Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 20,137 100.0 38,857 100.0 6,367 100.0 420
Single modes 14,722 73.1 35,432 91.2 6,162 96.8 210
Truck 14,086 70.0 32,751 84.3 3,968 62.3 189
For-hire truck 7,090 35.2 12,006 30.9 2,594 40.8 576
Private truck 6,919 34.4 20,574 52.9 1,350 21.2 75
Rail 264 1.3 2,671 6.9 2,177 34.2 906
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 372 1.8 S S S S 1,494
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2,436 12.1 157 0.4 86 1.4 722
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,320 11.5 93 0.2 63 1.0 722
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 774
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 6
Other and unknown modes S S S S 118 1.9 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 24 100.0 18 100.0 21 100.0 1,122
Single modes 23 95.2 18 99.6 21 99.6 1,142
Truck 21 89.6 18 99.6 21 99.6 1,139
For-hire truck 21 88.6 18 97.1 20 97.1 1,139
Private truck S S S S S S 1,126
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,450
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,246
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,246
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 944

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,677
Single modes S S S S S S 4,677
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,677
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15 100.0 S S S S 1,499
Single modes S S S S S S 1,905
Truck S S S S S S 1,499
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,499
Private truck S S S S S S 1,479
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,477
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,433
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,433
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 61 100.0 30 100.0 24 100.0 750
Single modes 60 98.7 30 99.8 24 99.8 954
Truck 60 98.3 30 99.8 24 99.8 947
For-hire truck 55 89.3 29 97.7 23 97.8 953
Private truck S S 1 2.1 2.0 797
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,835
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 624
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 624
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 390 100.0 24 100.0 42 100.0 1,706
Single modes 127 32.4 20 82.4 36 84.0 2,001
Truck 68 17.4 18 74.2 30 69.6 1,678
For-hire truck 62 15.8 12 48.8 19 45.1 1,737
Private truck S S S S S S 1,310
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,934
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 4 17.5 7 15.9 1,637
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 4 17.5 7 15.9 1,637
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,686

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 507 100.0 S S S S 521
Single modes 479 94.5 S S S S 457
Truck 479 94.5 S S S S 454
For-hire truck 336 66.3 S S S S 458
Private truck 118 23.2 57 9.9 23 6.5 399
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,333
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 28 5.5 3 0.5 1 0.4 539
Parcel, USPS or courier 28 5.5 3 0.5 1 0.4 539
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,030

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 32 100.0 4 100.0 6 100.0 1,594
Single modes S S S S S S 1,535
Truck S S S S S S 1,510
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,510
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,719
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 22 67.5 S S S S 1,598
Parcel, USPS or courier 22 67.5 S S S S 1,598
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 100.0 100.0 1,445
Single modes S S S S S S 1,457
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,457
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,400
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,400
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 96 100.0 S S S S 1,794
Single modes 38 39.1 S S S S 1,860
Truck 38 39.0 S S S S 1,859
For-hire truck 36 37.4 S S S S 1,859
Private truck S S S S S S 2,041
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,951
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 59 60.9 1 6.3 1 5.7 1,780
Parcel, USPS or courier 59 60.9 1 6.3 1 5.7 1,780
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 88 100.0 23 100.0 29 100.0 1,320
Single modes S S 21 92.8 27 92.6 1,259
Truck S S 21 92.8 27 92.6 1,259
For-hire truck S S 21 90.5 26 89.9 1,257
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 20 22.3 2 6.7 2 6.9 1,333
Parcel, USPS or courier 20 22.3 2 6.7 2 6.9 1,333
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,125

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11 100.0 S S S S 1,129
Single modes 7 61.0 S S S S 1,149
Truck 5 41.5 S S S S 1,149
For-hire truck 3 24.8 S S S S 1,090
Private truck S S S S S S 1,150
Rail S S S S S S 1,426
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,045
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,045
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 651

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 760 100.0 S S S S 668
Single modes 540 71.1 S S S S 643
Truck 498 65.6 204 45.6 127 42.4 639
For-hire truck 421 55.4 189 42.3 117 39.0 638
Private truck S S 15 3.3 10 3.4 663
Rail S S S S S S 711
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,384
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 220 28.9 14 3.2 10 3.3 671
Parcel, USPS or courier 220 28.9 14 3.2 10 3.3 671
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 554

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 64 100.0 50 100.0 863
Single modes S S 63 99.0 50 98.9 925
Truck S S 63 98.9 50 98.8 892
For-hire truck S S S S 41 81.0 840
Private truck S S S S S S 957
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,169
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 16 8.6 S S S S 851
Parcel, USPS or courier 16 8.6 S S S S 851
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 813

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 922 100.0 1,395 100.0 310 100.0 164
Single modes 886 96.1 1,356 97.2 307 99.0 S
Truck 886 96.1 1,356 97.2 307 99.0 S
For-hire truck 352 38.2 S S S S 325
Private truck 530 57.5 529 38.0 102 32.8 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 34 3.7 1 0.1 492
Parcel, USPS or courier 34 3.7 1 0.1 492
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 132

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 159 100.0 80 100.0 566
Single modes S S 158 99.5 80 99.5 575
Truck S S 158 99.4 80 99.3 458
For-hire truck S S 136 85.9 69 86.3 448
Private truck S S 21 13.5 10 13.0 554
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,028
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 12 2.7 1 0.5 0.5 559
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 2.7 1 0.5 0.5 559
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 110 100.0 S S S S 961
Single modes S S S S S S 1,016
Truck S S S S S S 982
For-hire truck S S S S S S 982
Private truck S S S S S S 998
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,184
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 53 48.5 S S S S 955
Parcel, USPS or courier 53 48.5 S S S S 955
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 946

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,133
Single modes S S S S S S 1,103
Truck S S S S S S 1,004
For-hire truck S S S S S S 996
Private truck S S S S S S 1,084
Rail S S S S S S 1,165
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,146
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,146
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 940

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,959
Single modes S S S S S S 1,785
Truck S S S S S S 1,992
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,992
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,617
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,979
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,979
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16 100.0 S S S S 1,412
Single modes S S S S S S 1,361
Truck S S S S S S 1,405
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,364
Private truck S S S S S S 1,667
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,284
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,413
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,413
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 29 100.0 3 100.0 5 100.0 1,832
Single modes 13 45.5 S S S S 1,597
Truck S S S S S S 1,600
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,600
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,599
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,565
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 16 54.5 9.0 9.8 1,867
Parcel, USPS or courier 16 54.5 9.0 9.8 1,867
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 982
Single modes 241 8.7 44 34.2 36 33.6 957
Truck S S 40 31.5 33 30.7 836
For-hire truck S S 32 25.2 26 24.7 839
Private truck S S S S S S 774
Rail S S S S S S 881
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,460
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 991
Parcel, USPS or courier 36 1.3 S S S S 991
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 963
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 814

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,455 100.0 1,648 100.0 304 100.0 346
Single modes 1,155 79.4 1,601 97.1 290 95.4 306
Truck 1,091 75.0 1,590 96.5 287 94.4 303
For-hire truck 766 52.7 S S S S 325
Private truck 324 22.2 431 26.2 106 34.9 263
Rail S S S S S S 279
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 63 4.3 354
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 280 19.2 16 1.0 6 1.8 375
Parcel, USPS or courier 280 19.2 16 1.0 6 1.8 375
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 20 1.4 S S S S 151

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 938
Single modes S S S S S S 920
Truck S S S S S S 909
For-hire truck S S 4 86.5 S S 907
Private truck S S S S S S 1,353
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,476
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 969
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 969
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,244

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 387 100.0 231 100.0 140 100.0 631
Single modes 305 78.7 222 96.1 134 96.1 730
Truck 299 77.3 222 96.0 134 95.9 660
For-hire truck 265 68.4 S S S S 640
Private truck S S S S S S 687
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 982
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 81 21.1 S S S S 618
Parcel, USPS or courier 81 21.1 S S S S 618
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 756

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 224 100.0 336 100.0 201 100.0 447
Single modes 202 90.2 335 99.8 201 99.8 387
Truck 187 83.4 238 70.9 111 55.2 369
For-hire truck 79 35.2 172 51.2 87 43.3 440
Private truck 108 48.2 66 19.7 24 11.9 358
Rail S S S S S S 887
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,459
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.2 0.1 568
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.2 0.1 568
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 454

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 924 100.0 492 100.0 118 100.0 297
Single modes 667 72.3 461 93.6 112 94.7 267
Truck 648 70.1 430 87.3 96 81.3 255
For-hire truck 260 28.1 187 38.1 43 36.0 269
Private truck 388 42.0 242 49.2 54 45.3 243
Rail S S S S S S 517
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 680
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 0.6 1 0.8 327
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 0.6 1 0.8 327
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 176

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,785
Single modes S S S S S S 1,913
Truck S S S S S S 1,534
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,534
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,759
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,429
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,429
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9 100.0 S S S S 1,679
Single modes S S S S S S 1,615
Truck S S S S S S 1,601
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,610
Private truck S S S S S S 1,557
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,768
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,718
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,718
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,622

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 49 100.0 11 100.0 15 100.0 1,404
Single modes 14 29.2 9 86.6 13 86.5 1,407
Truck 14 29.0 9 86.6 13 86.5 1,396
For-hire truck 14 27.8 9 81.6 12 81.7 1,397
Private truck S S S S S S 1,364
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,604
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,404
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,404
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10 100.0 S S S S 888
Single modes S S S S S S 875
Truck S S S S S S 875
For-hire truck S S S S 3 12.7 869
Private truck S S S S S S 1,004
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2 18.4 S S S S 971
Parcel, USPS or courier 2 18.4 S S S S 971
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,495
Single modes S S S S S S 1,429
Truck S S S S S S 1,370
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,362
Private truck S S S S S S 1,523
Rail S S S S S S 1,343
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,511
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 50 15.2 1 1.9 1 2.2 1,518
Parcel, USPS or courier 50 15.2 1 1.9 1 2.2 1,518
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,270

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 71 100.0 S S S S 1,489
Single modes 58 82.2 S S S S 1,401
Truck 52 73.5 S S S S 1,392
For-hire truck 47 67.2 11 21.2 15 17.0 1,385
Private truck 4 6.3 S S S S 1,415
Rail S S S S S S 1,883
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 12 17.5 1 1.1 1 0.9 1,505
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 17.5 1 1.1 1 0.9 1,505
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,213

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 476 100.0 701 100.0 107 100.0 258
Single modes 431 90.6 698 99.5 106 99.3 227
Truck 413 86.8 696 99.2 106 98.6 219
For-hire truck 87 18.3 150 21.4 34 31.5 275
Private truck 326 68.5 S S 72 67.2 190
Rail S S S S S S 396
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 742
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 36 7.5 1 0.2 0.3 307
Parcel, USPS or courier 36 7.5 1 0.2 0.3 307
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 0.3 127

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 428 100.0 172 100.0 160 100.0 981
Single modes 362 84.7 170 98.8 158 98.7 996
Truck 359 83.9 162 94.5 150 93.9 994
For-hire truck 357 83.3 161 93.9 149 93.2 993
Private truck S S S S S S 1,085
Rail S S S S S S 1,059
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,314
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 66 15.3 2 1.2 2 1.3 976
Parcel, USPS or courier 66 15.3 2 1.2 2 1.3 976
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 123 100.0 69 100.0 S S 716
Single modes 99 80.5 S S S S 811
Truck 96 78.1 31 45.4 22 36.1 738
For-hire truck 59 47.9 16 23.4 11 18.0 746
Private truck 37 30.2 15 22.0 11 18.0 729
Rail S S S S S S 1,033
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,385
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 1.2 1 1.0 655
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 1.2 1 1.0 655
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 76 100.0 41 100.0 S S 1,486
Single modes 68 90.3 41 99.4 S S 1,560
Truck 51 66.9 14 34.5 20 26.1 1,402
For-hire truck 49 64.8 14 33.0 19 24.7 1,397
Private truck S S S S S S 1,623
Rail S S S S S S 2,083
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,107
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 9.7 0.6 0.4 1,446
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 9.7 0.6 0.4 1,446
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 182 100.0 S S S S 1,210
Single modes 118 65.1 S S S S 1,223
Truck 105 57.6 S S S S 1,221
For-hire truck 79 43.3 S S S S 1,216
Private truck S S S S S S 1,405
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,352
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 62 33.9 S S S S 1,206
Parcel, USPS or courier 62 33.9 S S S S 1,206
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,654

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15 100.0 S S S S 1,724
Single modes S S S S S S 1,563
Truck S S S S S S 1,563
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,563
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 29.5 30.6 1,724
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 29.5 30.6 1,724
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,734

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 53 100.0 23 100.0 34 100.0 1,323
Single modes 51 96.5 23 99.6 34 99.6 1,416
Truck 47 88.8 14 62.8 19 57.8 1,419
For-hire truck 42 80.0 12 52.5 16 48.9 1,426
Private truck S S S S S S 1,281
Rail S S S S S S 1,698
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,343
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2 3.5 0.4 0.4 1,304
Parcel, USPS or courier 2 3.5 0.4 0.4 1,304
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,195 100.0 28,602 100.0 1,310 100.0 49
Single modes 6,278 87.3 25,453 89.0 1,272 97.1 40
Truck 6,246 86.8 24,964 87.3 1,116 85.2 40
For-hire truck 1,754 24.4 6,648 23.2 411 31.3 78
Private truck 4,448 61.8 18,163 63.5 690 52.6 38
Rail S S S S S S 165
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 331
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 395 5.5 S S S S 114
Parcel, USPS or courier 381 5.3 12 2 0.1 114
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 226
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 6
Other and unknown modes 523 7.3 S S S S 18

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 223 100.0 35 100.0 33 100.0 1,106
Single modes 209 93.8 34 97.0 32 96.8 1,102
Truck 207 93.2 34 97.0 32 96.7 1,085
For-hire truck 206 92.4 34 95.6 31 95.3 1,079
Private truck S S S S S S 1,333
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,347
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 14 6.2 1 3.0 1 3.2 1,118
Parcel, USPS or courier 14 6.2 1 3.0 1 3.2 1,118
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,034

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 287 100.0 176 100.0 200 100.0 1,015
Single modes 237 82.6 175 99.1 198 99.3 974
Truck 185 64.7 134 76.1 142 71.0 937
For-hire truck 166 58.0 110 62.4 118 59.0 936
Private truck S S S S S S 990
Rail S S S S S S 1,371
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,608
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 50 17.4 2 0.9 1 0.7 1,037
Parcel, USPS or courier 50 17.4 2 0.9 1 0.7 1,037
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 67 100.0 145 100.0 134 100.0 927
Single modes 46 68.7 144 99.4 134 99.4 1,032
Truck 46 68.4 144 99.4 134 99.4 937
For-hire truck 43 64.1 89 61.6 S S 965
Private truck S S S S S S 841
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,694
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 20 30.8 S S S S 918
Parcel, USPS or courier 20 30.8 S S S S 918
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 770

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,556
Single modes S S S S S S 1,827
Truck S S S S S S 1,827
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,820
Private truck S S S S S S 1,864
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,547
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,547
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 37 100.0 S S S S 1,414
Single modes 17 46.7 S S S S 1,378
Truck 17 46.7 S S S S 1,378
For-hire truck 17 45.8 S S S S 1,379
Private truck S S S S S S 1,366
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 20 53.3 8.0 1 8.5 1,417
Parcel, USPS or courier 20 53.3 8.0 1 8.5 1,417
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 41 100.0 18 100.0 29 100.0 1,433
Single modes S S 18 98.0 28 98.4 1,454
Truck S S 11 61.7 17 57.2 1,338
For-hire truck S S 11 61.7 17 57.2 1,338
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,773
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,857
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 22.2 S S S S 1,431
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 22.2 S S S S 1,431
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,294
Single modes S S S S S S 1,294
Truck S S S S S S 1,294
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,294
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 650 100.0 355 100.0 179 100.0 604
Single modes 579 89.1 351 98.9 177 98.7 501
Truck 512 78.7 294 82.9 143 79.5 486
For-hire truck S S 150 42.3 72 40.4 509
Private truck 231 35.6 144 40.6 70 39.1 437
Rail S S S S S S 605
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,100
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 71 10.9 4 1.1 2 1.3 633
Parcel, USPS or courier 71 10.9 4 1.1 2 1.3 633
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 185 100.0 2,644 100.0 S S 214
Single modes 182 98.3 2,644 100.0 S S 182
Truck 165 89.1 1,131 42.8 S S 179
For-hire truck 90 48.7 938 35.5 143 9.3 155
Private truck 75 40.4 193 7.3 33 2.1 206
Rail 17 9.2 S S S S 881
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 339
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 339
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.