71.7 123 69.2 2,828
Private truck S S S S S S 2,697
Rail S S S S S S 3,052
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,913
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 74 45.6 S S S S 2,844
Parcel, USPS or courier 60 37.4 1 1.6 3 1.5 2,843
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,285
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3,019

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,856 100.0 1,269 100.0 768 100.0 640
Single modes 2,426 84.9 1,249 98.4 755 98.3 644
Truck 2,413 84.5 1,229 96.9 740 96.5 636
For-hire truck 2,190 76.7 1,091 85.9 658 85.8 636
Private truck 223 7.8 139 10.9 82 10.7 623
Rail S S S S S S 709
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 992
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 392 13.7 14 1.1 9 1.2 640
Parcel, USPS or courier 392 13.7 14 1.1 9 1.2 640
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 651

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 161 100.0 11 100.0 10 100.0 918
Single modes 64 39.5 10 89.6 9 89.4 913
Truck 63 38.8 10 89.4 9 89.3 908
For-hire truck 52 32.1 8 77.8 7 78.2 907
Private truck S S S S S S 912
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,061
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 95 58.7 1 10.2 1 10.3 921
Parcel, USPS or courier 95 58.7 1 10.2 1 10.3 921
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 902

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 40,927 100.0 88,692 100.0 4,558 100.0 40
Single modes 39,504 96.5 88,016 99.2 4,512 99.0 39
Truck 37,045 90.5 82,158 92.6 3,684 80.8 38
For-hire truck 11,894 29.1 26,387 29.8 1,478 32.4 70
Private truck 25,102 61.3 55,470 62.5 2,184 47.9 36
Rail 2,443 6.0 5,842 6.6 S S 102
Water S S S S S S 9
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 9
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 385
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 713 1.7 S S S S 80
Parcel, USPS or courier 642 1.6 24 S S 79
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 165
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 6
Other and unknown modes 711 1.7 566 0.6 30 0.6 16

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 19 100.0 6 100.0 9 100.0 1,429
Single modes 15 78.2 6 97.8 8 97.9 1,408
Truck 13 67.9 6 97.5 8 97.6 1,401
For-hire truck 12 60.8 6 97.4 8 97.5 1,386
Private truck S S S S S S 1,528
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,419
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,430
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,430
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,457 100.0 3,952 100.0 1,702 100.0 472
Single modes 4,788 87.7 3,322 84.1 1,409 82.8 458
Truck 4,085 74.9 1,617 40.9 638 37.5 405
For-hire truck 3,317 60.8 1,347 34.1 556 32.7 429
Private truck 769 14.1 270 6.8 82 4.8 309
Rail S S S S S S 435
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 123 2.2 S S S S 828
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 439 8.1 S S S S 479
Parcel, USPS or courier 262 4.8 16 0.4 8 0.4 478
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 825
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 452

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,279 100.0 3,352 100.0 4,368 100.0 1,162
Single modes 2,939 89.6 3,297 98.4 4,312 98.7 1,270
Truck 1,699 51.8 744 22.2 778 17.8 1,031
For-hire truck 1,577 48.1 635 19.0 673 15.4 1,037
Private truck 122 3.7 109 3.2 105 2.4 999
Rail 831 25.3 1,378 41.1 1,680 38.5 1,175
Water S S S S S S 1,577
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1,577
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,496
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 330 10.1 S S S S 1,069
Parcel, USPS or courier 318 9.7 8 0.2 8 0.2 1,069
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,815
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,113
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 10 0.3 21 0.6 19 0.4 957

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 335 100.0 58 100.0 118 100.0 2,080
Single modes 203 60.7 55 95.4 113 95.4 2,111
Truck 159 47.5 55 95.1 112 95.1 2,071
For-hire truck 157 47.0 40 69.1 81 68.7 2,071
Private truck S S S S S S 2,064
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.3 0.3 2,118
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,061
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,061
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,172

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 50 100.0 26 100.0 25 100.0 976
Single modes 34 68.7 25 99.1 25 99.0 1,008
Truck 34 68.5 25 99.1 25 99.0 991
For-hire truck 34 68.5 25 99.1 25 99.0 991
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,201
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 15 30.7 0.9 0.9 975
Parcel, USPS or courier 15 30.7 0.9 0.9 975
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 981

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,220 100.0 3,454 100.0 1,454 100.0 362
Single modes 1,933 87.1 3,447 99.8 1,451 99.8 332
Truck 1,667 75.1 1,073 31.1 370 25.5 324
For-hire truck 1,163 52.4 602 17.4 205 14.1 329
Private truck 504 22.7 471 13.6 166 11.4 313
Rail 252 11.4 2,372 68.7 1,079 74.2 414
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 882
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 283 12.8 6 0.2 3 0.2 384
Parcel, USPS or courier 283 12.8 6 0.2 3 0.2 384
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 406

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 315 100.0 35 100.0 102 100.0 2,725
Single modes 231 73.3 27 77.3 77 75.7 2,416
Truck 221 70.1 23 64.0 64 62.2 2,869
For-hire truck 221 70.1 23 64.0 64 62.2 2,869
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,986
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,289
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 84 26.7 S S S S 2,824
Parcel, USPS or courier 77 24.6 2 6.1 6 6.1 2,823
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,188
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 327 100.0 S S S S 464
Single modes 304 92.9 S S S S 476
Truck 255 77.9 S S S S 448
For-hire truck 166 50.9 113 7.9 56 6.7 467
Private truck S S S S S S 395
Rail S S S S S S 597
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 746
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 2.1 S S S S 455
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 2.1 S S S S 455
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 499

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,355 100.0 300 100.0 295 100.0 963
Single modes 1,004 74.1 277 92.3 272 92.5 972
Truck 1,002 73.9 277 92.3 272 92.5 936
For-hire truck 846 62.4 252 83.8 247 84.0 956
Private truck S S S S S S 820
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1,127
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 316 23.3 11 3.8 11 3.6 962
Parcel, USPS or courier 316 23.3 11 3.8 11 3.6 962
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 980

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,903
Single modes S S S S S S 1,789
Truck S S S S S S 1,789
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,789
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,937
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,937
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.