Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 61,515 100.0 109,672 100.0 38,046 100.0 823
Single modes 51,301 83.4 99,372 90.6 36,517 96.0 329
Truck3 45,233 73.5 72,361 66.0 17,857 46.9 192
For-hire Truck 28,715 46.7 34,609 31.6 10,664 28.0 608
Private Truck 16,478 26.8 37,723 34.4 7,177 18.9 63
Rail 3,366 5.5 21,829 19.9 17,995 47.3 995
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1,659 2.7 S S S S 2,027
Pipeline4 1,044 1.7 5,020 4.6 S S S
Multiple modes 8,458 13.7 980 0.9 944 2.5 1,241
Parcel, USPS or courier 8,239 13.4 211 0.2 224 0.6 1,242
Truck and rail 187 0.3 S S S S 765
Truck and water 28 9 30 3,190
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 9
Other and unknown modes 1,756 2.9 9,320 8.5 585 1.5 164

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 73
Single modes S S S S S S 73
Truck3 S S S S S S 73
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 73
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 121
Single modes S S S S S S 121
Truck3 S S S S S S 121
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 121
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 137 100.0 101 100.0 17 100.0 170
Single modes 137 100.0 101 100.0 17 100.0 170
Truck3 137 100.0 101 100.0 17 100.0 170
For-hire Truck 41 29.9 31 30.5 13 76.2 375
Private Truck 96 70.1 70 69.5 4 23.8 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 444 100.0 395
Single modes S S S S 444 100.0 395
Truck3 S S S S S S 386
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 373
Private Truck S S S S S S 439
Rail S S S S S S 512
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 802
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,253 100.0 1,551 100.0 812 100.0 359
Single modes 1,202 95.9 1,348 86.9 615 75.7 350
Truck3 1,162 92.8 1,162 75.0 469 57.8 346
For-hire Truck 744 59.4 559 36.0 342 42.1 811
Private Truck 418 33.4 604 38.9 128 15.7 S
Rail S S S S S S 782
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,033
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 339
Truck and rail S S S S S S 984
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,168
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,483 100.0 2,632 100.0 653 100.0 355
Single modes 3,445 98.9 2,630 99.9 650 99.5 141
Truck3 3,445 98.9 2,630 99.9 650 99.5 132
For-hire Truck 1,075 30.9 790 30.0 450 68.8 401
Private Truck 2,370 68.0 1,840 69.9 200 30.7 68
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,102
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,450
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,450
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 33

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 278 100.0 258 100.0 6 100.0 18
Single modes 249 89.5 213 82.5 5 74.8 18
Truck3 249 89.5 213 82.5 5 74.8 18
For-hire Truck
Private Truck 249 89.5 213 82.5 5 74.8 18
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 19
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 539
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 15

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 448
Single modes S S S S S S 8
Truck3 S S S S S S 8
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 8
Private Truck S S S S S S 5
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 638

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 3,000 100.0 S S 37
Single modes S S 2,916 97.2 S S 37
Truck3 S S 2,756 91.9 S S 29
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 56
Private Truck S S S S S S 22
Rail S S S S S S 740
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 245 100.0 5,512 100.0 S S 618
Single modes 244 99.4 5,501 99.8 S S 591
Truck3 S S 2,602 47.2 1,173 28.1 436
For-hire Truck S S 1,507 27.3 772 18.5 523
Private Truck 35 14.1 S S S S 324
Rail S S S S S S 1,373
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1 0.2 S S S S 878
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 0.2 S S S S 878
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 453

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 263 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 1,713
Truck3 S S S S S S 1,713
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,713
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,612
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,612
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 221 84.0 S S S S 78

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 513 100.0 30,019 100.0 9,084 100.0 S
Single modes 408 79.6 22,273 74.2 8,976 98.8 S
Truck3 215 41.9 11,269 37.5 841 9.3 88
For-hire Truck 211 41.1 11,245 37.5 841 9.3 90
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail 190 37.1 10,855 36.2 7,606 83.7 706
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,560
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 105 20.4 7,746 25.8 108 1.2 S

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,450 100.0 10,576 100.0 1,113 100.0 119
Single modes 2,447 99.8 10,565 99.9 1,113 100.0 119
Truck3 1,892 77.2 8,680 82.1 1,059 95.1 119
For-hire Truck 912 37.2 3,506 33.2 134 12.0 43
Private Truck 980 40.0 5,173 48.9 925 83.1 159
Rail S S S S S S 1,180
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 551 22.5 1,868 17.7 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 22

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,178 100.0 22,330 100.0 4,608 100.0 194
Single modes 3,178 100.0 22,330 100.0 4,608 100.0 194
Truck3 2,720 85.6 19,928 89.2 4,541 98.5 194
For-hire Truck 466 14.7 S S S S 80
Private Truck 2,254 70.9 17,205 77.0 4,299 93.3 214
Rail S S 146 0.7 S S 654
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 437 13.8 2,256 10.1 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 40

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 104 100.0 963 100.0 231 100.0 S
Single modes 83 80.2 869 90.2 223 96.3 S
Truck3 55 53.2 682 70.8 58 25.3 S
For-hire Truck 17 16.4 79 8.2 S S 429
Private Truck 38 36.8 S S S S 33
Rail 7 7.2 98 10.2 164 71.0 520
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 515
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 577
Truck and rail S S S S S S 84
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 50

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 739
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S 154
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 473
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 427
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,008
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,004
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,029
Truck and rail S S S S S S 93
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 289

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,471 100.0 S S S S 870
Single modes 2,238 64.5 S S S S S
Truck3 2,160 62.2 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 1,677 48.3 S S S S S
Private Truck 484 13.9 133 14.7 S S 49
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 0.1 2 0.5 2,178
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,225 35.3 9 1.0 7 1.9 1,078
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,225 35.3 9 1.0 7 1.9 1,078
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 345
Single modes S S S S S S 337
Truck3 S S S S S S 328
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 325
Private Truck S S S S S S 336
Rail S S S S S S 907
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,528
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,189
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,625
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 150

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 836 100.0 1,132 100.0 1,015 100.0 200
Single modes 767 91.8 1,076 95.0 1,013 99.8 S
Truck3 767 91.7 1,076 95.0 1,013 99.8 S
For-hire Truck 500 59.8 775 68.4 980 96.5 770
Private Truck 267 32.0 S S S S 33
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,483
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 0.2 S S 559
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 0.2 S S 539
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,227
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,516 100.0 257 100.0 92 100.0 394
Single modes 970 64.0 187 72.6 81 88.8 S
Truck3 952 62.8 185 72.1 80 86.7 204
For-hire Truck 529 34.9 89 34.6 69 75.1 631
Private Truck 424 27.9 S S 11 11.6 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,837
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,174
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 113 7.5 10 3.9 6 7.0 920
Parcel, USPS or courier 113 7.5 10 3.9 6 7.0 920
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 4 4.2 S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 60
Single modes S S S S S S 67
Truck3 S S S S S S 67
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 67
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 11
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 11
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 827 100.0 1,600 100.0 S S 161
Single modes 808 97.7 1,574 98.4 S S 161
Truck3 801 96.9 1,511 94.4 S S 160
For-hire Truck 231 27.9 S S S S 825
Private Truck 569 68.8 813 50.8 69 8.5 69
Rail S S S S S S 686
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 1,097
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 1,097
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 18 2.2 26 1.6 S S S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 189 100.0 99 100.0 S S S
Single modes 180 95.1 97 97.7 S S S
Truck3 180 95.1 97 97.7 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 532
Private Truck 144 76.2 81 81.9 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 520
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 1.5 0.5 S S 515
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,508
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 16

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,193 100.0 462 100.0 244 100.0 S
Single modes 1,153 96.7 455 98.4 238 97.6 S
Truck3 1,153 96.7 455 98.4 238 97.6 S
For-hire Truck 892 74.8 343 74.1 225 92.3 690
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 17 1.4 2 0.5 3 1.4 987
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 969
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,135
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 131 100.0 115 100.0 1,318
Single modes S S 75 57.7 32 27.7 345
Truck3 S S 75 57.6 31 27.3 339
For-hire Truck S S S S 27 23.4 1,074
Private Truck S S 48 36.6 5 3.9 119
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 2 S S S S 931
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,454
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,454
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 811

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,227 100.0 240 100.0 155 100.0 1,194
Single modes 1,311 58.9 S S S S 603
Truck3 1,298 58.3 S S S S 512
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,263
Private Truck 240 10.8 14 5.7 S S 162
Rail S S S S S S 1,319
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,102
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 854 38.4 39 16.1 45 29.3 1,286
Parcel, USPS or courier 854 38.4 39 16.1 45 29.3 1,286
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,163
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 811

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 371 100.0 S S S S 444
Single modes 323 86.8 S S S S 194
Truck3 214 57.6 2,667 47.7 S S 123
For-hire Truck 119 32.2 1,606 28.8 S S S
Private Truck 94 25.4 S S 37 1.3 113
Rail S S S S S S 842
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,936
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 45 12.2 S S S S 1,349
Parcel, USPS or courier 26 6.9 1 1 1,363
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,071
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,455 100.0 3,729 100.0 2,169 100.0 219
Single modes 3,293 95.3 3,699 99.2 2,155 99.3 162
Truck3 1,593 46.1 2,336 62.6 987 45.5 144
For-hire Truck 896 25.9 1,562 41.9 865 39.9 541
Private Truck 697 20.2 772 20.7 121 5.6 42
Rail S S 1,363 36.5 S S 1,108
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,007
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 977
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 977
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 118

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,266 100.0 S S S S 390
Single modes 1,947 85.9 S S S S 217
Truck3 1,739 76.7 1,333 54.4 S S 196
For-hire Truck 1,121 49.5 S S S S 661
Private Truck 618 27.3 509 20.8 85 3.0 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,577
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,046
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 285 12.6 11 0.5 21 0.7 869
Parcel, USPS or courier 257 11.3 5 0.2 4 0.1 868
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,457
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,238
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 34 1.5 9 0.4 S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,206 100.0 336 100.0 153 100.0 528
Single modes 1,665 75.5 311 92.5 146 95.6 291
Truck3 1,607 72.8 310 92.4 146 95.4 244
For-hire Truck 1,050 47.6 132 39.4 129 84.3 612
Private Truck 557 25.2 S S S S 50
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,838
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 373 16.9 9 2.8 5 3.6 802
Parcel, USPS or courier 364 16.5 8 2.5 5 3.5 797
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,017
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3
Other and unknown modes 168 7.6 S S S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,184 100.0 309 100.0 307 100.0 1,037
Single modes 1,819 57.1 294 95.2 284 92.6 813
Truck3 1,080 33.9 292 94.7 281 91.6 397
For-hire Truck 853 26.8 265 85.9 255 83.1 947
Private Truck 217 6.8 22 7.3 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,439
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 737 23.1 1 0.4 3 0.9 2,262
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,152 36.2 12 4.0 22 7.3 1,269
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,141 35.8 7 2.4 8 2.7 1,268
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,709
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,199
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 3 0.9 1 0.2 436

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 227
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 459
Private Truck 425 4.7 72 11.5 30 8.7 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,298
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,619
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 943
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 942
Truck and rail
Truck and water 11 0.1 2 0.3 5 1.6 3,176
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,381 100.0 S S S S 1,836
Single modes 1,197 86.7 S S S S 1,853
Truck3 377 27.3 S S S S 785
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 810
Private Truck S S S S S S 521
Rail S S S S S S 39
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 200 14.5 S S 1 1.2 1,975
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 174 12.6 0.3 0.8 1,799
Parcel, USPS or courier 174 12.6 0.3 0.8 1,799
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,802

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,541 100.0 S S S S 1,520
Single modes 1,272 50.0 S S S S 1,302
Truck3 1,079 42.5 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 829 32.6 S S S S 919
Private Truck 242 9.5 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 193 7.6 1 3 0.8 2,023
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,262 49.7 9 0.6 10 3.3 1,568
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,262 49.7 9 0.6 10 3.3 1,568
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 485 100.0 89 100.0 S S 1,219
Single modes 460 94.8 86 97.5 S S 907
Truck3 460 94.8 86 97.5 S S 907
For-hire Truck 339 69.8 59 67.1 S S 1,391
Private Truck S S S S S S 11
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 21 4.4 S S S S 1,619
Parcel, USPS or courier 18 3.7 1 1.2 1 2.3 1,617
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,176
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,316 100.0 554 100.0 359 100.0 928
Single modes 1,949 58.8 486 87.6 300 83.5 550
Truck3 1,916 57.8 485 87.5 299 83.2 531
For-hire Truck 1,589 47.9 388 70.1 286 79.6 1,097
Private Truck 322 9.7 94 17.0 9 2.5 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 0.1 S S 1,718
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,291 38.9 54 9.7 58 16.1 1,008
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,236 37.3 40 7.3 32 8.8 1,008
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,932
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,172
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 1 0.4 159

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 669
Single modes S S S S S S 669
Truck3 S S S S S S 663
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 703
Private Truck S S S S S S 138
Rail S S S S S S 856
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,164 100.0 2,046 100.0 576 100.0 240
Single modes 5,930 96.2 2,040 99.7 574 99.7 117
Truck3 5,927 96.2 2,040 99.7 574 99.7 108
For-hire Truck 2,804 45.5 695 34.0 415 72.0 505
Private Truck 3,107 50.4 1,335 65.3 157 27.3 66
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1,924
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 202 3.3 3 0.1 2 0.3 711
Parcel, USPS or courier 201 3.3 3 0.1 2 0.3 713
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,452
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 23
Other and unknown modes 33 0.5 S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,146
Single modes S S S S S S 281
Truck3 S S S S S S 221
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck 22 8.9 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,225
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,433
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.5 1.0 1,434
Truck and rail S S S S S S 784
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.