Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 61,515 100.0 109,672 100.0 38,046 100.0
Less than 50 miles 21,690 35.3 53,815 49.1 1,491 3.9
50 to 99 miles 2,289 3.7 5,991 5.5 720 1.9
100 to 249 miles 4,741 7.7 11,618 10.6 2,454 6.4
250 to 499 miles 8,085 13.1 16,305 14.9 8,713 22.9
500 to 749 miles 11,909 19.4 13,585 12.4 11,699 30.7
750 to 999 miles 1,331 2.2 2,122 1.9 2,546 6.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,989 9.7 5,118 4.7 8,101 21.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,422 7.2 994 0.9 2,013 5.3
2,000 miles or more 1,059 1.7 124 0.1 309 0.8

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 51,301 100.0 99,372 100.0 36,517 100.0
Less than 50 miles 19,680 38.4 45,405 45.7 1,411 3.9
50 to 99 miles 2,057 4.0 5,924 6.0 714 2.0
100 to 249 miles 4,139 8.1 11,379 11.5 2,401 6.6
250 to 499 miles 6,888 13.4 15,889 16.0 8,541 23.4
500 to 749 miles 10,141 19.8 12,697 12.8 10,972 30.0
750 to 999 miles 887 1.7 2,062 2.1 2,462 6.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,347 8.5 4,986 5.0 S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,534 4.9 928 0.9 1,875 5.1
2,000 miles or more 628 1.2 102 0.1 249 0.7

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 45,233 100.0 72,361 100.0 17,857 100.0
Less than 50 miles 17,409 38.5 40,751 56.3 1,396 7.8
50 to 99 miles 1,853 4.1 3,647 5.0 363 2.0
100 to 249 miles 4,078 9.0 9,033 12.5 1,835 10.3
250 to 499 miles 6,267 13.9 8,598 11.9 3,810 21.3
500 to 749 miles 9,427 20.8 6,679 9.2 4,894 27.4
750 to 999 miles 725 1.6 946 1.3 1,056 5.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,925 6.5 1,749 2.4 2,532 14.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,058 4.5 855 1.2 1,723 9.6
2,000 miles or more 492 1.1 102 0.1 247 1.4

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 28,715 100.0 34,609 100.0 10,664 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 18,146 52.4 593 5.6
50 to 99 miles 692 2.4 2,160 6.2 232 2.2
100 to 249 miles 1,621 5.6 3,183 9.2 662 6.2
250 to 499 miles 4,555 15.9 4,776 13.8 2,042 19.1
500 to 749 miles 8,296 28.9 3,417 9.9 2,538 23.8
750 to 999 miles 663 2.3 724 2.1 818 7.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,850 9.9 1,284 3.7 1,887 17.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,037 7.1 817 2.4 1,644 15.4
2,000 miles or more 492 1.7 102 0.3 247 2.3

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 16,478 100.0 37,723 100.0 7,177 100.0
Less than 50 miles 9,891 60.0 22,596 59.9 803 11.2
50 to 99 miles 1,160 7.0 1,485 3.9 131 1.8
100 to 249 miles 2,442 14.8 5,841 15.5 1,171 16.3
250 to 499 miles 1,709 10.4 3,821 10.1 1,767 24.6
500 to 749 miles 1,131 6.9 3,262 8.6 2,355 32.8
750 to 999 miles 61 0.4 221 0.6 237 3.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 75 0.5 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 3,366 100.0 21,829 100.0 17,995 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S 1,442 6.6 283 1.6
100 to 249 miles 51 1.5 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 311 9.3 7,191 32.9 4,701 26.1
500 to 749 miles 303 9.0 5,867 26.9 5,547 30.8
750 to 999 miles S S 1,115 5.1 1,404 7.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,659 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S 2 0.3
500 to 749 miles 411 24.8 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 104 6.3 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 387 23.3 2 1.2 4 0.8
2,000 miles or more 135 8.2 1 0.3 2 0.3

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,044 100.0 5,020 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 972 93.1 4,057 80.8 S S
50 to 99 miles S S 835 16.6 S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 8,458 100.0 980 100.0 944 100.0
Less than 50 miles 856 10.1 32 3.2 S S
50 to 99 miles 162 1.9 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 508 6.0 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 1,127 13.3 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 1,641 19.4 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 387 4.6 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,581 18.7 124 12.7 199 21.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,778 21.0 49 5.0 104 11.0
2,000 miles or more 418 4.9 20 2.0 55 5.8

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 8,239 100.0 211 100.0 224 100.0
Less than 50 miles 840 10.2 19 9.0 0.2
50 to 99 miles 157 1.9 6 2.6 1 0.3
100 to 249 miles 497 6.0 17 8.1 4 1.8
250 to 499 miles 1,124 13.6 29 13.8 14 6.4
500 to 749 miles 1,581 19.2 42 20.0 32 14.4
750 to 999 miles 381 4.6 12 5.8 14 6.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,532 18.6 37 17.8 56 25.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,745 21.2 41 19.6 86 38.2
2,000 miles or more 382 4.6 7 3.3 16 7.2

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 187 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 49 26.2 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 28 100.0 9 100.0 30 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more 28 100.0 9 100.0 30 100.0

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,756 100.0 9,320 100.0 585 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,154 65.7 8,379 89.9 79 13.5
50 to 99 miles S S 49 0.5 S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 71 4.0 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 127 7.2 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S 34 5.7
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.