Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 26,430 20,031 31.9 52,286 36,771 42.2 17,776 17,241 3.1 532 449 18.3
Single modes 18,245 12,256 48.9 48,724 35,466 37.4 17,419 16,943 2.8 272 118 131.2
Truck 15,634 10,595 47.6 37,034 25,819 43.4 5,533 4,102 34.9 192 104 84
Rail 1,449 1,197 21 11,680 S S 11,868 S S 1,061 1,155 −8.2
Water
Air (including truck and air) 1,161 S S 10 3 279.6 17 4 382.4 1,875 1,481 26.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,544 S S S 177 S S 176 S 832 857 −2.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,486 S S 88 160 −45.3 S S S 832 857 −2.9
Truck and Rail S 73 S S 16 S S 28 S 853 907 −6
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S 3,489 S
Other and unknown modes S 623 S S 1,128 S S 122 S 398 37 963

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 4,812 3,810 26.3 27,205 14,496 87.7 12,815 S S 250 698 −64.2
Single modes 4,766 3,667 30 26,993 13,821 95.3 12,728 S S 259 S S
Truck 3,495 2,593 34.8 16,827 6,237 169.8 2,498 1,476 69.3 219 S S
Rail 1,271 S S 10,166 S S 10,230 S S 943 1,110 −15
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,336
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 10 S S 14 S 890 880 1.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 880
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 847 1,812 −53.3
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,555
Other and unknown modes 41 S S S S S S 20 S S S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,408 1,647 −14.5 1,404 1,815 −22.7 452 479 −5.8 97 S S
Single modes 1,326 1,554 −14.6 1,302 1,545 −15.7 392 444 −11.7 71 S S
Truck 1,247 1,509 −17.3 1,190 1,419 −16.1 261 349 −25.1 69 S S
Rail S 45 S S 126 S S 94 S 1,061 775 36.8
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 561 1,139 −50.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 562 1,220 −53.9
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 485 175 177.8
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 49 S S S S S S S S 30 144 −79.2

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 104 266 −60.8 9,679 12,371 −21.8 505 2,251 −77.5 S S S
Single modes 90 178 −49.2 7,202 12,364 −41.7 478 2,240 −78.6 S S S
Truck 82 143 −42.7 6,984 S S 293 808 −63.7 S S S
Rail 7 35 −79.9 219 1,217 −82 185 1,432 −87 938 1,342 −30.1
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,122
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 88 S S S S S 765 1,977 −61.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S 88 S S S S S 755 1,977 −61.8
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 824
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,003 721 39.1 3,750 S S 369 S S 82 S S
Single modes 1,001 715 39.9 3,747 S S 369 S S 76 S S
Truck 1,001 S S 3,747 S S 369 21 S 76 S S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 251 340 −26
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 251 340 −26
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 2 4 −51.1 S 13 S S S S 109 23 381

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,902 1,171 62.3 1,779 S S 251 121 107.9 312 722 −56.8
Single modes 1,480 691 114.4 1,386 S S 235 114 106 236 134 76.2
Truck 1,442 688 109.7 1,386 S S 234 114 105.5 151 133 12.9
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1 S S 1,939 1,066 81.8
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 275 430 −36.2 6 11 −42.8 6 6 −0.8 578 1,077 −46.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 249 412 −39.6 4 9 −54.9 2 4 −59.4 577 1,077 −46.4
Truck and Rail S 19 S S 1 S S 2 S 2,159 1,226 76.1
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S 1 S 24 S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,000 1,006 −0.6 1,361 1,162 17.2 654 554 18.1 693 336 106.4
Single modes 841 866 −2.9 1,342 1,115 20.4 647 517 25 136 172 −20.7
Truck 831 849 −2.2 1,310 1,098 19.3 611 495 23.5 131 166 −20.9
Rail S 6 S S 16 S S 21 S 1,098 1,354 −18.9
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S 1,129 1,219 −7.4
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 116 S S 9 S S 4 S 974 540 80.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S 115 S S S S S 3 S 974 540 80.4
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,598
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 20 24 −17.9 S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 3,552 2,003 77.3 4,295 2,859 50.2 619 581 6.4 331 240 37.9
Single modes 2,999 1,718 74.6 4,136 2,822 46.5 596 560 6.5 123 210 −41.3
Truck 2,964 1,673 77.1 S 2,515 S 403 417 −3.4 114 195 −41.5
Rail S 32 S S S S S S S 406 763 −46.8
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,914 1,388 37.9
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 231 191 20.7 14 16 −16.3 9 19 −51.4 836 440 90.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 231 138 67.1 14 7 91 9 3 177 836 439 90.6
Truck and Rail 53 9 15 1,700
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 94 S S 20 S 13 S S 29 S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S 7,997 S 419 287 45.9 248 209 18.8 684 576 18.7
Single modes 3,270 1,799 81.7 251 148 69.8 130 78 67.4 617 154 301
Truck 2,182 1,482 47.2 242 147 64.6 114 76 50.8 397 101 295
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) 1,088 S S 10 1 685.9 16 S S 1,908 1,547 23.3
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 744 907 −17.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 744 907 −17.9
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 235 S S 21 S S S S 721 S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 3,167 1,373 130.7 S 677 S S 383 S 734 444 65.5
Single modes 2,436 1,038 134.7 S 615 S S S S 260 178 46.3
Truck 2,370 1,030 130.1 S 562 S S S S 210 171 23
Rail S 6 S S 53 S S 26 S 1,675 567 195.5
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S 1,438 1,309 9.8
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 623 300 107.3 S 12 S S 11 S 854 718 19
Parcel, USPS or courier 623 299 108.2 S 12 S S 9 S 855 717 19.2
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 5 3,489 −99.8
Other and unknown modes S 35 S S S S S S S 57 S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 38 S S S S S S S S 289 726 −60.1
Single modes 36 S S S S S S S S 229 437 −47.5
Truck 20 S S S S S S S S S 437 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,605
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,369
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 471 829 −43.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 471 829 −43.2
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 24 61 −60.8

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.