Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 286,576 100.0 270,265 100.0 54,491 100.0
Less than 50 miles 39,759 13.9 140,103 51.8 2,262 4.2
50 to 99 miles 18,465 6.4 33,046 12.2 3,018 5.5
100 to 249 miles 45,584 15.9 41,038 15.2 8,303 15.2
250 to 499 miles 68,959 24.1 34,591 12.8 18,602 34.1
500 to 749 miles 45,230 15.8 12,680 4.7 9,304 17.1
750 to 999 miles 33,746 11.8 4,366 1.6 4,519 8.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 11,084 3.9 1,676 0.6 2,500 4.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 21,607 7.5 2,416 0.9 5,074 9.3
2,000 miles or more 2,143 0.7 350 0.1 909 1.7

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 252,755 100.0 265,912 100.0 51,571 100.0
Less than 50 miles 35,909 14.2 139,383 52.4 2,253 4.4
50 to 99 miles 17,211 6.8 32,720 12.3 2,991 5.8
100 to 249 miles 42,162 16.7 40,448 15.2 8,006 15.5
250 to 499 miles 61,011 24.1 33,238 12.5 17,973 34.9
500 to 749 miles 37,968 15.0 12,164 4.6 8,883 17.2
750 to 999 miles 28,852 11.4 4,113 1.5 4,250 8.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 9,247 3.7 1,573 0.6 2,349 4.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 18,864 7.5 1,989 0.7 4,151 8.0
2,000 miles or more 1,531 0.6 283 0.1 716 1.4

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 229,373 100.0 223,648 100.0 34,692 100.0
Less than 50 miles 33,039 14.4 124,806 55.8 2,215 6.4
50 to 99 miles 17,153 7.5 32,336 14.5 2,956 8.5
100 to 249 miles 40,821 17.8 33,751 15.1 6,198 17.9
250 to 499 miles 52,860 23.0 17,732 7.9 7,981 23.0
500 to 749 miles 33,679 14.7 8,751 3.9 6,361 18.3
750 to 999 miles 26,668 11.6 3,168 1.4 3,201 9.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 8,237 3.6 1,092 0.5 1,521 4.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 15,630 6.8 1,758 0.8 3,624 10.4
2,000 miles or more 1,286 0.6 254 0.1 635 1.8

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 176,102 100.0 103,571 100.0 26,100 100.0
Less than 50 miles 11,279 6.4 46,924 45.3 906 3.5
50 to 99 miles 7,571 4.3 12,411 12.0 1,110 4.3
100 to 249 miles 27,798 15.8 16,163 15.6 3,292 12.6
250 to 499 miles 46,546 26.4 14,490 14.0 6,606 25.3
500 to 749 miles 31,689 18.0 7,605 7.3 5,509 21.1
750 to 999 miles 26,203 14.9 2,901 2.8 2,935 11.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 8,135 4.6 1,073 1.0 1,497 5.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 15,599 8.9 1,751 1.7 3,611 13.8
2,000 miles or more 1,283 0.7 254 0.2 634 2.4

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 52,887 100.0 120,022 100.0 8,575 100.0
Less than 50 miles 21,753 41.1 77,874 64.9 1,308 15.3
50 to 99 miles 9,577 18.1 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 12,955 24.5 17,560 14.6 2,899 33.8
250 to 499 miles 6,050 11.4 3,230 2.7 1,370 16.0
500 to 749 miles 1,952 3.7 1,141 1.0 849 9.9
750 to 999 miles 464 0.9 267 0.2 265 3.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 101 0.2 19 24 0.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 7 14 0.2
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 5,263 100.0 17,308 100.0 9,821 100.0
Less than 50 miles 86 1.6 303 1.8 10 0.1
50 to 99 miles 56 1.1 384 2.2 35 0.4
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 2,556 48.6 8,071 46.6 4,384 44.6
500 to 749 miles 891 16.9 1,719 9.9 1,446 14.7
750 to 999 miles 360 6.8 937 5.4 1,039 10.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 431 8.2 225 1.3 512 5.2
2,000 miles or more 18 0.4 27 0.2 76 0.8

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S 7,390 33.9 S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S 7,390 33.9 S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 14,359 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 564 3.9 S S 1 0.6
250 to 499 miles 4,876 34.0 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 3,359 23.4 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 1,824 12.7 S S 10 5.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 706 4.9 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,802 19.5 6 4.1 14 8.5
2,000 miles or more S S 2 1.1 5 2.7

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 28,220 100.0 1,759 100.0 1,981 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,818 6.4 47 2.7 1
50 to 99 miles 897 3.2 17 1.0 2
100 to 249 miles 2,653 9.4 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 6,604 23.4 263 14.9 134 6.8
500 to 749 miles 6,859 24.3 315 17.9 266 13.4
750 to 999 miles 4,739 16.8 202 11.5 220 11.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,684 6.0 57 3.2 86 4.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,663 9.4 404 23.0 876 44.2
2,000 miles or more 303 1.1 S S 137 6.9

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 24,651 100.0 630 100.0 490 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,818 7.4 47 7.5 1 0.2
50 to 99 miles 897 3.6 17 2.8 2 0.4
100 to 249 miles 2,564 10.4 85 13.5 19 3.8
250 to 499 miles 6,308 25.6 140 22.2 65 13.3
500 to 749 miles 5,907 24.0 121 19.2 89 18.1
750 to 999 miles 3,792 15.4 111 17.7 115 23.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,405 5.7 37 5.8 51 10.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,725 7.0 64 10.1 127 26.0
2,000 miles or more 236 1.0 8 1.2 21 4.4

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 824 100.0 1,226 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 292 8.4 122 14.8 68 5.5
500 to 749 miles S S 191 23.2 175 14.3
750 to 999 miles S S 91 11.0 105 8.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 938 27.1 340 41.2 748 61.1
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 5,601 100.0 2,595 100.0 939 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,032 36.3 673 25.9 7 0.8
50 to 99 miles 358 6.4 308 11.9 25 2.7
100 to 249 miles 769 13.7 179 6.9 37 4.0
250 to 499 miles 1,344 24.0 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 402 7.2 201 7.7 155 16.5
750 to 999 miles 155 2.8 50 1.9 49 5.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 80 1.4 23 0.9 48 5.1
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.