Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 589,064 100.0 1,082,596 100.0 229,846 100.0 358
Less than 50 lbs 61,042 10.4 1,057 0.1 390 0.2 454
50 to 99 lbs 18,196 3.1 910 251 0.1 278
100 to 499 lbs 51,952 8.8 5,857 0.5 1,449 0.6 248
500 to 749 lbs 13,652 2.3 2,479 0.2 456 0.2 183
750 to 999 lbs 10,245 1.7 1,976 0.2 367 0.2 186
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 87,166 14.8 38,799 3.6 9,062 3.9 220
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 194,468 33.0 319,350 29.5 71,615 31.2 224
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 40,506 6.9 156,265 14.4 10,887 4.7 67
100,000 lbs or more 111,836 19.0 555,903 51.3 135,368 58.9 472

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 499,864 100.0 1,045,363 100.0 221,191 100.0 209
Less than 50 lbs 18,504 3.7 555 77 230
50 to 99 lbs 7,861 1.6 638 104 164
100 to 499 lbs 39,337 7.9 5,061 0.5 1,030 0.5 195
500 to 749 lbs 11,702 2.3 2,257 0.2 415 0.2 183
750 to 999 lbs 9,527 1.9 1,884 0.2 355 0.2 188
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 82,232 16.5 37,735 3.6 8,734 3.9 217
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 185,406 37.1 313,966 30.0 69,835 31.6 223
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 36,773 7.4 155,180 14.8 10,646 4.8 66
100,000 lbs or more 108,522 21.7 528,087 50.5 129,995 58.8 471

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 379,531 100.0 584,922 100.0 92,708 100.0 143
Less than 50 lbs 12,953 3.4 538 47 79
50 to 99 lbs 6,829 1.8 629 0.1 88 0.1 137
100 to 499 lbs 36,845 9.7 5,036 0.9 987 1.1 186
500 to 749 lbs 10,950 2.9 2,250 0.4 407 0.4 180
750 to 999 lbs 9,059 2.4 1,880 0.3 349 0.4 186
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 80,237 21.1 37,669 6.4 8,643 9.3 215
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 182,123 48.0 311,772 53.3 67,345 72.6 217
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 31,498 8.3 153,817 26.3 9,486 10.2 60
100,000 lbs or more 9,038 2.4 71,330 12.2 5,356 5.8 82

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 200,250 100.0 235,303 100.0 63,046 100.0 498
Less than 50 lbs 4,056 2.0 54 29 433
50 to 99 lbs 2,197 1.1 93 63 0.1 681
100 to 499 lbs 18,379 9.2 1,073 0.5 711 1.1 669
500 to 749 lbs 4,726 2.4 471 0.2 281 0.4 606
750 to 999 lbs 2,760 1.4 347 0.1 236 0.4 685
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 39,459 19.7 10,148 4.3 5,506 8.7 559
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 109,948 54.9 138,533 58.9 48,109 76.3 365
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 13,261 6.6 65,018 27.6 5,619 8.9 84
100,000 lbs or more 5,465 2.7 19,566 8.3 2,492 4.0 262

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 178,333 100.0 348,682 100.0 29,443 100.0 58
Less than 50 lbs 8,891 5.0 484 0.1 18 37
50 to 99 lbs 4,630 2.6 535 0.2 25 46
100 to 499 lbs 18,405 10.3 3,954 1.1 273 0.9 63
500 to 749 lbs 6,190 3.5 1,775 0.5 124 0.4 70
750 to 999 lbs 6,253 3.5 1,525 0.4 111 0.4 72
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 40,384 22.6 27,419 7.9 3,099 10.5 107
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 71,794 40.3 172,557 49.5 19,068 64.8 110
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 18,218 10.2 88,700 25.4 3,863 13.1 43
100,000 lbs or more 3,567 2.0 51,733 14.8 S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 37,571 100.0 146,341 100.0 73,307 100.0 758
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 783
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 959
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 993
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 213
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 23 S S 1,115
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,651 7.1 1,369 0.9 1,841 2.5 1,304
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,105 13.6 1,264 0.9 1,146 1.6 937
100,000 lbs or more 29,439 78.4 143,681 98.2 70,286 95.9 694

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 16,268 100.0 72,177 100.0 28,590 100.0 317
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 4
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 16,265 100.0 72,167 100.0 28,589 100.0 322

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 10,837 100.0 50,160 100.0 8,884 100.0 218
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 49
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 10,836 100.0 50,160 100.0 8,884 100.0 218

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 5,431 100.0 22,016 100.0 S S 626
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 5,429 100.0 22,008 100.0 S S 665

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 12,428 100.0 146 100.0 229 100.0 1,808
Less than 50 lbs 5,551 44.7 17 12.0 30 13.2 1,808
50 to 99 lbs 1,031 8.3 9 5.9 16 7.1 1,876
100 to 499 lbs 2,455 19.8 23 15.9 40 17.5 1,843
500 to 749 lbs S S 6 3.9 7 3.1 1,246
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,295
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,629 13.1 38 26.3 60 26.0 1,361
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,697
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 733
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 54,066 100.0 241,777 100.0 S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 17 85 S S S
100,000 lbs or more 53,781 99.5 240,909 99.6 S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 66,258 100.0 12,397 100.0 6,054 100.0 724
Less than 50 lbs 40,806 61.6 432 3.5 307 5.1 731
50 to 99 lbs 8,958 13.5 222 1.8 143 2.4 643
100 to 499 lbs 11,414 17.2 527 4.2 391 6.5 735
500 to 749 lbs 1,481 2.2 88 0.7 31 0.5 353
750 to 999 lbs 470 0.7 32 0.3 9 0.1 252
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 290 0.4 27 0.2 53 0.9 1,627
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 658 1.0 508 4.1 653 10.8 1,287
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 690
100,000 lbs or more S S S S 4,403 72.7 764

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 63,096 100.0 1,292 100.0 854 100.0 722
Less than 50 lbs 40,806 64.7 432 33.5 307 35.9 731
50 to 99 lbs 8,954 14.2 221 17.1 140 16.4 634
100 to 499 lbs 11,370 18.0 517 40.0 365 42.8 706
500 to 749 lbs 1,476 2.3 86 6.6 31 3.6 352
750 to 999 lbs 469 0.7 32 2.5 8 1.0 248
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 761
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,216 100.0 S S 1,491 100.0 1,148
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 56
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,317
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,372
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,111
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 237 19.5 12 0.4 14 0.9 1,176
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 614 50.5 438 15.6 583 39.1 1,341
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,176
100,000 lbs or more 348 28.6 S S 830 55.6 755

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 474 100.0 2,174 100.0 1,377 100.0 5,742
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 8,112
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 5,418
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 4,030
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,815
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 17 3.5 S S S S 6,360
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 40 8.5 28 1.3 S S 2,711
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 7
100,000 lbs or more 373 78.6 2,127 97.8 1,241 90.1 S

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,111
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,111

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 11
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 11
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 11
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 12
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 11
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 3
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,346

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 22,941 100.0 24,836 100.0 2,600 100.0 76
Less than 50 lbs 1,732 7.5 70 0.3 6 0.2 58
50 to 99 lbs S S 50 0.2 S S S
100 to 499 lbs 1,202 5.2 269 1.1 28 1.1 S
500 to 749 lbs 468 2.0 134 0.5 10 0.4 S
750 to 999 lbs 248 1.1 60 0.2 4 0.2 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 4,644 20.2 1,036 4.2 275 10.6 248
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 8,405 36.6 4,877 19.6 1,128 43.4 232
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 1,008 4.1 S S 182
100,000 lbs or more 1,149 5.0 17,332 69.8 S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.