Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 200,245 100.0 272,961 100.0 62,107 100.0 407
Single modes 171,983 85.9 263,278 96.5 55,755 89.8 204
Truck 157,617 78.7 198,474 72.7 30,347 48.9 165
For-hire truck 104,443 52.2 93,635 34.3 22,449 36.1 324
Private truck 52,795 26.4 104,585 38.3 7,798 12.6 77
Rail 5,241 2.6 36,637 13.4 18,959 30.5 758
Water S S S S 5,913 9.5 S
Shallow draft S S S S 5,913 9.5 S
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 5,459 2.7 S S S S 1,264
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 22,751 11.4 7,391 2.7 5,615 9.0 609
Parcel, USPS or courier 21,359 10.7 482 0.2 304 0.5 609
Truck and Rail 1,088 0.5 212 237 0.4 1,131
Truck and water S S S S S S S
Rail and water 77 4,932 1.8 4,144 6.7 1,068
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 795
Other and unknown modes 5,511 2.8 2,292 0.8 737 1.2 271

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,786 100.0 6,455 100.0 1,438 100.0 237
Single modes 6,199 91.4 6,420 99.4 1,431 99.5 256
Truck 5,733 84.5 5,499 85.2 1,095 76.2 208
For-hire truck 2,754 40.6 3,392 52.5 762 53.0 228
Private truck 2,941 43.3 2,103 32.6 332 23.1 173
Rail 176 2.6 667 10.3 198 13.7 266
Water S S S S S S 544
Shallow draft S S S S S S 544
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 843
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 506 7.5 13 0.2 3 0.2 226
Parcel, USPS or courier 506 7.5 13 0.2 3 0.2 226
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 80 1.2 23 0.4 4 0.3 186

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,507
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,507
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,507
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 797 100.0 S S S S 1,781
Single modes S S S S S S 2,067
Truck 98 12.3 S S S S 1,670
For-hire truck 98 12.3 S S S S 1,670
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,391
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,231
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 70 8.8 1 1.4 3 1.2 1,721
Parcel, USPS or courier 70 8.8 1 1.4 3 1.2 1,721
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,711

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,955 100.0 6,417 100.0 1,456 100.0 379
Single modes 4,713 95.1 6,186 96.4 1,364 93.7 326
Truck 4,586 92.6 2,141 33.4 561 38.5 323
For-hire truck 3,317 66.9 1,530 23.8 423 29.1 360
Private truck 1,269 25.6 611 9.5 138 9.4 212
Rail 100 2.0 3,554 55.4 612 42.0 505
Water S S S S S S 321
Shallow draft S S S S S S 321
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 561
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 140 2.8 S S S S 473
Parcel, USPS or courier 86 1.7 4 2 0.1 471
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 259
Truck and water S S S S S S 792
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 416

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,277 100.0 919 100.0 2,030 100.0 2,112
Single modes 4,060 55.8 812 88.4 1,781 87.7 2,161
Truck 2,942 40.4 784 85.2 1,710 84.2 1,977
For-hire truck 2,462 33.8 635 69.0 1,430 70.5 2,048
Private truck S S S S S S 1,847
Rail S S 27 2.9 66 3.3 2,407
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1,082 14.9 2 0.2 5 0.2 2,492
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2,734 37.6 78 8.5 186 9.2 2,107
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,635 36.2 34 3.7 72 3.6 2,106
Truck and Rail 99 1.4 45 4.9 114 5.6 2,372
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 483 6.6 S S S S 1,995

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 670 100.0 S S S S 1,331
Single modes 408 60.9 S S S S 1,463
Truck 252 37.5 S S S S 1,192
For-hire truck 193 28.9 S S S S 1,184
Private truck S S S S S S 1,204
Rail S S S S S S 1,274
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,604
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 219 32.7 4 2.4 6 2.7 1,288
Parcel, USPS or courier 218 32.5 3 1.7 4 1.8 1,288
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,412
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,256

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,008 100.0 120 100.0 125 100.0 1,021
Single modes 422 41.8 113 93.8 118 94.5 1,014
Truck 416 41.3 113 93.8 118 94.5 1,013
For-hire truck 302 30.0 103 85.6 108 86.3 1,013
Private truck S S S S S S 1,001
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,072
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 581 57.6 6 5.3 6 4.9 1,023
Parcel, USPS or courier 581 57.6 6 5.3 6 4.9 1,023
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,061

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 276 100.0 13 100.0 10 100.0 810
Single modes S S 10 77.9 8 71.9 892
Truck S S 10 77.6 7 71.6 772
For-hire truck S S 9 69.7 7 64.1 771
Private truck S S S S S S 832
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,070
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 756
Parcel, USPS or courier 8 2.8 0.8 0.7 730
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,113
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 712

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 640
Single modes S S S S S S 670
Truck S S S S S S 670
For-hire truck S S S S S S 670
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 627
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 627
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,086 100.0 1,264 100.0 922 100.0 769
Single modes 2,514 81.5 1,220 96.5 890 96.5 873
Truck 2,106 68.2 923 73.0 662 71.8 788
For-hire truck 1,464 47.4 708 56.0 519 56.3 780
Private truck 629 20.4 207 16.4 136 14.8 802
Rail 146 4.7 294 23.2 224 24.3 944
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,279
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 535 17.3 14 1.1 10 1.1 744
Parcel, USPS or courier 533 17.3 12 0.9 9 1.0 744
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 703
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 728

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12,810 100.0 5,585 100.0 1,617 100.0 255
Single modes 10,989 85.8 5,503 98.5 1,593 98.6 244
Truck 10,680 83.4 5,133 91.9 1,456 90.1 240
For-hire truck 8,193 64.0 4,065 72.8 1,210 74.8 247
Private truck 2,485 19.4 1,013 18.1 227 14.1 225
Rail 237 1.9 368 6.6 136 8.4 375
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 621
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,360 10.6 44 0.8 13 0.8 264
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,354 10.6 38 0.7 9 0.6 264
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 599
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 181

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,936
Single modes S S S S S S 4,644
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,644
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,095
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,730
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,563
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 220 100.0 423 100.0 2,082
Single modes S S 220 99.9 422 99.9 2,172
Truck 89 14.5 S S S S 1,905
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,911
Private truck S S S S S S 1,869
Rail S S S S S S 1,937
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,248
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 1.0 1,842
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 1.0 1,842
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,114

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,688 100.0 4,597 100.0 2,123 100.0 533
Single modes 6,090 79.2 3,795 82.6 1,961 92.4 540
Truck 5,859 76.2 2,174 47.3 963 45.4 484
For-hire truck 4,724 61.5 1,827 39.7 857 40.4 513
Private truck 1,104 14.4 308 6.7 97 4.5 443
Rail 67 0.9 324 7.1 145 6.8 446
Water S S S S S S 511
Shallow draft S S S S S S 511
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 48 0.6 S S S S 787
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,549 20.1 S S S S 530
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,530 19.9 33 0.7 17 0.8 534
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 177
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 576

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,296 100.0 7,187 100.0 3,133 100.0 365
Single modes 5,449 86.5 6,519 90.7 2,630 83.9 368
Truck 5,184 82.3 4,080 56.8 1,333 42.5 352
For-hire truck 4,264 67.7 3,557 49.5 1,106 35.3 352
Private truck 912 14.5 483 6.7 S S 351
Rail 257 4.1 2,439 33.9 1,297 41.4 522
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 662
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 798 12.7 S S S S 365
Parcel, USPS or courier 603 9.6 21 0.3 8 0.3 365
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 716
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 795
Other and unknown modes 49 0.8 S S S S 431

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,103 100.0 1,175 100.0 882 100.0 704
Single modes 1,962 93.3 1,163 99.0 874 99.0 738
Truck 1,656 78.7 682 58.0 489 55.4 709
For-hire truck 1,488 70.7 597 50.8 418 47.3 704
Private truck S S S S S S 760
Rail S S 481 40.9 384 43.6 789
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 943
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 73 3.5 4 0.4 3 0.4 693
Parcel, USPS or courier 73 3.5 4 0.4 3 0.4 693
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 69 3.3 7 0.6 6 0.6 753

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,128 100.0 S S S S 726
Single modes 872 77.2 S S S S 889
Truck 623 55.2 451 36.7 326 29.6 712
For-hire truck 581 51.5 279 22.7 196 17.8 702
Private truck 42 3.7 S S S S 761
Rail S S S S S S 731
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,093
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 203 18.0 4 0.4 3 0.3 673
Parcel, USPS or courier 203 18.0 4 0.4 3 0.3 673
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,024

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,178 100.0 14,415 100.0 3,469 100.0 208
Single modes 9,887 88.5 14,304 99.2 3,452 99.5 167
Truck 9,647 86.3 6,129 42.5 1,135 32.7 160
For-hire truck 5,309 47.5 3,061 21.2 664 19.1 229
Private truck 4,316 38.6 3,062 21.2 470 13.5 121
Rail S S S S S S 322
Water S S S S S S 322
Shallow draft S S S S S S 322
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 5 S S S S 412
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 27 0.2 7 0.2 263
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 12 3 0.1 263
Truck and Rail 125 1.1 15 0.1 3 211
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 11 0.3 S

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,760 100.0 4,510 100.0 2,975 100.0 561
Single modes 1,609 91.4 4,342 96.3 2,862 96.2 566
Truck 792 45.0 960 21.3 570 19.1 566
For-hire truck 719 40.8 618 13.7 342 11.5 557
Private truck 73 4.1 S S S S 600
Rail 514 29.2 825 18.3 498 16.7 586
Water S S S S S S 626
Shallow draft S S S S S S 626
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 426
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 133 7.5 S S S S 559
Parcel, USPS or courier 121 6.9 5 0.1 3 559
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 724
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 524

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 305 100.0 253 100.0 349 100.0 1,227
Single modes 267 87.6 252 99.7 348 99.8 1,271
Truck 177 58.2 S S S S 1,251
For-hire truck 177 57.9 S S S S 1,277
Private truck S S S S S S 1,067
Rail 89 29.1 116 45.8 161 46.0 1,333
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,388
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 28 9.2 0.2 0.1 1,155
Parcel, USPS or courier 28 9.2 0.2 0.1 1,155
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,420

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 630 100.0 254 100.0 152 100.0 687
Single modes 559 88.8 251 98.7 149 98.4 693
Truck 552 87.6 245 96.5 145 95.6 692
For-hire truck 537 85.3 238 93.5 140 92.0 694
Private truck S S S S S S 649
Rail S S S S S S 766
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 924
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 63 10.0 3 1.2 2 1.4 685
Parcel, USPS or courier 63 10.0 3 1.2 2 1.4 685
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 882

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,648 100.0 154 100.0 170 100.0 1,106
Single modes 1,052 63.8 145 93.7 159 93.4 1,089
Truck 754 45.7 144 93.5 158 93.2 1,084
For-hire truck 745 45.2 142 92.3 156 92.2 1,086
Private truck 9 0.5 S S S S 949
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.1 0.1 1,137
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 407 24.7 6 4.0 7 4.0 1,109
Parcel, USPS or courier 407 24.7 6 4.0 7 4.0 1,109
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,098

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,504 100.0 2,345 100.0 1,462 100.0 617
Single modes 4,319 78.5 2,263 96.5 1,409 96.4 637
Truck 3,835 69.7 2,162 92.2 1,335 91.3 602
For-hire truck 2,875 52.2 S S S S 603
Private truck S S 166 7.1 96 6.6 586
Rail S S 93 4.0 67 4.6 783
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 704
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,113 20.2 58 2.5 38 2.6 606
Parcel, USPS or courier 470 8.5 9 0.4 5 0.4 603
Truck and Rail 643 11.7 49 2.1 33 2.3 749
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 72 1.3 24 1.0 15 1.0 550

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,626 100.0 S S S S 916
Single modes 1,198 73.7 S S S S 982
Truck 1,003 61.7 S S S S 912
For-hire truck 910 56.0 S S S S 908
Private truck 92 5.7 S S S S 946
Rail 86 5.3 188 14.5 214 15.5 1,121
Water S S S S S S 1,066
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,066
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,146
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 413 25.4 10 0.8 9 0.7 903
Parcel, USPS or courier 413 25.4 10 0.8 9 0.7 903
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 901

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 4,353 100.0 899 100.0 95
Single modes S S 4,333 99.6 895 99.6 86
Truck S S 3,783 86.9 638 70.9 S
For-hire truck S S 2,183 50.1 447 49.7 S
Private truck 1,547 14.5 1,600 36.8 191 21.2 130
Rail 198 1.9 550 12.6 257 28.6 455
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 785
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 191 1.8 7 0.2 1 0.2 254
Parcel, USPS or courier 171 1.6 S S S S 255
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 83
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 2 0.2 139

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,408 100.0 7,325 100.0 2,833 100.0 461
Single modes 3,800 86.2 5,482 74.8 2,122 74.9 413
Truck 3,607 81.8 2,272 31.0 882 31.1 381
For-hire truck 3,143 71.3 1,928 26.3 767 27.1 468
Private truck 461 10.5 344 4.7 114 4.0 239
Rail S S S S S S 558
Water 68 1.6 2,295 31.3 731 25.8 288
Shallow draft 68 1.6 2,295 31.3 731 25.8 288
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 570
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 485 11.0 S S S S 481
Parcel, USPS or courier 478 10.8 22 0.3 10 0.4 481
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 385
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 415

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 33 100.0 37 100.0 74 100.0 1,856
Single modes 26 80.0 37 99.8 74 99.9 1,865
Truck 17 53.3 13 35.4 24 32.5 1,846
For-hire truck 17 50.4 11 29.6 20 27.1 1,847
Private truck S S S S S S 1,843
Rail 9 26.7 S S S S 2,048
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 19.3 0.2 0.1 1,855
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 19.3 0.2 0.1 1,855
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,800

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,041 100.0 403 100.0 307 100.0 834
Single modes 1,002 96.3 399 98.9 302 98.4 734
Truck 982 94.4 347 86.1 260 84.7 732
For-hire truck 789 75.8 178 44.2 145 47.3 757
Private truck S S S S S S 678
Rail S S S S S S 813
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,218
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 38 3.7 1 0.3 1 0.3 891
Parcel, USPS or courier 38 3.7 1 0.3 1 0.3 891
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,290

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 197 100.0 S S S S 2,183
Single modes 121 61.4 S S S S 2,411
Truck 81 41.0 S S S S 2,114
For-hire truck 80 40.8 S S S S 2,113
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,160
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,485
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 1.1 2 1.2 2,061
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 1.1 2 1.2 2,061
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 442 100.0 S S S S 1,131
Single modes 309 69.8 S S S S 1,131
Truck 298 67.4 S S S S 1,123
For-hire truck 274 62.0 S S S S 1,124
Private truck S S 1 0.4 1 0.4 1,099
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,228
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 127 28.7 2 0.9 2 0.9 1,131
Parcel, USPS or courier 127 28.7 2 0.9 2 0.9 1,131
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,207

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,425 100.0 859 100.0 738 100.0 835
Single modes 3,354 75.8 763 88.9 659 89.3 908
Truck 3,173 71.7 722 84.1 609 82.5 850
For-hire truck 3,128 70.7 654 76.2 565 76.6 854
Private truck S S S S S S 661
Rail S S S S S S 1,198
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,047
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,029 23.3 15 1.8 12 1.6 819
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,029 23.3 15 1.8 12 1.6 819
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 862

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 44 100.0 S S S S 1,649
Single modes 40 89.8 S S S S 2,011
Truck 24 54.2 S S S S 1,212
For-hire truck 22 50.3 S S S S 1,191
Private truck S S S S S S 1,240
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,167
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 5 10.2 S S 1,225
Parcel, USPS or courier 5 10.2 S S 1,225
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,135 100.0 812 100.0 679 100.0 895
Single modes 3,462 83.7 800 98.5 666 98.2 884
Truck 3,250 78.6 759 93.5 628 92.5 873
For-hire truck 2,965 71.7 716 88.1 591 87.2 880
Private truck 283 6.8 42 5.1 35 5.2 817
Rail S S S S S S 971
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 984
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 618 14.9 10 1.2 10 1.4 897
Parcel, USPS or courier 615 14.9 8 1.0 7 1.1 897
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,398
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 905

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,699 100.0 3,433 100.0 1,070 100.0 410
Single modes 7,074 91.9 3,368 98.1 1,049 98.0 372
Truck 6,746 87.6 3,304 96.2 997 93.1 364
For-hire truck 4,776 62.0 2,090 60.9 756 70.6 389
Private truck 1,876 24.4 1,168 34.0 222 20.7 281
Rail S S S S 47 4.4 820
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 796
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 396 5.1 14 0.4 6 0.5 443
Parcel, USPS or courier 396 5.1 14 0.4 6 0.5 443
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 317

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 104 100.0 218 100.0 295 100.0 1,205
Single modes 91 87.5 217 99.7 295 99.8 1,240
Truck 26 25.2 S S S S 1,169
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,200
Private truck S S S S S S 1,152
Rail 65 62.2 196 90.1 268 90.9 1,352
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,381
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 12 11.9 1,157
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 11.9 1,157
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,380

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,859 100.0 4,583 100.0 1,975 100.0 458
Single modes 6,061 88.4 4,431 96.7 1,897 96.1 489
Truck 5,928 86.4 3,798 82.9 1,633 82.7 485
For-hire truck 5,154 75.1 3,459 75.5 1,469 74.4 489
Private truck 713 10.4 318 6.9 151 7.6 467
Rail 109 1.6 S S S S 526
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 23 0.3 611
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 735 10.7 45 1.0 22 1.1 439
Parcel, USPS or courier 711 10.4 33 0.7 15 0.8 439
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 502
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 473

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,173 100.0 1,188 100.0 834 100.0 765
Single modes 963 82.1 781 65.7 S S 719
Truck 841 71.7 336 28.3 199 23.9 616
For-hire truck 763 65.0 316 26.6 186 22.3 600
Private truck 78 6.6 21 1.7 13 1.5 695
Rail S S S S S S 792
Water S S S S S S 1,088
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,088
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 27 2.3 S S S S 937
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 167 14.2 4 0.3 2 0.3 775
Parcel, USPS or courier 167 14.2 4 0.3 2 0.3 775
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 650

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 785 100.0 207 100.0 497 100.0 2,430
Single modes 533 67.9 188 90.8 449 90.3 2,429
Truck 417 53.0 S S 246 49.4 2,386
For-hire truck 414 52.8 S S S S 2,385
Private truck S S S S S S 2,401
Rail 40 5.1 77 37.3 203 40.8 2,612
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,455
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 248 31.5 S S S S 2,431
Parcel, USPS or courier 235 29.9 2 1.1 6 1.1 2,430
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,675
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,389

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,958 100.0 4,164 100.0 4,218 100.0 695
Single modes 2,197 74.3 1,019 24.5 S S 727
Truck 2,089 70.6 808 19.4 555 13.2 715
For-hire truck 1,968 66.5 722 17.3 503 11.9 716
Private truck 121 4.1 S S 52 1.2 693
Rail 91 3.1 210 5.1 201 4.8 969
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 16 0.6 1,058
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 695 23.5 3,141 75.4 S S 692
Parcel, USPS or courier 625 21.1 17 0.4 11 0.3 692
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water 70 2.4 3,124 75.0 S S 1,104
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 744

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 252 100.0 33 100.0 38 100.0 951
Single modes 148 58.6 S S S S 1,002
Truck 144 57.0 S S S S 995
For-hire truck 93 36.7 S S S S 1,111
Private truck S S S S S S 823
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,154
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 104 41.2 S S S S 948
Parcel, USPS or courier 104 41.2 S S S S 948
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 899

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,803 100.0 1,774 100.0 763 100.0 394
Single modes 2,438 87.0 1,730 97.5 755 98.8 402
Truck 2,240 79.9 1,257 70.8 467 61.1 352
For-hire truck 1,758 62.7 987 55.6 396 51.9 389
Private truck 467 16.7 263 14.8 68 8.9 259
Rail S S S S S S 617
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 961
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 5 0.3 2 0.3 389
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 5 0.3 2 0.3 389
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 209

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 295 100.0 46 100.0 53 100.0 1,059
Single modes 276 93.4 45 98.4 52 98.5 1,072
Truck 177 60.0 31 67.7 36 67.5 960
For-hire truck 175 59.3 31 66.0 35 66.2 954
Private truck S S S S S S 1,303
Rail S S S S S S 1,130
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,486
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 18 6.2 1 1.1 1 1.1 1,053
Parcel, USPS or courier 18 6.2 1 1.1 1 1.1 1,053
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 957

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 58,344 100.0 158,814 100.0 6,121 100.0 47
Single modes 53,207 91.2 157,536 99.2 5,847 95.5 42
Truck 49,775 85.3 141,126 88.9 5,436 88.8 41
For-hire truck 21,561 37.0 52,003 32.7 2,280 37.3 62
Private truck 28,139 48.2 89,111 56.1 3,154 51.5 37
Rail 125 0.2 611 0.4 84 1.4 89
Water S S S S S S 2
Shallow draft S S S S S S 2
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 307 0.5 S S S S 752
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,885 4.9 S S S S 65
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,822 4.8 71 6 64
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 208
Truck and water S S S S S S 784
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 2,252 3.9 911 0.6 36 0.6 18

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,535 100.0 4,184 100.0 3,412 100.0 774
Single modes 4,008 72.4 4,067 97.2 3,343 98.0 754
Truck 2,881 52.1 2,478 59.2 1,815 53.2 733
For-hire truck 2,326 42.0 1,882 45.0 1,355 39.7 756
Private truck 547 9.9 S S S S 640
Rail 921 16.6 1,583 37.8 1,519 44.5 965
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 999
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,161 21.0 27 0.6 20 0.6 783
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,161 21.0 27 0.6 20 0.6 783
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 658

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 299 100.0 S S S S 1,736
Single modes 113 37.9 S S S S 1,806
Truck 106 35.6 51 38.5 87 34.1 1,665
For-hire truck 106 35.6 51 38.5 87 34.1 1,665
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,073
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 6 2.0 S S S S 2,132
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 185 62.1 2 1.9 4 1.7 1,726
Parcel, USPS or courier 181 60.8 2 1.2 3 1.1 1,726
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,759
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 338 100.0 S S S S 1,070
Single modes S S S S S S 1,180
Truck 127 37.7 42 50.0 43 44.7 1,088
For-hire truck 127 37.7 42 50.0 43 44.7 1,089
Private truck S S S S S S 963
Rail S S S S S S 1,275
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,290
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,061
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,061
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,624 100.0 12,294 100.0 2,453 100.0 359
Single modes 4,048 87.5 12,276 99.9 2,443 99.6 198
Truck 3,753 81.2 2,297 18.7 561 22.9 189
For-hire truck 1,963 42.5 664 5.4 295 12.0 460
Private truck 1,790 38.7 1,633 13.3 266 10.8 127
Rail 291 6.3 9,979 81.2 1,882 76.7 620
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 4 953
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 11 6 0.2 527
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 11 6 0.2 527
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 24 0.5 7 S S 460

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 519 100.0 115 100.0 290 100.0 2,503
Single modes 228 44.0 103 89.7 259 89.3 2,419
Truck 191 36.8 51 44.9 121 41.9 2,336
For-hire truck 191 36.8 50 43.8 119 40.9 2,336
Private truck S S S S S S 2,382
Rail S S S S S S 2,684
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 11 2.2 S S S S 2,620
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 10 8.5 26 8.8 2,513
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,513
Truck and Rail 5 0.9 7 6.0 19 6.4 2,698
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,599

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 538 100.0 S S S S 574
Single modes 487 90.6 S S S S 503
Truck 335 62.2 S S S S 477
For-hire truck 317 58.9 S S 186 5.7 489
Private truck 18 3.3 S S S S 346
Rail S S S S S S 635
Water S S S S S S 1,119
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,119
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 983
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 50 9.3 1 1 594
Parcel, USPS or courier 50 9.3 1 1 594
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 631

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,119 100.0 1,335 100.0 941 100.0 649
Single modes 2,769 88.8 1,317 98.6 928 98.7 697
Truck 2,664 85.4 1,147 85.9 805 85.6 685
For-hire truck 1,925 61.7 894 67.0 627 66.7 672
Private truck 739 23.7 253 18.9 178 18.9 718
Rail 94 3.0 169 12.6 123 13.1 727
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 10 0.3 S S S S 910
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 335 10.7 13 1.0 8 0.9 644
Parcel, USPS or courier 329 10.5 12 0.9 7 0.8 644
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 663
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 673

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 89 100.0 2,263 100.0 3,771 100.0 1,389
Single modes 75 84.5 2,263 100.0 3,771 100.0 1,600
Truck S S S S S S 1,326
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,326
Private truck
Rail 63 70.9 2,256 99.7 3,760 99.7 1,627
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,947
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,350
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,350
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.