Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 286,576 100.0 270,265 100.0 54,491 100.0 549
Less than 50 lbs 32,949 11.5 463 0.2 280 0.5 669
50 to 99 lbs 6,348 2.2 348 0.1 157 0.3 446
100 to 499 lbs 21,021 7.3 1,899 0.7 655 1.2 369
500 to 749 lbs 7,090 2.5 888 0.3 311 0.6 350
750 to 999 lbs 5,338 1.9 814 0.3 252 0.5 310
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 63,186 22.0 16,838 6.2 5,222 9.6 314
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 131,947 46.0 145,112 53.7 24,901 45.7 190
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 9,605 3.4 54,649 20.2 4,956 9.1 90
100,000 lbs or more 9,093 3.2 49,253 18.2 17,758 32.6 418

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 252,755 100.0 265,912 100.0 51,571 100.0 288
Less than 50 lbs 16,386 6.5 168 48 330
50 to 99 lbs 2,230 0.9 198 47 232
100 to 499 lbs 16,935 6.7 1,683 0.6 510 1.0 301
500 to 749 lbs 6,888 2.7 853 0.3 302 0.6 353
750 to 999 lbs 5,021 2.0 792 0.3 241 0.5 304
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 60,329 23.9 16,487 6.2 5,010 9.7 308
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 127,100 50.3 143,561 54.0 23,793 46.1 183
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 9,168 3.6 54,054 20.3 4,747 9.2 86
100,000 lbs or more 8,698 3.4 48,114 18.1 16,873 32.7 408

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 229,373 100.0 223,648 100.0 34,692 100.0 227
Less than 50 lbs 3,733 1.6 156 32 175
50 to 99 lbs 2,043 0.9 193 40 0.1 200
100 to 499 lbs 16,369 7.1 1,654 0.7 473 1.4 275
500 to 749 lbs 6,331 2.8 849 0.4 297 0.9 349
750 to 999 lbs 4,982 2.2 788 0.4 234 0.7 298
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 59,998 26.2 16,404 7.3 4,917 14.2 305
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 125,490 54.7 142,380 63.7 23,132 66.7 180
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 9,000 3.9 53,552 23.9 4,606 13.3 85
100,000 lbs or more 1,428 0.6 7,671 3.4 959 2.8 139

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 176,102 100.0 103,571 100.0 26,100 100.0 477
Less than 50 lbs 1,720 1.0 46 24 470
50 to 99 lbs 1,044 0.6 58 S S 548
100 to 499 lbs 10,556 6.0 695 0.7 391 1.5 562
500 to 749 lbs 4,868 2.8 398 0.4 251 1.0 628
750 to 999 lbs 3,734 2.1 329 0.3 190 0.7 578
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 43,729 24.8 7,477 7.2 3,769 14.4 546
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 105,254 59.8 75,335 72.7 19,166 73.4 287
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 4,077 2.3 16,335 15.8 1,406 5.4 81
100,000 lbs or more 1,119 0.6 2,897 2.8 870 3.3 332

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 52,887 100.0 120,022 100.0 8,575 100.0 79
Less than 50 lbs 2,011 3.8 110 8 0.1 71
50 to 99 lbs 997 1.9 135 0.1 7 53
100 to 499 lbs 5,772 10.9 957 0.8 81 0.9 77
500 to 749 lbs 1,441 2.7 451 0.4 46 0.5 101
750 to 999 lbs 1,244 2.4 459 0.4 44 0.5 96
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 15,969 30.2 8,913 7.4 1,142 13.3 124
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 20,229 38.2 67,035 55.9 3,962 46.2 62
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 4,915 9.3 37,190 31.0 S S 87
100,000 lbs or more 308 0.6 4,774 4.0 90 1.0 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 5,263 100.0 17,308 100.0 9,821 100.0 763
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 399
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,360
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,683
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,442
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,292 24.6 765 4.4 596 6.1 818
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 212 1.2 135 1.4 645
100,000 lbs or more 3,653 69.4 16,288 94.1 9,026 91.9 632

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 2
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 2
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 14,359 100.0 S S S S 1,313
Less than 50 lbs 12,654 88.1 12 8.2 16 9.3 1,312
50 to 99 lbs 187 1.3 5 3.4 7 4.1 1,386
100 to 499 lbs 560 3.9 S S S S 1,322
500 to 749 lbs S S 4 2.5 5 2.7 1,270
750 to 999 lbs 9 1 0.4 1 0.7 1,894
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 154 1.1 S S S S 939
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,207
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 624
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 28,220 100.0 1,759 100.0 1,981 100.0 793
Less than 50 lbs 16,333 57.9 284 16.2 231 11.6 792
50 to 99 lbs 4,015 14.2 142 8.1 109 5.5 776
100 to 499 lbs 3,943 14.0 182 10.3 144 7.3 844
500 to 749 lbs 113 0.4 14 0.8 7 0.4 502
750 to 999 lbs S S 11 0.6 8 0.4 734
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,629
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 516 29.3 716 36.2 1,478
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 182 0.6 S S S S 761
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,349

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 24,651 100.0 630 100.0 490 100.0 792
Less than 50 lbs 16,333 66.3 284 45.1 230 47.0 792
50 to 99 lbs 4,014 16.3 142 22.5 109 22.3 775
100 to 499 lbs 3,934 16.0 180 28.6 140 28.5 826
500 to 749 lbs 112 0.5 14 2.2 7 1.4 489
750 to 999 lbs S S 8 1.3 S S 439
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 454
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 824 100.0 1,226 100.0 1,740
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 2,649
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 2,649
100 to 499 lbs S S 1 0.1 3 0.2 2,665
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,456
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,526
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,510
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 410 49.8 623 50.8 1,568
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 29 3.5 18 1.4 604
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,349

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 2,156
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 4,768
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 4,522
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,062
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 4,616
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 784
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 5,601 100.0 2,595 100.0 939 100.0 137
Less than 50 lbs 229 4.1 11 0.4 1 0.1 125
50 to 99 lbs 103 1.8 8 0.3 1 92
100 to 499 lbs 143 2.6 34 1.3 S S 47
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 81
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 297
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,961 35.0 278 10.7 93 9.9 320
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,593 46.3 1,035 39.9 391 41.6 435
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 255 4.6 374 14.4 S S 107
100,000 lbs or more 175 3.1 S S S S 483

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.