Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16,238 100.0 16,218 100.0 3,296 100.0 732
Single modes 13,633 84.0 15,748 97.1 3,049 92.5 169
Truck3 12,571 77.4 14,624 90.2 2,217 67.3 135
For-hire Truck 7,707 47.5 7,280 44.9 1,794 54.4 553
Private Truck 4,823 29.7 7,185 44.3 406 12.3 65
Rail 146 0.9 1,121 6.9 827 25.1 673
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 3 S S 1,749
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,224 13.7 S S 201 6.1 1,110
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,209 13.6 124 0.8 147 4.5 1,110
Truck and rail 14 S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,540
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 381 2.3 203 1.3 46 1.4 173

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 47
Single modes S S S S S S 47
Truck3 S S S S S S 47
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 47
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 41
Single modes S S S S S S 41
Truck3 S S S S S S 41
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 41
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 37
Single modes S S S S S S 35
Truck3 S S S S S S 35
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 79
Private Truck S S 20 73.8 S S 32
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 227
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 227
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 253 100.0 928 100.0 60 100.0 S
Single modes 253 100.0 928 100.0 60 100.0 S
Truck3 253 100.0 928 100.0 60 100.0 S
For-hire Truck 109 43.0 S S S S S
Private Truck 144 57.0 656 70.7 S S 18
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 106
Single modes S S S S S S 72
Truck3 S S S S S S 72
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 72
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,295
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,295
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 372 100.0 477 100.0 208 100.0 1,078
Single modes 296 79.7 372 78.1 S S S
Truck3 295 79.5 371 77.8 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 779
Private Truck 136 36.6 S S S S 67
Rail S S S S S S 189
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 55 14.9 S S S S 1,396
Parcel, USPS or courier 55 14.9 S S S S 1,396
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,914 100.0 1,766 100.0 508 100.0 606
Single modes 1,813 94.7 1,752 99.2 495 97.4 257
Truck3 1,813 94.7 1,752 99.2 495 97.4 253
For-hire Truck 962 50.3 1,001 56.7 414 81.5 795
Private Truck 850 44.4 750 42.5 80 15.8 154
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1,210
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 96 5.0 12 0.7 13 2.6 1,025
Parcel, USPS or courier 95 5.0 12 0.7 13 2.5 1,025
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 524
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 24

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 216 100.0 157 100.0 8 100.0 40
Single modes 214 99.2 155 98.9 8 96.4 39
Truck3 214 99.2 155 98.9 8 96.4 39
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 227
Private Truck 201 93.4 142 90.2 5 59.2 38
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 137

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 34
Single modes S S S S S S 34
Truck3 S S S S S S 34
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 34
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 225
Single modes S S S S S S 226
Truck3 S S S S S S 226
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 535
Private Truck 17 37.8 107 62.5 3 10.5 35
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 88
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 88
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 19
Single modes S S S S S S 20
Truck3 S S S S S S 20
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 36
Private Truck S S S S S S 14
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 294 100.0 5,508 100.0 1,457 100.0 S
Single modes 292 99.3 5,371 97.5 1,418 97.3 S
Truck3 158 53.9 4,264 77.4 617 42.3 S
For-hire Truck 150 51.1 3,288 59.7 578 39.7 S
Private Truck S S S S S S 31
Rail 134 45.5 1,107 20.1 801 55.0 632
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 283
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 283
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 358
Private Truck S S S S S S 18
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 11

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 117
Single modes S S S S S S 93
Truck3 S S S S S S 93
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 93
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 518
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 518
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 34
Single modes S S S S S S 34
Truck3 S S S S S S 34
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 43
Private Truck S S S S S S 33
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 285 100.0 989 100.0 49 100.0 48
Single modes 285 100.0 989 100.0 49 100.0 48
Truck3 285 100.0 989 100.0 49 100.0 48
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 43
Private Truck 277 97.2 945 95.6 47 95.9 48
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 153 100.0 586 100.0 20 100.0 34
Single modes 153 100.0 586 100.0 20 100.0 34
Truck3 153 100.0 586 100.0 20 100.0 34
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 41
Private Truck 104 68.3 375 64.0 12 57.5 34
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 65 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 63 97.3 S S S S 34
Truck3 63 97.3 S S S S 34
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 25
Private Truck 34 52.9 S S 1 19.2 34
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 637
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 637
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 10

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 55 100.0 100 100.0 S S S
Single modes 55 100.0 100 100.0 S S S
Truck3 55 100.0 100 100.0 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,697
Private Truck 54 99.6 100 99.3 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 255

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 185 100.0 S S 1 100.0 S
Single modes 180 97.1 S S 1 86.7 S
Truck3 177 95.8 S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck 154 83.2 S S S S 124
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,782
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 252

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 55
Single modes S S S S S S 55
Truck3 S S S S S S 55
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 113
Private Truck S S S S S S 28
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 77 100.0 15 100.0 4 100.0 1,093
Single modes 44 56.7 14 87.9 S S 60
Truck3 44 56.7 14 87.9 S S 58
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 416
Private Truck S S 9 55.8 S S 34
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,597
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 33 43.1 1 7.9 S S 1,163
Parcel, USPS or courier 33 43.1 1 7.9 S S 1,163
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 274

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 300 100.0 113 100.0 76 100.0 712
Single modes 261 87.1 109 95.8 69 90.9 276
Truck3 261 87.0 109 95.8 69 90.9 270
For-hire Truck 206 68.7 76 67.5 64 84.1 1,074
Private Truck 55 18.3 32 28.3 5 6.7 53
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 0.1 S S S S 1,836
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 34 11.2 1 1.2 2 2.6 1,267
Parcel, USPS or courier 33 11.0 1 1.0 2 2.1 1,266
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,652
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 5 1.7 S S S S 67

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 150
Private Truck S S S S S S 1,782
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 476 100.0 663 100.0 181 100.0 406
Single modes 452 95.1 641 96.7 175 96.8 128
Truck3 443 93.1 629 94.8 150 82.7 125
For-hire Truck 248 52.2 340 51.3 112 61.8 345
Private Truck 194 40.8 288 43.5 38 21.0 78
Rail S S S S S S 2,058
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 818
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 817
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,850
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 279 100.0 287 100.0 S S 345
Single modes 276 98.7 286 99.6 S S 329
Truck3 276 98.7 286 99.6 S S 326
For-hire Truck 251 89.9 269 93.6 S S 613
Private Truck 25 8.8 17 6.0 3 1.2 60
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,225
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 903
Parcel, USPS or courier 2 0.8 S S 842
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,212
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 193 100.0 132 100.0 65 100.0 348
Single modes 186 96.7 129 97.8 60 92.8 266
Truck3 186 96.6 129 97.8 60 92.8 S
For-hire Truck 168 87.5 113 86.1 58 89.8 727
Private Truck 18 9.1 15 11.7 2 3.0 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,542
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 5 2.6 S S S S 778
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 1.9 0.1 S S 768
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,322
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 230 100.0 39 100.0 13 100.0 561
Single modes 172 74.5 35 90.7 S S 310
Truck3 165 71.8 35 90.5 S S 252
For-hire Truck S S 33 84.9 S S 416
Private Truck 23 10.0 S S S S 20
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,284
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 54 23.3 S S S S 687
Parcel, USPS or courier 54 23.3 S S S S 687
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 322 100.0 11 100.0 13 100.0 1,153
Single modes 48 15.0 S S S S 1,048
Truck3 47 14.5 S S S S 505
For-hire Truck 38 12.0 S S S S 1,477
Private Truck 8 2.5 S S S S 38
Rail S S S S S S 1,456
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,221
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 260 80.8 7 62.2 9 67.6 1,155
Parcel, USPS or courier 260 80.8 7 62.2 9 67.6 1,155
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,099

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 279 100.0 1,673 100.0 81 100.0 S
Single modes 224 80.2 1,664 99.4 79 96.6 S
Truck3 224 80.2 1,664 99.4 79 96.6 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 364
Private Truck 105 37.4 1,588 94.9 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 848
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 848
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 61 100.0 37 100.0 S S S
Single modes 58 95.1 S S S S S
Truck3 57 94.9 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 34 56.1 14 37.8 6 58.3 358
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 230
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2 2.7 0.4 0.5 544
Parcel, USPS or courier 2 2.7 0.4 0.5 544
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 1.0 S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 228 100.0 57 100.0 13 100.0 928
Single modes 118 51.8 55 95.4 11 84.6 351
Truck3 99 43.4 55 95.3 11 83.5 S
For-hire Truck 67 29.3 43 74.9 8 65.9 562
Private Truck 32 14.2 12 20.4 2 17.6 63
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.1 1.1 1,731
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 105 46.1 2 3.4 1 10.5 1,093
Parcel, USPS or courier 105 46.1 2 3.4 1 10.5 1,093
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 272 100.0 27 100.0 6 100.0 622
Single modes 172 63.1 25 90.8 4 65.5 S
Truck3 163 59.9 24 89.8 4 61.0 S
For-hire Truck 94 34.5 5 16.9 S S 830
Private Truck 69 25.4 20 72.9 1 8.2 32
Rail S S S S S S 827
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 8 3.0 0.5 3.2 1,772
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 96 35.4 2 6.6 2 34.4 1,124
Parcel, USPS or courier 96 35.4 2 6.6 2 34.4 1,124
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 4 1.5 S S S S 21

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,103 100.0 41 100.0 33 100.0 536
Single modes 4,600 90.1 37 90.1 29 88.3 S
Truck3 3,806 74.6 36 88.7 28 85.8 S
For-hire Truck 3,741 73.3 27 66.8 27 82.3 567
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,860
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 489 9.6 3 7.8 4 11.2 897
Parcel, USPS or courier 489 9.6 3 7.8 4 11.2 897
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 536 100.0 84 100.0 30 100.0 397
Single modes 401 74.8 67 79.5 17 56.1 S
Truck3 400 74.6 67 79.4 17 56.0 S
For-hire Truck 181 33.8 19 22.4 14 46.6 314
Private Truck S S S S S S 49
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,650
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,021
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,021
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 225

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,371
Single modes S S S S S S 2,263
Truck3 S S S S S S 46
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 5
Private Truck S S S S S S 377
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,310
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 993
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 993
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 354 100.0 S S S S 688
Single modes S S 3 53.1 S S 665
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 899
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 9 2.6 0.9 S S 1,516
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 242 68.1 S S 1 31.2 691
Parcel, USPS or courier 242 68.1 S S 1 31.2 691
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 802

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 316 100.0 33 100.0 25 100.0 930
Single modes 277 87.8 30 91.2 18 71.4 451
Truck3 274 86.7 30 91.2 18 71.4 S
For-hire Truck 231 73.1 25 74.5 17 67.4 427
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,501
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 25 8.0 2 4.7 S S 1,070
Parcel, USPS or courier 19 6.1 1 3.0 1 5.1 1,068
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,418
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,881

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 950 100.0 109 100.0 60 100.0 1,121
Single modes 519 54.7 96 87.9 46 76.5 653
Truck3 500 52.7 94 86.4 42 70.9 583
For-hire Truck S S S S 41 69.1 1,033
Private Truck 49 5.2 6 5.9 1 1.8 S
Rail S S S S S S 534
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 18 1.9 S S S S 1,464
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 384 40.4 11 10.1 13 22.5 1,176
Parcel, USPS or courier 383 40.4 11 10.0 12 20.8 1,176
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,454
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 47 4.9 2 2.0 1 0.9 264

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 2 100.0 S S 795
Single modes S S 2 93.8 S S 307
Truck3 S S 2 72.7 S S 221
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 480
Private Truck S S S S S S 61
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 646
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 982
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 982
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,951 100.0 424 100.0 60 100.0 645
Single modes 1,724 88.4 316 74.6 40 67.5 50
Truck3 1,724 88.4 316 74.6 40 67.5 50
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 899
Private Truck 1,708 87.6 315 74.2 39 65.6 46
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 116 5.9 5 1.1 5 9.1 1,249
Parcel, USPS or courier 116 5.9 5 1.1 5 9.1 1,249
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 97

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 119
Single modes S S S S S S 119
Truck3 S S S S S S 119
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 99
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.