Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 61,515 100.0 109,672 100.0 38,046 100.0 823
Single modes 51,301 83.4 99,372 90.6 36,517 96.0 329
Truck 45,233 73.5 72,361 66.0 17,857 46.9 192
For-hire truck 28,715 46.7 34,609 31.6 10,664 28.0 608
Private truck 16,478 26.8 37,723 34.4 7,177 18.9 63
Rail 3,366 5.5 21,829 19.9 17,995 47.3 995
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1,659 2.7 S S S S 2,027
Pipeline3 1,044 1.7 5,020 4.6 S S S
Multiple modes 8,458 13.7 980 0.9 944 2.5 1,241
Parcel, USPS or courier 8,239 13.4 211 0.2 224 0.6 1,242
Truck and rail 187 0.3 S S S S 765
Truck and water 28 9 30 3,190
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 9
Other and unknown modes 1,756 2.9 9,320 8.5 585 1.5 164

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 167 100.0 S S S S 1,883
Single modes 126 75.5 S S S S 1,964
Truck 93 55.9 S S S S 1,868
For-hire truck 93 55.9 S S S S 1,868
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,932
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,229
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 38 22.7 1 0.2 1 0.2 1,868
Parcel, USPS or courier 38 22.7 1 0.2 1 0.2 1,868
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,944

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,268
Single modes S S S S S S 2,659
Truck S S S S S S 887
For-hire truck S S S S S S 887
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,446
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,218
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,219
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,147
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,504 100.0 2,209 100.0 1,295 100.0 663
Single modes 1,364 90.7 2,205 99.8 1,292 99.8 648
Truck 1,317 87.5 2,204 99.7 1,291 99.7 586
For-hire truck 986 65.5 998 45.2 520 40.2 619
Private truck 331 22.0 1,205 54.6 771 59.5 538
Rail S S S S S S 1,215
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,431
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 133 8.8 3 0.2 2 0.2 671
Parcel, USPS or courier 133 8.8 3 0.2 2 0.2 671
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 715

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 146 100.0 50 100.0 76 100.0 1,483
Single modes 88 60.1 48 96.0 73 96.2 1,571
Truck 87 59.6 37 75.1 55 72.1 1,447
For-hire truck 86 58.7 37 73.7 54 70.9 1,455
Private truck S S S S S S 1,289
Rail S S S S S S 1,756
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,140
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 58 39.9 2 4.0 3 3.8 1,481
Parcel, USPS or courier 58 39.9 2 4.0 3 3.8 1,481
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,698 100.0 11,497 100.0 9,647 100.0 747
Single modes 7,460 85.8 10,890 94.7 9,203 95.4 838
Truck 6,751 77.6 4,336 37.7 3,082 31.9 709
For-hire truck 6,050 69.6 2,174 18.9 1,548 16.0 713
Private truck 700 8.0 2,161 18.8 1,534 15.9 696
Rail 236 2.7 6,403 55.7 5,589 57.9 810
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 473 5.4 S S S S 1,643
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,122 12.9 244 2.1 203 2.1 728
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,072 12.3 28 0.2 20 0.2 728
Truck and rail S S S S S S 851
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 117 1.3 S S S S 709

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,117 100.0 3,270 100.0 1,593 100.0 442
Single modes 2,746 88.1 3,209 98.1 1,556 97.7 450
Truck 2,606 83.6 2,237 68.4 959 60.2 437
For-hire truck 2,081 66.8 1,160 35.5 488 30.7 472
Private truck 523 16.8 1,076 32.9 470 29.5 383
Rail 63 2.0 S S S S 616
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 348 11.2 S S S S 439
Parcel, USPS or courier 346 11.1 12 0.4 5 0.3 439
Truck and rail S S S S S S 686
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 488

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 215 100.0 18 100.0 41 100.0 2,284
Single modes S S 15 82.5 34 82.4 2,317
Truck S S 15 81.9 34 81.7 2,282
For-hire truck S S 15 81.9 34 81.7 2,282
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,360
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 37 17.2 1 4.9 2 4.9 2,272
Parcel, USPS or courier 37 17.2 1 4.9 2 4.9 2,272
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,296

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 22 100.0 S S S S 2,200
Single modes S S S S S S 2,244
Truck S S S S S S 2,141
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,141
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,245
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,129
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,129
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 23 100.0 S S S S 2,095
Single modes S S S S S S 2,011
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,011
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 22 94.1 S S S S 2,097
Parcel, USPS or courier 22 94.1 S S S S 2,097
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,048 100.0 154 100.0 368 100.0 2,377
Single modes 721 68.8 144 93.5 343 93.2 2,385
Truck 595 56.7 143 93.4 342 93.1 2,385
For-hire truck 594 56.7 143 93.4 342 93.0 2,385
Private truck S S S S S S 2,324
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 126 12.0 0.1 0.1 2,386
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 317 30.2 10 6.2 24 6.6 2,376
Parcel, USPS or courier 301 28.8 4 2.8 10 2.8 2,376
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,585
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,407

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 538 100.0 149 100.0 303 100.0 1,944
Single modes 340 63.3 146 97.8 297 97.9 2,082
Truck 137 25.4 87 58.1 172 56.6 1,942
For-hire truck 137 25.4 87 58.1 172 56.6 1,942
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,118
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.3 1 0.3 2,154
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 196 36.4 3 2.2 6 2.1 1,931
Parcel, USPS or courier 196 36.4 3 2.2 6 2.1 1,931
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,917

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 48 100.0 10 100.0 31 100.0 3,353
Single modes S S S S S S 3,891
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,891
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 38 78.9 10 98.6 31 98.2 3,300
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 20.8 2.1 1 2.1 3,305
Truck and rail
Truck and water 28 58.2 9 96.5 30 96.1 3,190
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,530 100.0 6,044 100.0 1,825 100.0 289
Single modes 1,918 75.8 5,713 94.5 1,704 93.4 248
Truck 1,862 73.6 3,794 62.8 1,036 56.8 245
For-hire truck 972 38.4 S S S S 261
Private truck 891 35.2 1,692 28.0 365 20.0 229
Rail S S S S S S 943
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 592 23.4 6 2 0.1 338
Parcel, USPS or courier 592 23.4 6 2 0.1 338
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 20 0.8 S S S S 217

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,103 100.0 S S S S 1,414
Single modes 701 63.6 S S S S 1,652
Truck S S 185 27.7 258 25.9 1,383
For-hire truck S S 185 27.7 258 25.9 1,383
Private truck S S S S S S 1,412
Rail S S S S S S 1,534
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,127
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 401 36.4 16 2.4 23 2.3 1,401
Parcel, USPS or courier 383 34.7 11 1.7 16 1.6 1,401
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,547
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,398

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,058 100.0 S S S S 1,523
Single modes 913 86.3 S S S S 1,640
Truck 472 44.6 S S S S 1,524
For-hire truck 472 44.6 S S S S 1,524
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,675
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,009
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 92 8.7 2 0.1 3 0.1 1,502
Parcel, USPS or courier 92 8.7 2 0.1 3 0.1 1,502
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,605

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 147 100.0 S S S S 1,158
Single modes 104 71.0 S S S S 1,374
Truck 80 54.3 178 37.0 195 33.5 1,120
For-hire truck 72 49.3 S S S S 1,140
Private truck S S S S S S 1,042
Rail S S S S S S 1,281
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,904
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 42 28.6 1 0.2 1 0.2 1,143
Parcel, USPS or courier 42 28.6 1 0.2 1 0.2 1,143
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,039

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 330 100.0 S S S S 1,119
Single modes 164 49.7 S S S S 1,595
Truck 82 24.7 S S S S 1,078
For-hire truck 80 24.1 S S S S 1,078
Private truck S S S S S S 1,104
Rail S S S S S S 1,252
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,100
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 118 35.8 S S S S 1,037
Parcel, USPS or courier 113 34.3 3 1.0 3 0.9 1,037
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,357
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,046

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,671
Single modes S S S S S S 1,721
Truck S S S S S S 1,597
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,597
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,964
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 2 1.8 1,664
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 2 1.8 1,664
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,752

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 89 100.0 S S S S 1,700
Single modes S S S S S S 1,668
Truck S S S S S S 1,596
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,596
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,243
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 35 39.5 1 2.7 1 2.7 1,702
Parcel, USPS or courier 35 39.5 1 2.7 1 2.7 1,702
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,549

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 23 100.0 S S S S 2,510
Single modes 10 46.2 S S S S 2,517
Truck 8 36.6 S S S S 2,568
For-hire truck 8 36.6 S S S S 2,568
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,447
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 12 53.8 1.5 1.5 2,510
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 53.8 1.5 1.5 2,510
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 246 100.0 S S S S 2,112
Single modes S S S S S S 2,155
Truck S S S S S S 2,090
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,090
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,173
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 102 41.4 2 5.8 5 5.8 2,102
Parcel, USPS or courier 102 41.4 2 5.8 5 5.8 2,102
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,160

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 177 100.0 11 100.0 25 100.0 2,379
Single modes S S 8 76.3 19 76.3 2,356
Truck 10 5.7 8 74.7 19 74.7 2,357
For-hire truck 10 5.7 8 74.7 19 74.7 2,357
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,356
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 109 61.8 2 22.6 6 22.7 2,381
Parcel, USPS or courier 109 61.8 2 22.6 6 22.7 2,381
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,395

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 731 100.0 101 100.0 169 100.0 1,674
Single modes S S 91 89.7 152 89.8 1,868
Truck 256 35.1 59 58.8 97 57.3 1,644
For-hire truck 256 35.1 59 58.8 97 57.3 1,644
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,753
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,053
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 195 26.6 10 10.0 17 10.0 1,661
Parcel, USPS or courier 186 25.5 8 7.9 13 7.9 1,661
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,663
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,603

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 302 100.0 S S S S 1,369
Single modes 115 38.0 S S S S 1,742
Truck 90 29.7 146 24.3 179 21.4 1,311
For-hire truck 85 28.0 109 18.2 139 16.6 1,334
Private truck S S S S S S 1,128
Rail S S S S S S 1,443
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 10 3.2 2,227
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 4 0.7 6 0.7 1,333
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 4 0.7 6 0.7 1,333
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,228

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 38 100.0 S S S S 1,723
Single modes 20 52.9 S S S S 1,734
Truck 18 47.5 40 42.5 67 39.2 1,703
For-hire truck 18 46.8 40 42.4 67 39.2 1,703
Private truck S S S S S S 1,665
Rail S S S S S S 1,908
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,222
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 18 47.1 S S S S 1,721
Parcel, USPS or courier 13 34.8 S S S S 1,721
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,771
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 241 100.0 639 100.0 844 100.0 1,258
Single modes 179 74.4 637 99.7 842 99.7 1,343
Truck 125 51.9 S S S S 1,248
For-hire truck 115 47.5 77 12.0 96 11.4 1,249
Private truck S S S S S S 1,225
Rail S S S S S S 1,308
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 2 0.7 S S S S 2,085
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 60 24.8 1 0.2 2 0.2 1,237
Parcel, USPS or courier 60 24.8 1 0.2 2 0.2 1,237
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,287

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 924 100.0 710 100.0 470 100.0 613
Single modes 714 77.3 707 99.5 468 99.6 644
Truck 712 77.1 634 89.3 412 87.6 562
For-hire truck 560 60.7 467 65.7 323 68.8 575
Private truck S S S S S S 487
Rail S S S S S S 999
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,018
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 206 22.3 3 0.4 1 0.3 598
Parcel, USPS or courier 204 22.1 2 0.3 1 0.3 590
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,143
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 466

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 151 100.0 229 100.0 165 100.0 881
Single modes 132 87.4 226 99.0 163 98.7 860
Truck 120 79.3 140 61.2 95 57.8 758
For-hire truck S S S S S S 731
Private truck 26 17.5 S S S S 822
Rail S S S S S S 795
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,819
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 19 12.6 S S S S 884
Parcel, USPS or courier 19 12.6 S S S S 884
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,667 100.0 5,659 100.0 2,251 100.0 382
Single modes 1,453 87.2 5,635 99.6 2,242 99.6 343
Truck 1,372 82.3 2,494 44.1 768 34.1 332
For-hire truck 681 40.8 1,209 21.4 413 18.3 362
Private truck 684 41.0 1,281 22.6 354 15.7 303
Rail 75 4.5 3,141 55.5 1,474 65.5 385
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 6 0.4 S
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 204 12.2 10 0.2 4 0.2 395
Parcel, USPS or courier 204 12.2 10 0.2 4 0.2 395
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 508

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 81 100.0 S S S S 2,359
Single modes S S S S S S 2,340
Truck S S S S S S 2,374
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,374
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,314
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 38 46.5 2.5 1 2.5 2,360
Parcel, USPS or courier 38 46.5 2.5 1 2.5 2,360
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 279 100.0 45 100.0 100 100.0 2,207
Single modes 167 59.9 40 89.0 89 88.6 2,321
Truck 152 54.5 40 88.8 89 88.4 2,180
For-hire truck 152 54.5 40 88.8 89 88.4 2,180
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 15 5.4 0.2 0.2 2,353
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 111 39.9 S S S S 2,183
Parcel, USPS or courier 103 36.9 2 4.1 4 4.0 2,183
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,381
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,188

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 507 100.0 S S S S 630
Single modes 491 96.9 S S S S 618
Truck 406 80.0 S S S S 565
For-hire truck 264 52.0 241 24.3 S S 639
Private truck S S S S S S 505
Rail S S S S S S 1,375
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,148
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 15 3.0 1 643
Parcel, USPS or courier 15 2.9 1 634
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,222
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 595

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 521 100.0 S S S S 2,183
Single modes 282 54.1 S S S S 2,234
Truck 235 45.2 S S S S 2,092
For-hire truck 235 45.2 S S S S 2,092
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 46 8.9 S S S S 2,271
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 239 45.9 8 7.6 18 8.1 2,176
Parcel, USPS or courier 239 45.9 8 7.6 18 8.1 2,176
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,247

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 264 100.0 94 100.0 196 100.0 2,093
Single modes 105 39.8 S S S S 2,110
Truck 88 33.3 S S S S 2,115
For-hire truck 83 31.5 S S S S 2,115
Private truck S S S S S S 2,093
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 2,105
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 81 30.8 2 2.2 4 2.2 2,092
Parcel, USPS or courier 81 30.8 2 2.2 4 2.2 2,092
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,052

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 40 100.0 S S S S 1,072
Single modes 22 54.5 S S S S 1,080
Truck 22 54.5 S S S S 1,080
For-hire truck 22 54.5 S S S S 1,080
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 18 45.5 S S S S 1,071
Parcel, USPS or courier 18 45.5 S S S S 1,071
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 597 100.0 S S S S 1,742
Single modes 417 69.8 S S S S 1,811
Truck 371 62.2 225 49.9 387 48.8 1,715
For-hire truck 371 62.2 225 49.9 387 48.8 1,715
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,818
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 10 1.7 1,938
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 171 28.7 5 1.1 9 1.1 1,736
Parcel, USPS or courier 167 28.0 4 0.9 7 0.9 1,736
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,881
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,739

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 298 100.0 206 100.0 261 100.0 1,403
Single modes 256 86.1 187 90.6 229 87.6 1,796
Truck 236 79.3 160 77.7 189 72.6 1,236
For-hire truck 227 76.2 S S S S 1,246
Private truck S S S S S S 1,175
Rail S S S S S S 1,474
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 20 6.6 S S S S 2,146
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 41 13.8 S S S S 1,219
Parcel, USPS or courier 40 13.3 1 0.3 1 0.3 1,218
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,679
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,342

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 994 100.0 947 100.0 741 100.0 785
Single modes 870 87.5 943 99.6 738 99.6 845
Truck 841 84.6 501 53.0 378 51.1 738
For-hire truck 731 73.5 441 46.6 343 46.3 751
Private truck S S S S S S 680
Rail S S 441 46.6 S S 903
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,689
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 121 12.2 4 0.4 3 0.4 771
Parcel, USPS or courier 121 12.2 4 0.4 3 0.4 771
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 835

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 469 100.0 93 100.0 190 100.0 2,053
Single modes 227 48.4 82 88.5 167 88.1 2,327
Truck 213 45.4 82 88.4 167 88.0 1,985
For-hire truck 203 43.4 78 83.4 157 83.0 1,984
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,024
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 13 2.8 0.1 2,567
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 239 51.0 7 8.1 16 8.2 2,020
Parcel, USPS or courier 239 51.0 7 8.1 16 8.2 2,020
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,113

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 21 100.0 S S S S 2,361
Single modes 8 37.2 S S S S 2,409
Truck S S S S S S 2,364
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,364
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,557
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 13 62.8 10.7 10.7 2,360
Parcel, USPS or courier 13 62.8 10.7 10.7 2,360
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 335 100.0 58 100.0 118 100.0 2,080
Single modes 203 60.7 55 95.4 113 95.4 2,111
Truck 159 47.5 55 95.1 112 95.1 2,071
For-hire truck 157 47.0 40 69.1 81 68.7 2,071
Private truck S S S S S S 2,064
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.3 0.3 2,118
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,061
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,061
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,172

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 67 100.0 145 100.0 134 100.0 927
Single modes 46 68.7 144 99.4 134 99.4 1,032
Truck 46 68.4 144 99.4 134 99.4 937
For-hire truck 43 64.1 89 61.6 S S 965
Private truck S S S S S S 841
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,694
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 20 30.8 S S S S 918
Parcel, USPS or courier 20 30.8 S S S S 918
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 770

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 299 100.0 S S S S 1,736
Single modes 113 37.9 S S S S 1,806
Truck 106 35.6 51 38.5 87 34.1 1,665
For-hire truck 106 35.6 51 38.5 87 34.1 1,665
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,073
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 6 2.0 S S S S 2,132
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 185 62.1 2 1.9 4 1.7 1,726
Parcel, USPS or courier 181 60.8 2 1.2 3 1.1 1,726
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,759
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,356 100.0 1,302 100.0 1,935 100.0 1,381
Single modes 950 70.1 1,215 93.3 1,794 92.7 1,711
Truck 773 57.0 844 64.8 1,178 60.9 1,332
For-hire truck 700 51.6 388 29.8 542 28.0 1,325
Private truck S S S S S S 1,366
Rail S S 370 28.4 614 31.7 1,648
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 39 2.9 S S S S 2,154
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 400 29.5 S S S S 1,310
Parcel, USPS or courier 387 28.5 9 0.7 12 0.6 1,309
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,652
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 5 0.4 1,101

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 25,803 100.0 61,626 100.0 2,822 100.0 36
Single modes 23,311 90.3 52,937 85.9 2,689 95.3 29
Truck 20,747 80.4 46,630 75.7 2,352 83.4 29
For-hire truck 8,764 34.0 21,247 34.5 1,037 36.7 61
Private truck 11,966 46.4 25,367 41.2 1,315 46.6 25
Rail S S 2,221 3.6 325 11.5 S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 280
Pipeline3 979 3.8 4,086 6.6 S S S
Multiple modes 1,177 4.6 S S S S 88
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,146 4.4 30 2 85
Truck and rail S S S S S S 418
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 9
Other and unknown modes 1,315 5.1 8,517 13.8 104 3.7 S

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,317
Single modes S S S S S S 2,239
Truck S S S S S S 2,292
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,292
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,214
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2.3 2.3 2,327
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2.3 2.3 2,327
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 356 100.0 74 100.0 150 100.0 2,125
Single modes 130 36.4 67 91.1 135 90.4 2,167
Truck 113 31.9 67 90.9 135 90.2 2,126
For-hire truck 110 30.8 66 89.1 133 88.5 2,145
Private truck S S S S S S 2,009
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.2 0.2 2,185
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,115
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 5 6.7 11 7.1 2,115
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,359
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,147

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,384 100.0 2,770 100.0 2,651 100.0 853
Single modes 1,176 85.0 2,496 90.1 2,374 89.6 908
Truck 1,082 78.2 960 34.6 784 29.6 827
For-hire truck 905 65.4 585 21.1 480 18.1 833
Private truck S S S S S S 803
Rail 88 6.4 S S S S 1,021
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 7 0.5 S S S S 1,415
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 200 14.5 S S S S 841
Parcel, USPS or courier 190 13.7 8 0.3 7 0.2 840
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,029
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 865

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,930
Single modes S S S S S S 2,067
Truck S S S S S S 1,891
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,891
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,267
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,926
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,926
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,892

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 165 100.0 S S S S 1,448
Single modes 102 61.9 S S S S 1,512
Truck 99 59.9 S S S S 1,427
For-hire truck 98 59.1 S S S S 1,427
Private truck S S S S S S 1,430
Rail S S S S S S 1,625
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,195
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 63 38.1 1 0.4 2 0.4 1,440
Parcel, USPS or courier 63 38.1 1 0.4 2 0.4 1,440
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,489

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,287 100.0 5,699 100.0 1,183 100.0 330
Single modes 1,160 90.1 5,679 99.7 1,178 99.5 236
Truck 1,109 86.2 4,236 74.3 928 78.4 227
For-hire truck 453 35.2 S S 219 18.5 277
Private truck 656 51.0 3,103 54.5 709 59.9 192
Rail S S S S S S 334
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,247
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 121 9.4 S S S S 442
Parcel, USPS or courier 120 9.4 7 0.1 3 0.2 442
Truck and rail S S S S S S 242
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 135

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.