Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 589,064 561,516 4.9 1,082,596 895,115 20.9 229,846 205,463 11.9 358 403 −11.2
Single modes 499,864 487,319 2.6 1,045,363 844,902 23.7 221,191 188,262 17.5 209 179 16.8
Truck 379,531 363,368 4.4 584,922 447,364 30.7 92,708 78,479 18.1 143 143 −0.5
Rail 37,571 43,841 −14.3 146,341 95,987 52.5 73,307 59,935 22.3 758 903 −16
Water 16,268 19,701 −17.4 72,177 95,199 −24.2 28,590 31,164 −8.3 317 400 −20.8
Air (including truck and air) 12,428 18,060 −31.2 146 149 −2.1 229 203 12.9 1,808 1,357 33.3
Pipeline 54,066 42,349 27.7 241,777 206,204 17.3 S S S S S S
Multiple modes 66,258 58,390 13.5 12,397 7,630 62.5 6,054 S S 724 799 −9.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 63,096 55,412 13.9 1,292 1,132 14.1 854 779 9.6 722 798 −9.5
Truck and Rail 1,216 2,469 −50.7 S 4,147 S 1,491 2,986 −50.1 1,148 898 27.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3,709 S S 2,347 5,453 −56.9
Other and unknown modes 22,941 15,806 45.1 24,836 42,583 −41.7 2,600 2,959 −12.1 76 77 −0.5

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 33,264 27,819 19.6 72,957 54,902 32.9 21,151 13,085 61.6 S 77 S
Single modes 32,538 26,716 21.8 70,509 51,935 35.8 20,633 12,763 61.7 S 65 S
Truck 30,336 24,328 24.7 51,362 40,603 26.5 10,783 9,415 14.5 S 64 S
Rail 2,012 2,001 0.6 17,271 8,353 106.8 9,844 3,317 196.8 689 739 −6.8
Water S S S S S S S S S 3 10 −73.1
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,374
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 626 S S S S S 236 S S 1,234 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S S 1,279 S
Truck and Rail S 572 S S S S S 228 S 556 599 −7.2
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 11 399 −97.2
Other and unknown modes 436 476 −8.4 434 1,886 −77 S 85 S S 46 S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 27,459 41,528 −33.9 31,048 35,635 −12.9 8,890 10,100 −12 113 181 −37.7
Single modes 26,248 40,972 −35.9 30,291 35,206 −14 8,560 9,712 −11.9 66 64 3.3
Truck 26,034 39,921 −34.8 29,929 32,968 −9.2 8,297 8,328 −0.4 65 63 3.9
Rail 198 826 −76 313 1,784 −82.4 261 1,368 −80.9 1,419 865 64.2
Water S S S S S S S S S 3 1,106 −99.7
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,667 S S
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 339 S S 149 S S 267 S 531 992 −46.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 529 994 −46.8
Truck and Rail S 204 S S 105 S S 160 S 1,491 S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 4,911 S S
Other and unknown modes 681 218 212.7 656 280 134.3 177 S S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,018 2,334 −13.5 134,894 125,181 7.8 7,557 9,827 −23.1 S 66 S
Single modes 1,865 2,253 −17.2 134,608 123,212 9.2 7,391 9,604 −23 34 60 −44
Truck 1,661 1,639 1.3 130,520 111,324 17.2 4,947 5,182 −4.5 31 57 −45.6
Rail 159 223 −29 3,734 6,514 −42.7 1,762 2,746 −35.8 451 353 27.6
Water S S S S S S S 1,676 S 1,923 S S
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 2,873 1,468 95.7
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 33 S S S S S S S 587 500 17.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 1 S S S S 581 500 16.3
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,172 758 54.6
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S 14 S
Other and unknown modes S 48 S S 1,771 S S 148 S 70 103 −32.7

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 85,470 64,814 31.9 466,266 385,151 21.1 69,977 60,309 16 177 141 25.6
Single modes 83,244 62,644 32.9 443,333 356,002 24.5 66,683 49,333 35.2 143 140 2.2
Truck 31,194 16,594 88 140,346 76,414 83.7 8,865 6,930 27.9 138 134 3.3
Rail 2,751 3,186 −13.6 66,160 28,203 134.6 12,114 5,898 105.4 557 560 −0.6
Water 6,061 10,142 −40.2 37,255 65,627 −43.2 S 18,806 S 284 407 −30.1
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 830 1,734 −52.1
Pipeline 43,238 32,712 32.2 199,573 185,750 7.4 S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 735 734 0.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 2 S S S S 759 616 23.2
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 2,121 1,146 85
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S 2,395 S
Other and unknown modes 743 1,584 −53.1 16,887 26,486 −36.2 S 441 S S 55 S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 115,305 112,803 2.2 166,728 131,594 26.7 59,506 69,742 −14.7 473 365 29.6
Single modes 96,128 103,523 −7.1 162,745 123,543 31.7 57,738 67,357 −14.3 334 196 70.5
Truck 53,895 52,574 2.5 46,960 43,147 8.8 12,429 17,879 −30.5 225 162 39.2
Rail 21,985 32,805 −33 45,990 40,480 13.6 39,367 38,238 3 787 1,097 −28.3
Water 8,930 8,563 4.3 28,198 20,834 35.3 5,172 10,474 −50.6 281 439 −35.9
Air (including truck and air) 671 304 120.7 9 15 −35.1 19 18 2.7 1,999 1,424 40.4
Pipeline 10,647 9,277 14.8 41,587 19,067 118.1 S S S S S S
Multiple modes 16,602 5,683 192.1 2,601 1,103 135.8 1,484 1,336 11.1 688 641 7.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 15,892 4,854 227.4 331 161 105.1 184 86 112.4 688 639 7.6
Truck and Rail 233 750 −68.9 106 684 −84.5 119 1,048 −88.6 1,170 1,528 −23.4
Other multiple modes 476 S S 2,164 S S S S S 2,068 6,012 −65.6
Other and unknown modes 2,575 3,597 −28.4 S 6,948 S S 1,050 S S 54 S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 35,491 43,470 −18.4 28,277 26,342 7.3 10,165 8,765 16 696 546 27.4
Single modes 28,998 37,376 −22.4 27,396 25,340 8.1 9,706 8,145 19.2 587 265 121.4
Truck 27,574 36,133 −23.7 23,916 22,689 5.4 6,586 5,760 14.3 338 177 90.7
Rail 1,306 979 33.3 3,458 2,178 58.8 3,082 2,360 30.6 942 910 3.5
Water S S S S S S 178
Air (including truck and air) S 248 S S 17 S S 20 S 1,774 1,398 27
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 4,096 4,847 −15.5 256 405 −36.8 286 464 −38.5 832 793 5
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,025 4,703 −14.4 173 241 −28.2 119 181 −34.2 829 792 4.6
Truck and Rail 46 139 −67.1 76 162 −52.9 134 275 −51.1 1,818 1,611 12.8
Other multiple modes S S S S 2 S S S S 4,527 5,028 −10
Other and unknown modes 2,397 1,248 92.1 625 597 4.7 173 155 11.6 122 175 −30.5

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 79,064 64,527 22.5 132,108 103,884 27.2 38,282 22,867 67.4 234 264 −11.5
Single modes 70,413 56,503 24.6 128,481 99,477 29.2 37,202 21,388 73.9 156 167 −6.5
Truck 66,693 52,851 26.2 119,212 93,615 27.3 29,144 16,730 74.2 137 148 −7.6
Rail 2,510 2,806 −10.6 7,491 5,724 30.9 5,677 4,460 27.3 851 880 −3.3
Water S S S S S S S S S 1,558 1,401 11.2
Air (including truck and air) 924 792 16.7 39 36 10.4 45 45 0.6 2,013 1,278 57.5
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 5,044 5,022 0.5 551 1,337 −58.8 577 738 −21.8 620 577 7.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,891 4,813 1.6 174 195 −10.7 112 131 −14.5 619 577 7.2
Truck and Rail 148 151 −1.8 339 1,103 −69.2 462 526 −12.2 1,280 469 173.1
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S 1,939 S
Other and unknown modes 3,606 3,002 20.1 S 3,070 S 503 742 −32.1 48 63 −22.7

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 115,760 140,335 −17.5 12,450 6,830 82.3 6,450 3,517 83.4 473 617 −23.3
Single modes 79,741 100,817 −20.9 11,101 6,080 82.6 5,865 3,192 83.8 238 331 −28.1
Truck 63,606 89,559 −29 10,492 5,850 79.4 4,999 3,041 64.4 97 245 −60.3
Rail 6,291 528 S 548 S S 758 57 S 1,495 S S
Water S S S S S S 109
Air (including truck and air) 9,811 10,700 −8.3 61 59 3.2 108 84 27.9 1,729 1,360 27.2
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 25,639 35,177 −27.1 268 329 −18.5 249 232 7.5 918 893 2.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 25,559 35,038 −27.1 261 321 −18.6 228 219 3.9 917 893 2.7
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,757 1,445 21.6
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 5,336 7,524 −29.1
Other and unknown modes 10,381 4,341 139.1 S 421 S S 93 S 117 78 49.3

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 93,319 61,763 51.1 33,925 23,744 42.9 7,441 6,630 12.2 354 495 −28.6
Single modes 78,906 54,708 44.2 32,986 22,311 47.8 7,018 6,153 14.1 206 194 5.7
Truck 77,712 48,384 60.6 31,643 19,856 59.4 6,573 4,869 35 189 162 16.8
Rail 330 370 −10.8 S 2,444 S 427 1,266 −66.3 S 484 S
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 12 S S 17 S 2,026 1,300 55.9
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 12,533 5,853 114.1 473 358 32 325 355 −8.4 580 837 −30.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 12,070 5,582 116.2 291 188 54.9 179 138 29.7 570 835 −31.7
Truck and Rail 402 S S S 170 S S 212 S 959 1,650 −41.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 6,603 7,494 −11.9
Other and unknown modes 1,881 1,202 56.5 466 S S 98 122 −19.6 S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S 2,123 S S 1,853 S S 621 S S 347 S
Single modes S 1,806 S S 1,796 S S 615 S S 204 S
Truck 825 1,385 −40.4 S 899 S S 344 S S 176 S
Rail S 118 S S 171 S S 225 S 426 1,172 −63.7
Water S S S S S S 92
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1 S S S S 1,492 1,623 −8
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 22 226 −90.3 S S S S 3 S 389 640 −39.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 22 220 −90 S 4 S S 2 S 389 640 −39.2
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S 103 S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.