Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 61,515 100.0 109,672 100.0 38,046 100.0 823
Less than 50 lbs 6,907 11.2 121 0.1 92 0.2 1,000
50 to 99 lbs 1,904 3.1 79 42 0.1 526
100 to 499 lbs 5,663 9.2 480 0.4 207 0.5 441
500 to 749 lbs 1,316 2.1 212 0.2 52 0.1 247
750 to 999 lbs 829 1.3 187 0.2 60 0.2 322
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 10,322 16.8 3,435 3.1 1,010 2.7 286
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 23,519 38.2 20,606 18.8 7,990 21.0 354
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,004 8.1 29,573 27.0 4,939 13.0 178
100,000 lbs or more 6,053 9.8 54,979 50.1 23,655 62.2 500

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 51,301 100.0 99,372 100.0 36,517 100.0 329
Less than 50 lbs 1,839 3.6 37 8 397
50 to 99 lbs 641 1.2 38 6 144
100 to 499 lbs 3,439 6.7 358 0.4 108 0.3 295
500 to 749 lbs 1,089 2.1 189 0.2 46 0.1 244
750 to 999 lbs 757 1.5 168 0.2 56 0.2 336
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 9,638 18.8 3,221 3.2 922 2.5 266
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 23,331 45.5 20,197 20.3 7,819 21.4 353
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 4,905 9.6 29,066 29.3 4,775 13.1 175
100,000 lbs or more 5,661 11.0 46,099 46.4 22,777 62.4 493

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 45,233 100.0 72,361 100.0 17,857 100.0 192
Less than 50 lbs 1,356 3.0 35 4 95
50 to 99 lbs 486 1.1 37 5 122
100 to 499 lbs 2,838 6.3 354 0.5 104 0.6 282
500 to 749 lbs 991 2.2 188 0.3 44 0.2 239
750 to 999 lbs 747 1.7 167 0.2 55 0.3 333
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 9,268 20.5 3,200 4.4 905 5.1 261
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 22,787 50.4 20,111 27.8 7,800 43.7 353
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 4,617 10.2 28,968 40.0 4,730 26.5 174
100,000 lbs or more 2,142 4.7 19,301 26.7 4,209 23.6 263

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 28,715 100.0 34,609 100.0 10,664 100.0 608
Less than 50 lbs S S 5 3 590
50 to 99 lbs 175 0.6 6 3 527
100 to 499 lbs 1,416 4.9 104 0.3 88 0.8 819
500 to 749 lbs 508 1.8 50 0.1 35 0.3 703
750 to 999 lbs 480 1.7 52 0.1 43 0.4 837
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 5,657 19.7 1,015 2.9 678 6.4 646
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 16,395 57.1 10,350 29.9 6,544 61.4 602
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,761 9.6 16,197 46.8 2,086 19.6 137
100,000 lbs or more 577 2.0 6,829 19.7 1,184 11.1 S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 16,478 100.0 37,723 100.0 7,177 100.0 63
Less than 50 lbs 611 3.7 30 1 30
50 to 99 lbs 311 1.9 31 1 S
100 to 499 lbs 1,421 8.6 249 0.7 16 0.2 62
500 to 749 lbs 483 2.9 137 0.4 9 0.1 67
750 to 999 lbs 267 1.6 115 0.3 12 0.2 109
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 3,600 21.8 2,174 5.8 226 3.1 94
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 6,364 38.6 9,743 25.8 1,241 17.3 125
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,856 11.3 12,771 33.9 2,645 36.9 211
100,000 lbs or more 1,565 9.5 12,472 33.1 3,025 42.1 263

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3,366 100.0 21,829 100.0 17,995 100.0 995
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,510
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,757
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 13
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,538
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S 4 371
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 379
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 542
100,000 lbs or more 2,482 73.7 21,648 99.2 17,929 99.6 1,131

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,659 100.0 S S S S 2,027
Less than 50 lbs 482 29.1 2 1.0 4 0.7 2,039
50 to 99 lbs 153 9.2 0.3 1 0.2 2,064
100 to 499 lbs 596 35.9 3 1.8 5 0.8 1,615
500 to 749 lbs 98 5.9 1 0.4 1 0.3 2,189
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 966
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,930
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,335
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 3,560

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,044 100.0 5,020 100.0 S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 4 0.4 15 0.3 S S S
100,000 lbs or more 1,034 99.1 5,001 99.6 S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 8,458 100.0 980 100.0 944 100.0 1,241
Less than 50 lbs 4,838 57.2 78 8.0 83 8.8 1,259
50 to 99 lbs 1,190 14.1 33 3.4 35 3.7 1,065
100 to 499 lbs 1,996 23.6 87 8.9 98 10.4 1,056
500 to 749 lbs 148 1.7 9 1.0 S S 573
750 to 999 lbs 50 0.6 5 0.5 S S 771
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 65 0.8 S S 10 1.1 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 96 1.1 58 5.9 73 7.7 1,122
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 307
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,051

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 8,239 100.0 211 100.0 224 100.0 1,242
Less than 50 lbs 4,832 58.7 78 37.0 83 37.1 1,259
50 to 99 lbs 1,190 14.4 33 15.8 35 15.7 1,065
100 to 499 lbs 1,995 24.2 87 41.3 97 43.5 1,057
500 to 749 lbs 147 1.8 S S S S 681
750 to 999 lbs 48 0.6 4 2.1 S S 722
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 866
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 187 100.0 S S S S 765
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,017
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 54
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 41
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,491
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 52 6.9 56 8.2 945
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 245
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,051

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 28 100.0 9 100.0 30 100.0 3,190
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 3,227
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 3,160
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 3,165
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,154
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 15 51.9 5 55.5 17 55.6 3,197
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,238
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 9
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 23
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 3
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 19
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,756 100.0 9,320 100.0 585 100.0 164
Less than 50 lbs 229 13.1 6 1 0.1 172
50 to 99 lbs 73 4.2 S S S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S 35 0.4 1 0.2 S
500 to 749 lbs S S 14 0.1 1 0.2 S
750 to 999 lbs 22 1.3 15 0.2 S S 13
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 618 35.2 199 2.1 77 13.2 574
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 92 5.2 352 3.8 S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 381 4.1 S S 346
100,000 lbs or more 328 18.7 8,311 89.2 278 47.5 270

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.