Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 143,194 102,092 40.3 142,708 107,904 32.3 32,484 21,977 47.8 348 292 19.3
Single modes 134,578 93,562 43.8 140,997 106,450 32.5 31,776 21,327 49 195 179 8.9
Truck 126,452 87,299 44.8 125,103 95,945 30.4 24,299 15,731 54.5 178 165 7.5
Rail 6,968 4,612 51.1 15,805 10,400 52 7,428 5,538 34.1 551 571 −3.6
Water S 130 S S S S S S S 238 S S
Air (including truck and air) 1,135 1,521 −25.4 28 S S 31 56 −44.4 1,225 1,178 4
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 6,602 6,164 7.1 400 332 20.5 336 302 11.3 756 569 32.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 6,283 5,829 7.8 157 183 −14.3 115 117 −2.3 756 569 32.8
Truck and Rail 166 290 −42.6 148 125 19.1 151 177 −15 1,072 1,454 −26.3
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S 7 S S 1,864 S
Other and unknown modes 2,014 2,366 −14.9 1,311 1,122 16.8 372 348 7 49 77 −35.9

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 4,079 3,373 20.9 S 3,504 S 1,281 809 58.3 463 201 129.8
Single modes 3,965 3,215 23.3 S 3,436 S 1,273 795 60.1 S 167 S
Truck 3,740 3,100 20.7 7,331 3,065 139.2 1,117 679 64.4 S 167 S
Rail S 111 S S 371 S S 116 S 139 326 −57.3
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 603 774 −22.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 887 1,083 −18.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 887 1,083 −18.1
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 52 S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 9,815 4,768 105.8 7,010 4,972 41 1,052 653 61.2 58 63 −8
Single modes 9,795 4,748 106.3 6,997 4,950 41.4 1,051 650 61.6 49 S S
Truck 9,645 4,717 104.5 6,534 4,878 33.9 840 637 31.9 48 S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S 455 S S
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 2,370
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 525 813 −35.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 525 813 −35.4
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 18 S S S S S S S S 53 34 55

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S 417 S 20,976 31,134 −32.6 1,169 1,703 −31.4 74 48 53.6
Single modes S 410 S 20,887 31,112 −32.9 1,151 1,696 −32.2 65 47 38.5
Truck S 367 S 20,131 29,591 −32 1,020 1,129 −9.6 62 42 47.7
Rail 17 42 −58.8 S 1,514 S 131 566 −76.9 S S S
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 170
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 965 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 662 442 49.6
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 2,758 1,792 53.9
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 19 S S S S S S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 3,373 2,697 25.1 14,086 9,893 42.4 S 625 S S 63 S
Single modes 3,371 2,687 25.4 14,086 9,888 42.4 S 625 S S 60 S
Truck 3,255 2,654 22.6 S 9,782 S 610 603 1.2 S 60 S
Rail S 33 S S 106 S S 22 S 199 247 −19.4
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 780
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 277 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 277 S S
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 21,953 15,438 42.2 13,609 9,703 40.3 5,652 3,357 68.4 330 243 36.2
Single modes 20,772 14,395 44.3 13,261 9,462 40.1 5,493 3,309 66 202 174 15.7
Truck 18,997 13,105 45 10,778 7,743 39.2 4,110 2,409 70.6 189 157 20.2
Rail 1,721 1,131 52.1 2,479 1,700 45.9 1,380 884 56.1 602 1,056 −43
Water S S S S S S S S S 10 200 −94.8
Air (including truck and air) S 158 S S S S S S S 1,238 1,034 19.7
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 836 559 49.6 49 51 −4.3 S 32 S 752 529 42.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 718 537 33.7 20 27 −28.2 13 19 −29.1 745 529 40.8
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 41 S S 1,597 2,932 −45.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 7,411 284 S
Other and unknown modes 345 484 −28.7 299 189 58.5 56 S S S 25 S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 46,457 32,393 43.4 28,446 22,143 28.5 12,440 8,487 46.6 601 556 8.1
Single modes 43,706 30,571 43 27,779 21,804 27.4 12,085 8,282 45.9 497 404 22.9
Truck 41,351 28,852 43.3 23,518 17,694 32.9 8,972 5,796 54.8 454 395 14.9
Rail 2,099 1,666 26 4,227 4,104 3 3,099 2,481 24.9 748 588 27.1
Water S S S S S S S S S 73 704 −89.7
Air (including truck and air) S 45 S 9 3 218.4 12 4 242.2 1,329 1,185 12.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,923 1,309 46.9 212 143 48.3 127 152 −16.4 793 779 1.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,792 1,235 45.1 67 61 9.7 51 45 13.1 793 778 2
Truck and Rail S 72 S S 81 S S 106 S 998 1,360 −26.6
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S 6,400 S
Other and unknown modes S 514 S 455 196 132.4 S 53 S S 375 S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 17,439 17,552 −0.6 32,901 20,491 60.6 6,241 4,326 44.3 328 251 31
Single modes 15,885 15,683 1.3 32,553 20,045 62.4 6,170 4,114 50 188 181 3.7
Truck 14,964 14,010 6.8 29,529 17,989 64.1 4,569 2,820 62 180 172 4.7
Rail 852 S S 2,987 2,045 46.1 1,584 1,286 23.1 643 610 5.5
Water S S S S S S 459
Air (including truck and air) S 333 S 1 11 −88.3 1 8 −84.9 1,061 813 30.5
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,123 1,262 −11 20 37 −45.6 13 24 −44.3 637 397 60.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,123 1,247 −10 20 25 −18.6 13 12 12.4 637 397 60.5
Truck and Rail 13 11 11 1,018
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 5,309 4,957 7.1
Other and unknown modes S 607 S 328 S S S S S 34 73 −53.6

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 20,861 14,209 46.8 2,737 1,643 66.6 1,714 984 74.2 497 330 50.7
Single modes 18,357 11,825 55.2 2,592 1,504 72.3 1,631 882 85 339 147 130.9
Truck 15,891 10,643 49.3 2,466 1,376 79.2 1,506 808 86.4 296 119 148.2
Rail 1,754 S S 111 S S 111 S S 1,057 663 59.5
Water S S S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air) 711 851 −16.5 S S S S S S 1,091 1,171 −6.8
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,174 1,907 14 95 60 56.7 73 67 9.2 764 610 25.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,103 1,682 25 28 34 −16.5 23 20 13.2 764 610 25.3
Truck and Rail S 200 S S 25 S S S S 756 1,598 −52.7
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 673 61 S
Other and unknown modes 330 477 −30.8 50 78 −35.3 S S S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 17,506 10,919 60.3 14,120 4,043 249.3 1,715 1,012 69.4 193 399 −51.6
Single modes 17,034 9,784 74.1 14,089 3,946 257 1,702 955 78.3 121 345 −64.9
Truck 16,932 9,609 76.2 13,695 3,524 288.6 1,538 832 84.9 116 307 −62.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S 424 267 58.8
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 126 S S 6 S S 6 S 1,179 1,562 −24.6
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 450 1,071 −57.9 16 33 −51.2 11 20 −48.1 678 450 50.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 450 1,071 −57.9 16 33 −51.2 11 20 −48.1 678 450 50.7
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 21 64 −67 15 S S S S S 16 205 −92.1

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 95 326 −70.8 131 S S S 22 S 267 321 −16.7
Single modes 82 245 −66.6 131 S S S 19 S 147 S S
Truck 82 241 −66.2 131 S S S 19 S 147 S S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 726
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 617 648 −4.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 617 648 −4.8
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 3 487 −99.4

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.