Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.3 18.3 16.6 8.4
Single modes 9.7 5.4 14.6 2.8 16.6 0.6 14.1
Truck 9.7 5.3 14.0 4.0 8.5 7.6 13.8
For-hire truck 11.4 3.1 15.6 3.1 11.1 5.8 6.9
Private truck 9.8 3.1 16.5 5.2 11.9 3.0 14.5
Rail 24.6 0.3 38.8 1.9 40.1 7.6 9.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 25.7 0.6 S S S S 5.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 9.8 1.2 38.1 0.1 22.2 0.3 5.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 9.0 1.4 12.4 11.2 0.3 5.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S 41.3 0.5 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.0 47.6 47.3 2.3
Single modes 36.5 11.2 47.8 11.1 47.5 10.9 11.1
Truck 40.1 14.1 47.8 15.0 47.5 15.0 15.0
For-hire truck 40.5 14.0 48.9 14.7 48.6 14.6 15.0
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 31.6
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 39.6 S S S S 12.7
Single modes S S S S S S 22.2
Truck S S S S S S 21.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.9
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.6 38.1 37.2 7.6
Single modes 36.3 3.3 38.2 2.1 37.3 1.6 6.6
Truck 36.5 3.3 38.2 2.1 37.3 1.6 6.8
For-hire truck 41.1 11.8 39.4 11.0 38.4 11.0 7.6
Private truck S S 47.1 9.2 45.0 9.6 25.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 24.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 24.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.8 27.8 28.6 4.6
Single modes 34.9 13.8 37.7 17.8 37.4 18.0 16.6
Truck 43.9 10.5 41.4 17.1 42.9 16.6 15.2
For-hire truck 46.5 9.3 47.2 12.7 49.5 12.3 15.3
Private truck S S S S S S 28.1
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 38.5 16.9 38.0 17.1 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 38.5 16.9 38.0 17.1 2.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.8 S S S S 11.1
Single modes 25.5 2.8 S S S S 6.8
Truck 25.5 2.8 S S S S 6.7
For-hire truck 28.0 9.4 S S S S 7.2
Private truck 39.2 9.6 46.2 13.4 45.0 13.8 18.5
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.9 2.8 40.4 1.6 35.9 1.4 21.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.9 2.8 40.4 1.6 35.9 1.4 21.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.3 44.4 44.2 2.0
Single modes S S S S S S 21.1
Truck S S S S S S 21.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.1
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.9 11.5 S S S S 2.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.9 11.5 S S S S 2.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 44.4 44.6 25.8
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.9 S S S S 2.2
Single modes 44.3 12.3 S S S S 15.1
Truck 44.2 12.2 S S S S 15.1
For-hire truck 46.6 12.1 S S S S 18.4
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.9 12.3 37.7 15.4 35.3 15.5 10.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.9 12.3 37.7 15.4 35.3 15.5 10.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 43.4 38.7 34.8 3.1
Single modes S S 42.2 7.0 38.0 6.9 3.7
Truck S S 42.2 7.0 38.0 6.9 3.7
For-hire truck S S 43.7 8.8 39.7 8.5 4.4
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.3 11.2 41.3 7.0 40.0 6.9 11.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.3 11.2 41.3 7.0 40.0 6.9 11.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 45.0 S S S S 17.2
Single modes 42.4 11.8 S S S S 21.3
Truck 48.7 13.3 S S S S 21.3
For-hire truck 48.6 11.1 S S S S 23.8
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 24.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 24.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.7 S S S S 3.8
Single modes 26.1 8.7 S S S S 4.5
Truck 23.5 8.5 36.5 14.6 35.0 15.5 4.6
For-hire truck 21.2 7.3 38.2 14.1 37.1 14.7 4.7
Private truck S S 38.9 1.7 36.7 2.1 15.3
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 29.6 8.8 38.5 5.5 37.9 5.3 5.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.6 8.8 38.5 5.5 37.9 5.3 5.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 40.5 38.1 5.8
Single modes S S 41.0 4.6 38.5 3.8 5.2
Truck S S 41.0 5.1 38.5 4.4 4.8
For-hire truck S S S S 48.5 10.2 5.8
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.5 10.4 S S S S 13.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.5 10.4 S S S S 13.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.9 47.2 43.0 38.6
Single modes 18.0 2.3 48.7 3.0 43.5 1.2 S
Truck 18.0 2.3 48.7 3.0 43.5 1.2 S
For-hire truck 24.7 4.3 S S S S 6.2
Private truck 16.6 3.9 24.9 10.1 27.5 9.1 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 29.7 2.3 25.7 0.2 25.7 0.3 12.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.7 2.3 25.7 0.2 25.7 0.3 12.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 41.0

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 32.1 34.1 8.0
Single modes S S 32.3 0.4 34.3 0.4 22.6
Truck S S 32.3 0.4 34.4 0.6 7.3
For-hire truck S S 37.6 7.7 39.7 8.2 7.3
Private truck S S 36.7 7.5 36.5 7.8 16.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 25.7 4.4 41.6 0.4 38.9 0.4 7.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 25.7 4.4 41.6 0.4 38.9 0.4 7.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 38.4 S S S S 4.6
Single modes S S S S S S 12.0
Truck S S S S S S 15.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 15.8
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 43.6 12.7 S S S S 11.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 43.6 12.7 S S S S 11.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 18.5
Single modes S S S S S S 25.9
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 15.2
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck S S S S S S 28.0
For-hire truck S S S S S S 28.0
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 46.9 S S S S 2.7
Single modes S S S S S S 23.9
Truck S S S S S S 26.0
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.3 47.8 46.0 3.6
Single modes 41.7 14.4 S S S S 18.5
Truck S S S S S S 23.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.7
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.8 14.4 41.3 19.6 43.2 19.4 11.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.8 14.4 41.3 19.6 43.2 19.4 11.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 5.0
Single modes 43.8 18.0 23.4 15.5 23.4 15.5 5.9
Truck S S 22.7 14.7 22.5 14.5 4.7
For-hire truck S S 27.8 15.8 27.8 15.5 11.5
Private truck S S S S S S 30.0
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 37.9 15.2 S S S S 4.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 11.2 47.7 34.0 7.7
Single modes 13.6 3.9 49.1 3.2 35.4 3.5 4.9
Truck 13.8 3.5 49.5 3.2 35.8 3.5 5.2
For-hire truck 11.7 3.9 S S S S 6.2
Private truck 29.9 4.2 33.8 9.5 35.7 7.7 5.0
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 32.6 1.5 30.7 31.5 7.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.7 4.0 39.8 0.8 40.8 1.1 8.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.7 4.0 39.8 0.8 40.8 1.1 8.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 43.9 0.7 S S S S 26.4

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 16.5
Single modes S S S S S S 17.4
Truck S S S S S S 17.3
For-hire truck S S 49.5 3.2 S S 17.3
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 28.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 28.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.9 47.6 44.2 5.6
Single modes 26.9 11.6 49.7 11.3 46.1 10.9 8.0
Truck 27.8 12.0 49.8 11.4 46.2 11.1 4.0
For-hire truck 28.1 11.1 S S S S 4.6
Private truck S S S S S S 24.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 34.0 11.6 S S S S 7.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.0 11.6 S S S S 7.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.0 32.2 39.3 11.8
Single modes 25.5 2.0 32.2 0.1 39.4 0.1 5.4
Truck 27.6 5.0 33.3 10.3 37.6 13.3 5.1
For-hire truck 45.3 11.2 44.6 9.3 46.2 10.6 11.4
Private truck 44.1 9.4 35.9 9.2 34.3 9.5 9.7
Rail S S S S S S 27.4
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 40.0 0.1 33.7 0.1 15.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 40.0 0.1 33.7 0.1 15.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.9

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.7 23.2 21.0 8.1
Single modes 23.8 7.7 24.8 3.7 21.8 3.0 7.2
Truck 25.0 8.1 27.9 7.8 25.6 8.6 7.0
For-hire truck 24.2 9.0 35.2 7.9 30.0 7.3 7.3
Private truck 30.6 7.2 31.1 6.7 25.9 6.9 8.4
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 28.7 0.4 29.7 0.4 7.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 28.7 0.4 29.7 0.4 7.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.6

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 12.3
Single modes S S S S S S 21.0
Truck S S S S S S 21.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 22.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 22.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 38.4 S S S S 15.0
Single modes S S S S S S 21.1
Truck S S S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.0 37.0 36.5 10.9
Single modes 34.0 13.6 42.6 14.5 42.2 14.4 18.4
Truck 34.1 13.6 42.6 14.5 42.2 14.4 18.4
For-hire truck 35.4 13.7 45.3 14.1 44.8 14.1 18.4
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 10.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 10.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 43.4 S S S S 18.8
Single modes S S S S S S 21.6
Truck S S S S S S 21.6
For-hire truck S S S S 49.4 16.2 24.3
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.4 13.1 S S S S 23.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.4 13.1 S S S S 23.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 2.4
Single modes S S S S S S 3.4
Truck S S S S S S 3.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 3.7
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 43.4 11.9 45.3 11.0 46.9 11.1 4.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 43.4 11.9 45.3 11.0 46.9 11.1 4.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 12.3 S S S S 2.9
Single modes 15.3 6.9 S S S S 2.6
Truck 21.2 10.9 S S S S 1.5
For-hire truck 20.7 10.1 24.0 18.4 24.4 19.4 1.5
Private truck 47.4 2.5 S S S S 25.8
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.2 7.0 42.3 1.2 45.2 1.3 10.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.2 7.0 42.3 1.2 45.2 1.3 10.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 10.1 41.4 20.4 6.8
Single modes 13.2 7.7 41.6 0.5 20.6 0.4 5.5
Truck 13.3 7.9 41.7 0.5 20.4 0.4 4.8
For-hire truck 21.4 2.7 23.7 7.9 16.6 7.2 6.3
Private truck 14.4 7.7 S S 26.7 7.2 5.2
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.5 7.6 33.5 0.4 30.1 0.3 11.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.5 7.6 33.5 0.4 30.1 0.3 11.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 48.1 0.2 41.3

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.5 30.7 30.8 1.9
Single modes 25.7 5.9 31.1 0.9 31.2 0.9 2.4
Truck 26.2 8.7 33.9 12.5 34.3 12.6 2.8
For-hire truck 26.5 8.7 34.1 12.4 34.6 12.5 3.2
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 37.9 5.9 30.0 0.9 29.2 0.9 2.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 37.9 5.9 30.0 0.9 29.2 0.9 2.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.0 49.9 S S 4.2
Single modes 35.5 10.6 S S S S 12.4
Truck 37.3 13.2 30.1 16.3 31.3 18.5 15.2
For-hire truck 47.3 12.5 39.3 13.5 39.8 13.6 23.6
Private truck 40.0 10.1 38.6 13.3 34.9 14.3 19.1
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 30.9 10.8 34.4 10.6 5.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 30.9 10.8 34.4 10.6 5.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.8 48.7 S S 2.6
Single modes 39.4 16.6 49.1 18.2 S S 18.2
Truck 41.4 14.9 45.9 16.3 44.2 17.4 18.5
For-hire truck 40.2 14.6 47.6 16.3 46.0 17.4 18.5
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.7 16.6 39.4 18.2 38.6 18.2 15.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.7 16.6 39.4 18.2 38.6 18.2 15.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.2 S S S S 5.2
Single modes 40.6 11.5 S S S S 15.4
Truck 45.9 12.2 S S S S 18.4
For-hire truck 40.7 10.8 S S S S 18.4
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.6 11.8 S S S S 5.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.6 11.8 S S S S 5.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 40.5 S S S S 15.1
Single modes S S S S S S 23.7
Truck S S S S S S 23.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.7
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 46.8 16.0 47.1 15.8 18.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 46.8 16.0 47.1 15.8 18.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.4 40.2 43.8 4.4
Single modes 35.2 17.7 40.4 18.2 44.0 18.2 18.4
Truck 37.3 16.8 39.3 16.1 39.2 16.1 18.4
For-hire truck 39.4 15.5 44.1 14.9 44.0 14.8 18.4
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.6 17.7 48.9 18.2 45.6 18.2 19.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.6 17.7 48.9 18.2 45.6 18.2 19.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.0 20.7 18.5 9.5
Single modes 21.8 1.8 16.2 3.7 18.5 1.0 13.5
Truck 21.7 1.8 16.8 3.8 19.3 5.6 13.6
For-hire truck 47.7 4.0 23.4 3.7 25.6 3.9 14.0
Private truck 14.0 4.2 17.8 6.4 22.4 6.9 15.2
Rail S S S S S S 37.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 18.9 0.9 S S S S 9.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 19.7 0.9 33.6 35.2 9.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.1
Other and unknown modes 30.6 1.9 S S S S 13.4

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 43.1 31.8 30.8 3.0
Single modes 46.4 10.2 32.5 10.3 31.5 9.5 6.9
Truck 46.7 10.6 32.6 11.0 31.5 10.6 11.9
For-hire truck 47.1 13.3 33.1 13.2 32.1 13.3 11.0
Private truck S S S S S S 28.4
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.0 10.2 33.4 10.3 32.8 9.5 11.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.0 10.2 33.4 10.3 32.8 9.5 11.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.4 23.5 24.8 5.3
Single modes 21.1 8.0 23.5 2.4 24.8 2.3 8.0
Truck 28.9 11.8 25.2 10.6 25.3 11.0 6.2
For-hire truck 26.9 11.4 29.8 12.3 30.1 12.4 6.4
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 43.5 8.0 42.6 2.4 39.9 2.3 3.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 43.5 8.0 42.6 2.4 39.9 2.3 3.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.4 45.9 48.6 4.4
Single modes 32.0 11.7 46.2 10.5 49.0 10.6 12.9
Truck 32.2 11.8 46.2 10.5 49.0 10.6 11.9
For-hire truck 33.4 10.8 45.4 11.2 S S 12.2
Private truck S S S S S S 23.7
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 38.0 11.9 S S S S 11.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.0 11.9 S S S S 11.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.1

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 21.1
Single modes S S S S S S 29.8
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.2 S S S S 3.2
Single modes 46.1 14.6 S S S S 21.2
Truck 46.1 14.6 S S S S 21.2
For-hire truck 46.7 14.2 S S S S 23.6
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.7 14.6 27.4 20.0 26.6 19.9 11.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.7 14.6 27.4 20.0 26.6 19.9 11.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.6 33.7 34.3 9.9
Single modes S S 33.9 14.8 34.3 14.9 16.3
Truck S S 46.4 15.4 46.7 15.2 15.4
For-hire truck S S 46.4 15.4 46.7 15.2 15.4
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 28.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.1 15.5 S S S S 17.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.1 15.5 S S S S 17.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 29.8
Single modes S S S S S S 29.8
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.3 25.1 27.1 5.1
Single modes 31.7 6.4 25.2 0.4 27.4 0.5 4.7
Truck 33.7 6.4 17.5 6.5 19.7 7.5 5.1
For-hire truck S S 29.6 10.6 33.0 10.7 6.5
Private truck 25.0 9.7 30.2 11.4 34.8 11.4 5.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.4 6.4 48.2 0.4 43.1 0.5 5.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.4 6.4 48.2 0.4 43.1 0.5 5.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.0 43.5 S S 10.3
Single modes 31.3 5.3 43.5 2.2 S S 16.5
Truck 32.0 6.1 44.9 16.1 S S 16.9
For-hire truck 36.4 9.0 49.4 12.3 44.5 17.7 48.9
Private truck 29.8 6.5 28.3 12.6 33.2 10.2 10.5
Rail 49.1 5.1 S S S S 25.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 38.5 2.2 41.6 4.0 16.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 38.5 2.2 41.6 4.0 16.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.