Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 26,430 100.0 52,286 100.0 17,776 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,661 17.6 24,355 46.6 451 2.5
50 to 99 miles 2,053 7.8 6,303 12.1 580 3.3
100 to 249 miles 4,380 16.6 6,753 12.9 1,539 8.7
250 to 499 miles 6,054 22.9 6,382 12.2 2,833 15.9
500 to 749 miles 2,198 8.3 2,490 4.8 2,098 11.8
750 to 999 miles 1,917 7.3 942 1.8 1,148 6.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,874 18.4 5,031 9.6 9,072 51.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 147 0.6 27 50 0.3
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 18,245 100.0 48,724 100.0 17,419 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,993 21.9 21,230 43.6 425 2.4
50 to 99 miles 1,812 9.9 6,228 12.8 573 3.3
100 to 249 miles 3,796 20.8 6,675 13.7 1,511 8.7
250 to 499 miles 3,100 17.0 6,280 12.9 2,781 16.0
500 to 749 miles 1,637 9.0 2,445 5.0 2,063 11.8
750 to 999 miles 1,083 5.9 900 1.8 1,099 6.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,640 14.5 4,941 10.1 8,918 51.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 25 46 0.3
2,000 miles or more S S 1 S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 15,634 100.0 37,034 100.0 5,533 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,992 25.5 21,144 57.1 424 7.7
50 to 99 miles 1,812 11.6 6,228 16.8 573 10.4
100 to 249 miles 3,372 21.6 4,327 11.7 896 16.2
250 to 499 miles 2,287 14.6 3,257 8.8 1,444 26.1
500 to 749 miles 1,314 8.4 906 2.4 661 11.9
750 to 999 miles 852 5.5 442 1.2 476 8.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,928 12.3 704 1.9 1,014 18.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 25 46 0.8
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 9,074 100.0 15,087 100.0 4,083 100.0
Less than 50 miles 637 7.0 4,825 32.0 122 3.0
50 to 99 miles 575 6.3 2,928 19.4 275 6.7
100 to 249 miles 2,380 26.2 2,882 19.1 597 14.6
250 to 499 miles 1,667 18.4 2,631 17.4 1,192 29.2
500 to 749 miles 1,138 12.5 838 5.6 608 14.9
750 to 999 miles 748 8.2 394 2.6 425 10.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,851 20.4 566 3.8 820 20.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 23 0.2 43 1.0
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 6,482 100.0 21,570 100.0 1,425 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,280 50.6 15,955 74.0 280 19.7
50 to 99 miles 1,237 19.1 3,293 15.3 296 20.8
100 to 249 miles 988 15.2 1,442 6.7 298 20.9
250 to 499 miles 619 9.6 625 2.9 252 17.7
500 to 749 miles 176 2.7 68 0.3 53 3.7
750 to 999 miles 104 1.6 48 0.2 51 3.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 77 1.2 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,449 100.0 11,680 100.0 11,868 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 525 36.2 3,021 25.9 1,334 11.2
500 to 749 miles 201 13.9 1,538 13.2 S S
750 to 999 miles 63 4.4 456 3.9 620 5.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 439 30.3 4,233 36.2 S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,161 100.0 10 100.0 17 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 288 24.8 2 16.4 3 19.0
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 2 20.5 3 19.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S
Less than 50 miles S S
50 to 99 miles S S
100 to 249 miles S S
250 to 499 miles S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 3,544 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles 115 3.3 7 2.9 S S
50 to 99 miles 144 4.1 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 530 14.9 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 332 9.4 S S 6 2.8
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 30 13.6 37 18.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 1 S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 3,486 100.0 88 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 115 3.3 4 4.8 0.1
50 to 99 miles 138 4.0 5 5.4 0.7
100 to 249 miles 522 15.0 18 20.3 5 7.3
250 to 499 miles 332 9.5 S S 6 8.9
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 14 15.5 20 32.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 1 S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 33 58.3 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles 552 11.9 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 97 2.1 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 55 1.2 S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S 5 2.9
750 to 999 miles S S 11 0.3 12 7.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.