Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 6.5 9.7 10.3 7.3
Single modes 6.7 0.6 9.8 0.4 10.6 0.8 10.9
Truck 7.6 1.2 11.5 3.7 4.7 5.4 10.3
For-hire truck 11.2 2.4 11.1 3.1 6.4 4.6 5.6
Private truck 7.7 2.1 18.8 4.2 8.7 1.4 10.0
Rail 12.8 1.1 16.6 3.9 18.9 5.6 8.9
Water S S S S S S 37.0
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 37.2
Air (including truck and air) 14.0 0.1 S S 43.9 7.5
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 7.7 0.6 21.1 23.4 0.3 3.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 7.6 0.6 9.0 8.8 3.3
Truck and rail 22.7 41.4 37.2 0.3 16.0
Truck and water S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes 14.2 0.2 34.1 0.4 44.6 0.8 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.0 46.3 49.5 6.7
Single modes 21.4 5.3 46.6 0.6 49.7 0.5 5.5
Truck 23.4 6.0 36.1 12.5 35.4 14.1 2.6
For-hire truck 16.8 6.0 37.5 10.6 36.7 11.7 2.6
Private truck 44.5 4.7 37.3 3.9 35.5 3.9 6.2
Rail S S S S S S 18.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.0 2.4 S S S S 5.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.5 2.5 26.2 27.0 0.1 5.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.1

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 31.6
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 38.1 38.0 1.7
Single modes S S 39.5 14.5 39.4 14.5 10.7
Truck 43.3 12.0 40.0 17.5 40.0 17.5 14.9
For-hire truck 43.3 12.0 40.0 17.5 40.0 17.5 14.9
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 41.5 13.4 33.8 11.9 34.1 12.1 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 41.5 13.4 33.8 11.9 34.1 12.1 10.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.7 22.0 21.9 2.7
Single modes 19.7 4.6 23.2 4.2 23.1 4.9 2.1
Truck 20.9 6.5 23.4 7.2 24.1 7.7 1.8
For-hire truck 18.4 6.7 23.1 7.6 23.4 8.1 2.1
Private truck S S S S S S 21.2
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 43.0 0.1 41.7 0.1 3.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 25.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 19.2 19.1 0.3
Single modes S S 21.9 5.0 21.9 5.5 0.7
Truck S S 23.2 5.5 23.4 5.9 1.1
For-hire truck S S 23.3 5.4 23.4 5.9 1.1
Private truck S S S S S S 2.0
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 14.8 5.6 20.5 5.3 21.6 5.8 0.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 18.0 5.5 24.6 1.3 24.4 1.3 0.4
Truck and rail 31.1 1.0 29.3 5.8 29.1 6.3 15.0
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.6

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 38.7 46.7 47.2 0.9
Single modes S S 48.0 5.6 48.5 5.6 1.8
Truck S S 48.0 6.1 48.5 6.2 0.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 14.9
Private truck S S S S S S 23.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 48.1 4.9 47.8 0.7 48.1 0.8 21.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.6 11.6 30.5 5.5 29.9 5.5 0.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.6 11.6 30.5 5.5 29.9 5.5 0.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 44.6 45.2 48.7 1.2
Single modes 49.8 9.4 47.2 8.4 S S 2.5
Truck S S 45.4 11.6 45.2 12.5 1.5
For-hire truck S S 47.7 11.2 47.6 11.8 1.6
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.4 8.3 25.6 5.2 26.3 5.2 1.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.4 8.3 25.6 5.2 26.3 5.2 1.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.6

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 38.8 31.7 30.2 1.7
Single modes 39.6 2.7 31.8 0.2 30.3 0.2 5.7
Truck 39.8 2.7 31.8 0.2 30.3 0.2 1.9
For-hire truck 39.9 3.1 31.9 0.4 30.4 0.4 1.9
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 31.6
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.6 41.9 S S 4.2
Single modes 19.9 2.7 43.4 2.5 S S 9.1
Truck 23.9 6.0 27.7 12.7 34.3 14.7 5.8
For-hire truck 32.4 7.0 12.8 11.6 17.2 13.2 5.4
Private truck 40.9 7.2 S S S S 8.6
Rail S S S S S S 17.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 37.4 0.5 S S S S 12.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 14.2 2.5 15.6 0.3 16.8 0.4 4.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 14.3 2.5 16.2 0.3 17.1 0.4 4.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 45.7 1.3 43.9 2.3 47.5 2.6 17.4

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 9.0 15.1 14.1 3.7
Single modes 8.8 1.6 15.3 0.4 14.5 0.7 7.3
Truck 8.4 1.5 15.5 1.9 15.1 1.8 6.7
For-hire truck 10.8 3.2 15.5 4.8 19.5 4.2 4.5
Private truck 12.6 2.9 27.9 4.0 15.3 2.7 10.1
Rail 16.0 0.3 22.5 2.1 22.8 2.2 9.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 22.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 19.6 1.3 29.9 0.2 30.1 0.1 4.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 19.6 1.3 29.9 0.2 30.1 0.1 4.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 45.2 0.7 S S S S 28.0

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 26.3
Single modes S S S S S S 29.8
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 28.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 45.2 29.5 30.2 1.7
Single modes 47.9 17.7 29.5 18.2 30.3 18.2 18.3
Truck 44.7 16.4 29.5 18.2 30.3 18.2 18.4
For-hire truck 49.6 17.4 36.1 18.0 36.9 18.1 18.4
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 43.3 17.7 39.4 18.2 38.1 18.2 10.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 43.3 17.7 39.4 18.2 38.1 18.2 10.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 12.0 27.3 27.8 1.3
Single modes 15.1 5.0 29.9 7.2 30.5 7.5 1.0
Truck 20.9 6.9 35.5 10.4 37.3 10.7 0.9
For-hire truck 23.1 6.8 41.6 8.4 43.8 8.6 1.2
Private truck S S S S S S 26.0
Rail 35.9 5.1 39.0 12.3 39.9 12.7 11.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.4
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 29.8 5.0 S S S S 1.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.3 5.2 41.1 0.4 45.2 0.3 1.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.9

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.1 S S S S 3.1
Single modes 15.8 6.7 S S S S 2.8
Truck 13.4 7.1 16.3 18.2 17.0 18.1 1.8
For-hire truck 14.2 7.7 14.4 13.7 14.7 13.4 1.9
Private truck S S 47.4 7.7 49.0 7.8 10.8
Rail S S S S S S 21.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 45.3 39.1 21.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.9 6.7 S S S S 6.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.2 4.4 S S S S 6.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.2 43.2 48.5 1.4
Single modes 27.9 2.9 43.4 0.5 48.7 0.5 3.3
Truck 28.5 5.2 49.7 11.6 S S 2.8
For-hire truck 28.6 5.0 S S S S 2.9
Private truck S S 45.1 2.7 44.8 2.5 23.7
Rail S S 43.0 11.8 46.2 12.0 23.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 25.9 2.9 35.8 0.5 36.6 0.5 1.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.0 2.8 23.2 0.5 23.1 0.5 1.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.5 20.6 21.5 2.9
Single modes 26.7 7.8 21.2 1.3 22.0 1.4 3.3
Truck 18.6 8.2 22.8 5.7 23.5 5.7 3.8
For-hire truck 21.7 8.2 24.7 7.2 25.2 7.3 4.2
Private truck S S S S S S 24.0
Rail S S 47.3 6.2 47.0 6.1 23.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 15.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.8 8.1 35.4 1.4 35.7 1.5 3.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.4 8.2 40.1 0.8 40.6 0.7 3.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.9

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.0 35.8 35.1 2.9
Single modes 38.5 6.6 35.8 0.1 35.1 0.1 1.9
Truck 42.4 6.8 S S 43.1 15.3 3.5
For-hire truck 36.8 5.0 18.0 12.5 19.2 12.3 2.1
Private truck S S S S S S 5.7
Rail 31.7 4.9 36.2 15.2 36.0 15.4 12.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 24.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 29.3 0.1 39.5 0.1 3.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 30.2 0.1 30.9 0.1 3.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.0 15.1 15.8 2.2
Single modes 15.0 2.1 14.9 0.6 15.6 0.5 2.7
Truck 23.7 5.2 21.1 4.5 21.0 4.1 1.5
For-hire truck 22.8 4.4 20.7 4.0 20.4 3.7 1.8
Private truck S S S S S S 23.6
Rail 16.4 6.0 18.3 4.3 18.2 3.9 3.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.4 2.0 S S S S 10.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.7 2.0 S S S S 10.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 48.7 0.2 S S S S 26.0

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 39.7 29.9 31.7 2.6
Single modes 25.6 10.3 28.6 2.3 30.6 2.1 2.5
Truck 24.4 11.2 40.9 12.8 44.2 13.2 2.4
For-hire truck 24.1 11.2 45.4 13.4 48.5 13.6 2.2
Private truck S S S S S S 23.8
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.6 1.6 38.4 1.5 39.1 1.6 1.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.6 1.6 38.4 1.5 39.1 1.6 1.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.2 31.5 32.1 1.4
Single modes 34.5 4.0 31.6 1.0 32.2 1.0 2.6
Truck 34.5 4.0 31.6 1.0 32.2 1.0 2.6
For-hire truck 41.2 12.5 32.3 9.4 32.7 9.4 1.4
Private truck S S S S S S 23.7
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.3 4.0 40.5 1.0 42.0 1.0 1.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.3 4.0 40.5 1.0 42.0 1.0 1.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.9 S S S S 0.6
Single modes 29.5 8.0 S S S S 0.9
Truck 26.5 6.3 S S S S 1.0
For-hire truck 27.1 5.9 S S S S 1.0
Private truck S S 46.6 6.2 47.4 5.9 15.1
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.6 8.1 38.4 7.5 39.8 7.7 0.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.6 8.1 38.4 7.5 39.8 7.7 0.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.9

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.1 27.0 26.1 2.0
Single modes 43.2 8.2 27.4 0.7 26.5 0.8 3.2
Truck 29.2 11.0 33.1 10.3 33.6 10.8 1.0
For-hire truck 27.6 9.6 32.6 9.8 33.3 10.4 1.5
Private truck 46.9 2.6 40.4 1.1 39.7 0.9 2.8
Rail S S 43.3 10.3 42.1 11.0 21.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.7 8.3 26.6 0.5 25.3 0.4 1.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.7 8.3 26.6 0.5 25.3 0.4 1.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 41.8 0.6 48.4 0.6 50.0 0.7 25.0

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.2 29.3 28.9 1.4
Single modes 26.5 7.5 31.6 3.9 31.2 3.8 1.6
Truck 27.3 7.7 31.6 3.9 31.2 3.8 1.2
For-hire truck 26.0 7.0 31.8 3.5 31.3 3.5 1.2
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 36.5 1.7 46.6 47.9 0.1 15.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.7 7.4 23.4 3.3 23.6 3.3 1.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.7 7.4 23.4 3.3 23.6 3.3 1.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.9

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.9 21.9 19.3 6.3
Single modes 25.6 3.0 23.4 2.7 21.0 3.3 6.4
Truck 28.9 8.2 31.7 10.2 31.4 11.0 5.7
For-hire truck 29.5 7.3 33.8 10.0 33.5 10.4 5.7
Private truck 31.8 3.2 31.3 4.1 30.7 4.0 11.5
Rail 32.3 5.7 33.6 8.7 32.4 9.2 21.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.6 3.0 S S S S 7.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 6.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 25.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 12.3 30.5 33.7 3.6
Single modes 16.8 6.7 30.9 1.7 34.2 2.0 4.1
Truck 17.9 6.9 31.4 1.9 34.9 2.4 4.1
For-hire truck 19.7 7.0 13.4 10.5 14.2 11.0 4.1
Private truck S S S S S S 21.2
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 15.9 6.7 19.0 1.7 18.2 2.0 3.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 15.9 6.7 19.0 1.7 18.2 2.0 3.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 44.2 44.8 2.3
Single modes S S 44.5 18.0 45.1 17.9 15.2
Truck 28.3 14.2 44.5 18.0 45.1 17.9 15.2
For-hire truck 40.2 11.6 S S S S 21.1
Private truck 45.6 9.0 S S S S 25.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 25.1 16.6 34.4 18.0 34.3 17.9 2.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 25.1 16.6 34.4 18.0 34.3 17.9 2.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.6 41.4 41.3 4.1
Single modes 38.9 8.3 43.0 4.7 42.9 4.7 6.9
Truck 39.5 10.2 S S S S 10.8
For-hire truck 40.6 10.8 S S S S 10.7
Private truck S S S S S S 28.0
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 46.6 2.4 S S S S 26.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.8 8.6 S S S S 1.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.8 8.6 S S S S 1.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 49.2 33.7 33.3 2.0
Single modes S S 35.9 13.8 36.2 13.8 10.8
Truck S S 36.8 15.1 37.2 15.2 15.1
For-hire truck S S 42.2 14.9 43.5 14.8 21.2
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 43.3 13.8 41.9 13.8 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 43.3 13.8 41.9 13.8 10.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.3 S S S S 1.2
Single modes 39.1 9.5 S S S S 1.3
Truck 39.5 9.3 S S S S 1.1
For-hire truck 40.3 9.6 S S S S 1.2
Private truck S S S S S S 23.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.7 9.2 37.5 8.2 37.3 8.0 1.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.7 9.2 37.5 8.2 37.3 8.0 1.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.2 S S S S 1.5
Single modes 29.3 5.2 S S S S 2.7
Truck 30.0 7.0 29.5 19.7 S S 1.4
For-hire truck 39.1 8.3 33.6 15.7 34.8 16.1 1.1
Private truck S S 42.3 6.1 40.0 6.4 15.3
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 29.7 5.1 32.5 1.2 33.1 1.1 1.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.7 5.1 34.6 1.2 35.5 1.1 1.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 38.1 0.5 S S S S 24.1

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 18.6
Single modes S S S S S S 23.7
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.8 10.8 S S S S 21.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.8 10.8 S S S S 21.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.5 23.2 24.2 2.5
Single modes 20.6 3.6 24.1 1.5 25.0 1.4 2.3
Truck 22.9 5.4 24.8 3.9 25.9 4.4 1.5
For-hire truck 15.7 5.8 20.2 6.7 22.6 7.1 1.5
Private truck S S S S S S 1.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 11.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 19.6 4.8 31.7 1.2 32.0 1.2 3.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 19.6 4.8 31.7 1.2 32.0 1.2 3.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 48.9 0.6 46.7 0.6 18.8

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 10.6 15.4 15.0 3.9
Single modes 10.1 0.8 15.4 0.2 15.2 0.4 4.6
Truck 10.0 1.3 13.4 3.2 13.3 3.8 4.6
For-hire truck 12.7 4.0 16.5 4.6 16.4 4.5 6.0
Private truck 16.0 4.4 16.8 3.6 15.1 3.2 6.7
Rail 38.5 0.6 37.6 3.3 36.9 3.9 15.7
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.5 0.9 39.4 0.1 32.0 7.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.3 0.9 39.4 0.1 32.3 7.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 30.3
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 34.7 0.2 27.1 0.2 40.2 0.4 20.3

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.6 37.0 37.8 3.0
Single modes S S 41.7 19.6 42.5 19.6 21.2
Truck S S 42.1 19.7 42.9 19.7 21.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.9
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 45.9 15.3 41.2 19.6 39.7 19.6 15.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 45.9 15.3 41.2 19.6 39.7 19.6 15.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 34.1 34.2 1.8
Single modes S S 34.5 0.8 34.7 1.2 2.0
Truck S S 44.3 8.3 46.9 9.2 2.7
For-hire truck S S 41.1 6.6 43.9 7.5 2.7
Private truck S S S S S S 5.6
Rail 47.9 4.6 S S S S 18.4
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 49.9 0.3 49.7 S S 6.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 12.0 5.6 17.4 0.8 22.8 1.2 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 13.0 5.3 18.4 0.4 19.5 0.4 2.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.1

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.3 33.9 32.9 1.3
Single modes 21.2 7.0 35.2 8.1 34.1 8.2 2.0
Truck 31.3 11.5 47.0 13.3 47.0 13.6 1.6
For-hire truck 40.2 12.2 S S S S 1.9
Private truck S S S S S S 21.2
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.7 4.6 S S S S 1.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.0 4.7 39.3 1.0 39.7 1.0 1.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.4 37.6 39.3 0.8
Single modes 24.3 8.5 26.2 6.2 26.3 6.8 1.2
Truck 28.6 10.1 30.9 10.6 31.2 10.9 10.6
For-hire truck 29.2 9.8 30.9 10.6 31.2 10.9 10.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 21.0 8.6 S S S S 1.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 22.2 9.6 17.5 1.9 17.8 1.9 1.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.1 20.9 20.3 1.9
Single modes 21.8 5.6 21.3 1.2 20.7 1.3 2.3
Truck 22.0 5.5 22.0 2.5 21.5 2.8 2.0
For-hire truck 24.6 5.5 25.3 4.8 24.6 4.7 2.1
Private truck 37.1 2.9 46.5 5.0 44.5 4.9 10.7
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.0 4.6 30.3 0.6 31.1 0.6 1.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.0 4.6 30.3 0.6 31.1 0.6 1.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.8

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.5 23.9 23.8 0.8
Single modes 26.6 11.3 28.0 10.1 27.8 10.1 10.7
Truck 27.5 11.5 28.1 10.2 27.9 10.2 10.6
For-hire truck 28.1 8.5 29.5 9.4 29.8 9.5 10.6
Private truck S S S S S S 25.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.1 11.6 25.3 10.1 24.7 10.1 0.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.1 11.6 25.3 10.1 24.7 10.1 0.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 10.5 15.1 15.0 10.0
Single modes 10.8 1.1 15.1 0.2 15.1 0.4 9.3
Truck 10.3 0.9 16.6 4.1 15.2 6.3 9.4
For-hire truck 15.4 3.3 20.8 5.6 22.6 5.1 9.7
Private truck 12.4 3.5 22.8 5.6 15.7 4.4 10.9
Rail 21.9 0.8 37.9 4.2 S S 16.4
Water S S S S S S 29.9
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 29.9
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 23.8 0.5 S S S S 12.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 23.3 0.5 39.5 S S 12.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 29.8
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes 30.3 0.6 21.9 0.2 34.1 0.2 20.1

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.4 22.4 24.9 1.9
Single modes 19.6 6.6 23.1 4.1 25.7 4.2 1.4
Truck 18.0 9.0 23.3 6.4 25.9 6.4 1.5
For-hire truck 18.7 10.3 23.3 6.4 25.9 6.4 1.7
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 8.0 36.2 36.8 4.4
Single modes 10.5 4.1 40.1 6.2 42.5 6.8 6.7
Truck 10.5 6.1 16.3 12.8 14.4 12.7 5.2
For-hire truck 12.0 7.3 16.7 10.1 14.7 10.7 5.7
Private truck 37.8 4.2 33.5 4.1 32.6 2.9 5.5
Rail S S S S S S 21.4
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 47.5 1.6 S S S S 18.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.0 2.8 S S S S 6.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.2 2.1 31.1 0.4 38.6 0.5 6.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 26.0
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 21.3

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.6 34.4 39.1 3.4
Single modes 23.2 2.9 34.4 0.6 39.1 0.5 4.6
Truck 20.9 5.3 11.2 7.6 11.4 8.1 1.5
For-hire truck 22.8 4.3 15.2 6.7 15.4 7.1 1.6
Private truck 34.7 2.1 44.6 3.8 40.9 3.3 11.7
Rail 30.3 3.5 33.6 6.8 36.5 7.8 1.2
Water S S S S S S 29.8
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 29.8
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 25.4 2.9 S S S S 3.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.4 2.9 21.8 0.1 20.9 0.1 3.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 37.7 0.2 40.7 0.5 39.5 0.4 21.2

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.0 36.0 36.2 0.6
Single modes 35.4 11.0 38.7 13.1 38.9 13.1 0.8
Truck 45.4 12.3 38.9 14.9 39.1 14.9 0.7
For-hire truck 45.9 12.1 35.3 12.6 35.3 12.6 0.7
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 44.0 4.8 43.8 4.8 14.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 0.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 0.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.1 49.2 48.1 1.1
Single modes 27.5 8.9 49.7 6.1 48.5 6.1 1.6
Truck 27.5 8.8 49.7 6.1 48.5 6.1 1.4
For-hire truck 27.5 8.8 49.7 6.1 48.5 6.1 1.4
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 20.0 8.9 15.3 6.1 15.3 6.1 1.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.0 8.9 15.3 6.1 15.3 6.1 1.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.8 29.0 34.9 2.3
Single modes 16.0 5.1 29.1 0.3 34.9 0.3 4.2
Truck 18.2 5.7 16.8 12.5 18.2 13.2 3.6
For-hire truck 19.9 5.9 13.8 8.2 15.9 8.7 3.3
Private truck 22.1 3.7 26.5 6.4 27.6 6.4 4.5
Rail 30.1 3.7 45.0 12.7 49.2 13.6 11.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 49.8 5.2 39.6 0.3 41.8 0.3 2.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 49.8 5.2 39.6 0.3 41.8 0.3 2.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 24.0

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.7 23.8 23.9 2.5
Single modes 37.2 13.4 31.0 13.4 31.0 13.4 5.6
Truck 39.0 13.2 32.6 11.5 32.5 11.4 1.1
For-hire truck 39.0 13.2 32.6 11.5 32.5 11.4 1.1
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.1 13.4 S S S S 2.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.3 12.9 40.2 8.7 40.8 8.6 2.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.9 S S S S 3.6
Single modes 38.3 6.7 S S S S 4.6
Truck 34.6 5.6 S S S S 4.4
For-hire truck 37.9 8.4 26.0 17.7 28.2 17.5 4.2
Private truck S S S S S S 11.7
Rail S S S S S S 23.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.8 3.0 S S S S 11.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.8 3.0 S S S S 11.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.7

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 11.4 19.9 19.1 2.6
Single modes 16.7 5.8 20.6 3.0 19.6 2.8 1.8
Truck 16.7 5.8 20.6 3.0 19.6 2.8 1.5
For-hire truck 20.0 7.5 24.2 6.7 23.0 6.6 1.5
Private truck S S S S S S 21.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 47.5 21.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 21.4 6.2 42.9 2.8 39.4 2.5 2.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 21.4 6.2 42.9 2.8 39.4 2.5 2.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 18.5
Single modes S S S S S S 29.9
Truck S S S S S S 29.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.