Table B-6. Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table B-6. Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 3.7 8.0 8.0 7.3
Single modes 4.5 1.7 8.4 0.6 8.3 0.8 18.7
Truck 4.6 1.9 8.9 3.2 7.8 2.7 11.6
For-hire truck 4.4 1.4 10.9 2.3 9.8 2.8 6.2
Private truck 8.1 1.9 13.1 3.3 17.1 1.8 7.7
Rail 14.2 0.9 14.9 1.5 13.3 3.3 11.2
Water 21.2 0.5 20.2 1.3 36.3 3.0 26.0
Shallow draft 26.6 0.4 20.8 0.8 22.5 0.8 41.3
Great Lakes
Deep draft 32.4 0.3 37.1 0.8 S S 42.7
Air (including truck and air) 21.8 0.4 24.1 19.6 1.9
Pipeline 15.9 1.4 18.2 3.0 S S S
Multiple modes 15.4 1.6 43.9 0.4 25.1 0.7 6.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 16.3 1.6 14.9 17.6 6.5
Truck and rail 22.9 S S 24.2 0.2 9.3
Truck and water 31.7 41.3 42.7 0.3 16.1
Rail and water S S S S S S 30.6
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 24.4 1.0 23.8 0.7 29.1 0.3 36.9

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 31.1
Single modes S S S S S S 31.1
Truck S S S S S S 31.1
For-hire truck S S S S 37.9 19.7 41.1
Private truck S S S S S S 30.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.0 25.8 42.4 43.7
Single modes 23.5 6.0 28.2 5.6 43.9 5.7 44.1
Truck 24.8 10.3 30.0 11.0 39.5 14.8 S
For-hire truck 27.5 10.0 32.8 11.3 42.9 11.0 S
Private truck S S S S S S 28.2
Rail 37.9 10.8 42.7 11.8 45.3 18.5 30.9
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.2 30.8 S S S
Single modes 35.5 1.4 31.2 1.7 S S S
Truck 35.5 1.4 31.1 1.6 S S S
For-hire truck S S 49.6 15.0 S S 46.9
Private truck 45.4 12.9 40.1 14.4 39.1 17.4 S
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S 36.9 S
Single modes S S S S 37.9 5.9 S
Truck S S S S 38.2 6.8 S
For-hire truck S S 46.3 16.9 44.3 11.0 21.9
Private truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 28.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 5, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.3 23.3 21.7 S
Single modes 21.4 0.8 23.8 2.0 21.1 1.2 S
Truck 21.6 0.9 23.9 2.0 21.3 2.1 S
For-hire truck 22.6 9.0 20.8 8.7 22.9 5.1 4.0
Private truck 37.3 8.6 34.7 7.8 34.5 5.0 S
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes 45.9 0.8 S S S S S

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 38.0 S S 34.7 S
Single modes 38.4 3.4 S S 37.8 8.8 23.7
Truck 38.4 3.4 S S 38.9 8.8 22.7
For-hire truck S S S S 49.6 11.3 27.9
Private truck 47.2 10.1 38.4 11.2 41.2 9.3 32.3
Rail S S S S S S 28.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 26.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 7, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.5 26.2 40.0 S
Single modes 22.2 5.0 27.5 4.5 41.4 2.4 S
Truck 22.2 5.0 27.9 4.8 42.2 3.0 S
For-hire truck 32.3 7.5 41.7 7.5 45.4 5.8 13.0
Private truck 20.9 8.9 22.5 8.3 30.1 5.3 44.2
Rail 43.2 0.4 49.1 0.9 44.5 1.9 21.0
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 39.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 34.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 34.9 3.5 42.9 4.3 S S S

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.2 16.4 17.0 13.3
Single modes 19.2 0.1 16.4 0.2 17.3 2.5 12.3
Truck 19.3 0.4 16.6 0.7 17.7 2.9 12.3
For-hire truck 29.4 6.3 28.0 9.0 24.5 14.4 20.1
Private truck 21.6 6.6 22.7 9.5 S S 8.4
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 35.9 25.2 S
Single modes S S 35.9 25.2 S
Truck S S 35.9 25.2 S
For-hire truck
Private truck S S 35.9 25.2 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.5

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 43.2 28.7 S
Single modes S S 44.5 2.2 28.7 0.3 S
Truck S S 44.5 2.2 28.7 0.3 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S 39.0 10.7 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.5

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.3 S S 27.1 S
Single modes 37.7 1.2 S S 29.6 5.6 S
Truck 38.7 3.3 S S 32.6 9.3 S
For-hire truck 28.6 11.6 48.1 12.8 43.6 12.1 S
Private truck 43.4 13.3 S S 46.1 14.7 S
Rail S S S S S S 26.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.9
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 36.8

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.6 27.4 37.5 23.7
Single modes 29.6 0.2 27.4 0.3 37.6 23.8
Truck 30.2 2.5 27.6 1.3 43.2 6.4 25.0
For-hire truck S S S S 23.1 9.2 32.3
Private truck 39.0 8.6 37.9 8.1 S S 32.8
Rail 28.8 2.4 31.2 1.0 32.7 6.3 16.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.4

SCTG 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 41.1 38.6 21.8
Single modes S S 40.5 0.5 36.9 2.2 19.9
Truck S S S S 46.7 12.8 21.7
For-hire truck S S S S 47.8 12.1 29.5
Private truck S S S S 45.1 3.4 35.3
Rail 48.4 10.9 34.6 12.8 42.0 13.4 29.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 40.1 S S S S S
Single modes 48.4 10.2 S S S S S
Truck S S S S S S 43.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.3
Private truck S S S S S S 31.2
Rail 43.3 13.4 44.3 12.9 43.2 14.6 26.1
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 30.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 30.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.9

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.0 17.7 41.2 S
Single modes 26.9 11.7 27.8 12.5 42.3 15.2 S
Truck 36.5 9.9 41.3 10.1 39.6 10.9 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 32.4
Private truck 36.9 3.9 41.5 3.3 41.6 3.0 45.8
Rail 31.4 13.1 31.2 15.2 S S 26.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 34.7 11.7 38.7 12.5 39.4 15.2 18.3

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.1 23.6 27.1 21.9
Single modes 23.3 0.7 23.8 0.8 25.3 1.9 22.0
Truck 34.9 6.0 39.0 6.3 33.2 5.3 22.4
For-hire truck 46.1 3.5 S S 31.9 3.8 33.0
Private truck 32.2 4.9 34.7 4.8 S S 25.1
Rail S S S S S S 30.3
Water S S S S S S 32.2
Shallow draft S S S S S S 28.9
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 28.0
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline 21.6 6.3 21.2 6.7 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 30.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.1 24.6 33.0 15.1
Single modes 23.8 3.8 25.8 3.9 28.6 4.1 15.0
Truck 15.6 7.5 17.1 7.4 18.7 9.3 14.8
For-hire truck 20.6 3.1 22.6 3.4 24.0 1.8 21.8
Private truck 16.1 4.7 17.0 4.3 32.0 7.9 17.1
Rail S S S S S S 30.7
Water 28.5 2.0 24.3 2.8 24.2 8.7 25.2
Shallow draft 27.0 1.7 20.8 2.6 27.0 8.9 19.9
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 49.6
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline 32.5 7.5 35.1 7.8 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.3
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.3
Other and unknown modes 42.6 0.6 S S S S 27.3

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 12.3 15.4 39.2 27.9
Single modes 12.6 1.0 15.6 0.8 40.2 1.6 31.3
Truck 11.2 4.3 37.6 7.8 31.5 8.0 33.2
For-hire truck 30.6 4.5 32.4 6.0 26.4 5.2 25.5
Private truck 25.6 4.9 S S S S 12.5
Rail 37.5 3.6 27.2 5.1 31.7 7.0 12.2
Water 24.3 3.4 24.9 3.6 S S 48.9
Shallow draft 29.3 2.8 23.7 2.5 39.5 1.6 28.8
Great Lakes
Deep draft 49.3 2.7 S S S S 26.3
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline 22.6 5.9 22.4 7.4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 49.4 1.6 47.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 28.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 30.3
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.3 27.9 26.3 15.8
Single modes 20.3 0.8 27.9 0.8 27.5 2.2 14.5
Truck 29.0 3.6 41.6 3.0 25.2 1.7 15.6
For-hire truck 35.8 3.1 S S 27.1 1.4 27.4
Private truck S S S S S S 22.4
Rail 29.1 3.5 27.1 4.4 34.5 5.8 7.3
Water 17.6 3.1 15.6 4.1 19.6 4.0 30.9
Shallow draft 23.7 3.5 18.8 3.5 21.3 4.0 36.5
Great Lakes
Deep draft 43.0 2.2 33.7 1.9 S S S
Air (including truck and air) S S 41.9 49.6 25.9
Pipeline 28.5 3.2 40.1 3.9 S S S
Multiple modes 28.7 0.6 41.6 0.8 S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 18.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 32.3
Rail and water S S S S S S 30.6
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 30.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.3 24.4 21.6 12.6
Single modes 29.3 7.0 23.7 4.7 23.8 6.2 17.5
Truck 29.2 6.9 23.7 4.6 24.3 6.0 11.7
For-hire truck 35.0 7.7 28.3 8.6 35.9 11.0 11.2
Private truck 43.2 4.4 33.5 9.1 34.9 7.7 29.3
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 46.4 0.8 45.4 0.1 48.1 1.5 12.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 18.6 1.9 28.1 5.0 15.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 18.6 1.9 28.1 5.0 15.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 40.5 2.6 S S S S 29.3

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 47.8 S S 29.6 S
Single modes 42.7 3.2 S S 29.5 0.1 S
Truck 47.2 5.7 S S 23.4 7.5 S
For-hire truck 37.0 7.0 36.1 7.8 37.6 12.0 20.7
Private truck S S S S 42.7 12.3 S
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.9 21.0 18.8 16.2
Single modes 21.3 7.8 21.9 3.1 19.5 1.9 21.3
Truck 22.8 7.2 23.5 5.5 24.0 8.7 21.8
For-hire truck 30.3 8.0 33.2 7.9 27.0 8.1 14.3
Private truck 29.6 4.4 37.5 6.5 30.9 2.9 19.7
Rail 33.2 2.2 42.5 4.8 42.3 9.1 14.3
Water S S S S S S 32.4
Shallow draft S S S S S S 32.4
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.9 7.7 42.4 1.0 41.9 1.8 14.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 45.4 7.7 46.1 1.0 49.8 1.9 14.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 39.4
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 19.2

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 6.2 5.0 8.8 31.3
Single modes 6.4 1.2 5.1 0.4 8.6 0.6 34.4
Truck 9.5 3.0 14.3 4.2 13.5 4.5 27.3
For-hire truck 10.6 3.8 14.0 3.2 11.3 3.3 14.0
Private truck 20.2 3.2 20.1 1.7 S S 18.6
Rail 8.9 2.4 6.1 4.3 12.5 4.4 9.5
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) S S 41.1 S S 18.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 26.6 1.2 15.4 22.4 0.1 10.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.8 1.2 23.2 28.9 10.8
Truck and rail S S 42.2 37.8 0.1 16.1
Truck and water S S S S S S 30.1
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 37.9 0.8 37.4 0.4 S S S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 30.9
Single modes S S S S S S 31.2
Truck S S S S S S 30.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S 30.3
Private truck S S S S S S 46.3
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.3 33.9 36.2 23.7
Single modes 30.1 2.3 33.8 1.1 37.2 2.0 13.2
Truck 28.1 2.5 30.1 3.0 28.2 6.7 14.0
For-hire truck 22.5 3.1 27.9 3.1 30.9 5.0 26.7
Private truck 31.8 2.7 32.8 3.3 26.8 3.3 14.0
Rail S S S S S S 9.4
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.5 0.5 S S S S 22.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 45.6 0.4 44.8 S S 22.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 44.3 2.0 S S 25.1 1.2 S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.8 12.5 14.3 26.1
Single modes 17.4 1.5 12.7 0.8 14.3 1.0 25.5
Truck 19.3 4.1 14.1 5.3 13.1 5.8 26.3
For-hire truck 24.2 5.2 16.3 5.1 12.3 7.4 12.9
Private truck 20.0 4.3 21.1 3.8 47.1 6.0 S
Rail 38.2 4.1 33.3 5.8 30.3 6.3 8.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 32.3 35.5 20.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 49.1 0.4 S S 45.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 42.2 0.1 S S 45.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 24.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes 27.8 0.3 34.0 0.6 41.7 0.2 S

SCTG 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.5 17.8 24.7 20.4
Single modes 31.7 3.3 18.0 1.0 25.4 1.2 26.3
Truck 31.7 3.2 18.0 1.0 25.5 1.1 28.4
For-hire truck 43.4 8.5 26.0 7.8 29.6 8.3 15.5
Private truck 20.7 8.4 24.6 7.7 30.8 8.0 28.3
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 38.5 3.1 43.6 0.5 49.4 0.9 27.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.5 3.1 43.6 0.5 49.4 0.9 27.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 44.5 0.9 S S S S S

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.8 16.9 31.3 15.4
Single modes 18.8 5.0 15.5 2.3 28.6 3.1 21.5
Truck 19.1 5.2 14.9 3.0 25.4 4.3 26.4
For-hire truck 19.6 5.1 16.5 6.1 26.1 4.0 15.5
Private truck 37.0 4.7 21.8 5.6 S S 24.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 14.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 20.1 4.3 23.4 1.6 45.9 2.7 13.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 19.8 4.3 21.0 1.5 23.3 2.6 13.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 39.1 5.5 S S S S S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.6 19.8 29.3 7.1
Single modes 23.9 5.9 22.2 3.1 32.9 4.3 15.3
Truck 23.9 5.8 22.9 3.3 36.2 4.6 15.6
For-hire truck 24.2 6.9 32.5 8.6 38.2 5.0 7.5
Private truck 42.7 4.7 21.4 8.9 30.6 2.6 24.5
Rail S S S S S S 28.4
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 41.0 S S S S 31.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 18.4 5.3 17.7 2.7 17.6 4.2 6.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 18.9 5.4 22.0 2.8 24.2 4.7 6.3
Truck and rail 36.6 39.2 0.2 40.8 0.8 24.5
Truck and water S S S S S S 30.7
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.1 13.4 23.5 18.2
Single modes 20.9 0.9 13.4 0.9 23.1 0.4 26.1
Truck 19.2 2.2 14.2 2.0 26.5 3.5 21.7
For-hire truck 23.3 7.5 21.3 5.3 36.9 6.8 16.8
Private truck 31.8 6.6 18.3 5.8 33.2 6.0 37.2
Rail S S 17.6 1.9 24.3 3.6 14.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.6 1.0 S S S S 16.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 16.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 27.3
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes 28.8 0.2 S S 25.9 0.2 S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.5 40.2 37.7 21.0
Single modes 25.1 2.7 41.8 2.1 38.7 1.8 26.6
Truck 25.7 3.8 44.8 5.0 45.4 7.6 26.1
For-hire truck 25.7 7.1 34.8 8.2 29.8 9.7 13.2
Private truck 44.9 8.7 S S S S 21.3
Rail 28.4 1.7 31.9 2.2 34.0 5.2 12.2
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 22.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 28.7
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 9.0 13.2 21.2 43.2
Single modes 9.9 2.3 13.5 0.6 21.3 0.8 S
Truck 10.4 2.6 14.5 5.1 17.7 6.7 S
For-hire truck 17.7 6.1 18.8 5.3 19.5 6.6 17.2
Private truck 15.5 5.5 16.8 4.6 27.2 3.4 40.2
Rail 38.1 35.8 0.4 34.0 1.0 23.5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 12.0
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 33.6 1.6 24.2 38.8 0.1 21.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.6 1.6 25.0 42.4 0.1 21.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.0
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 29.1 0.8 21.3 0.6 34.3 0.8 S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.9 19.2 32.2 19.5
Single modes 14.2 3.0 21.3 3.2 34.8 2.9 15.2
Truck 14.6 3.0 21.3 3.2 35.1 3.2 17.0
For-hire truck 21.0 4.8 31.8 6.7 38.9 5.6 41.1
Private truck 18.0 3.6 15.2 6.5 35.9 5.0 11.2
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 28.1 0.6 39.8 0.2 38.5 0.4 3.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 25.6 2.3 26.1 0.7 10.6 0.7 12.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 25.8 2.4 26.2 0.7 16.4 0.6 12.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water S S S S S S 30.3
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 47.1 3.3 S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 11.8 47.9 S S 11.9
Single modes 10.6 4.9 S S S S 26.8
Truck 14.3 5.6 S S S S S
For-hire truck 20.2 5.8 S S S S 17.7
Private truck 31.9 4.6 39.3 6.9 32.1 1.2 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 27.2 3.5 25.1 1.7 24.3 3.4 6.8
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 27.4 5.6 S S S S 5.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.5 5.6 S S S S 5.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 43.8 2.7 36.0 2.0 S S 31.9

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.5 23.8 22.5 S
Single modes 29.4 6.5 23.9 4.7 21.1 3.4 S
Truck 35.8 7.9 27.1 6.7 28.0 9.1 S
For-hire truck 38.4 7.6 33.1 7.6 32.1 9.9 45.9
Private truck 26.5 4.1 22.9 4.8 39.5 5.1 S
Rail 43.5 6.4 43.6 4.1 45.1 8.7 21.5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 38.7 38.7 21.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 47.1 1.1 45.8 0.6 38.7 0.9 18.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.5 1.2 48.2 0.6 49.2 1.0 19.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 27.9
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.1 S S 41.8 7.9
Single modes 28.8 6.1 S S 42.1 2.4 9.7
Truck 34.4 8.6 S S S S 14.4
For-hire truck 38.4 8.4 S S S S 17.5
Private truck S S 39.8 3.5 S S 27.3
Rail S S 32.5 14.6 43.3 11.8 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 44.7 7.6 S S S S 7.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.5 5.7 43.2 0.5 42.0 1.0 9.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.5 5.7 43.2 0.5 42.0 1.0 9.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 40.1

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.8 S S 41.1 17.3
Single modes 29.9 10.4 S S 45.4 14.9 46.1
Truck 31.7 10.7 S S 45.8 16.3 S
For-hire truck 36.7 8.8 S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 22.5
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 40.0 1.3 33.5 1.1 36.2 2.4 11.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 21.4 10.6 20.3 15.5 32.4 15.0 13.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 21.4 10.6 20.3 15.5 32.4 15.0 13.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 49.8 35.5 37.2 S
Single modes S S 36.0 1.7 37.5 0.6 S
Truck S S 40.4 7.0 41.3 5.8 S
For-hire truck 35.5 13.5 48.5 10.2 44.5 6.1 12.3
Private truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 33.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 47.7 0.3 43.3 34.4 25.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 47.7 0.3 43.3 34.4 25.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 48.4 1.4 47.5 1.7 S S S

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.3 22.6 19.4 16.7
Single modes 16.3 8.3 24.0 2.5 22.0 3.5 13.0
Truck 15.9 7.9 23.4 2.5 21.9 3.7 14.8
For-hire truck 19.3 6.4 28.4 5.1 24.7 4.5 13.6
Private truck 19.4 4.0 27.8 6.1 28.2 5.1 38.2
Rail S S S S S S 44.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 38.6 0.5 45.7 S S 15.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 49.8 8.4 31.6 1.8 22.1 3.3 23.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 49.9 8.4 32.6 1.8 25.6 2.7 23.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 28.4
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 41.8 1.7 28.3 0.9 S S 34.7

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 47.6 S S 31.4
Single modes S S 47.4 1.2 S S 33.0
Truck S S 48.6 7.1 S S 29.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 44.2
Private truck S S S S 48.2 10.2 38.4
Rail S S S S S S S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.8
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 32.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.8

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 12.5 19.1 19.8 32.8
Single modes 13.1 2.2 19.5 1.0 20.4 1.3 17.7
Truck 13.5 2.3 19.5 1.0 20.5 1.4 14.8
For-hire truck 12.2 2.5 34.4 3.0 26.2 4.6 14.1
Private truck 15.7 4.2 19.5 2.9 24.0 5.1 12.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.4 2.1 29.7 0.5 31.6 1.3 19.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.9 1.9 29.8 0.4 37.2 1.1 19.5
Truck and rail 46.6 0.3 44.1 42.8 0.3 23.7
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 38.7 0.8 S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck 34.0 14.6 S S S S S
For-hire truck 47.2 11.3 34.7 13.9 25.4 15.2 31.8
Private truck 46.1 12.1 48.8 18.7 46.1 13.0 S
Rail S S S S S S 30.5
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 36.5 1.6 S S S S 22.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.5 1.6 S S S S 22.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.