Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 16,238 100.0 16,218 100.0 3,296 100.0 732
Less than 50 lbs 2,929 18.0 50 0.3 33 1.0 917
50 to 99 lbs 1,440 8.9 40 0.2 15 0.5 391
100 to 499 lbs 2,772 17.1 248 1.5 105 3.2 402
500 to 749 lbs S S 105 0.6 35 1.1 345
750 to 999 lbs 244 1.5 77 0.5 14 0.4 187
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 2,539 15.6 1,275 7.9 259 7.8 202
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 4,416 27.2 9,551 58.9 1,711 51.9 159
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 482 3.0 2,456 15.1 234 7.1 95
100,000 lbs or more 179 1.1 2,416 14.9 889 27.0 563

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 13,633 100.0 15,748 100.0 3,049 100.0 169
Less than 50 lbs 1,404 10.3 18 0.1 2 227
50 to 99 lbs S S 26 0.2 2 85
100 to 499 lbs 2,350 17.2 173 1.1 19 0.6 112
500 to 749 lbs S S 88 0.6 18 0.6 216
750 to 999 lbs 224 1.6 74 0.5 11 0.4 155
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 2,357 17.3 1,199 7.6 236 7.7 197
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 4,306 31.6 9,447 60.0 1,677 55.0 156
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 482 3.5 2,456 15.6 234 7.7 95
100,000 lbs or more 174 1.3 2,266 14.4 849 27.8 586

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 12,571 100.0 14,624 100.0 2,217 100.0 135
Less than 50 lbs 1,070 8.5 18 0.1 2 139
50 to 99 lbs S S 26 0.2 2 67
100 to 499 lbs 1,946 15.5 172 1.2 18 0.8 107
500 to 749 lbs S S 88 0.6 18 0.8 216
750 to 999 lbs 220 1.8 74 0.5 11 0.5 153
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 2,349 18.7 1,198 8.2 235 10.6 196
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 4,304 34.2 9,402 64.3 1,672 75.4 156
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 482 3.8 2,456 16.8 234 10.6 95
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 55

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 7,707 100.0 7,280 100.0 1,794 100.0 553
Less than 50 lbs S S 1 1 657
50 to 99 lbs S S 1 1 575
100 to 499 lbs S S 16 0.2 11 0.6 779
500 to 749 lbs S S 19 0.3 14 0.8 795
750 to 999 lbs 77 1.0 9 0.1 8 0.4 873
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,158 15.0 278 3.8 178 9.9 740
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,282 29.6 4,783 65.7 1,416 78.9 288
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 212 2.7 1,115 15.3 142 7.9 128
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 90

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 4,823 100.0 7,185 100.0 406 100.0 65
Less than 50 lbs 220 4.6 17 0.2 1 0.3 93
50 to 99 lbs 203 4.2 25 0.3 1 0.3 47
100 to 499 lbs 624 12.9 157 2.2 7 1.8 47
500 to 749 lbs 183 3.8 70 1.0 4 0.9 53
750 to 999 lbs 144 3.0 65 0.9 4 0.9 56
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,181 24.5 882 12.3 49 12.2 49
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,993 41.3 4,497 62.6 246 60.7 53
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 271 5.6 1,341 18.7 92 22.7 69
100,000 lbs or more S S 132 1.8 1 0.3 11

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 146 100.0 1,121 100.0 827 100.0 673
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,456
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 825
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,066
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 534
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 365
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2 1.4 S S 3 0.4 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 142 97.6 1,076 96.0 823 99.6 735

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 3 100.0 S S 1,749
Less than 50 lbs S S 14.2 1 14.4 1,784
50 to 99 lbs S S 8.4 7.9 1,696
100 to 499 lbs S S 1 19.1 1 13.9 1,204
500 to 749 lbs S S S S 0.9 1,080
750 to 999 lbs S S S S 1.8 1,476
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 7 0.8 S S S S 1,701
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,971
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 2,224 100.0 S S 201 100.0 1,110
Less than 50 lbs 1,494 67.2 30 11.1 31 15.3 1,105
50 to 99 lbs 271 12.2 13 4.8 13 6.5 1,021
100 to 499 lbs 372 16.7 64 24.1 S S 1,249
500 to 749 lbs 59 2.7 S S S S 1,125
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,512
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,576
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 4 1.6 13 6.5 3,192
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 282

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 2,209 100.0 124 100.0 147 100.0 1,110
Less than 50 lbs 1,494 67.6 30 24.0 31 21.0 1,105
50 to 99 lbs 271 12.3 13 10.3 13 8.9 1,021
100 to 499 lbs 372 16.9 64 52.1 S S 1,249
500 to 749 lbs 59 2.7 S S S S 1,125
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,512
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 14 100.0 S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 3,211
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,652
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S 13 24.7 3,192
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 282

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 2,540
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,540
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 381 100.0 203 100.0 46 100.0 173
Less than 50 lbs 32 8.3 2 0.8 0.6 194
50 to 99 lbs 4 1.2 S S S S S
100 to 499 lbs 50 13.1 11 5.2 S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 351
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 341
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 181 47.4 76 37.3 S S 298
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 101 26.4 S S 21 45.5 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 135

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.