Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 589,064 100.0 1,082,596 100.0 229,846 100.0
Less than 50 miles 208,161 35.3 597,039 55.1 10,655 4.6
50 to 99 miles 43,909 7.5 151,709 14.0 11,698 5.1
100 to 249 miles 99,944 17.0 135,223 12.5 28,505 12.4
250 to 499 miles 62,794 10.7 85,946 7.9 34,227 14.9
500 to 749 miles 32,466 5.5 22,559 2.1 17,159 7.5
750 to 999 miles 53,536 9.1 35,817 3.3 38,452 16.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 71,172 12.1 48,853 4.5 77,479 33.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 16,396 2.8 5,153 0.5 10,828 4.7
2,000 miles or more 685 0.1 S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 499,864 100.0 1,045,363 100.0 221,191 100.0
Less than 50 miles 192,030 38.4 573,306 54.8 10,408 4.7
50 to 99 miles 41,306 8.3 150,847 14.4 11,587 5.2
100 to 249 miles 86,373 17.3 127,944 12.2 26,962 12.2
250 to 499 miles 55,186 11.0 84,637 8.1 33,616 15.2
500 to 749 miles 22,748 4.6 21,701 2.1 16,390 7.4
750 to 999 miles 40,181 8.0 34,750 3.3 37,083 16.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 51,475 10.3 47,190 4.5 74,679 33.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 10,177 2.0 4,750 0.5 9,891 4.5
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 379,531 100.0 584,922 100.0 92,708 100.0
Less than 50 miles 144,928 38.2 360,777 61.7 6,701 7.2
50 to 99 miles 25,883 6.8 60,972 10.4 5,152 5.6
100 to 249 miles 78,470 20.7 80,132 13.7 15,834 17.1
250 to 499 miles 45,275 11.9 40,286 6.9 16,130 17.4
500 to 749 miles 17,928 4.7 12,712 2.2 9,336 10.1
750 to 999 miles 26,508 7.0 12,841 2.2 13,182 14.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 33,524 8.8 14,399 2.5 20,663 22.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 6,744 1.8 2,578 0.4 5,167 5.6
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 200,250 100.0 235,303 100.0 63,046 100.0
Less than 50 miles 48,509 24.2 113,360 48.2 1,981 3.1
50 to 99 miles 8,380 4.2 22,415 9.5 1,912 3.0
100 to 249 miles 39,461 19.7 41,277 17.5 8,477 13.4
250 to 499 miles 30,768 15.4 23,027 9.8 9,298 14.7
500 to 749 miles 14,345 7.2 9,547 4.1 7,010 11.1
750 to 999 miles 22,667 11.3 10,168 4.3 10,481 16.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 30,116 15.0 12,923 5.5 18,602 29.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 5,735 2.9 2,362 1.0 4,746 7.5
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 178,333 100.0 348,682 100.0 29,443 100.0
Less than 50 miles 96,180 53.9 247,019 70.8 4,709 16.0
50 to 99 miles 17,444 9.8 38,405 11.0 3,226 11.0
100 to 249 miles 38,767 21.7 38,659 11.1 7,314 24.8
250 to 499 miles 14,314 8.0 17,182 4.9 6,798 23.1
500 to 749 miles 3,500 2.0 3,116 0.9 2,288 7.8
750 to 999 miles 3,786 2.1 2,643 0.8 2,670 9.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,332 1.9 1,446 0.4 2,019 6.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,008 0.6 213 417 1.4
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 37,571 100.0 146,341 100.0 73,307 100.0
Less than 50 miles 5,363 14.3 25,355 17.3 812 1.1
50 to 99 miles 2,291 6.1 34,998 23.9 3,124 4.3
100 to 249 miles 2,675 7.1 27,996 19.1 7,014 9.6
250 to 499 miles 3,238 8.6 16,987 11.6 7,626 10.4
500 to 749 miles 2,712 7.2 6,544 4.5 5,338 7.3
750 to 999 miles 8,930 23.8 12,169 8.3 13,959 19.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 10,401 27.7 20,928 14.3 32,445 44.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,943 5.2 1,353 0.9 2,965 4.0
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 16,268 100.0 72,177 100.0 28,590 100.0
Less than 50 miles 9,511 58.5 37,508 52.0 S S
50 to 99 miles 826 5.1 5,130 7.1 608 2.1
100 to 249 miles 2,838 17.4 13,728 19.0 2,986 10.4
250 to 499 miles 487 3.0 2,464 3.4 1,198 4.2
500 to 749 miles 223 1.4 750 1.0 658 2.3
750 to 999 miles 1,375 8.5 5,433 7.5 6,248 21.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 10,837 100.0 50,160 100.0 8,884 100.0
Less than 50 miles 6,844 63.2 30,746 61.3 S S
50 to 99 miles 723 6.7 4,219 8.4 466 5.3
100 to 249 miles 2,214 20.4 10,138 20.2 1,954 22.0
250 to 499 miles 486 4.5 2,443 4.9 1,182 13.3
500 to 749 miles 223 2.1 750 1.5 658 7.4
750 to 999 miles 188 1.7 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 5,431 100.0 22,016 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 2,667 49.1 6,762 30.7 S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles 1,187 21.9 4,827 21.9 5,363 27.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 12,428 100.0 146 100.0 229 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 1,161 9.3 12 8.1 5 2.2
250 to 499 miles 451 3.6 3 2.2 3 1.4
500 to 749 miles 1,519 12.2 32 21.9 40 17.4
750 to 999 miles 2,409 19.4 33 23.0 51 22.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,447 43.8 52 35.5 93 40.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,306 10.5 11 7.8 27 11.7
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 54,066 100.0 241,777 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 32,228 59.6 149,666 61.9 S S
50 to 99 miles 12,273 22.7 49,746 20.6 S S
100 to 249 miles 1,228 2.3 6,076 2.5 S S
250 to 499 miles 5,735 10.6 24,897 10.3 S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 66,258 100.0 12,397 100.0 6,054 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,627 11.5 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 1,316 2.0 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 8,235 12.4 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 6,583 9.9 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 6,877 10.4 576 4.6 574 9.5
750 to 999 miles 12,628 19.1 908 7.3 1,207 19.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 17,020 25.7 825 6.7 1,496 24.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 5,740 8.7 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 232 0.4 28 0.2 140 2.3

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 63,096 100.0 1,292 100.0 854 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,242 11.5 258 20.0 6 0.7
50 to 99 miles 1,178 1.9 37 2.8 3 0.4
100 to 249 miles 7,029 11.1 191 14.8 41 4.8
250 to 499 miles 6,469 10.3 183 14.2 74 8.7
500 to 749 miles 6,721 10.7 193 15.0 142 16.6
750 to 999 miles 12,139 19.2 177 13.7 184 21.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 16,531 26.2 201 15.5 291 34.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 5,637 8.9 49 3.8 106 12.4
2,000 miles or more 151 0.2 2 0.2 7 0.8

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,216 100.0 S S 1,491 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 32 2.6 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 388 31.9 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 412 33.9 418 14.9 694 46.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 474 100.0 2,174 100.0 1,377 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more 82 17.2 26 1.2 133 9.7

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 22,941 100.0 24,836 100.0 2,600 100.0
Less than 50 miles 8,503 37.1 20,987 84.5 189 7.3
50 to 99 miles 1,287 5.6 324 1.3 30 1.2
100 to 249 miles 5,336 23.3 1,813 7.3 361 13.9
250 to 499 miles 1,026 4.5 358 1.4 141 5.4
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 728 3.2 159 0.6 S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,676 11.7 838 3.4 S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 479 2.1 44 0.2 89 3.4
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.