Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 286,576 162,735 76.1 270,265 206,916 30.6 54,491 39,775 37 549 374 46.9
Single modes 252,755 144,065 75.4 265,912 201,137 32.2 51,571 36,938 39.6 288 218 32
Truck 229,373 138,179 66 223,648 186,729 19.8 34,692 28,577 21.4 227 178 27.3
Rail 5,263 4,171 26.2 17,308 12,113 42.9 9,821 7,622 28.9 763 893 −14.6
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air) 14,359 1,392 931.3 S 29 S S 30 S 1,313 1,192 10.1
Pipeline S 207 S S 613 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 28,220 12,971 117.6 1,759 2,661 −33.9 1,981 1,593 24.4 793 621 27.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 24,651 10,830 127.6 630 471 33.7 490 318 54.3 792 620 27.7
Truck and Rail S 1,967 S 824 S S 1,226 1,117 9.8 1,740 1,053 65.2
Other multiple modes S S S S 225 S S 159 S 2,156 2,280 −5.4
Other and unknown modes 5,601 5,698 −1.7 2,595 3,118 −16.8 939 1,244 −24.5 137 108 26.6

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 9,827 6,659 47.6 S 11,018 S 4,749 4,135 14.8 131 120 8.5
Single modes 9,511 6,261 51.9 S 8,839 S 4,349 3,554 22.4 123 105 16.9
Truck 9,310 6,076 53.2 S 7,865 S S 2,806 S 122 104 17.5
Rail 46 S S 285 S S 197 S S 786 690 14
Water 155 S S 1,233 S S 803 S S 653 995 −34.3
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 972
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 54 S S S S S S S 423 1,034 −59
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 397 1,046 −62
Truck and Rail S 32 S S S S S S S 1,749 575 203.9
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S 174 S S 45 S S 203 S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 18,418 16,518 11.5 17,087 17,029 0.3 6,450 5,820 10.8 394 117 236.8
Single modes 17,464 16,067 8.7 16,667 16,459 1.3 6,083 5,379 13.1 126 111 14.2
Truck 16,765 15,448 8.5 14,201 14,691 −3.3 4,236 3,684 15 120 107 12.6
Rail 562 613 −8.3 1,463 1,764 −17.1 1,125 1,695 −33.6 958 1,486 −35.5
Water S S S S S S 721
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,417 1,566 −9.5
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 761 359 111.9 200 S S 256 413 −38 854 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier 437 29 S S S S S 1 S 852 306 178.8
Truck and Rail 324 330 −1.9 176 S S 222 412 −46.1 1,563 924 69
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 92 S 220 S S S S S 266 S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 890 1,158 −23.1 64,840 77,277 −16.1 2,827 5,100 −44.6 42 67 −37.9
Single modes 824 1,007 −18.1 64,218 76,872 −16.5 2,482 4,817 −48.5 36 57 −36.8
Truck 807 957 −15.6 63,948 74,713 −14.4 2,398 4,039 −40.6 36 55 −34.8
Rail S 47 S S 1,837 S S 774 S 315 487 −35.3
Water S S S S S S 14
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,616
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 80 S S S S S S S 561 1,081 −48.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 426 1,069 −60.1
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,804
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 784 758 3.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S 227 S S S S 249 399 −37.6

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 12,505 4,602 171.7 47,796 22,438 113 3,953 1,429 176.6 67 62 7.4
Single modes 12,504 4,535 175.7 47,796 22,348 113.9 3,953 1,416 179.1 62 60 4.1
Truck 8,894 4,483 98.4 29,896 21,003 42.3 1,763 971 81.7 54 59 −9.7
Rail S S S 3,788 S S 2,091 S S 532 252 111.4
Water S S S S S S S S S S 96 S
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 532
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1 S S S S S S S 939 332 183.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 S S S S S S S 939 332 183.3
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 89 S S S S 59 S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 80,511 22,765 253.7 18,983 9,668 96.3 9,508 3,831 148.2 369 309 19.4
Single modes 71,644 19,961 258.9 18,729 9,398 99.3 9,360 3,666 155.3 394 200 97.1
Truck 63,568 18,430 244.9 9,452 7,261 30.2 4,546 2,586 75.7 195 190 2.4
Rail 1,677 1,245 34.7 S 1,682 S S 1,073 S 584 651 −10.3
Water S S S S S S S S S S 757 S
Air (including truck and air) 6,096 S S 8 2 249.1 9 3 177 1,331 1,471 −9.5
Pipeline S 146 S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 7,912 2,439 224.4 121 148 −18.6 130 100 30.3 364 590 −38.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 7,793 1,359 473.3 69 37 84.9 37 21 76.1 364 590 −38.3
Truck and Rail 114 S S 50 105 −52 79 74 7.3 1,528 718 112.7
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 5,977 706 746.3
Other and unknown modes 954 364 162 S 122 S 18 65 −72.1 61 S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 27,844 29,754 −6.4 17,300 15,270 13.3 6,183 6,713 −7.9 666 528 26.2
Single modes 24,534 25,771 −4.8 16,885 14,674 15.1 5,876 6,235 −5.8 371 337 10.3
Truck 23,411 24,920 −6.1 15,492 12,677 22.2 4,739 4,602 3 264 302 −12.6
Rail 605 726 −16.7 1,320 1,895 −30.3 1,044 1,628 −35.9 780 905 −13.8
Water S S S S S S S S S 2 S S
Air (including truck and air) S 87 S S 5 S S 4 S 1,230 1,020 20.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,932 3,221 −9 329 403 −18.4 293 382 −23.3 849 641 32.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,814 2,933 −4 212 172 23.5 143 119 19.9 848 641 32.4
Truck and Rail 118 285 −58.7 117 230 −49.1 S 254 S 1,396 1,243 12.3
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 7,583
Other and unknown modes 378 762 −50.3 85 194 −56 14 96 −85.3 159 166 −4.6

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 36,253 31,951 13.5 45,286 38,208 18.5 6,784 7,016 −3.3 521 325 60.4
Single modes 32,826 28,917 13.5 44,667 37,369 19.5 6,506 6,622 −1.7 238 204 16.9
Truck 32,074 27,900 15 43,374 35,940 20.7 5,870 5,592 5 219 182 20.3
Rail 542 865 −37.4 S 1,204 S 597 1,011 −41 889 1,002 −11.4
Water S S S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air) 210 143 46.5 S 10 S S 9 S 1,282 1,220 5.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,726 1,892 44.1 176 146 21.2 149 78 90.3 842 519 62.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,541 1,856 36.9 87 86 0.6 67 45 48.4 841 518 62.4
Truck and Rail 180 19 828.7 S 9 S S S S 1,218 2,013 −39.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S 16 S 639 S S
Other and unknown modes 701 1,142 −38.6 442 694 −36.2 129 316 −59.2 221 141 56.4

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 54,454 30,130 80.7 9,166 4,518 102.8 4,639 2,163 114.5 675 396 70.2
Single modes 41,727 24,478 70.5 8,458 4,117 105.5 4,008 2,050 95.5 482 244 97.2
Truck 33,974 23,352 45.5 8,416 4,067 106.9 3,968 1,952 103.3 416 198 110.7
Rail S 204 S S 40 S S 89 S 819 2,172 −62.3
Water
Air (including truck and air) 7,411 922 704.2 S 9 S S 10 S 1,257 1,105 13.8
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 10,131 3,082 228.7 308 68 355 433 52 727.3 833 584 42.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 7,529 3,047 147.1 100 61 65.3 83 37 124.8 829 584 41.9
Truck and Rail S 36 S S 7 S S S S 1,592 2,402 −33.7
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 4,716
Other and unknown modes 2,596 S S 400 S S 198 60 229 82 78 4.8

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 45,562 18,464 146.8 23,956 10,681 124.3 9,261 3,309 179.9 681 552 23.3
Single modes 41,495 16,646 149.3 23,015 10,452 120.2 8,827 3,107 184.1 305 384 −20.5
Truck 40,353 16,211 148.9 15,132 7,941 90.6 3,792 2,265 67.4 266 230 15.7
Rail S 291 S S 2,286 S S 720 S 1,480 589 151.4
Water S S S S S S S S S 799 735 8.8
Air (including truck and air) S S S 7 2 187.4 10 3 221 1,641 1,259 30.3
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,466 1,571 120.7 136 149 −9 127 174 −27.1 939 742 26.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,449 1,457 136.7 132 103 28.3 120 S S 937 741 26.3
Truck and Rail 7 S S 1 S S 3 S S 2,649 2,122 24.8
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,807
Other and unknown modes S 247 S S 80 S S 28 S S 155 S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 311 S S S S S S S S 830 314 164.2
Single modes 225 S S S S S S S S S 212 S
Truck 216 S S 239 S S S S S S 175 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S 150 623 −76
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 882
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,020 415 145.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S 94 S S S S S S S 1,020 S S
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 861
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 1,342 S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.