Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 589,064 100.0 1,082,596 100.0 229,846 100.0 358
Single modes 499,864 84.9 1,045,363 96.6 221,191 96.2 209
Truck3 379,531 64.4 584,922 54.0 92,708 40.3 143
For-hire Truck 200,250 34.0 235,303 21.7 63,046 27.4 498
Private Truck 178,333 30.3 348,682 32.2 29,443 12.8 58
Rail 37,571 6.4 146,341 13.5 73,307 31.9 758
Water 16,268 2.8 72,177 6.7 28,590 12.4 317
Shallow draft 10,837 1.8 50,160 4.6 8,884 3.9 218
Great Lakes
Deep draft 5,431 0.9 22,016 2.0 S S 626
Air (including truck and air) 12,428 2.1 146 229 0.1 1,808
Pipeline4 54,066 9.2 241,777 22.3 S S S
Multiple modes 66,258 11.2 12,397 1.1 6,054 2.6 724
Parcel, USPS or courier 63,096 10.7 1,292 0.1 854 0.4 722
Truck and rail 1,216 0.2 S S 1,491 0.6 1,148
Truck and water 474 2,174 0.2 1,377 0.6 5,742
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,111
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 22,941 3.9 24,836 2.3 2,600 1.1 76

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 138
Single modes S S S S S S 138
Truck3 S S S S S S 138
For-hire Truck S S S S 33 30.3 109
Private Truck S S S S S S 142
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,591 100.0 33,356 100.0 11,331 100.0 317
Single modes 3,388 94.3 31,365 94.0 10,946 96.6 314
Truck3 1,514 42.2 12,427 37.3 1,275 11.3 S
For-hire Truck 1,311 36.5 10,970 32.9 1,116 9.8 S
Private Truck S S S S S S 103
Rail 1,684 46.9 17,061 51.1 9,665 85.3 686
Water S S S S S S 3
Shallow draft S S S S S S 3
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 495
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 495
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,599 100.0 8,421 100.0 S S S
Single modes 5,532 98.8 8,316 98.8 S S S
Truck3 5,524 98.7 8,293 98.5 S S S
For-hire Truck S S 4,828 57.3 S S 531
Private Truck 2,687 48.0 3,464 41.1 440 9.1 S
Rail S S S S S S 86
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 1,679 100.0 S
Single modes S S S S 1,654 98.5 S
Truck3 S S S S 1,556 92.7 S
For-hire Truck S S 1,668 7.1 591 35.2 332
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 884
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,287
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 17,146 100.0 6,974 100.0 3,198 100.0 S
Single modes 16,759 97.7 6,717 96.3 3,100 96.9 S
Truck3 16,614 96.9 6,649 95.3 3,021 94.4 S
For-hire Truck 7,448 43.4 2,676 38.4 2,354 73.6 881
Private Truck 9,166 53.5 3,973 57.0 666 20.8 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,177
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,306
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 11
Other and unknown modes 356 2.1 S S S S S

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,533 100.0 S S 1,425 100.0 S
Single modes 4,487 99.0 S S 1,297 91.0 138
Truck3 4,481 98.8 S S 1,249 87.6 138
For-hire Truck S S S S 920 64.5 406
Private Truck 2,862 63.1 2,521 33.7 325 22.8 77
Rail S S S S S S 1,498
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 917
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 899
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,525
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,220
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 13,764 100.0 17,305 100.0 6,308 100.0 S
Single modes 12,604 91.6 16,656 96.2 6,142 97.4 S
Truck3 12,414 90.2 16,357 94.5 5,948 94.3 S
For-hire Truck 6,748 49.0 8,492 49.1 4,983 79.0 624
Private Truck 5,564 40.4 7,630 44.1 906 14.4 48
Rail 175 1.3 250 1.4 192 3.0 1,460
Water S S S S S S 3
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 3
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,667
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 519
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 519
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,472
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 650 4.7 575 3.3 S S S

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,046 100.0 6,230 100.0 1,156 100.0 30
Single modes 8,040 99.9 6,221 99.9 1,120 96.9 30
Truck3 8,023 99.7 6,196 99.5 1,100 95.1 30
For-hire Truck 1,826 22.7 2,469 39.6 868 75.1 360
Private Truck 6,148 76.4 3,655 58.7 S S 24
Rail S S S S S S 813
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,011
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,011
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 22 100.0 1 100.0 S
Single modes S S 22 100.0 1 100.0 S
Truck3 S S 22 100.0 1 100.0 S
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S 22 100.0 1 100.0 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 8

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 959 100.0 28 100.0 S
Single modes S S 933 97.3 28 99.1 S
Truck3 S S 933 97.3 28 99.1 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S 16 59.3 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 19

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 286 100.0 S S 1,446 100.0 S
Single modes 283 99.1 S S 1,337 92.5 S
Truck3 278 97.2 S S 1,126 77.9 S
For-hire Truck 57 20.0 5,341 12.6 348 24.1 S
Private Truck 221 77.2 S S 778 53.8 S
Rail S S S S S S 701
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,172
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,172
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 61

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 680 100.0 87,197 100.0 3,910 100.0 32
Single modes 680 99.9 87,110 99.9 3,909 100.0 32
Truck3 661 97.1 84,672 97.1 3,227 82.5 29
For-hire Truck S S S S 969 24.8 37
Private Truck 406 59.7 60,946 69.9 S S 24
Rail 19 2.8 2,439 2.8 682 17.4 286
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 7
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 7
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 17

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 1,834 100.0 751 100.0 267
Single modes S S 1,805 98.4 707 94.1 261
Truck3 S S S S 507 67.5 251
For-hire Truck S S S S 468 62.3 289
Private Truck S S S S 39 5.2 165
Rail 16 6.2 343 18.7 200 26.6 576
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 750
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 750
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 705 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 563 79.8 S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S 372
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,338
Private Truck S S S S S S 350
Rail 118 16.8 720 29.1 670 47.1 1,058
Water S S S S S S 1,923
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,923
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,873
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 495
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 493
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,600
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 108

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 698 100.0 60,466 100.0 5,986 100.0 S
Single modes 474 67.9 46,394 76.7 5,876 98.2 S
Truck3 87 12.4 5,422 9.0 41 0.7 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 58
Private Truck 86 12.3 5,399 8.9 40 0.7 13
Rail 387 55.5 40,972 67.8 S S 142
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 224 32.1 14,071 23.3 110 1.8 8

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 47,715 100.0 201,530 100.0 28,765 100.0 64
Single modes 47,426 99.4 200,140 99.3 27,454 95.4 64
Truck3 21,081 44.2 82,402 40.9 4,404 15.3 63
For-hire Truck 8,797 18.4 S S 1,980 6.9 62
Private Truck 12,284 25.7 46,916 23.3 S S 64
Rail S S S S S S 990
Water S S S S S S 244
Shallow draft S S S S S S 96
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 849
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 24,282 50.9 106,624 52.9 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 480
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 20,608 100.0 103,736 100.0 10,032 100.0 36
Single modes 19,240 93.4 97,138 93.6 8,921 88.9 36
Truck3 4,537 22.0 20,207 19.5 1,090 10.9 36
For-hire Truck 1,438 7.0 7,137 6.9 512 5.1 80
Private Truck 3,076 14.9 12,950 12.5 575 5.7 30
Rail S S S S S S 1,200
Water 1,371 6.7 9,320 9.0 1,018 10.2 106
Shallow draft 1,020 4.9 7,030 6.8 871 8.7 139
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 33
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 13,326 64.7 67,575 65.1 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 13
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 13
Other and unknown modes 223 1.1 S S S S 16

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16,450 100.0 100,534 100.0 25,194 100.0 362
Single modes 16,104 97.9 99,661 99.1 24,432 97.0 297
Truck3 5,489 33.4 32,315 32.1 3,329 13.2 289
For-hire Truck 2,563 15.6 14,426 14.3 1,707 6.8 607
Private Truck 2,827 17.2 S S S S 68
Rail 2,299 14.0 25,030 24.9 6,115 24.3 653
Water 2,686 16.3 16,943 16.9 S S 358
Shallow draft 1,712 10.4 10,546 10.5 789 3.1 79
Great Lakes
Deep draft 974 5.9 S S S S 1,501
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 830
Pipeline4 5,631 34.2 25,373 25.2 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 759 3.0 764
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 759
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,121
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,499
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3,078
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 41,865 100.0 126,505 100.0 36,967 100.0 224
Single modes 40,847 97.6 123,811 97.9 35,670 96.5 230
Truck3 9,452 22.6 24,715 19.5 3,203 8.7 157
For-hire Truck 7,873 18.8 S S 2,780 7.5 189
Private Truck S S S S S S 91
Rail 11,995 28.7 29,887 23.6 26,602 72.0 760
Water 8,805 21.0 27,995 22.1 5,116 13.8 297
Shallow draft 6,216 14.8 22,412 17.7 4,053 11.0 187
Great Lakes
Deep draft 2,589 6.2 5,582 4.4 S S S
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,402
Pipeline4 10,588 25.3 41,214 32.6 S S S
Multiple modes 591 1.4 2,211 1.7 S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,281
Truck and water S S S S S S 213
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,111
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,396
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 25,443 100.0 996 100.0 337 100.0 600
Single modes 12,648 49.7 821 82.4 277 82.3 263
Truck3 12,181 47.9 819 82.2 273 81.1 193
For-hire Truck 7,310 28.7 248 24.9 182 53.9 270
Private Truck 4,871 19.1 571 57.3 92 27.2 118
Rail S S S S S S 1,538
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 465 1.8 2 0.2 4 1.0 1,449
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 61 6.2 31 9.1 705
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 61 6.2 31 9.1 705
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 828 3.3 S S S S 198

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 698 100.0 S S 630 100.0 S
Single modes 630 90.4 S S 628 99.7 S
Truck3 558 80.0 S S 495 78.7 S
For-hire Truck 85 12.2 438 12.0 209 33.1 439
Private Truck S S S S 287 45.5 S
Rail S S S S S S 472
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 6

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 17,238 100.0 10,370 100.0 5,172 100.0 518
Single modes 14,006 81.3 10,003 96.5 5,032 97.3 282
Truck3 12,942 75.1 8,574 82.7 3,475 67.2 278
For-hire Truck 9,603 55.7 6,241 60.2 3,182 61.5 550
Private Truck 3,316 19.2 2,301 22.2 268 5.2 82
Rail 1,001 5.8 1,342 12.9 1,498 29.0 1,078
Water S S S S S S 487
Shallow draft S S S S S S 487
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,612
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,709 15.7 201 1.9 125 2.4 676
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,682 15.6 183 1.8 108 2.1 675
Truck and rail S S S S S S 522
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,630
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 59

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 30,060 100.0 25,198 100.0 16,401 100.0 407
Single modes 27,997 93.1 24,806 98.4 16,131 98.4 400
Truck3 18,762 62.4 10,222 40.6 4,982 30.4 228
For-hire Truck 12,639 42.0 7,462 29.6 4,238 25.8 583
Private Truck 6,123 20.4 2,760 11.0 S S 95
Rail 8,974 29.9 14,461 57.4 11,136 67.9 807
Water S S S S S S 1
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1
Air (including truck and air) S S 5 S S 2,072
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,335 4.4 127 0.5 100 0.6 708
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,217 4.0 82 0.3 44 0.3 707
Truck and rail S S 45 0.2 55 0.3 1,457
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,531
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 729 2.4 265 1.1 S S S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 217
Single modes S S S S S S 210
Truck3 S S S S S S 206
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 660
Private Truck S S S S S S 88
Rail S S S S S S 503
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,012
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 823
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,992
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,735 100.0 17,257 100.0 5,101 100.0 128
Single modes 7,403 95.7 16,851 97.6 4,957 97.2 101
Truck3 6,809 88.0 14,694 85.1 2,911 57.1 96
For-hire Truck 2,058 26.6 4,735 27.4 1,473 28.9 231
Private Truck 4,751 61.4 9,959 57.7 1,438 28.2 76
Rail S S S S S S 1,113
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 42 0.5 S S S S 975
Parcel, USPS or courier 29 0.4 2 S S 972
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,646
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 289 3.7 S S 89 1.8 S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,724 100.0 4,434 100.0 2,524 100.0 174
Single modes 3,603 96.8 4,320 97.4 2,458 97.4 156
Truck3 3,017 81.0 3,174 71.6 1,546 61.3 142
For-hire Truck 1,931 51.8 2,086 47.0 1,115 44.2 327
Private Truck 1,086 29.2 1,089 24.5 431 17.1 S
Rail 583 15.7 1,146 25.8 911 36.1 847
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,572
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 35 0.8 S S 301
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 11 0.2 S S 294
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,774
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes 38 1.0 79 1.8 18 0.7 S

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,964 100.0 3,014 100.0 815 100.0 260
Single modes 5,457 91.5 2,935 97.4 793 97.3 116
Truck3 5,453 91.4 2,935 97.4 793 97.2 112
For-hire Truck 3,611 60.5 1,632 54.2 601 73.7 366
Private Truck 1,842 30.9 1,302 43.2 192 23.5 62
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,471
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 439 7.4 28 0.9 13 1.6 487
Parcel, USPS or courier 439 7.4 28 0.9 13 1.6 487
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 68 1.1 S S S S S

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,881 100.0 1,027 100.0 614 100.0 850
Single modes 3,012 61.7 886 86.2 510 83.0 1,013
Truck3 2,915 59.7 864 84.1 473 77.1 426
For-hire Truck 1,743 35.7 669 65.1 446 72.5 888
Private Truck 1,172 24.0 195 19.0 S S 59
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,781
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,127 23.1 59 5.7 54 8.7 671
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,121 23.0 56 5.5 33 5.3 667
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,674
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 742 15.2 S S S S S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12,764 100.0 1,157 100.0 688 100.0 929
Single modes 9,110 71.4 1,033 89.3 592 86.0 794
Truck3 8,997 70.5 997 86.2 526 76.4 781
For-hire Truck 6,112 47.9 657 56.8 478 69.5 1,019
Private Truck 2,884 22.6 339 29.3 48 6.9 94
Rail S S S S S S 1,751
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 13 0.1 S S S S 1,429
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,393 18.7 86 7.5 90 13.1 980
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,365 18.5 76 6.6 67 9.7 976
Truck and rail 8 7 0.6 12 1.8 1,847
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,024
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16,713 100.0 90,731 100.0 20,201 100.0 407
Single modes 16,018 95.8 88,912 98.0 19,865 98.3 306
Truck3 14,668 87.8 84,000 92.6 16,695 82.6 257
For-hire Truck 7,367 44.1 34,016 37.5 11,424 56.6 420
Private Truck 7,249 43.4 49,753 54.8 5,256 26.0 179
Rail S S 4,906 5.4 3,160 15.6 878
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,428
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 577 3.5 S S S S 812
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 811
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,200
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,169
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 4
Other and unknown modes 117 0.7 S S 110 0.5 S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 21,005 100.0 30,130 100.0 13,123 100.0 281
Single modes 19,445 92.6 28,711 95.3 12,527 95.5 172
Truck3 17,930 85.4 25,060 83.2 8,322 63.4 164
For-hire Truck 7,274 34.6 9,172 30.4 4,085 31.1 444
Private Truck 10,655 50.7 S S S S 84
Rail 1,307 6.2 2,521 8.4 2,446 18.6 804
Water S S S S S S 1,558
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,558
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,505
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 783
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 781
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,491
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 17,865 100.0 9,078 100.0 3,775 100.0 178
Single modes 16,472 92.2 8,920 98.3 3,712 98.3 S
Truck3 16,057 89.9 8,224 90.6 3,040 80.5 S
For-hire Truck 9,753 54.6 5,374 59.2 2,418 64.1 493
Private Truck 5,892 33.0 2,739 30.2 575 15.2 38
Rail 37 0.2 64 0.7 70 1.9 1,149
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,869
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 935 5.2 44 0.5 27 0.7 477
Parcel, USPS or courier 907 5.1 43 0.5 25 0.7 476
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,419
Truck and water S S S S S S 182
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 458 2.6 114 1.3 36 1.0 S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 23,481 100.0 2,168 100.0 1,183 100.0 181
Single modes 18,478 78.7 1,938 89.4 1,097 92.8 100
Truck3 18,038 76.8 1,930 89.0 1,087 91.9 87
For-hire Truck 11,170 47.6 1,328 61.3 988 83.5 285
Private Truck 6,839 29.1 598 27.6 98 8.3 42
Rail S S S S S S 1,159
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 377 1.6 9 0.4 10 0.9 1,662
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,914 12.4 56 2.6 27 2.3 566
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,904 12.4 55 2.5 23 1.9 565
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,685
Truck and water S S S S S S 8,019
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 173 8.0 S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 62,147 100.0 2,904 100.0 S S 620
Single modes 37,507 60.4 S S S S 344
Truck3 29,369 47.3 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 23,279 37.5 S S S S 613
Private Truck 6,089 9.8 455 15.7 29 1.2 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 8,107 13.0 54 1.9 94 3.8 1,728
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 21,518 34.6 S S S S 1,051
Parcel, USPS or courier 21,464 34.5 S S S S 1,051
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,772
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,462
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 3,121 5.0 99 3.4 S S 141

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 42,578 100.0 6,325 100.0 3,705 100.0 S
Single modes 34,159 80.2 5,290 83.6 3,397 91.7 S
Truck3 28,491 66.9 4,831 76.4 2,682 72.4 S
For-hire Truck 23,611 55.5 3,547 56.1 2,106 56.9 283
Private Truck 4,880 11.5 1,284 20.3 575 15.5 S
Rail 5,556 13.0 459 7.3 715 19.3 1,569
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,186
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,234 2.9 56 0.9 34 0.9 480
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,208 2.8 54 0.8 26 0.7 479
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,542
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,024
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,083 100.0 S S 131 100.0 1,265
Single modes 4,520 88.9 S S 129 98.5 1,298
Truck3 2,387 47.0 S S S S 638
For-hire Truck 2,216 43.6 S S S S 628
Private Truck S S 3 1.3 S S 725
Rail S S 89 34.8 43 32.9 605
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1,398 27.5 S S S S 1,941
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 550 10.8 2 0.6 2 1.3 1,185
Parcel, USPS or courier 550 10.8 2 0.6 2 1.3 1,185
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 609

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,952 100.0 S S 183 100.0 585
Single modes 3,554 59.7 S S 167 91.0 197
Truck3 3,360 56.4 S S 166 90.5 S
For-hire Truck 1,980 33.3 S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 81
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 195 3.3 1 1 0.6 1,467
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,337 39.3 20 0.7 15 8.1 919
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,337 39.3 20 0.7 15 8.1 919
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,916 100.0 1,378 100.0 793 100.0 S
Single modes S S 1,358 98.5 786 99.1 S
Truck3 S S 1,206 87.5 701 88.4 S
For-hire Truck 2,468 35.7 691 50.1 647 81.6 848
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 611
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,082
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 27 0.4 1 1 1,223
Parcel, USPS or courier 27 0.4 1 1 1,223
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 57 0.8 19 1.4 S S S

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 27,878 100.0 5,126 100.0 1,853 100.0 585
Single modes 17,285 62.0 4,822 94.1 1,669 90.1 536
Truck3 16,787 60.2 4,753 92.7 1,639 88.4 484
For-hire Truck 12,509 44.9 2,782 54.3 1,243 67.1 772
Private Truck 4,210 15.1 1,965 38.3 394 21.3 142
Rail S S S S S S 511
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 363 1.3 4 S S 2,144
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 9,745 35.0 174 3.4 134 7.2 639
Parcel, USPS or courier 9,720 34.9 171 3.3 114 6.2 622
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 6,615
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 849 3.0 131 2.5 S S 313

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 5,990 100.0 S S 138
Single modes S S 5,821 97.2 S S 130
Truck3 S S 4,707 78.6 S S 122
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 228
Private Truck S S S S 85 8.1 48
Rail S S S S S S S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 733
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 740
Truck and water S S S S S S 361
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 333

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 57,376 100.0 21,431 100.0 3,754 100.0 220
Single modes 53,723 93.6 20,985 97.9 3,630 96.7 96
Truck3 53,228 92.8 20,976 97.9 3,621 96.5 93
For-hire Truck 7,336 12.8 3,391 15.8 1,173 31.3 400
Private Truck 45,865 79.9 17,574 82.0 2,446 65.2 79
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,540
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,679 4.7 138 0.6 85 2.3 496
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,323 4.0 119 0.6 64 1.7 496
Truck and rail 356 0.6 19 21 0.6 1,139
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 974 1.7 S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 825 43.1 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 412 21.5 203 5.2 62 14.7 378
Private Truck 358 18.7 336 8.5 22 5.3 S
Rail S S S S S S 426
Water S S S S S S 92
Shallow draft S S S S S S 92
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,492
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 22 1.1 S S S S 389
Parcel, USPS or courier 22 1.1 S S S S 389
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.