Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 26,430 100.0 52,286 100.0 17,776 100.0 532
Single modes 18,245 69.0 48,724 93.2 17,419 98.0 272
Truck 15,634 59.2 37,034 70.8 5,533 31.1 192
For-hire truck 9,074 34.3 15,087 28.9 4,083 23.0 639
Private truck 6,482 24.5 21,570 41.3 1,425 8.0 65
Rail 1,449 5.5 11,680 22.3 11,868 66.8 1,061
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1,161 4.4 10 17 0.1 1,875
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 3,544 13.4 S S S S 832
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,486 13.2 88 0.2 S S 832
Truck and rail S S S S S S 853
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,566
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 398

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 59 100.0 16 100.0 20 100.0 1,221
Single modes 48 81.8 16 97.9 19 97.9 1,246
Truck 47 80.9 12 76.3 15 76.5 1,212
For-hire truck 43 73.3 12 75.8 15 75.9 1,202
Private truck S S S S S S 1,543
Rail S S S S S S 1,225
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,384
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 18.2 S S S S 1,219
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 18.2 S S S S 1,219
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 1,052
Truck S S S S S S 1,052
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,052
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,647
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,647
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,096

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 192 100.0 12 100.0 18 100.0 1,430
Single modes S S 9 71.6 13 71.8 1,534
Truck S S 9 71.6 13 71.7 1,504
For-hire truck S S 8 69.0 12 69.0 1,504
Private truck S S S S S S 1,560
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,165
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 21 11.0 2.6 2.6 1,369
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 11.0 2.6 2.6 1,369
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,453

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 64 100.0 S S S S 873
Single modes S S S S S S 815
Truck S S 14 43.6 13 38.0 802
For-hire truck S S 14 41.4 S S 832
Private truck S S S S S S 726
Rail S S S S S S 1,192
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 806
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.3 0.2 906
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.3 0.2 906
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 811

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,692
Single modes 819 48.0 S S S S 1,792
Truck 555 32.5 S S S S 1,702
For-hire truck 529 31.0 S S S S 1,703
Private truck S S S S S S 1,677
Rail S S S S S S 1,998
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,820
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,652
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,651
Truck and rail 32 1.9 S S S S 2,192
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,700

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 459 100.0 198 100.0 96 100.0 830
Single modes 445 96.9 196 99.3 95 99.1 1,265
Truck 231 50.3 99 50.0 52 54.7 674
For-hire truck 157 34.1 76 38.5 40 42.0 656
Private truck S S 23 11.5 12 12.7 695
Rail S S S S S S 411
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 208 45.3 S S S S 2,145
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 2.3 0.2 0.3 644
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 2.3 0.2 0.3 644
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 643

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,478
Single modes S S S S S S 1,515
Truck S S S S S S 1,515
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,515
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 3.0 2 2.9 1,477
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 3.0 2 2.9 1,477
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,503

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4 100.0 5 100.0 7 100.0 1,389
Single modes 4 91.9 5 99.8 7 99.8 1,405
Truck 4 91.9 5 99.8 7 99.8 1,405
For-hire truck 3 82.4 4 96.6 7 97.0 1,409
Private truck S S S S S S 1,366
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 8.1 S S S S 1,370
Parcel, USPS or courier 8.1 S S S S 1,370
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,291
Single modes S S S S S S 1,300
Truck S S S S S S 1,300
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,300
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,290
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,290
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 27 100.0 47 100.0 1,811
Single modes S S 24 90.6 43 90.3 1,788
Truck 59 19.9 23 87.5 41 87.1 1,690
For-hire truck 59 19.8 23 87.5 41 87.1 1,688
Private truck S S S S S S 1,737
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,800
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,891
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,891
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,445

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 312 100.0 S S S S 1,290
Single modes 187 60.0 S S S S 1,431
Truck 76 24.4 S S S S 1,337
For-hire truck 60 19.1 S S S S 1,303
Private truck S S S S S S 1,446
Rail S S S S S S 1,591
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 2 0.6 1,337
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,283
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,283
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,235

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,516
Single modes S S S S S S 4,520
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,520
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,299
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,299
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,286
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 17 100.0 S S S S 1,033
Single modes 13 79.3 4 32.7 S S 1,397
Truck 11 63.3 4 32.6 5 26.4 1,112
For-hire truck 9 54.3 3 24.6 4 20.8 1,111
Private truck S S S S S S 1,112
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,034
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 3 20.7 S S S S 940
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.6 0.5 936
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,557
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 1,061 100.0 S S 650
Single modes S S S S S S 688
Truck 434 14.2 S S S S 607
For-hire truck 328 10.8 153 14.5 98 12.3 611
Private truck 105 3.5 S S S S 589
Rail S S S S S S 898
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,157
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 678
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 677
Truck and rail S S S S S S 763
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 544

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 59 100.0 47 100.0 786
Single modes S S 55 92.3 43 92.9 703
Truck S S 55 92.3 43 92.8 700
For-hire truck S S 54 90.8 42 91.3 700
Private truck 4 1.0 1 1.6 1 1.6 782
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 992
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 815
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 815
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,805 100.0 4,604 100.0 819 100.0 205
Single modes 1,610 89.2 4,508 97.9 812 99.2 150
Truck 1,530 84.8 4,247 92.3 651 79.5 142
For-hire truck 940 52.1 2,686 58.3 488 59.6 195
Private truck 560 31.0 1,338 29.1 154 18.8 115
Rail S S S S S S 620
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,104
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 92 5.1 2 1 285
Parcel, USPS or courier 92 5.1 2 1 285
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 83

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 280 100.0 224 100.0 105 100.0 443
Single modes 199 71.2 222 99.2 104 99.4 483
Truck 198 70.6 222 99.2 104 99.4 447
For-hire truck 113 40.3 190 84.7 89 84.8 470
Private truck S S S S S S 389
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,507
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.2 0.2 517
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.2 0.2 517
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 299

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 168 100.0 56 100.0 57 100.0 1,044
Single modes 94 56.2 56 99.6 57 99.6 1,059
Truck 92 54.6 56 99.6 57 99.6 1,028
For-hire truck 66 39.5 S S S S 1,035
Private truck S S S S S S 953
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,153
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,043
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,043
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 36 100.0 S S S S 1,184
Single modes S S S S S S 1,155
Truck S S S S S S 1,152
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,154
Private truck S S S S S S 967
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,481
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.3 0.3 1,197
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.3 0.3 1,197
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,309

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,854
Single modes S S S S S S 1,684
Truck S S S S S S 1,684
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,672
Private truck S S S S S S 1,825
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,931
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,931
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 207 100.0 14 100.0 18 100.0 1,339
Single modes S S S S S S 1,293
Truck S S S S S S 1,293
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,293
Private truck S S S S S S 1,280
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,290
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,362
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,362
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,217

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 299 100.0 18 100.0 30 100.0 1,620
Single modes 64 21.3 12 66.2 20 67.5 1,677
Truck 49 16.3 12 65.5 20 66.7 1,614
For-hire truck 48 16.1 12 64.0 19 65.3 1,616
Private truck S S S S S S 1,562
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,783
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,653
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,653
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,509

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 468 100.0 237 100.0 213 100.0 876
Single modes 242 51.8 223 93.8 199 93.4 871
Truck 234 50.1 192 80.9 161 75.5 851
For-hire truck 213 45.6 186 78.2 155 72.5 852
Private truck S S 6 2.7 6 2.9 843
Rail S S 31 12.9 38 18.0 1,245
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,214
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 899
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 899
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,306
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 662

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,540 100.0 6,274 100.0 1,884 100.0 218
Single modes 2,123 83.6 6,243 99.5 1,867 99.1 182
Truck 1,393 54.8 2,033 32.4 492 26.1 170
For-hire truck 879 34.6 1,422 22.7 410 21.8 249
Private truck 513 20.2 611 9.7 81 4.3 122
Rail 542 21.3 4,209 67.1 1,375 73.0 349
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 608
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 26 0.4 S S 264
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 264
Truck and rail S S S S S S 442
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,555
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 5 1 146

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 27 100.0 9 100.0 9 100.0 1,205
Single modes 21 76.5 9 99.0 9 98.9 1,136
Truck 19 72.3 9 98.9 9 98.8 1,073
For-hire truck 19 72.3 9 98.9 9 98.8 1,073
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,392
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,211
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,211
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 379 100.0 S S S S 608
Single modes 254 67.0 S S S S 625
Truck 153 40.4 137 26.1 88 26.9 545
For-hire truck S S 131 24.9 84 25.8 577
Private truck 16 4.2 6 1.2 3 1.0 456
Rail S S S S S S 996
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1 0.3 1,039
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 34 8.9 1 0.2 0.1 642
Parcel, USPS or courier 34 8.9 1 0.2 0.1 642
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 466

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 64 100.0 45 100.0 31 100.0 713
Single modes 34 52.9 45 98.7 30 98.7 814
Truck 34 52.2 45 98.6 30 98.7 803
For-hire truck 25 38.4 21 46.7 16 51.4 762
Private truck 9 13.8 S S S S 853
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,080
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 30 47.1 1 1.3 1.3 700
Parcel, USPS or courier 30 47.1 1 1.3 1.3 700
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 647 100.0 2,029 100.0 511 100.0 263
Single modes 524 81.0 2,019 99.5 508 99.6 241
Truck 510 78.9 2,019 99.5 508 99.6 241
For-hire truck 298 46.1 1,342 66.1 S S 312
Private truck 212 32.8 S S 71 13.9 174
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 284
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 88 13.6 2 0.1 1 0.1 310
Parcel, USPS or courier 88 13.6 2 0.1 1 0.1 310
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 108

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 35 100.0 40 100.0 1,446
Single modes S S 35 98.9 40 98.7 1,564
Truck S S 35 98.9 40 98.7 1,543
For-hire truck S S 35 98.9 40 98.7 1,543
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,800
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,394
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,394
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,498

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 2 100.0 3 100.0 1,648
Single modes S S 2 89.3 2 88.4 1,710
Truck S S 1 86.5 2 85.4 1,672
For-hire truck S S 1 80.2 2 79.2 1,675
Private truck S S S S S S 1,610
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,741
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,641
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,641
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 87 100.0 13 100.0 20 100.0 1,476
Single modes S S 12 90.1 18 90.9 1,415
Truck S S 12 89.9 18 90.6 1,383
For-hire truck S S 10 72.6 14 71.5 1,380
Private truck S S S S S S 1,412
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,538
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,479
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,479
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,374

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 21 100.0 S S S S 1,121
Single modes 11 51.7 S S S S 975
Truck 11 51.7 S S S S 975
For-hire truck S S 2 39.4 2 40.9 1,066
Private truck S S S S S S 797
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 5 24.3 S S S S 1,128
Parcel, USPS or courier 5 24.3 S S S S 1,128
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,233

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 263 100.0 74 100.0 100 100.0 1,323
Single modes 230 87.5 70 94.6 95 95.1 1,417
Truck 179 68.3 67 90.5 90 90.5 1,306
For-hire truck 178 67.9 66 89.8 90 89.8 1,306
Private truck 1 0.4 S S S S 1,301
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,466
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,277
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,277
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,293

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 172 100.0 S S S S 1,326
Single modes 126 73.1 S S S S 1,219
Truck 73 42.2 S S S S 1,320
For-hire truck 48 27.8 13 12.1 18 12.8 1,377
Private truck 25 14.5 S S S S 1,302
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,162
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,362
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,362
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,384

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 377 100.0 285 100.0 99 100.0 355
Single modes 263 69.6 279 97.8 97 97.6 348
Truck 258 68.3 260 91.4 82 82.8 347
For-hire truck S S 127 44.7 44 44.5 378
Private truck 78 20.6 133 46.7 38 38.2 327
Rail S S S S S S 809
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 234
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 93 24.6 2 0.7 1 0.7 359
Parcel, USPS or courier 93 24.6 2 0.7 1 0.7 359
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 246

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 442 100.0 150 100.0 165 100.0 999
Single modes 325 73.6 146 97.0 161 97.2 872
Truck 213 48.2 S S 89 53.9 947
For-hire truck 204 46.3 S S S S 937
Private truck S S S S S S 1,027
Rail 2 0.5 55 36.4 71 43.1 1,298
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 829
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 41 9.2 S S S S 1,060
Parcel, USPS or courier 41 9.2 S S S S 1,060
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 2 1.6 2 1.5 862

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 644
Single modes 86 37.9 S S S S 741
Truck 72 31.8 S S S S 691
For-hire truck 61 27.0 S S S S 688
Private truck S S S S S S 791
Rail S S S S S S 865
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,568
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 4 1.6 S S 781
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 1.6 S S 781
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 569

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,591
Single modes S S S S S S 1,653
Truck S S S S S S 1,611
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,612
Private truck S S S S S S 1,356
Rail S S S S S S 1,818
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,776
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,527
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,527
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 2 0.9 3 0.8 1,636

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 284 100.0 80 100.0 101 100.0 1,346
Single modes 155 54.5 74 93.0 94 93.1 1,264
Truck 152 53.4 69 86.3 84 83.3 1,235
For-hire truck 150 53.0 68 85.4 83 82.5 1,225
Private truck S S S S S S 1,343
Rail S S S S S S 1,829
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 3 1.0 1,406
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,385
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,385
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,226

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,644
Single modes S S S S S S 1,559
Truck S S S S S S 1,542
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,542
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,589
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,783
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,783
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 19 100.0 6 100.0 9 100.0 1,429
Single modes 15 78.2 6 97.8 8 97.9 1,408
Truck 13 67.9 6 97.5 8 97.6 1,401
For-hire truck 12 60.8 6 97.4 8 97.5 1,386
Private truck S S S S S S 1,528
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,419
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,430
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,430
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,195 100.0 28,602 100.0 1,310 100.0 49
Single modes 6,278 87.3 25,453 89.0 1,272 97.1 40
Truck 6,246 86.8 24,964 87.3 1,116 85.2 40
For-hire truck 1,754 24.4 6,648 23.2 411 31.3 78
Private truck 4,448 61.8 18,163 63.5 690 52.6 38
Rail S S S S S S 165
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 331
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 395 5.5 S S S S 114
Parcel, USPS or courier 381 5.3 12 2 0.1 114
Truck and rail S S S S S S 226
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 6
Other and unknown modes 523 7.3 S S S S 18

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 295 100.0 46 100.0 53 100.0 1,059
Single modes 276 93.4 45 98.4 52 98.5 1,072
Truck 177 60.0 31 67.7 36 67.5 960
For-hire truck 175 59.3 31 66.0 35 66.2 954
Private truck S S S S S S 1,303
Rail S S S S S S 1,130
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,486
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 18 6.2 1 1.1 1 1.1 1,053
Parcel, USPS or courier 18 6.2 1 1.1 1 1.1 1,053
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 957

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,010 100.0 S S S S 1,028
Single modes 607 60.1 S S S S 1,013
Truck 509 50.4 213 22.0 238 22.2 953
For-hire truck 436 43.2 182 18.7 204 19.1 956
Private truck 72 7.2 S S S S 908
Rail S S S S S S 1,366
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 11 1.1 S S S S 2,017
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,030
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,030
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,217

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,009
Single modes S S S S S S 1,012
Truck S S S S S S 991
For-hire truck S S S S S S 991
Private truck 4 1.0 3 1.8 3 2.4 937
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,433
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 998
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 998
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,032

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,565
Single modes S S S S S S 1,539
Truck S S S S S S 1,539
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,538
Private truck S S S S S S 1,549
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,577
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,577
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 95 100.0 86 100.0 144 100.0 1,487
Single modes 85 89.3 85 98.9 142 99.0 1,427
Truck 83 87.7 50 58.3 78 54.0 1,413
For-hire truck 79 82.9 49 57.5 77 53.3 1,393
Private truck S S 1 0.9 1 0.7 1,451
Rail 1 1.2 35 40.5 65 45.0 1,853
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,416
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 9.0 0.3 S S 1,514
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 9.0 0.3 S S 1,514
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,374

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 227 100.0 S S S S 1,336
Single modes 210 92.4 S S S S 1,588
Truck 86 37.6 S S S S 1,411
For-hire truck 82 36.0 S S S S 1,410
Private truck S S S S S S 1,413
Rail 123 54.2 S S S S 1,628
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,756
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 17 7.3 S S S S 1,194
Parcel, USPS or courier 15 6.6 1,192
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,755
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,580

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15 100.0 5 100.0 6 100.0 1,206
Single modes S S S S S S 1,215
Truck S S S S S S 1,215
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,250
Private truck S S S S S S 1,132
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,206
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,206
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 724 100.0 374 100.0 210 100.0 562
Single modes 646 89.2 370 98.9 208 99.2 627
Truck 616 85.1 332 88.8 186 88.7 478
For-hire truck 585 80.8 308 82.4 172 82.0 476
Private truck 31 4.3 24 6.4 14 6.7 500
Rail S S S S S S 576
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 11 1.5 S S S S 1,325
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 55 7.6 1 0.4 1 0.3 547
Parcel, USPS or courier 55 7.6 1 0.4 1 0.3 547
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 486

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 188 100.0 680 100.0 130 100.0 230
Single modes 159 84.5 680 99.9 130 99.8 200
Truck 158 84.2 665 97.8 119 91.7 188
For-hire truck 49 26.1 377 55.5 76 58.3 356
Private truck 105 56.2 287 42.2 43 33.3 177
Rail S S S S S S 714
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,618
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 28 14.9 1 S S 338
Parcel, USPS or courier 28 14.9 1 S S 338
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 85

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.