Table B-13 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table B-13 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.9 8.9 23.7 20.5
Single modes 12.1 7.6 7.7 3.0 23.6 0.6 25.0
Truck 14.9 7.5 10.0 5.2 13.6 9.9 23.3
For-hire truck 19.7 4.9 13.5 4.0 16.5 6.9 14.3
Private truck 13.1 4.2 14.8 4.6 15.5 3.5 10.5
Rail 24.1 2.0 26.7 5.5 37.0 10.0 12.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 33.5 0.8 44.7 46.8 10.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.6 2.3 S S S S 14.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 45.6 2.4 42.4 S S 14.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 36.1
Truck and water S S S S S S 30.9
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.3

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.9 30.8 31.1 2.3
Single modes 27.1 6.2 31.7 2.2 31.9 2.2 1.9
Truck 27.8 9.7 27.8 7.9 29.3 7.9 2.5
For-hire truck 31.2 10.2 28.1 7.6 29.7 7.7 2.3
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 41.7 6.2 S S S S 3.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 41.7 6.2 S S S S 3.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 28.0
Truck S S S S S S 28.0
For-hire truck S S S S S S 28.0
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 34.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 34.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 39.2 24.4 24.5 1.7
Single modes S S 25.9 13.0 26.4 13.0 12.2
Truck S S 26.0 13.0 26.4 13.0 10.6
For-hire truck S S 28.1 14.6 28.7 14.6 10.7
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.4 13.3 27.0 10.4 26.9 10.4 10.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.4 13.3 27.0 10.4 26.9 10.4 10.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 45.5 S S S S 4.4
Single modes S S S S S S 7.4
Truck S S 45.4 17.3 49.9 18.8 5.0
For-hire truck S S 48.6 16.7 S S 11.6
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 39.8 0.7 42.6 0.8 15.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 39.8 0.7 42.6 0.8 15.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 1.8
Single modes 28.9 11.8 S S S S 4.5
Truck 33.2 13.3 S S S S 1.8
For-hire truck 34.2 13.0 S S S S 1.8
Private truck S S S S S S 23.7
Rail S S S S S S 21.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1.3
Truck and rail 45.5 6.4 S S S S 25.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.6 36.0 31.9 16.4
Single modes 32.7 2.8 36.3 0.8 32.2 0.8 16.1
Truck 36.6 10.7 29.7 15.2 28.7 13.3 7.1
For-hire truck 31.0 10.2 36.3 12.3 29.8 10.9 3.6
Private truck S S 33.3 10.3 40.3 8.1 14.9
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 46.7 12.9 S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.0 2.8 25.7 0.5 26.1 0.6 11.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.0 2.8 25.7 0.5 26.1 0.6 11.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.0

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 1.7
Single modes S S S S S S 14.9
Truck S S S S S S 14.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 14.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 49.3 15.5 46.9 15.5 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 49.3 15.5 46.9 15.5 10.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.7 42.2 42.5 18.3
Single modes 44.3 8.7 42.3 1.1 42.6 1.1 18.3
Truck 44.3 8.7 42.3 1.1 42.6 1.1 18.3
For-hire truck 43.7 9.9 42.0 10.2 42.5 10.3 21.1
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 49.5 8.7 S S S S 25.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 49.5 8.7 S S S S 25.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 25.8
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 20.8 21.4 1.9
Single modes S S 24.8 8.6 25.6 8.7 2.9
Truck 17.6 17.3 24.8 8.6 25.8 8.6 2.7
For-hire truck 17.7 17.1 24.8 8.6 25.8 8.6 2.8
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.0

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.1 S S S S 2.9
Single modes 42.3 12.3 S S S S 2.4
Truck 36.5 16.4 S S S S 1.2
For-hire truck 46.1 14.9 S S S S 1.6
Private truck S S S S S S 21.2
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 44.0 0.2 32.7 31.9 15.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 21.1
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.0 S S S S 6.3
Single modes 40.0 11.4 43.0 18.4 S S 12.7
Truck 44.6 11.8 43.1 18.6 43.6 19.9 15.4
For-hire truck 45.8 11.7 42.8 18.9 44.9 19.7 15.4
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.3 11.4 S S S S 13.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 39.0 11.8 41.2 11.0 13.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 47.9 S S 3.5
Single modes S S S S S S 4.0
Truck 24.2 18.7 S S S S 2.7
For-hire truck 24.0 15.6 28.7 18.9 26.7 19.3 2.7
Private truck 48.2 6.4 S S S S 12.4
Rail S S S S S S 26.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 28.8 27.4 4.5
Single modes S S 28.1 4.1 27.1 4.0 4.9
Truck S S 28.1 4.1 27.1 4.0 4.9
For-hire truck S S 28.5 4.0 27.5 4.1 4.8
Private truck 36.2 2.4 40.6 1.1 40.4 1.4 18.7
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.9 20.3 28.8 9.7
Single modes 20.1 3.3 20.3 1.9 29.0 1.2 9.4
Truck 17.7 3.2 20.4 3.8 27.6 8.3 10.1
For-hire truck 26.1 7.7 29.0 11.0 39.6 10.5 13.6
Private truck 18.6 7.9 35.8 11.6 27.5 11.2 11.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.6 2.0 27.8 28.2 13.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.6 2.0 27.8 28.2 13.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 24.0

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.5 39.3 38.7 5.2
Single modes 30.4 12.2 39.8 9.1 39.0 8.5 7.3
Truck 30.9 12.2 39.8 9.1 39.0 8.5 6.7
For-hire truck 30.4 12.6 47.1 11.2 46.3 10.6 5.7
Private truck S S S S S S 16.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 41.9 0.8 43.5 1.1 5.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 41.9 0.8 43.5 1.1 5.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.4

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.9 46.1 44.3 2.6
Single modes 36.5 12.9 46.3 3.8 44.6 4.1 2.9
Truck 38.0 13.2 46.3 4.0 44.6 4.3 3.3
For-hire truck 48.0 13.8 S S S S 3.5
Private truck S S S S S S 23.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 45.2 0.2 45.6 0.2 18.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 11.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 11.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 46.0 S S S S 2.9
Single modes S S S S S S 15.1
Truck S S S S S S 15.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 18.3
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 42.6 15.6 42.8 15.4 3.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 42.6 15.6 42.8 15.4 3.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 10.9
Single modes S S S S S S 23.6
Truck S S S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 46.2 42.8 42.1 1.4
Single modes S S S S S S 10.6
Truck S S S S S S 10.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 10.7
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 48.9 28.3 27.6 1.3
Single modes 41.0 18.4 29.0 13.7 29.5 13.8 15.0
Truck 35.4 17.4 28.9 13.7 29.4 13.7 14.9
For-hire truck 35.9 16.6 30.0 14.0 30.5 14.1 14.9
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.5 28.6 16.7 2.8
Single modes 23.0 13.5 31.2 4.2 18.7 3.8 4.1
Truck 23.7 13.8 35.7 9.6 23.2 10.1 3.7
For-hire truck 26.4 13.0 37.1 10.0 24.4 10.4 4.2
Private truck S S 40.3 1.5 40.6 1.2 19.4
Rail S S 38.2 6.3 39.5 7.3 23.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.2

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.6 25.5 26.2 9.6
Single modes 20.8 5.0 25.6 0.2 26.3 0.4 8.8
Truck 27.6 8.0 28.0 14.1 33.0 15.5 9.2
For-hire truck 35.7 4.5 40.9 8.0 40.9 8.4 8.1
Private truck 35.7 8.2 39.4 11.9 27.2 10.1 12.8
Rail 29.9 7.1 35.8 14.2 32.1 15.6 19.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 17.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 42.1 0.1 S S 10.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 10.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 47.3 0.2 46.1 0.1 24.0

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 39.5 46.8 45.2 3.8
Single modes 45.2 15.2 47.5 18.7 45.9 18.8 18.6
Truck 48.3 15.4 47.5 19.1 45.9 19.2 18.4
For-hire truck 48.3 15.4 47.5 19.1 45.9 19.2 18.4
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.5 S S S S 4.1
Single modes 44.3 9.8 S S S S 8.0
Truck 43.8 11.9 35.6 16.4 35.1 15.0 6.8
For-hire truck S S 37.7 15.4 37.1 14.2 6.0
Private truck 33.3 5.6 37.0 4.0 40.6 3.6 20.9
Rail S S S S S S 22.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 49.8 0.1 43.4 47.4 26.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 28.1 7.5 28.5 0.5 28.4 0.4 6.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 28.1 7.5 28.5 0.5 28.4 0.4 6.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.4

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.8 28.3 29.9 6.6
Single modes 21.9 8.7 28.8 6.4 30.4 5.3 4.8
Truck 22.7 9.3 28.8 6.4 30.4 5.3 4.6
For-hire truck 32.6 8.6 47.7 13.5 46.7 13.1 9.2
Private truck 39.4 6.0 S S S S 22.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.8 8.7 39.0 6.4 40.0 5.3 7.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.8 8.7 39.0 6.4 40.0 5.3 7.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.5 32.7 49.7 9.1
Single modes 12.7 4.5 32.9 0.8 50.0 1.4 11.6
Truck 13.5 4.8 32.9 0.8 50.0 1.4 11.7
For-hire truck 20.0 5.1 41.5 10.4 S S 11.3
Private truck 16.1 5.5 S S 43.1 12.0 9.5
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.6 3.4 33.4 37.8 0.2 7.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.6 3.4 33.4 37.8 0.2 7.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.7

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 32.3 30.0 11.6
Single modes S S 32.8 9.4 30.4 8.5 14.7
Truck S S 32.8 10.5 30.4 10.5 15.9
For-hire truck S S 32.8 10.5 30.4 10.5 15.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 36.9 36.4 1.5
Single modes S S 38.7 16.5 37.9 16.3 18.4
Truck S S 39.5 17.4 38.7 17.2 18.4
For-hire truck S S 41.6 18.5 40.7 18.3 21.2
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 10.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 10.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.6 30.3 30.9 1.3
Single modes S S 35.7 12.8 36.0 12.9 1.2
Truck S S 35.8 12.9 36.0 13.0 10.6
For-hire truck S S 42.7 14.4 43.2 14.4 10.6
Private truck S S S S S S 23.7
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 10.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.0 S S S S 2.9
Single modes 38.9 11.9 S S S S 11.6
Truck 38.9 11.9 S S S S 11.6
For-hire truck S S 38.5 15.2 36.6 14.9 15.3
Private truck S S S S S S 28.2
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.9 14.7 S S S S 2.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.9 14.7 S S S S 2.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.7 38.3 39.3 2.3
Single modes 34.4 9.6 41.1 6.2 41.9 6.2 2.2
Truck 41.7 11.1 43.7 9.2 44.8 9.2 1.9
For-hire truck 42.0 12.3 44.1 12.6 45.1 12.7 2.2
Private truck 46.1 3.1 S S S S 23.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.6 S S S S 2.3
Single modes 36.5 8.7 S S S S 3.4
Truck 15.6 14.9 S S S S 1.5
For-hire truck 19.7 14.6 29.3 17.2 28.6 17.1 1.2
Private truck 44.9 9.4 S S S S 16.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.5 24.6 24.6 5.8
Single modes 34.1 9.4 25.1 2.3 24.8 1.8 6.1
Truck 35.1 9.9 26.9 5.4 23.4 6.9 5.7
For-hire truck S S 36.8 10.6 33.6 11.7 9.0
Private truck 19.0 9.1 38.7 10.8 37.9 11.3 10.2
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.0 7.8 21.1 0.8 25.2 1.0 7.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.0 7.8 21.1 0.8 25.2 1.0 7.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.6

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.4 30.0 26.7 2.0
Single modes 34.9 10.5 31.2 9.4 27.6 9.6 3.9
Truck 36.0 12.6 S S 48.7 12.1 1.6
For-hire truck 38.1 12.5 S S S S 1.4
Private truck S S S S S S 18.4
Rail 33.6 0.4 37.0 12.0 37.2 12.9 23.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.6 9.2 S S S S 2.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.6 9.2 S S S S 2.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 37.5 3.4 40.1 3.3 24.2

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 11.8
Single modes 31.3 17.2 S S S S 10.4
Truck 27.2 17.5 S S S S 2.5
For-hire truck 32.2 14.9 S S S S 2.5
Private truck S S S S S S 24.2
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.2 9.2 S S 48.5 4.3 15.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.2 9.2 S S 48.5 4.3 15.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 2.4
Single modes S S S S S S 8.1
Truck S S S S S S 3.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 3.6
Private truck S S S S S S 28.0
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 44.2 3.8 45.4 4.1 25.9

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.5 38.6 35.6 2.0
Single modes 36.7 12.7 42.5 8.1 39.3 7.8 2.3
Truck 37.6 12.4 42.3 8.5 38.6 8.6 2.0
For-hire truck 38.0 12.2 42.8 8.3 39.2 8.4 2.2
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 42.4 1.8 47.5 47.6 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 18.4
Single modes S S S S S S 25.8
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.4 22.4 24.9 1.9
Single modes 19.6 6.6 23.1 4.1 25.7 4.2 1.4
Truck 18.0 9.0 23.3 6.4 25.9 6.4 1.5
For-hire truck 18.7 10.3 23.3 6.4 25.9 6.4 1.7
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.0 20.7 18.5 9.5
Single modes 21.8 1.8 16.2 3.7 18.5 1.0 13.5
Truck 21.7 1.8 16.8 3.8 19.3 5.6 13.6
For-hire truck 47.7 4.0 23.4 3.7 25.6 3.9 14.0
Private truck 14.0 4.2 17.8 6.4 22.4 6.9 15.2
Rail S S S S S S 37.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 18.9 0.9 S S S S 9.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 19.7 0.9 33.6 35.2 9.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.1
Other and unknown modes 30.6 1.9 S S S S 13.4

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.6 31.1 32.0 4.6
Single modes 40.2 5.5 31.3 1.2 32.1 1.4 5.9
Truck 30.1 9.8 32.5 11.5 34.2 11.4 4.4
For-hire truck 30.7 9.3 33.8 12.2 35.2 11.9 3.5
Private truck S S S S S S 26.2
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.4 5.3 36.2 1.2 36.4 1.4 3.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.4 5.3 36.2 1.2 36.4 1.4 3.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.6 S S S S 4.8
Single modes 25.2 10.8 S S S S 7.0
Truck 26.8 10.5 32.0 19.3 34.0 19.2 5.1
For-hire truck 30.3 11.0 32.4 18.7 35.1 18.5 5.0
Private truck 46.2 3.2 S S S S 12.4
Rail S S S S S S 26.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 39.5 1.1 S S S S 18.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.1

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 4.9
Single modes S S S S S S 15.3
Truck S S S S S S 11.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S 11.2
Private truck 48.6 5.6 43.8 7.1 42.6 7.5 23.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 11.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 11.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 14.9
Single modes S S S S S S 18.3
Truck S S S S S S 18.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.6
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.1 20.1 20.8 1.9
Single modes 23.8 4.1 20.4 0.8 21.1 0.7 2.1
Truck 24.2 4.0 27.6 10.9 28.4 11.6 2.0
For-hire truck 26.1 10.3 27.8 11.7 28.7 12.1 10.8
Private truck S S 36.8 10.2 36.6 10.2 21.3
Rail 34.2 1.5 34.3 11.1 34.3 11.9 21.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.6 3.8 49.1 0.4 S S 2.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.6 3.8 49.1 0.4 S S 2.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.7 S S S S 7.0
Single modes 31.3 5.7 S S S S 6.7
Truck 39.9 9.4 S S S S 2.7
For-hire truck 40.6 9.5 S S S S 2.7
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail 45.7 11.8 S S S S 18.5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 29.5 5.8 S S S S 4.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.5 5.9 29.0 0.8 26.6 0.8 4.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.4 46.7 45.1 3.2
Single modes S S S S S S 18.5
Truck S S S S S S 18.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.8
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 40.5 32.7 28.3 4.3
Single modes 44.6 5.1 32.8 0.6 28.4 0.4 8.5
Truck 46.4 5.6 38.1 8.7 33.6 9.1 5.5
For-hire truck 49.1 8.2 41.5 9.7 37.0 9.6 5.3
Private truck 37.5 4.3 31.8 6.3 33.0 5.5 11.0
Rail S S S S S S 28.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 48.4 1.5 S S S S 21.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 25.8 3.3 20.8 0.3 22.0 0.2 4.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 25.8 3.3 20.8 0.3 22.0 0.2 4.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.6 20.7 20.9 19.9
Single modes 12.0 4.0 20.7 21.0 0.2 24.2
Truck 12.1 3.9 21.3 1.7 20.9 3.5 26.0
For-hire truck 19.8 5.6 39.9 11.6 32.3 11.0 19.3
Private truck 20.6 7.8 24.2 11.6 21.8 11.4 21.8
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.0 3.8 46.1 S S 11.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.0 3.8 46.1 S S 11.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.