Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 26,430 100.0 52,286 100.0 17,776 100.0 532
Single modes 18,245 69.0 48,724 93.2 17,419 98.0 272
Truck3 15,634 59.2 37,034 70.8 5,533 31.1 192
For-hire Truck 9,074 34.3 15,087 28.9 4,083 23.0 639
Private Truck 6,482 24.5 21,570 41.3 1,425 8.0 65
Rail 1,449 5.5 11,680 22.3 11,868 66.8 1,061
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1,161 4.4 10 17 0.1 1,875
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 3,544 13.4 S S S S 832
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,486 13.2 88 0.2 S S 832
Truck and rail S S S S S S 853
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,566
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 398

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 427 100.0 287 100.0 33 100.0 124
Single modes 427 100.0 287 100.0 33 100.0 124
Truck3 427 100.0 287 100.0 33 100.0 124
For-hire Truck 191 44.8 130 45.1 30 92.4 214
Private Truck 236 55.2 158 54.9 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,519 100.0 15,317 100.0 9,159 100.0 205
Single modes 1,518 100.0 15,311 100.0 9,149 99.9 205
Truck3 641 42.2 7,149 46.7 921 10.1 S
For-hire Truck 405 26.7 4,154 27.1 819 8.9 237
Private Truck 236 15.6 2,994 19.5 102 1.1 29
Rail 877 57.7 8,162 53.3 S S 755
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,555
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,555
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,173 100.0 6,754 100.0 2,474 100.0 S
Single modes 1,157 98.6 6,643 98.4 2,468 99.8 S
Truck3 783 66.7 4,719 69.9 599 24.2 126
For-hire Truck 590 50.3 3,490 51.7 502 20.3 144
Private Truck 162 13.8 1,006 14.9 88 3.5 88
Rail 374 31.8 1,924 28.5 1,869 75.5 1,330
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 53

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 419 100.0 87
Single modes S S S S 357 85.2 93
Truck3 S S S S 341 81.3 92
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 40
Private Truck S S S S S S 103
Rail S S S S S S 1,014
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 847
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 847
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 6

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,075 100.0 740 100.0 S S 894
Single modes 1,063 98.9 S S S S 893
Truck3 1,044 97.1 668 90.3 S S 878
For-hire Truck 989 92.0 630 85.1 S S 873
Private Truck S S S S S S 1,103
Rail S S S S S S 1,833
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,157

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 886
Private Truck S S S S S S 65
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 372
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 372
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,309

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 915 100.0 841 100.0 304 100.0 S
Single modes 908 99.3 841 99.9 304 99.9 S
Truck3 834 91.2 746 88.7 186 61.2 67
For-hire Truck 439 48.0 S S 140 46.2 S
Private Truck 395 43.2 438 52.0 46 15.1 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,084
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 562
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 562
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 105

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 241 100.0 255 100.0 S S 56
Single modes 167 69.6 155 60.6 S S 60
Truck3 163 67.6 138 54.0 S S 60
For-hire Truck 7 2.9 S S 2 2.2 154
Private Truck 156 64.6 123 48.2 S S 59
Rail S S S S S S 764
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 485
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 485
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 47 19.3 S S S S 27

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 80
Single modes S S S S S S 80
Truck3 S S S S S S 80
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 80
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,407
Single modes S S S S S S 1,482
Truck3 S S S S S S 1,216
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 1,216
Rail S S S S S S 1,801
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 442
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 442
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,545

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11 100.0 S S S S 40
Single modes S S S S S S 43
Truck3 S S S S S S 43
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 41
Private Truck S S S S S S 43
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 37 100.0 S S 116 100.0 20
Single modes S S 4,526 65.7 106 91.4 21
Truck3 S S 4,440 64.4 105 90.6 22
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S 3,517 51.0 73 63.1 21
Rail S S S S S S 11
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 26 100.0 S S 276 100.0 S
Single modes 26 99.4 S S 270 97.9 S
Truck3 20 77.5 S S 89 32.1 S
For-hire Truck 10 37.9 62 6.1 67 24.3 1,067
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail 4 17.1 131 13.0 181 65.8 1,383
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,122
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,306
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,306
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 477
Single modes S S S S S S 407
Truck3 S S S S S S 407
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 878
Private Truck S S S S S S 49
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 755
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 755
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,049

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 632 100.0 2,021 100.0 236 100.0 81
Single modes 632 100.0 2,020 100.0 236 100.0 83
Truck3 632 100.0 2,020 100.0 236 100.0 83
For-hire Truck 75 11.9 188 9.3 24 10.3 133
Private Truck 556 88.1 1,832 90.7 211 89.7 78
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 341 100.0 1,325 100.0 127 100.0 46
Single modes 341 100.0 1,324 100.0 127 100.0 47
Truck3 341 100.0 1,324 100.0 127 100.0 47
For-hire Truck 26 7.7 85 6.4 9 7.0 137
Private Truck 315 92.3 1,240 93.6 118 92.9 42
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 6

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 31 100.0 S S S S 138
Single modes 28 92.1 S S S S 125
Truck3 28 92.1 S S S S 125
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 53
Private Truck 23 73.9 S S 4 72.0 142
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 251
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 251
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 131

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 218 100.0 24 100.0 17 100.0 S
Single modes 190 87.4 21 90.5 13 75.6 S
Truck3 190 87.3 21 90.5 13 75.6 S
For-hire Truck 185 85.2 15 64.9 12 72.1 1,082
Private Truck 5 2.1 S S S S 116
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,156
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,153
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 14

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 341 100.0 S S S S 703
Single modes S S S S S S 2,087
Truck3 S S S S S S 666
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 666
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,388
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 212 62.0 3 27.8 1 33.2 573
Parcel, USPS or courier 212 62.0 3 27.8 1 33.2 574
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 11
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 127

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 186 100.0 1,307 100.0 S S 22
Single modes S S S S S S 22
Truck3 S S S S S S 22
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 20
Private Truck S S S S S S 22
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 125 100.0 S S 8 100.0 260
Single modes S S 32 35.0 7 78.7 76
Truck3 S S 32 35.0 7 78.7 76
For-hire Truck 8 6.6 S S S S 227
Private Truck S S 19 21.0 4 47.5 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 485
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 485
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 17

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,032 100.0 348 100.0 182 100.0 262
Single modes 973 94.3 335 96.1 181 99.5 S
Truck3 956 92.6 335 96.1 181 99.4 S
For-hire Truck 584 56.5 239 68.8 154 84.6 754
Private Truck 372 36.0 S S S S 90
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,426
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 25 2.5 1 0.3 1 0.4 715
Parcel, USPS or courier 25 2.4 1 0.3 0.3 714
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,185
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,286
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 22

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 121
Single modes S S S S S S 294
Truck3 S S S S S S 294
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 320
Private Truck S S S S S S 272
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 10

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 478 100.0 1,105 100.0 546 100.0 922
Single modes 413 86.3 1,100 99.5 540 99.0 240
Truck3 405 84.6 1,068 96.6 505 92.6 237
For-hire Truck 241 50.3 664 60.1 464 85.0 575
Private Truck 164 34.3 404 36.6 42 7.6 74
Rail S S S S S S 1,098
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,016
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,016
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 473

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 49 100.0 36 100.0 S S 60
Single modes 48 99.3 36 99.8 S S 61
Truck3 48 99.3 36 99.8 S S 61
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 319
Private Truck 47 97.1 35 98.2 S S 58
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 106
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 106
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 16

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 185 100.0 139 100.0 65 100.0 S
Single modes 180 97.0 135 97.5 65 99.8 S
Truck3 180 97.0 135 97.5 65 99.8 S
For-hire Truck 109 59.2 75 54.3 62 95.1 654
Private Truck 68 37.0 60 43.1 3 4.7 56
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1 0.8 0.3 0.2 236
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 0.8 0.3 0.2 236
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 11

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 216 100.0 S S S S 541
Single modes 157 72.5 S S S S S
Truck3 155 71.6 S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 788
Private Truck 63 29.3 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.2 0.3 1,129
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 51 23.6 S S 1 2.6 659
Parcel, USPS or courier 51 23.6 S S 1 2.6 659
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 64 100.0 6 100.0 2 100.0 874
Single modes 37 58.1 4 68.0 S S 123
Truck3 37 58.1 4 68.0 S S 123
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 507
Private Truck 26 40.0 3 51.1 21.8 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 21 33.2 1 20.1 1 42.9 1,174
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 33.2 1 20.1 1 42.9 1,174
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 6 8.7 S S 3.0 S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 244 100.0 S S 349 100.0 464
Single modes 228 93.1 S S 347 99.3 54
Truck3 196 80.2 S S 154 44.0 51
For-hire Truck S S 742 21.6 112 32.0 S
Private Truck S S S S 42 12.0 S
Rail S S S S S S 406
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,021
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,021
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 5 1.9 S S S S 19

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 218 100.0 158 100.0 S S 430
Single modes 191 87.5 146 92.4 S S 280
Truck3 191 87.5 146 92.4 S S 277
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 822
Private Truck 135 61.9 S S 15 23.1 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,352
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 773
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 773
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 74

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 78 100.0 495
Single modes S S S S 71 92.0 149
Truck3 S S S S 71 92.0 143
For-hire Truck S S 95 23.0 62 80.0 502
Private Truck S S S S S S 71
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,470
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 59 3.7 4 1.0 S S 997
Parcel, USPS or courier 59 3.7 4 1.0 S S 997
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,519 100.0 292 100.0 127 100.0 216
Single modes 1,220 80.3 252 86.3 116 91.6 S
Truck3 1,217 80.1 252 86.3 116 91.5 S
For-hire Truck 610 40.1 143 48.9 103 81.5 613
Private Truck 607 40.0 109 37.3 13 9.9 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,034
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 144 9.5 7 2.3 4 3.1 625
Parcel, USPS or courier 144 9.5 7 2.3 4 3.1 625
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 155 10.2 33 11.4 S S 31

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 973
Single modes 2,428 29.4 63 29.9 51 32.2 1,025
Truck3 S S 54 25.7 S S 712
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,138
Private Truck 138 1.7 27 12.8 10 6.2 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1,084 13.1 S S S S 1,909
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 892
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 892
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 990

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,066 100.0 206 100.0 90 100.0 145
Single modes 823 77.2 187 91.0 79 88.7 S
Truck3 820 76.9 187 90.6 78 87.1 S
For-hire Truck 334 31.3 83 40.2 66 73.6 532
Private Truck 486 45.6 104 50.5 12 13.5 69
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,743
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 78 7.3 5 2.3 2 2.6 412
Parcel, USPS or courier 78 7.3 5 2.3 2 2.6 412
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 1 100.0 S S 815
Single modes S S S S S S 383
Truck3 S S S S S S 383
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 831
Private Truck S S S S S S 14
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 910
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 910
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 92 100.0 1 100.0 100.0 179
Single modes S S S S S S 72
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,353
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 59.7 81.5 212
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 59.7 81.5 212
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 827 100.0 170 100.0 79 100.0 712
Single modes 750 90.7 163 95.6 S S 433
Truck3 750 90.7 163 95.6 S S 430
For-hire Truck S S S S 32 40.5 634
Private Truck S S S S S S 345
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,398
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 925
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 925
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,403 100.0 226 100.0 199 100.0 757
Single modes 1,001 71.3 214 94.8 189 95.1 500
Truck3 970 69.1 171 75.7 118 59.4 341
For-hire Truck 889 63.3 115 50.9 84 42.1 796
Private Truck 81 5.8 S S S S 79
Rail S S S S 71 35.6 1,638
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,438
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 394 28.1 S S S S 794
Parcel, USPS or courier 394 28.1 S S S S 794
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 8 0.6 S S S S S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 647
Single modes S S S S S S 647
Truck3 S S S S S S 440
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 440
Private Truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,677
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 806 100.0 181 100.0 46 100.0 724
Single modes 554 68.8 171 94.7 38 83.4 S
Truck3 554 68.8 171 94.7 38 83.4 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck 427 53.0 118 65.2 24 52.5 114
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,618
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 889
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 891
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 67

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 38 100.0 S S S S 289
Single modes 36 95.4 S S S S 229
Truck3 20 53.2 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 9 22.7 S S S S 316
Private Truck 12 30.4 S S S S 71
Rail S S S S S S 1,605
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,369
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 471
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 471
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 24

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.