Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 26,430 100.0 52,286 100.0 17,776 100.0 532
Less than 50 lbs 3,824 14.5 66 0.1 42 0.2 621
50 to 99 lbs S S 62 0.1 S S 599
100 to 499 lbs 3,112 11.8 278 0.5 94 0.5 404
500 to 749 lbs 539 2.0 99 0.2 19 0.1 191
750 to 999 lbs 462 1.7 87 0.2 20 0.1 232
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 5,454 20.6 1,734 3.3 440 2.5 239
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 6,654 25.2 14,862 28.4 2,966 16.7 184
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,538 9.6 18,902 36.2 2,221 12.5 120
100,000 lbs or more 1,878 7.1 16,195 31.0 11,936 67.1 831

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 18,245 100.0 48,724 100.0 17,419 100.0 272
Less than 50 lbs 1,184 6.5 22 9 307
50 to 99 lbs S S 30 S S 365
100 to 499 lbs 1,765 9.7 185 0.4 45 0.3 246
500 to 749 lbs 499 2.7 79 0.2 18 0.1 234
750 to 999 lbs 426 2.3 82 0.2 20 0.1 242
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 3,129 17.2 1,577 3.2 394 2.3 234
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 6,368 34.9 14,516 29.8 2,930 16.8 186
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,504 13.7 18,152 37.3 2,202 12.6 124
100,000 lbs or more 1,800 9.9 14,082 28.9 11,787 67.7 848

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 15,634 100.0 37,034 100.0 5,533 100.0 192
Less than 50 lbs 693 4.4 20 S S 155
50 to 99 lbs S S 29 S S 348
100 to 499 lbs 1,517 9.7 180 0.5 38 0.7 195
500 to 749 lbs 417 2.7 78 0.2 17 0.3 215
750 to 999 lbs 345 2.2 81 0.2 19 0.3 231
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 2,935 18.8 1,575 4.3 393 7.1 233
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 6,314 40.4 14,485 39.1 2,897 52.4 184
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,482 15.9 18,068 48.8 2,078 37.6 117
100,000 lbs or more 425 2.7 S S 76 1.4 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 9,074 100.0 15,087 100.0 4,083 100.0 639
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 959
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 886
100 to 499 lbs S S 40 0.3 27 0.7 635
500 to 749 lbs 295 3.3 18 0.1 13 0.3 743
750 to 999 lbs 164 1.8 22 0.1 15 0.4 683
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,784 19.7 468 3.1 282 6.9 600
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 3,937 43.4 5,270 34.9 2,258 55.3 414
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,115 12.3 8,408 55.7 1,424 34.9 178
100,000 lbs or more 202 2.2 S S 51 1.3 97

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 6,482 100.0 21,570 100.0 1,425 100.0 65
Less than 50 lbs 344 5.3 16 1 49
50 to 99 lbs 154 2.4 18 1 63
100 to 499 lbs 626 9.7 139 0.6 11 0.8 80
500 to 749 lbs 117 1.8 56 0.3 4 0.3 68
750 to 999 lbs 157 2.4 57 0.3 4 0.3 70
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,151 17.8 1,107 5.1 111 7.8 102
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,376 36.7 9,181 42.6 633 44.5 75
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,334 20.6 9,327 43.2 634 44.5 66
100,000 lbs or more 223 3.4 S S S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,449 100.0 11,680 100.0 11,868 100.0 1,061
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,684
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,207
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,537
100,000 lbs or more 1,375 94.9 11,565 99.0 11,711 98.7 1,037

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,161 100.0 10 100.0 17 100.0 1,875
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,945
50 to 99 lbs S S 3.3 1 3.3 1,681
100 to 499 lbs 248 21.3 S S S S 1,515
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,328
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,915
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 194 16.7 1 8.9 1 3.0 525
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,743
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3,544 100.0 S S S S 832
Less than 50 lbs 1,800 50.8 33 14.7 S S 844
50 to 99 lbs S S 22 10.1 S S 803
100 to 499 lbs S S 31 13.9 16 7.9 571
500 to 749 lbs 6 0.2 1 0.5 0.2 357
750 to 999 lbs S S S S 0.2 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,156
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 25 0.7 S S 6 2.9 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 231
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,509

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3,486 100.0 88 100.0 S S 832
Less than 50 lbs 1,800 51.6 33 37.3 S S 845
50 to 99 lbs S S 22 25.5 S S 803
100 to 499 lbs S S 31 35.2 16 25.2 571
500 to 749 lbs S S 1 1.2 S S 312
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 435
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 853
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,183
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,045
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,156
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 25 44.0 S S 6 4.6 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 231
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,506

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 2,566
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 4,286
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,555

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 6
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 6
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 398
Less than 50 lbs S S 12 0.3 S S 252
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 796
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 664
500 to 749 lbs 35 0.8 S S S S 11
750 to 999 lbs S S 4 0.1 S S 24
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 156 4.7 S S 277
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S 29 18.9 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S 10 6.5 S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 53

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.