Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 16,238 100.0 16,218 100.0 3,296 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,497 21.5 9,627 59.4 181 5.5
50 to 99 miles 1,702 10.5 1,599 9.9 153 4.6
100 to 249 miles 4,602 28.3 2,440 15.0 522 15.8
250 to 499 miles 1,810 11.1 996 6.1 499 15.1
500 to 749 miles 1,265 7.8 546 3.4 460 14.0
750 to 999 miles 931 5.7 603 3.7 648 19.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,193 7.3 175 1.1 246 7.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 336 2.1 90 0.6 177 5.4
2,000 miles or more 902 5.6 141 0.9 410 12.4

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 13,633 100.0 15,748 100.0 3,049 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,268 24.0 9,580 60.8 180 5.9
50 to 99 miles 1,512 11.1 1,514 9.6 144 4.7
100 to 249 miles 4,102 30.1 2,220 14.1 467 15.3
250 to 499 miles 1,491 10.9 973 6.2 488 16.0
500 to 749 miles 949 7.0 522 3.3 441 14.4
750 to 999 miles 721 5.3 595 3.8 639 21.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 935 6.9 158 1.0 223 7.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 145 1.1 78 0.5 152 5.0
2,000 miles or more 510 3.7 109 0.7 316 10.3

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 12,571 100.0 14,624 100.0 2,217 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,258 25.9 9,449 64.6 171 7.7
50 to 99 miles 1,498 11.9 1,427 9.8 130 5.9
100 to 249 miles 4,074 32.4 2,176 14.9 451 20.3
250 to 499 miles 1,456 11.6 707 4.8 318 14.3
500 to 749 miles 530 4.2 259 1.8 203 9.2
750 to 999 miles 584 4.6 272 1.9 281 12.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 745 5.9 158 1.1 223 10.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 111 0.9 72 0.5 142 6.4
2,000 miles or more 315 2.5 104 0.7 298 13.5

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 7,707 100.0 7,280 100.0 1,794 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,075 14.0 3,980 54.7 66 3.7
50 to 99 miles 312 4.1 633 8.7 56 3.1
100 to 249 miles S S 1,208 16.6 274 15.3
250 to 499 miles 1,301 16.9 613 8.4 281 15.6
500 to 749 miles 524 6.8 255 3.5 201 11.2
750 to 999 miles 570 7.4 269 3.7 278 15.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 738 9.6 155 2.1 218 12.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 109 1.4 63 0.9 124 6.9
2,000 miles or more 312 4.0 103 1.4 298 16.6

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 4,823 100.0 7,185 100.0 406 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,169 45.0 5,410 75.3 102 25.3
50 to 99 miles 1,173 24.3 741 10.3 69 16.9
100 to 249 miles 1,296 26.9 922 12.8 169 41.6
250 to 499 miles 154 3.2 94 1.3 37 9.2
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 14 0.3 3 3 0.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 146 100.0 1,121 100.0 827 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 323 28.8 357 43.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 3 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 23 2.5 S S 3.9
250 to 499 miles 8 0.9 5.2 2.9
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 15.4 S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 9.9 8.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 30 3.3 3.5 3.9
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S
Less than 50 miles S S
50 to 99 miles S S
100 to 249 miles S S
250 to 499 miles S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,224 100.0 S S 201 100.0
Less than 50 miles 152 6.8 4 1.7
50 to 99 miles 109 4.9 4 1.5 0.2
100 to 249 miles 436 19.6 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 285 12.8 17 6.3 8 4.0
500 to 749 miles 243 10.9 12 4.6 10 5.0
750 to 999 miles 196 8.8 7 2.7 8 3.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 241 10.9 14 5.1 19 9.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 184 8.3 12 4.4 24 11.7
2,000 miles or more 378 17.0 29 10.9 86 42.7

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,209 100.0 124 100.0 147 100.0
Less than 50 miles 152 6.9 4 3.6 0.1
50 to 99 miles 109 4.9 4 3.3 0.3
100 to 249 miles 432 19.5 29 23.2 7 4.6
250 to 499 miles 285 12.9 17 13.6 8 5.4
500 to 749 miles 243 11.0 12 10.0 10 6.9
750 to 999 miles 196 8.9 7 5.8 8 5.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 241 10.9 14 11.0 19 13.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 184 8.3 11 9.2 22 15.3
2,000 miles or more 368 16.6 25 20.3 72 49.2

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 14 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S 12 23.4

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 381 100.0 203 100.0 46 100.0
Less than 50 miles 77 20.1 43 21.1 1 1.7
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 34 8.9 7 3.3 3 6.2
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 14 3.6 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.