Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 286,576 100.0 270,265 100.0 54,491 100.0 549
Single modes 252,755 88.2 265,912 98.4 51,571 94.6 288
Truck3 229,373 80.0 223,648 82.8 34,692 63.7 227
For-hire Truck 176,102 61.5 103,571 38.3 26,100 47.9 477
Private Truck 52,887 18.5 120,022 44.4 8,575 15.7 79
Rail 5,263 1.8 17,308 6.4 9,821 18.0 763
Water S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 14,359 5.0 S S S S 1,313
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 28,220 9.8 1,759 0.7 1,981 3.6 793
Parcel, USPS or courier 24,651 8.6 630 0.2 490 0.9 792
Truck and rail S S 824 0.3 1,226 2.2 1,740
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,156
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 5,601 2.0 2,595 1.0 939 1.7 137

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 466
Single modes S S S S S S 466
Truck3 S S S S S S 466
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 466
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S 109
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 109
Rail
Water S S S S S S 638
Shallow draft S S S S S S 638
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 125
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 125
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,511 100.0 4,358 100.0 1,371 100.0 S
Single modes 2,338 93.1 4,156 95.4 1,011 73.7 S
Truck3 2,261 90.1 S S 734 53.6 S
For-hire Truck 1,154 45.9 984 22.6 591 43.1 S
Private Truck 1,108 44.1 S S S S 76
Rail
Water S S S S S S 679
Shallow draft S S S S S S 679
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 972
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,749
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 182

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 298 100.0 S
Single modes S S S S 296 99.3 S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S 9 3.1 89
Rail S S S S S S 641
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 59

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,191 100.0 2,339 100.0 750 100.0 194
Single modes 5,050 97.3 2,218 94.8 711 94.9 181
Truck3 5,045 97.2 2,202 94.2 687 91.7 180
For-hire Truck 1,514 29.2 808 34.5 342 45.7 396
Private Truck S S S S S S 160
Rail S S S S S S 1,504
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 472
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 472
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 121 5.2 38 5.1 224

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,272 100.0 2,988 100.0 1,705 100.0 256
Single modes 3,160 96.6 2,952 98.8 1,704 100.0 264
Truck3 2,976 91.0 1,778 59.5 890 52.2 263
For-hire Truck 1,189 36.3 871 29.1 597 35.0 599
Private Truck 1,787 54.6 907 30.4 293 17.2 222
Rail 59 1.8 172 5.8 93 5.5 568
Water S S S S S S 721
Shallow draft S S S S S S 721
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 239
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,404
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 75

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,670 100.0 11,783 100.0 3,868 100.0 565
Single modes 10,108 94.7 11,496 97.6 3,567 92.2 172
Truck3 9,719 91.1 10,424 88.5 2,734 70.7 166
For-hire Truck 6,153 57.7 5,879 49.9 2,318 59.9 408
Private Truck 3,565 33.4 4,545 38.6 416 10.7 85
Rail 388 3.6 1,072 9.1 833 21.5 1,021
Water S S S S S S 712
Shallow draft S S S S S S 712
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 490 4.6 144 1.2 200 5.2 885
Parcel, USPS or courier 413 3.9 S S S S 884
Truck and rail 77 0.7 120 1.0 167 4.3 1,875
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 295

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,739 100.0 2,260 100.0 853 100.0 S
Single modes 2,478 90.5 2,164 95.7 788 92.4 S
Truck3 2,363 86.3 1,945 86.1 589 69.1 S
For-hire Truck 757 27.6 768 34.0 553 64.9 734
Private Truck 1,606 58.6 1,177 52.1 S S 22
Rail 115 4.2 219 9.7 199 23.4 931
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,082
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,082
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 224

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,737 100.0 55 100.0 24 100.0 510
Single modes 1,719 99.0 55 98.9 24 97.7 S
Truck3 1,707 98.3 54 98.4 23 95.9 S
For-hire Truck 1,110 63.9 28 51.2 13 53.9 476
Private Truck 234 13.5 10 17.2 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,417
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 18 1.0 1 1.1 1 2.3 1,047
Parcel, USPS or courier 18 1.0 1 1.1 1 2.3 1,047
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 381
Single modes S S S S S S 381
Truck3 S S S S S S 381
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 381
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 10
Rail S S S S S S 247
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 404

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 374 100.0 61,479 100.0 2,018 100.0 31
Single modes 374 99.9 61,372 99.8 2,016 99.9 31
Truck3 374 99.9 61,372 99.8 2,016 99.9 31
For-hire Truck 191 51.1 29,095 47.3 867 43.0 26
Private Truck 183 48.8 32,277 52.5 1,149 56.9 35
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 132 100.0 S S S S 283
Single modes 132 99.6 S S S S 229
Truck3 117 88.4 S S S S 224
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 389
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 384
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 426
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 426
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 321 100.0 S S S S 379
Single modes 258 80.4 456 60.7 S S 241
Truck3 258 80.4 456 60.7 S S 241
For-hire Truck 206 64.2 S S S S 256
Private Truck S S S S S S 78
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 784
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 784
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 107
Single modes S S S S S S 107
Truck3 S S S S S S 106
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 155
Private Truck S S S S S S 61
Rail S S S S S S 451
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,040 100.0 19,324 100.0 1,068 100.0 56
Single modes 6,040 100.0 19,324 100.0 1,068 100.0 56
Truck3 6,016 99.6 19,254 99.6 1,067 99.9 57
For-hire Truck 3,303 54.7 10,397 53.8 610 57.1 60
Private Truck 2,708 44.8 8,842 45.8 455 42.6 50
Rail S S S S S S 19
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 575 100.0 44
Single modes S S S S 575 100.0 44
Truck3 2,241 44.7 8,349 37.2 478 83.0 50
For-hire Truck 1,394 27.8 5,072 22.6 271 47.0 58
Private Truck 843 16.8 3,257 14.5 202 35.1 42
Rail
Water S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,395 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 1,394 99.9 S S S S 110
Truck3 S S S S S S 44
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 75
Private Truck 386 27.7 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 605
Water S S S S S S 2
Shallow draft S S S S S S 2
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1 S S 939
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 S S 939
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 59

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,388 100.0 5,448 100.0 3,046 100.0 S
Single modes 4,020 91.6 5,431 99.7 3,043 99.9 514
Truck3 2,919 66.5 1,977 36.3 1,048 34.4 462
For-hire Truck 2,896 66.0 1,872 34.4 998 32.8 566
Private Truck 22 0.5 105 1.9 50 1.6 S
Rail S S 2,046 37.6 1,361 44.7 566
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,356
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 463
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 63,812 100.0 705 100.0 485 100.0 667
Single modes 56,523 88.6 658 93.4 471 97.2 740
Truck3 50,451 79.1 653 92.6 464 95.7 211
For-hire Truck 50,135 78.6 617 87.5 455 93.8 234
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 845
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 6,071 9.5 5 0.7 7 1.4 1,330
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 6,710 10.5 21 3.0 10 2.1 591
Parcel, USPS or courier 6,710 10.5 21 3.0 10 2.1 591
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 362
Single modes S S S S S S 362
Truck3 S S S S S S 306
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 287
Private Truck S S S S S S 317
Rail S S S S S S 585
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,880 100.0 1,092 100.0 659 100.0 S
Single modes 1,570 83.5 1,080 99.0 657 99.7 S
Truck3 1,500 79.8 1,002 91.7 587 89.2 S
For-hire Truck 1,061 56.4 823 75.4 578 87.8 413
Private Truck 437 23.2 178 16.3 9 1.4 32
Rail 69 3.7 77 7.1 S S 1,006
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 884
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 2 0.3 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 2 0.3 S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 2 0.2 S S 36

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,262 100.0 3,429 100.0 1,744 100.0 460
Single modes 8,363 90.3 3,250 94.8 1,615 92.6 203
Truck3 8,234 88.9 3,034 88.5 1,518 87.0 201
For-hire Truck 6,561 70.8 2,234 65.1 1,376 78.9 572
Private Truck 1,670 18.0 801 23.3 141 8.1 58
Rail S S S S S S 801
Water S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 906
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 530 5.7 73 2.1 114 6.6 914
Parcel, USPS or courier 428 4.6 28 0.8 25 1.4 912
Truck and rail 96 1.0 43 1.3 76 4.4 1,625
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,977
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 83
Truck3 S S S S S S 83
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 33
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,573
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,573
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 164

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,858 100.0 7,158 100.0 1,479 100.0 394
Single modes 3,743 97.0 7,132 99.6 1,464 99.0 115
Truck3 3,684 95.5 6,944 97.0 1,360 92.0 113
For-hire Truck 1,842 47.8 3,160 44.1 849 57.4 306
Private Truck 1,841 47.7 3,784 52.9 S S 72
Rail S S S S S S 560
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 830
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 825
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 825
Truck and rail S S S S S S 377
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 21 0.5 12 0.2 4 0.3 147

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,825 100.0 2,943 100.0 1,681 100.0 S
Single modes 1,727 94.7 2,874 97.7 1,612 95.9 S
Truck3 1,182 64.8 1,745 59.3 676 40.2 S
For-hire Truck 730 40.0 1,232 41.9 598 35.6 303
Private Truck 452 24.8 S S S S S
Rail 545 29.9 1,129 38.4 936 55.7 849
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,607
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 97 5.3 68 2.3 69 4.1 823
Parcel, USPS or courier 22 1.2 3 2 0.1 810
Truck and rail 75 4.1 66 2.2 67 4.0 1,253
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,469 100.0 2,721 100.0 1,040 100.0 440
Single modes 3,300 95.1 2,682 98.6 1,019 98.0 S
Truck3 3,300 95.1 2,682 98.6 1,019 98.0 S
For-hire Truck 2,358 68.0 1,451 53.3 812 78.1 482
Private Truck 942 27.1 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,621
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 912
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 911
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,667
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 95 2.7 S S S S S

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,213 100.0 1,964 100.0 1,185 100.0 647
Single modes 4,959 79.8 1,808 92.1 1,102 93.0 491
Truck3 4,520 72.8 1,733 88.3 1,008 85.1 336
For-hire Truck 3,349 53.9 1,506 76.7 989 83.5 658
Private Truck S S S S S S 79
Rail S S S S S S 1,334
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,194
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,106 17.8 132 6.7 80 6.8 761
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,106 17.8 132 6.7 80 6.8 761
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12,373 100.0 1,465 100.0 649 100.0 877
Single modes 10,729 86.7 1,386 94.6 593 91.3 645
Truck3 10,649 86.1 1,383 94.5 589 90.8 492
For-hire Truck 7,357 59.5 944 64.4 509 78.4 651
Private Truck 3,291 26.6 440 30.0 80 12.4 S
Rail
Water S S S S S S 2
Shallow draft S S S S S S 2
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 79 0.6 2 0.1 3 0.5 1,366
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,530 12.4 64 4.4 53 8.2 926
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,526 12.3 63 4.3 51 7.8 926
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,368
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,947 100.0 35,199 100.0 1,930 100.0 482
Single modes 4,684 94.7 34,996 99.4 1,890 97.9 94
Truck3 4,612 93.2 34,099 96.9 1,611 83.5 93
For-hire Truck 2,913 58.9 7,816 22.2 1,168 60.5 245
Private Truck 1,699 34.4 26,283 74.7 443 23.0 26
Rail S S S S S S 931
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 677
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 211 4.3 9 9 0.5 900
Parcel, USPS or courier 211 4.3 9 9 0.5 900
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 52 1.0 S S S S 240

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,793 100.0 5,307 100.0 1,905 100.0 512
Single modes 5,523 95.3 5,142 96.9 1,814 95.2 183
Truck3 5,044 87.1 4,781 90.1 1,488 78.1 180
For-hire Truck 3,837 66.2 3,786 71.4 1,324 69.5 376
Private Truck 1,207 20.8 994 18.7 163 8.6 S
Rail S S S S 326 17.1 880
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 231 4.0 S S S S 1,015
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,015
Truck and rail S S S S S S 924
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 39 0.7 75 1.4 22 1.2 S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,646 100.0 2,136 100.0 1,081 100.0 621
Single modes 4,750 84.1 2,108 98.7 1,062 98.3 387
Truck3 4,722 83.6 2,107 98.6 1,061 98.2 351
For-hire Truck 3,255 57.6 1,568 73.4 939 86.9 653
Private Truck 1,466 26.0 539 25.2 122 11.3 155
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,231
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 853 15.1 23 1.1 18 1.6 809
Parcel, USPS or courier 853 15.1 23 1.1 18 1.6 809
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 43 0.8 6 0.3 S S 172

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 19,867 100.0 2,644 100.0 1,869 100.0 484
Single modes 17,868 89.9 2,420 91.6 1,740 93.1 280
Truck3 17,696 89.1 2,387 90.3 1,710 91.5 256
For-hire Truck 15,441 77.7 2,135 80.8 1,668 89.3 537
Private Truck 2,255 11.4 252 9.5 42 2.2 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 172 0.9 S S S S 1,346
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,431 7.2 55 2.1 54 2.9 778
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,350 6.8 46 1.8 S S 777
Truck and rail 76 0.4 8 0.3 18 0.9 2,276
Truck and water S S S S S S 639
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 568 2.9 S S S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 13,008 100.0 1,279 100.0 800 100.0 867
Single modes 6,693 51.5 939 73.4 523 65.4 716
Truck3 6,671 51.3 937 73.3 521 65.1 712
For-hire Truck 6,440 49.5 885 69.2 508 63.6 799
Private Truck 232 1.8 52 4.1 13 1.6 S
Rail S S S S S S 656
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 19 0.1 1 1 0.1 1,287
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 4,879 37.5 107 8.4 154 19.2 921
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,818 37.0 80 6.3 72 9.0 920
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,575
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,716
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1,435 11.0 232 18.2 123 15.4 S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 28,932 100.0 5,697 100.0 3,693 100.0 298
Single modes 25,132 86.9 5,347 93.8 3,349 90.7 276
Truck3 24,751 85.5 5,313 93.2 3,316 89.8 273
For-hire Truck 22,457 77.6 4,799 84.2 3,182 86.2 458
Private Truck 2,294 7.9 514 9.0 S S 52
Rail S S S S S S 822
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,290
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 595
Parcel, USPS or courier 148 0.5 6 0.1 3 525
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,575
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1,112 3.8 164 2.9 S S 44

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,412 100.0 76 100.0 51 100.0 1,020
Single modes 1,197 84.8 72 94.4 48 94.6 1,038
Truck3 1,036 73.3 71 93.4 46 91.8 491
For-hire Truck 988 69.9 71 93.0 46 91.8 502
Private Truck 48 3.4 S S S S 451
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,486
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 167 11.8 S S S S 1,016
Parcel, USPS or courier 167 11.8 S S S S 1,016
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 538

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,102 100.0 S S S S 556
Single modes 8,705 78.4 S S S S 715
Truck3 1,516 13.7 S S S S 118
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 391
Private Truck S S S S S S 48
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 7,189 64.8 4 0.2 5 4.8 1,232
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 473
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 473
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,707 100.0 1,004 100.0 545 100.0 902
Single modes 4,304 91.4 969 96.5 510 93.5 576
Truck3 4,304 91.4 969 96.5 510 93.5 576
For-hire Truck 3,420 72.7 769 76.6 493 90.5 701
Private Truck 884 18.8 200 19.9 17 3.0 99
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 398 8.5 S S S S 1,087
Parcel, USPS or courier 396 8.4 S S S S 1,086
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,654
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 5 0.1 S S S S S

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12,081 100.0 2,242 100.0 1,164 100.0 962
Single modes 10,185 84.3 2,155 96.1 1,046 89.9 681
Truck3 9,760 80.8 2,069 92.3 892 76.7 528
For-hire Truck 7,561 62.6 1,481 66.1 814 70.0 817
Private Truck 2,199 18.2 588 26.2 78 6.7 57
Rail S S S S S S 1,961
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 6 0.3 10 0.8 1,701
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,503 12.4 55 2.4 57 4.9 1,032
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,487 12.3 51 2.3 51 4.4 1,028
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,649
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,807
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 464

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 12,778 100.0 S S 118
Single modes S S S S S S 119
Truck3 426 38.1 4,282 33.5 S S S
For-hire Truck 309 27.7 2,607 20.4 317 5.7 S
Private Truck S S S S S S 89
Rail S S S S S S 180
Water S S S S S S 799
Shallow draft S S S S S S 799
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 27,657 100.0 7,932 100.0 2,011 100.0 437
Single modes 25,937 93.8 7,833 98.8 1,972 98.0 177
Truck3 25,864 93.5 7,813 98.5 1,916 95.3 171
For-hire Truck 13,917 50.3 3,397 42.8 1,272 63.2 404
Private Truck 11,942 43.2 4,413 55.6 642 31.9 123
Rail S S S S S S 2,679
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,304
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,565 5.7 47 0.6 34 1.7 772
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,565 5.7 47 0.6 34 1.7 772
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 154 0.6 S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 311 100.0 S S S S 830
Single modes 225 72.4 S S S S S
Truck3 216 69.5 239 50.3 S S S
For-hire Truck 87 27.9 S S 19 14.1 233
Private Truck S S 59 12.5 12 8.8 S
Rail S S S S S S 150
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,020
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,020
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,342

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.