Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 62,354 100.0 81,952 100.0 20,439 100.0 819
Single modes 50,598 81.1 72,285 88.2 19,277 94.3 466
Truck 45,147 72.4 58,581 71.5 12,719 62.2 281
For-hire truck 28,207 45.2 30,469 37.2 9,791 47.9 856
Private truck 16,837 27.0 28,067 34.2 2,901 14.2 66
Rail 3,035 4.9 9,606 11.7 6,522 31.9 771
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1,436 2.3 12 24 0.1 2,397
Pipeline3 980 1.6 4,086 5.0 S S S
Multiple modes 9,699 15.6 960 1.2 877 4.3 1,211
Parcel, USPS or courier 8,648 13.9 173 0.2 187 0.9 1,211
Truck and Rail 1,047 1.7 S S S S 1,025
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 9
Other and unknown modes 2,058 3.3 8,706 10.6 285 1.4 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 149 100.0 184 100.0 341 100.0 1,841
Single modes 135 90.9 183 99.9 340 99.9 1,844
Truck 116 78.1 S S S S 1,831
For-hire truck 116 77.8 S S S S 1,838
Private truck S S S S S S 1,758
Rail 19 12.6 40 21.8 80 23.4 2,000
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,226
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.1 0.1 1,836
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.1 0.1 1,836
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,533
Single modes S S S S S S 1,533
Truck S S S S S S 1,484
For-hire truck
Private truck S S S S S S 1,484
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,358
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 678 100.0 234 100.0 151 100.0 597
Single modes 321 47.4 228 97.6 148 97.7 660
Truck 316 46.6 225 96.1 143 94.3 658
For-hire truck 275 40.5 170 72.6 113 74.5 694
Private truck 37 5.4 S S S S 492
Rail S S S S S S 1,451
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,005
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 2 1.2 572
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 2 1.2 572
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 661

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 102 100.0 140 100.0 1,417
Single modes S S 101 99.4 139 99.4 1,377
Truck S S 101 99.3 139 99.3 1,338
For-hire truck S S 98 96.6 135 96.6 1,336
Private truck 35 4.6 3 2.7 4 2.7 1,460
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,997
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,455
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,455
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,296

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,125 100.0 2,780 100.0 1,957 100.0 1,085
Single modes 5,580 68.7 2,646 95.2 1,860 95.0 1,897
Truck 5,196 63.9 2,377 85.5 1,635 83.5 692
For-hire truck 3,424 42.1 1,653 59.5 1,139 58.2 701
Private truck 1,753 21.6 707 25.4 484 24.7 672
Rail S S S S S S 786
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 124 1.5 1 S S 3,634
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2,349 28.9 34 1.2 24 1.2 724
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,349 28.9 34 1.2 24 1.2 724
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 100 3.6 73 3.7 705

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,081 100.0 2,160 100.0 1,078 100.0 504
Single modes 2,785 90.4 1,662 76.9 638 59.2 510
Truck 2,709 87.9 932 43.2 461 42.8 510
For-hire truck 1,524 49.5 565 26.1 292 27.1 537
Private truck 1,184 38.4 368 17.0 169 15.7 457
Rail 50 1.6 S S 177 16.4 564
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 503
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 219 7.1 S S S S 506
Parcel, USPS or courier 147 4.8 6 0.3 3 0.3 505
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 691
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 296 100.0 S S S S 2,269
Single modes 88 29.9 S S S S 2,276
Truck 55 18.6 S S S S 2,270
For-hire truck 55 18.5 S S S S 2,269
Private truck S S S S S S 2,299
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,359
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 207 70.1 3 21.7 6 21.8 2,268
Parcel, USPS or courier 207 70.1 3 21.7 6 21.8 2,268
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,162
Single modes S S S S S S 2,165
Truck S S S S S S 2,162
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,162
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,244
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1 26.6 S S S S 2,161
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 26.6 S S S S 2,161
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,179

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 100.0 S S S S 2,097
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 100.0 S S S S 2,097
Parcel, USPS or courier 100.0 S S S S 2,097
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 384 100.0 S S S S 2,423
Single modes 210 54.6 S S S S 2,445
Truck 177 46.1 S S S S 2,440
For-hire truck 176 45.9 S S S S 2,447
Private truck S S S S S S 2,070
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 33 8.5 2,451
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 174 45.4 S S S S 2,421
Parcel, USPS or courier 174 45.4 S S S S 2,421
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,621
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,233

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 369 100.0 S S S S 1,933
Single modes 288 78.0 S S S S 1,897
Truck 288 78.0 S S S S 1,893
For-hire truck 288 78.0 S S S S 1,893
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,096
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 59 16.0 1 0.8 2 0.8 1,939
Parcel, USPS or courier 59 16.0 1 0.8 2 0.8 1,939
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,794

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,513
Single modes S S S S S S 3,693
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,693
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,173
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3,173
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,199 100.0 1,521 100.0 459 100.0 317
Single modes 1,135 94.7 1,513 99.5 455 99.0 300
Truck 1,024 85.5 1,131 74.4 279 60.7 265
For-hire truck 538 44.9 851 56.0 213 46.4 279
Private truck 486 40.6 281 18.4 66 14.4 243
Rail 105 8.7 382 25.1 176 38.3 442
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 6 0.5 S S S S 416
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 62 5.2 6 0.4 S S 333
Parcel, USPS or courier 59 4.9 3 0.2 1 0.2 333
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,035
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 336

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 936 100.0 332 100.0 467 100.0 1,441
Single modes 672 71.8 307 92.6 426 91.2 1,592
Truck 663 70.8 306 92.2 423 90.6 1,387
For-hire truck 658 70.3 301 90.6 416 89.0 1,387
Private truck S S S S S S 1,357
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,027
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 263 28.2 S S S S 1,394
Parcel, USPS or courier 236 25.2 7 2.0 9 2.0 1,394
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,740
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,602

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 755 100.0 138 100.0 216 100.0 1,501
Single modes 580 76.7 124 89.7 193 89.5 1,562
Truck S S 80 57.6 124 57.4 1,554
For-hire truck S S 76 54.9 118 54.6 1,552
Private truck S S S S S S 1,614
Rail S S S S S S 1,558
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,806
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 141 18.6 S S S S 1,499
Parcel, USPS or courier 70 9.3 2 1.7 4 1.6 1,498
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,697
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 5 3.6 8 3.5 1,544

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 208 100.0 98 100.0 121 100.0 1,132
Single modes 200 96.5 97 98.8 120 98.8 1,124
Truck 187 89.8 52 53.1 59 49.1 1,120
For-hire truck 179 86.1 44 45.1 50 41.2 1,115
Private truck S S S S S S 1,204
Rail S S S S S S 1,344
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.3 0.3 1,136
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.3 0.3 1,136
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,186

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 641 100.0 94 100.0 102 100.0 1,312
Single modes S S 93 98.7 101 98.6 1,599
Truck S S 81 85.7 86 84.5 1,076
For-hire truck S S 77 81.8 83 81.2 1,082
Private truck S S S S S S 1,029
Rail S S S S S S 1,165
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.1 0.2 2,029
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 29 4.5 1 0.9 1 1.1 1,219
Parcel, USPS or courier 29 4.5 1 0.9 1 1.1 1,219
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,094

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 473 100.0 133 100.0 214 100.0 1,627
Single modes 454 96.0 132 99.6 213 99.6 1,641
Truck 453 95.7 132 99.5 213 99.5 1,632
For-hire truck 383 80.9 109 81.9 175 81.6 1,630
Private truck 44 9.2 S S S S 1,622
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,728
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 19 4.0 1 0.4 1 0.4 1,619
Parcel, USPS or courier 19 4.0 1 0.4 1 0.4 1,619
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 110 100.0 S S S S 1,759
Single modes 107 97.2 S S S S 1,807
Truck 64 57.5 S S S S 1,736
For-hire truck 62 55.8 S S S S 1,736
Private truck S S S S S S 1,789
Rail S S S S S S 1,682
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,254
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 3 2.8 S S S S 1,731
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 2.8 S S S S 1,731
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 35 100.0 S S S S 2,469
Single modes S S S S S S 2,465
Truck S S S S S S 2,534
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,538
Private truck S S S S S S 2,500
Rail S S S S S S 1,818
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,372
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,469
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,469
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,484

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 68 100.0 5 100.0 10 100.0 2,059
Single modes S S 4 76.2 8 75.8 2,006
Truck S S 4 73.2 8 73.0 2,022
For-hire truck S S 4 73.2 8 73.0 2,022
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,944
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 12 17.6 7.8 1 7.7 2,075
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 17.6 7.8 1 7.7 2,075
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,153

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 258 100.0 24 100.0 57 100.0 2,375
Single modes 146 56.5 12 48.8 28 49.2 2,394
Truck 106 41.0 11 46.1 27 46.5 2,361
For-hire truck 106 41.0 11 46.0 27 46.5 2,360
Private truck S S S S S S 2,395
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,412
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 102 39.7 2 6.6 4 6.6 2,367
Parcel, USPS or courier 102 39.7 2 6.6 4 6.6 2,367
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,358

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 765 100.0 118 100.0 200 100.0 1,674
Single modes 243 31.8 83 70.2 138 68.9 1,697
Truck 159 20.8 77 64.9 126 63.3 1,624
For-hire truck 159 20.8 77 64.9 126 63.3 1,625
Private truck S S S S S S 1,583
Rail S S S S S S 1,809
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,706
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,657
Parcel, USPS or courier 76 10.0 3 2.8 5 2.6 1,654
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,811
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 789 100.0 202 100.0 266 100.0 1,310
Single modes 546 69.3 186 92.3 245 92.2 1,378
Truck 512 64.9 186 92.1 244 91.9 1,244
For-hire truck 487 61.8 170 84.1 224 84.2 1,266
Private truck S S S S S S 1,202
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,131
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 241 30.6 4 2.2 6 2.2 1,299
Parcel, USPS or courier 241 30.6 4 2.2 6 2.2 1,299
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,336

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 307 100.0 94 100.0 160 100.0 1,750
Single modes 296 96.4 94 99.9 160 99.9 1,754
Truck 289 94.3 87 92.2 145 90.6 1,668
For-hire truck 284 92.4 80 85.5 135 84.0 1,668
Private truck S S S S S S 1,636
Rail S S S S S S 2,040
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,198
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,664
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,664
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,611

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 564 100.0 667 100.0 1,249
Single modes S S S S 657 98.4 1,232
Truck S S S S 637 95.6 1,136
For-hire truck S S S S 472 70.8 1,129
Private truck S S S S S S 1,192
Rail S S S S S S 1,270
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,946
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 111 6.7 3 0.6 4 0.6 1,257
Parcel, USPS or courier 111 6.7 3 0.6 4 0.6 1,257
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,310

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 195 100.0 565 100.0 361 100.0 595
Single modes 184 94.7 564 99.8 361 99.9 607
Truck 177 90.7 528 93.5 332 91.8 603
For-hire truck 140 72.0 S S S S 620
Private truck 36 18.7 S S S S 545
Rail S S S S S S 805
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 10 5.2 S S S S 586
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 5.2 S S S S 586
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 633

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 263 100.0 317 100.0 310 100.0 874
Single modes 255 96.9 316 99.8 309 99.9 952
Truck 198 75.3 97 30.6 84 27.1 927
For-hire truck 191 72.7 95 30.0 82 26.6 920
Private truck S S S S S S 1,084
Rail S S S S S S 1,023
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,925
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 8 3.1 1 0.2 0.1 845
Parcel, USPS or courier 8 3.1 1 0.2 0.1 845
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,159 100.0 883 100.0 S S 479
Single modes 852 73.5 S S S S 530
Truck 840 72.5 424 48.0 175 42.4 480
For-hire truck 746 64.3 333 37.7 144 34.8 508
Private truck 95 8.2 91 10.3 31 7.6 365
Rail S S S S S S 530
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,404
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 212 18.3 6 0.7 3 0.7 460
Parcel, USPS or courier 212 18.3 6 0.7 3 0.7 460
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 496

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 72 100.0 5 100.0 12 100.0 2,376
Single modes S S 4 75.1 9 74.1 2,404
Truck 11 15.8 4 74.1 9 73.0 2,355
For-hire truck 11 15.8 4 74.1 9 73.0 2,355
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,520
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 42 57.7 S S S S 2,375
Parcel, USPS or courier 41 56.8 1 9.9 1 9.9 2,374
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,533
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 143 100.0 311 100.0 2,163
Single modes 415 27.8 138 96.6 301 96.6 2,219
Truck 413 27.6 138 96.6 301 96.6 2,220
For-hire truck 381 25.4 136 95.0 295 94.8 2,215
Private truck S S S S S S 2,236
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,208
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 4 3.1 10 3.1 2,161
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 4 3.1 10 3.1 2,161
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,172

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 38 100.0 30 100.0 670
Single modes S S 37 99.0 30 99.3 726
Truck S S 37 99.0 30 99.2 701
For-hire truck S S S S S S 698
Private truck S S S S S S 729
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,288
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 4.3 0.7 0.6 617
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 4.3 0.7 0.6 617
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 590

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 707 100.0 S S S S 2,136
Single modes 296 41.9 S S S S 2,143
Truck 205 29.0 S S S S 2,107
For-hire truck 201 28.5 S S S S 2,103
Private truck 3 0.5 S S S S 2,162
Rail S S S S S S 2,189
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,257
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 410 58.0 S S S S 2,135
Parcel, USPS or courier 410 58.0 S S S S 2,135
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,116

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 595 100.0 119 100.0 249 100.0 2,106
Single modes 552 92.7 117 98.2 244 98.2 2,088
Truck 519 87.2 117 98.1 244 98.1 2,088
For-hire truck 519 87.2 117 98.1 244 98.1 2,088
Private truck S S S S S S 1,968
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 2,073
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 43 7.3 2 1.8 5 1.8 2,111
Parcel, USPS or courier 43 7.3 2 1.8 5 1.8 2,111
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,208

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 22 100.0 S S S S 1,161
Single modes 20 88.3 S S S S 1,146
Truck 20 88.3 S S S S 1,146
For-hire truck 18 80.7 S S S S 1,150
Private truck S S S S S S 1,105
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,166
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,166
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,059 100.0 266 100.0 466 100.0 1,757
Single modes 904 85.3 263 98.8 460 98.8 1,743
Truck 737 69.6 256 96.0 445 95.5 1,722
For-hire truck 599 56.6 243 91.3 423 90.8 1,718
Private truck S S S S S S 1,777
Rail S S S S S S 1,820
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,132
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 155 14.7 3 1.2 6 1.2 1,759
Parcel, USPS or courier 155 14.7 3 1.2 6 1.2 1,759
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 296 100.0 110 100.0 131 100.0 1,392
Single modes 282 95.3 110 99.7 131 99.7 1,192
Truck 156 52.7 58 52.2 68 51.4 1,178
For-hire truck 130 44.1 49 44.2 57 43.3 1,135
Private truck S S S S S S 1,224
Rail S S S S S S 1,244
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,995
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 10 3.4 0.3 0.3 1,496
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 3.4 0.3 0.3 1,496
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,100

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,479 100.0 715 100.0 622 100.0 870
Single modes 1,349 91.2 699 97.7 607 97.6 1,018
Truck 587 39.7 405 56.6 298 48.0 791
For-hire truck 477 32.2 321 44.9 233 37.6 800
Private truck 110 7.5 S S S S 759
Rail 96 6.5 292 40.9 307 49.4 957
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,166
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 124 8.4 S S S S 770
Parcel, USPS or courier 114 7.7 3 0.4 3 0.4 770
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 928
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 762

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 433 100.0 S S S S 2,045
Single modes 344 79.5 S S S S 2,019
Truck 326 75.4 124 37.8 251 37.0 2,018
For-hire truck 326 75.4 124 37.8 251 37.0 2,018
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,183
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,006
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 64 14.7 2 0.6 4 0.6 2,051
Parcel, USPS or courier 64 14.7 2 0.6 4 0.6 2,051
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,847

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,362
Single modes S S S S S S 2,341
Truck S S S S S S 2,346
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,346
Private truck S S S S S S 2,353
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,214
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 28 17.2 1 1.8 1 1.8 2,369
Parcel, USPS or courier 28 17.2 1 1.8 1 1.8 2,369
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,327

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 458 100.0 78 100.0 161 100.0 2,064
Single modes S S 77 99.6 160 99.6 2,051
Truck S S 77 99.1 159 99.2 2,069
For-hire truck S S 77 98.8 159 98.9 2,070
Private truck S S S S S S 1,991
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,848
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.4 1 0.4 2,080
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.4 1 0.4 2,080
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,989

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,009
Single modes S S S S S S 1,012
Truck S S S S S S 991
For-hire truck S S S S S S 991
Private truck 4 1.0 3 1.8 3 2.4 937
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,433
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 998
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 998
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,032

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 805 100.0 144 100.0 238 100.0 1,657
Single modes 498 61.9 132 91.8 220 92.2 1,739
Truck 421 52.3 111 77.5 184 77.4 1,646
For-hire truck 416 51.7 111 77.3 184 77.2 1,646
Private truck S S S S S S 1,664
Rail S S S S S S 1,714
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,963
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 5 3.6 8 3.6 1,644
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 5 3.6 8 3.6 1,644
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,552

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,794 100.0 770 100.0 1,078 100.0 1,412
Single modes 1,495 83.4 765 99.3 1,071 99.3 1,444
Truck 1,298 72.3 557 72.4 733 68.0 1,363
For-hire truck 1,126 62.7 459 59.6 617 57.2 1,372
Private truck S S 98 12.7 116 10.8 1,259
Rail 171 9.6 207 26.9 337 31.3 1,616
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 26 1.5 2,258
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 289 16.1 4 0.5 5 0.4 1,399
Parcel, USPS or courier 289 16.1 3 0.5 5 0.4 1,399
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,519
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,330

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 25,803 100.0 61,626 100.0 2,822 100.0 36
Single modes 23,311 90.3 52,937 85.9 2,689 95.3 29
Truck 20,747 80.4 46,630 75.7 2,352 83.4 29
For-hire truck 8,764 34.0 21,247 34.5 1,037 36.7 61
Private truck 11,966 46.4 25,367 41.2 1,315 46.6 25
Rail S S 2,221 3.6 325 11.5 S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 280
Pipeline3 979 3.8 4,086 6.6 S S S
Multiple modes 1,177 4.6 S S S S 88
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,146 4.4 30 2 85
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 418
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 9
Other and unknown modes 1,315 5.1 8,517 13.8 104 3.7 S

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 23 100.0 S S S S 2,329
Single modes 15 65.9 S S S S 2,424
Truck 14 59.2 S S S S 2,353
For-hire truck 14 58.8 S S S S 2,362
Private truck S S S S S S 2,300
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,483
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 8 34.1 S S S S 2,323
Parcel, USPS or courier 8 34.1 S S S S 2,323
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 288 100.0 45 100.0 92 100.0 2,144
Single modes 199 69.2 43 95.4 88 95.2 2,246
Truck 192 66.6 42 94.2 87 94.0 2,069
For-hire truck S S 38 86.0 79 85.8 2,069
Private truck S S S S S S 2,052
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 7 2.6 S S S S 2,308
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 88 30.8 S S S S 2,114
Parcel, USPS or courier 88 30.8 S S S S 2,114
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,151

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 753 100.0 556 100.0 490 100.0 899
Single modes 516 68.5 479 86.1 404 82.4 1,063
Truck 468 62.2 358 64.5 285 58.1 820
For-hire truck 422 56.1 322 58.0 257 52.5 816
Private truck 45 5.9 33 6.0 26 5.2 837
Rail S S 120 21.6 119 24.3 973
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 2 0.3 S S S S 1,600
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 213 28.3 S S S S 842
Parcel, USPS or courier 147 19.5 9 1.6 8 1.6 840
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,166
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 847

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 16 100.0 30 100.0 1,912
Single modes S S 16 97.6 30 97.4 1,874
Truck S S 16 97.6 30 97.4 1,855
For-hire truck S S 16 97.6 30 97.4 1,855
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,106
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 4 1.3 S S S S 1,924
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 1.3 S S S S 1,924
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,028

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,232 100.0 232 100.0 350 100.0 1,339
Single modes 781 63.4 204 88.2 300 85.9 1,511
Truck 771 62.6 199 85.9 291 83.3 1,454
For-hire truck 714 58.0 180 77.9 264 75.5 1,454
Private truck 56 4.6 S S S S 1,453
Rail S S S S S S 1,757
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 2,138
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,326
Parcel, USPS or courier 102 8.3 2 1.0 3 0.9 1,322
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,875
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,355

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 375 100.0 5,082 100.0 S S 319
Single modes 344 91.8 5,080 100.0 S S 333
Truck 264 70.3 1,424 28.0 S S 351
For-hire truck 120 32.1 814 16.0 286 10.1 358
Private truck 143 38.2 610 12.0 199 7.0 341
Rail S S S S S S 259
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 572
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 306
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 306
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 309

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.