Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 61,515 42,362 45.2 109,672 96,426 13.7 38,046 37,834 0.6 823 520 58.4
Single modes 51,301 35,775 43.4 99,372 85,926 15.6 36,517 27,043 35 329 193 70.7
Truck 45,233 29,672 52.4 72,361 62,281 16.2 17,857 8,139 119.4 192 118 61.8
Rail 3,366 3,313 1.6 21,829 20,431 6.8 17,995 18,720 −3.9 995 654 52.1
Water
Air (including truck and air) 1,659 1,810 −8.4 S 35 S S 68 S 2,027 1,601 26.6
Pipeline 1,044 980 6.5 5,020 3,179 57.9 S S S S S S
Multiple modes 8,458 5,475 54.5 980 S S 944 S S 1,241 1,098 13
Parcel, USPS or courier 8,239 5,229 57.6 211 151 39.1 224 115 95.4 1,242 1,098 13.1
Truck and Rail 187 S S S S S S S S 765 1,175 −34.9
Other multiple modes 32 S S 11 S S 30 S S 1,299 3,150 −58.8
Other and unknown modes 1,756 1,112 57.8 9,320 1,758 430.2 585 S S 164 81 101.1

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S 2,413 S S 2,481 S S 621 S S 77 S
Single modes S 2,396 S S 2,440 S S 615 S S 73 S
Truck S 2,396 S S 2,440 S 536 615 −12.8 S 73 S
Rail S S S S S S 512
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 7 S S S S 878
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 1 1 907
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 260
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 10 25 S S S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 5,014 2,328 115.4 4,441 2,100 111.5 1,471 468 214.5 299 136 119.3
Single modes 4,895 2,215 121 4,191 2,080 101.4 1,270 457 177.9 146 56 158.3
Truck 4,855 2,209 119.8 4,005 2,079 92.6 1,124 455 146.9 138 56 146.8
Rail S S S S S S S S S 782 1,862 −58
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 2,102 738 184.7
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 78 S S S S S S S S 1,441 1,147 25.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 1,445 1,148 25.9
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 984 278 254.6
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,778
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S 36 S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 570 971 −41.3 9,777 25,175 −61.2 S 1,098 S 333 36 822.3
Single modes 342 961 −64.4 8,808 24,592 −64.2 S 1,044 S S 32 S
Truck 247 314 −21.5 5,750 23,674 −75.7 1,324 716 84.9 S 32 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,332 1,238 7.6
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S 449 S S 668 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1 S S S S S S S S 879 1,176 −25.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 S S S S S S S S 879 1,176 −25.2
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 228 S S 968 S S S S S 387 S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 6,246 3,427 82.3 63,889 42,531 50.2 15,037 27,896 −46.1 155 140 10.3
Single modes 6,117 3,257 87.8 56,038 33,463 67.5 14,920 17,601 −15.2 150 140 6.9
Truck 4,883 2,371 105.9 40,559 15,504 161.6 6,500 1,886 244.7 148 133 10.8
Rail 222 368 −39.5 11,117 15,789 −29.6 7,846 15,607 −49.7 609 739 −17.6
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,560
Pipeline 1,009 519 94.5 4,213 2,169 94.2 S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 515 795 −35.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 577 652 −11.6
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 84 909 −90.8
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 122 S S 7,838 S S 116 S S S S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 7,021 5,521 27.2 10,052 4,666 115.4 4,577 2,623 74.5 537 761 −29.4
Single modes 5,099 3,712 37.4 9,660 4,505 114.4 4,423 2,508 76.4 S 165 S
Truck 4,836 3,562 35.8 6,684 3,447 93.9 2,732 1,645 66.1 184 123 49.4
Rail S 58 S S 714 S S 857 S 474 1,245 −61.9
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S 2 S S 4 S S 2,159 1,841 17.3
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,441 1,621 −11.1 S 39 S S 29 S 978 1,237 −20.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,416 1,621 −12.7 32 38 −15.1 S 29 S 982 1,237 −20.6
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S S 54 S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,082
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 6,359 4,447 43 2,534 2,375 6.7 1,355 505 168.6 1,060 814 30.3
Single modes 4,265 3,592 18.7 2,327 2,294 1.4 S 456 S 291 283 2.9
Truck 4,244 3,540 19.9 2,262 2,291 −1.2 1,142 448 155 261 181 43.9
Rail S S S S S S 736
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 52 S S S S S 8 S 2,014 1,610 25.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,890 704 168.7 85 45 87.9 117 46 156.7 1,334 1,166 14.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,883 696 170.3 83 40 108.1 113 28 307.5 1,333 1,166 14.4
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,508
Other multiple modes 1 S S S S S S S S 3,138 3,249 −3.4
Other and unknown modes 204 152 34.7 S 35 S S 3 S 521 S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 8,299 6,897 20.3 12,101 10,864 11.4 7,992 2,094 281.6 381 192 98.3
Single modes 7,227 6,166 17.2 11,637 10,431 11.6 7,558 1,946 288.4 208 123 68.9
Truck 5,153 4,892 5.3 6,646 9,475 −29.9 2,468 1,394 77 179 101 78.6
Rail S 1,084 S 4,990 945 428.3 5,088 531 857.6 1,091 689 58.4
Water
Air (including truck and air) 81 190 −57.5 S 11 S S 21 S 1,900 1,534 23.8
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 797 338 135.8 S 43 S S 80 S 876 694 26.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 740 318 133 20 14 41.5 16 9 84.4 874 692 26.3
Truck and Rail 51 16 229 S S S S S S 1,030 1,865 −44.7
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S 3,046 S
Other and unknown modes 275 393 −30 S S S S 68 S 93 57 64.2

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S 11,856 S S 728 S 1,031 578 78.5 1,223 630 94
Single modes S 9,911 S S 688 S 972 544 78.8 680 474 43.6
Truck S 7,093 S S 637 S 945 444 112.8 S 239 S
Rail S 1,459 S S S S S S S 1,213 1,701 −28.7
Water
Air (including truck and air) 1,369 1,360 0.7 S 12 S S 19 S 2,025 1,571 28.9
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,692 1,732 55.4 35 31 12.5 52 26 96.6 1,507 892 68.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,670 1,732 54.2 28 31 −8.8 33 26 23 1,506 892 68.8
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,709
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3,188
Other and unknown modes S 212 S S 9 S 7 8 −7.1 346 143 142.4

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 10,135 4,492 125.6 2,891 S S 1,130 S S 755 747 1
Single modes 8,509 3,556 139.3 2,814 S S 1,066 S S 297 316 −6
Truck 8,472 3,286 157.8 2,806 S S 1,058 536 97.3 283 134 111.2
Rail S 148 S S S S S S S 856 S S
Water
Air (including truck and air) 36 121 −70.5 1 S S S S S 1,792 1,617 10.8
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,514 826 83.3 58 61 −4.8 63 75 −15.9 994 1,080 −7.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,455 762 91 44 21 110.5 35 16 122.3 994 1,079 −7.9
Truck and Rail S 63 S S S S S 59 S 1,937 1,631 18.8
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 769 3,211 −76.1
Other and unknown modes 113 110 2.6 19 13 46.8 1 4 −62.3 S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S S S S 5 S S S S 1,146 837 36.9
Single modes S S S S 5 S S S S 281 849 −66.9
Truck S S S S 5 S S S S 221 849 −74
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,225
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,433 878 63.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S 1,434 878 63.3
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 784
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S 2 S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.