Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16,238 100.0 16,218 100.0 3,296 100.0 732
Single modes 13,633 84.0 15,748 97.1 3,049 92.5 169
Truck 12,571 77.4 14,624 90.2 2,217 67.3 135
For-hire truck 7,707 47.5 7,280 44.9 1,794 54.4 553
Private truck 4,823 29.7 7,185 44.3 406 12.3 65
Rail 146 0.9 1,121 6.9 827 25.1 673
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 3 S S 1,749
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2,224 13.7 S S 201 6.1 1,110
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,209 13.6 124 0.8 147 4.5 1,110
Truck and rail 14 S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,540
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 381 2.3 203 1.3 46 1.4 173

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 58 100.0 S S S S 1,271
Single modes 29 49.2 S S S S 1,282
Truck 16 26.8 S S S S 1,259
For-hire truck 16 26.8 S S S S 1,259
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,302
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 26 45.4 1 3.6 1 3.5 1,271
Parcel, USPS or courier 26 45.4 1 3.6 1 3.5 1,271
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,226

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5 100.0 100.0 100.0 2,337
Single modes S S S S S S 3,461
Truck S S S S S S 2,343
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,343
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,054
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 3 70.3 S S S S 2,309
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 70.3 S S S S 2,309
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 33 100.0 S S S S 2,611
Single modes 11 33.0 3 39.0 8 39.2 2,600
Truck 10 31.3 3 39.0 8 39.1 2,610
For-hire truck 10 29.2 3 36.4 7 36.4 2,605
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,556
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 21 63.4 S S S S 2,611
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 63.4 S S S S 2,611
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,640

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 8 100.0 12 100.0 1,438
Single modes S S 8 98.1 12 98.1 1,430
Truck S S 8 98.1 12 98.1 1,430
For-hire truck S S 8 98.1 12 98.1 1,430
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,407
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 3.3 1.9 1.9 1,438
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 3.3 1.9 1.9 1,438
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 540 100.0 93 100.0 276 100.0 2,969
Single modes 275 51.0 75 81.0 223 80.5 2,896
Truck 228 42.2 70 75.2 206 74.5 2,949
For-hire truck 226 41.8 70 75.1 206 74.3 2,949
Private truck S S S S S S 2,936
Rail S S S S S S 3,167
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,816
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 253 46.8 16 17.6 50 18.0 2,972
Parcel, USPS or courier 245 45.3 13 14.3 40 14.4 2,972
Truck and rail 8 1.5 3 3.3 10 3.7 3,055
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3,029

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 61 100.0 10 100.0 19 100.0 1,992
Single modes 15 24.2 7 70.9 13 70.5 2,028
Truck 14 22.5 7 70.7 13 70.3 2,042
For-hire truck 14 22.4 7 70.7 13 70.3 1,948
Private truck S S S S S S 2,203
Rail S S S S S S 1,456
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.2 0.2 2,186
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 44 72.0 2 22.8 4 23.1 1,991
Parcel, USPS or courier 44 72.0 2 22.8 4 23.1 1,991
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,975

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 426 100.0 426 100.0 S S 212
Single modes 334 78.3 265 62.2 62 59.7 259
Truck 331 77.6 265 62.2 62 59.5 222
For-hire truck 146 34.2 194 45.4 49 47.0 244
Private truck 185 43.5 71 16.7 13 12.5 201
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,108
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 48 11.3 S S S S 203
Parcel, USPS or courier 46 10.8 2 0.4 0.4 203
Truck and rail S S S S S S 283
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 152

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 385
Single modes S S S S S S 460
Truck S S S S S S 436
For-hire truck S S S S S S 436
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,157
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 381
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 381
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6 100.0 S S S S 660
Single modes 1 23.7 S S S S 802
Truck S S S S S S 481
For-hire truck S S S S S S 516
Private truck S S S S S S 463
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 988
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 4 76.3 S S S S 636
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 76.3 S S S S 636
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 32 100.0 48 100.0 1,443
Single modes S S 29 88.3 43 89.1 1,527
Truck S S 29 88.0 43 88.8 1,472
For-hire truck S S 28 87.4 43 88.3 1,462
Private truck 1 0.3 S S S S 1,491
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.2 0.3 1,663
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 68 15.7 3 10.5 5 9.7 1,436
Parcel, USPS or courier 68 15.7 3 10.5 5 9.7 1,436
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,459

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 164 100.0 S S S S 1,129
Single modes 138 84.6 S S S S 1,174
Truck 109 66.8 S S S S 1,161
For-hire truck 108 65.8 S S S S 1,147
Private truck 2 1.0 S S S S 1,234
Rail S S S S S S 1,253
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,325
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 24 14.5 S S S S 1,124
Parcel, USPS or courier 24 14.5 S S S S 1,124
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,195

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5,546
Single modes S S S S S S 5,252
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,252
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 3 17.6 S S S S 5,559
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 5,559
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,454
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 14 100.0 S S S S 2,480
Single modes S S S S S S 2,719
Truck S S S S S S 2,734
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,734
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,455
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 48.9 S S S S 2,478
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 48.9 S S S S 2,478
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 192 100.0 195 100.0 179 100.0 949
Single modes 137 71.4 193 99.1 178 99.1 965
Truck 115 59.8 63 32.3 59 33.1 958
For-hire truck 112 58.4 62 32.1 59 32.8 961
Private truck S S S S S S 938
Rail S S S S S S 857
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,075
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 55 28.5 2 0.8 2 0.9 948
Parcel, USPS or courier 55 28.5 2 0.8 2 0.9 948
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 931

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 195 100.0 65 100.0 57 100.0 858
Single modes 153 78.6 63 97.6 56 97.6 907
Truck 153 78.6 63 97.6 56 97.6 896
For-hire truck 153 78.3 63 97.5 56 97.5 883
Private truck S S S S S S 924
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,006
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 38 19.3 1 2.1 1 2.1 855
Parcel, USPS or courier 38 19.3 1 2.1 1 2.1 855
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 800

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 22 100.0 2 100.0 3 100.0 1,190
Single modes 7 32.0 1 50.5 1 49.7 1,192
Truck 7 31.3 1 50.4 1 49.6 1,187
For-hire truck 7 30.4 1 42.8 1 42.1 1,188
Private truck S S S S S S 1,180
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,267
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 13 59.5 S S S S 1,190
Parcel, USPS or courier 13 59.5 S S S S 1,190
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,072

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 26 100.0 7 100.0 10 100.0 1,485
Single modes 18 66.9 6 82.5 8 81.1 1,434
Truck 18 66.9 6 82.5 8 81.1 1,431
For-hire truck 18 66.8 6 81.4 8 80.0 1,431
Private truck S S S S S S 1,412
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,681
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 33.1 S S S S 1,488
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 33.1 S S S S 1,488
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 60 100.0 9 100.0 8 100.0 904
Single modes 40 66.8 8 95.7 8 95.7 861
Truck 37 60.8 8 90.4 7 91.6 932
For-hire truck 31 52.3 8 89.3 7 90.6 928
Private truck S S S S S S 933
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 735
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 19 32.0 4.0 4.0 927
Parcel, USPS or courier 19 32.0 4.0 4.0 927
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 782

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 13 100.0 S S S S 1,572
Single modes 7 55.6 S S S S 1,610
Truck 7 55.0 S S S S 1,610
For-hire truck 7 53.7 S S S S 1,593
Private truck S S S S S S 1,649
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,568
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,569
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,569
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 118 100.0 241 100.0 59 100.0 270
Single modes 99 83.7 224 93.1 56 96.1 250
Truck 93 79.0 181 75.2 41 69.4 215
For-hire truck 40 34.1 113 47.1 27 46.2 241
Private truck S S 68 28.1 14 23.2 190
Rail S S S S S S 364
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,515
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 15 12.7 1 0.3 0.3 275
Parcel, USPS or courier 15 12.7 1 0.3 0.3 275
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 251

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 88 100.0 S S S S 470
Single modes 61 68.8 S S S S 539
Truck 42 47.6 S S S S 512
For-hire truck 38 43.3 34 14.0 S S 513
Private truck 4 4.4 S S S S 507
Rail S S S S S S 643
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,054
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 28 31.2 1 0.4 0.3 463
Parcel, USPS or courier 28 31.2 1 0.4 0.3 463
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 459

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,149 100.0 817 100.0 157 100.0 185
Single modes 1,994 92.8 784 96.0 153 97.6 180
Truck 1,986 92.4 783 95.9 153 97.5 168
For-hire truck S S 452 55.3 96 61.2 205
Private truck 677 31.5 331 40.6 57 36.3 154
Rail S S S S S S 189
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,269
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 134 6.2 S S S S 189
Parcel, USPS or courier 134 6.2 S S S S 189
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 123

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 320 100.0 150 100.0 S S 831
Single modes 188 58.8 135 90.1 S S 878
Truck 182 56.8 74 49.5 60 38.8 795
For-hire truck 181 56.4 74 49.5 60 38.8 796
Private truck S S S S S S 790
Rail S S S S S S 1,358
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,046
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 65 20.2 4 2.6 3 2.1 826
Parcel, USPS or courier 65 20.2 4 2.6 3 2.1 826
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 848

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 90 100.0 16 100.0 22 100.0 1,377
Single modes 39 43.2 16 94.7 21 94.6 1,435
Truck 37 41.1 15 92.6 21 91.9 1,343
For-hire truck 37 41.1 15 92.6 21 91.9 1,343
Private truck S S S S S S 1,393
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,579
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 51 56.7 1 5.3 1 5.4 1,373
Parcel, USPS or courier 51 56.7 1 5.3 1 5.4 1,373
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,415

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 34 100.0 36 100.0 47 100.0 1,413
Single modes 26 78.1 S S S S 1,374
Truck 26 76.2 S S S S 1,364
For-hire truck 26 76.2 S S S S 1,364
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,479
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 21.7 S S S S 1,417
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 21.7 S S S S 1,417
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,307

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 101 100.0 36 100.0 44 100.0 1,258
Single modes 67 66.6 32 89.4 39 89.3 1,264
Truck 65 64.3 32 89.3 39 89.2 1,257
For-hire truck 64 63.4 32 89.2 39 89.0 1,274
Private truck S S S S S S 1,223
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,344
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 27 26.9 2 4.6 2 4.8 1,257
Parcel, USPS or courier 27 26.9 2 4.6 2 4.8 1,257
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,261

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 17 100.0 S S S S 2,393
Single modes S S S S S S 2,429
Truck S S S S S S 2,429
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,460
Private truck S S S S S S 2,334
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 15 87.8 1 56.5 3 57.7 2,393
Parcel, USPS or courier 15 87.8 1 56.5 3 57.7 2,393
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10 100.0 S S S S 1,438
Single modes 6 57.2 S S S S 1,441
Truck 6 57.2 S S S S 1,441
For-hire truck 6 56.0 S S S S 1,441
Private truck S S S S S S 1,441
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 4 42.1 S S S S 1,437
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 42.1 S S S S 1,437
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,441

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 23 100.0 12 100.0 32 100.0 2,748
Single modes 12 51.7 S S S S 2,650
Truck 12 51.7 S S S S 2,653
For-hire truck 12 51.7 S S S S 2,653
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,558
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 48.3 S S S S 2,753
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 48.3 S S S S 2,753
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 526 100.0 719 100.0 93 100.0 75
Single modes 404 76.6 694 96.5 90 97.5 66
Truck 403 76.5 694 96.5 90 97.5 65
For-hire truck 111 21.0 192 26.7 26 28.6 135
Private truck 282 53.6 462 64.2 S S 60
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,402
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 100 18.9 2 0.3 0.3 103
Parcel, USPS or courier 100 18.9 2 0.3 0.3 103
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 397 100.0 166 100.0 49 100.0 298
Single modes 311 78.3 159 96.3 47 96.4 329
Truck 311 78.3 159 96.3 47 96.4 313
For-hire truck 268 67.5 136 82.1 41 83.6 312
Private truck 43 10.8 23 14.1 6 12.8 315
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,215
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 63 15.8 5 3.3 2 3.1 295
Parcel, USPS or courier 63 15.8 5 3.3 2 3.1 295
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 339

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12 100.0 S S S S 2,216
Single modes 3 26.9 S S S S 2,288
Truck 3 21.5 S S S S 2,174
For-hire truck 3 21.5 S S S S 2,174
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,322
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 73.1 S S S S 2,214
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 73.1 S S S S 2,214
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,846 100.0 1,153 100.0 183 100.0 230
Single modes 2,537 89.1 1,102 95.6 171 93.4 187
Truck 2,505 88.0 970 84.2 155 84.5 172
For-hire truck S S 589 51.1 96 52.6 232
Private truck 787 27.6 366 31.7 56 30.4 141
Rail S S S S S S 123
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1,072
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 258 9.1 18 1.6 5 2.6 242
Parcel, USPS or courier 258 9.1 18 1.6 5 2.6 242
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 250

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 48 100.0 42 100.0 816
Single modes S S 46 94.2 40 94.2 916
Truck 123 25.1 45 93.9 40 93.8 867
For-hire truck 119 24.4 44 91.4 39 91.1 858
Private truck S S S S S S 891
Rail S S S S S S 914
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,124
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 30 6.1 S S S S 800
Parcel, USPS or courier 30 6.1 S S S S 800
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 885

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,741
Single modes S S S S S S 1,895
Truck S S S S S S 1,895
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,742
Private truck S S S S S S 1,943
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,677
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,677
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,956

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 422 100.0 385 100.0 242 100.0 703
Single modes 322 76.4 380 98.6 238 98.4 700
Truck 206 48.9 299 77.6 175 72.3 664
For-hire truck 187 44.4 292 75.7 171 70.5 667
Private truck S S 7 1.9 4 1.8 570
Rail S S S S S S 780
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 904
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 97 23.0 4 1.1 S S 704
Parcel, USPS or courier 97 23.0 4 1.1 S S 704
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 634

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 33 100.0 7 100.0 12 100.0 1,633
Single modes 22 66.9 7 96.9 11 96.9 1,624
Truck 22 66.2 7 96.9 11 96.9 1,651
For-hire truck 20 60.1 7 93.9 11 93.8 1,650
Private truck S S S S S S 1,729
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,452
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 32.9 3.1 3.1 1,634
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 32.9 3.1 3.1 1,634
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,562

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 8 100.0 25 100.0 3,052
Single modes S S 7 86.3 21 85.9 3,024
Truck 21 14.1 7 85.7 21 85.4 3,081
For-hire truck 21 14.1 7 85.7 21 85.4 3,081
Private truck S S S S S S 3,062
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,952
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,053
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3,053
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,294
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 622 100.0 217 100.0 92 100.0 431
Single modes 513 82.5 208 95.7 87 94.9 475
Truck 509 81.7 207 95.6 87 94.8 424
For-hire truck 438 70.3 164 75.4 69 75.5 407
Private truck 71 11.4 S S S S 440
Rail S S S S S S 363
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,056
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 109 17.5 S S S S 426
Parcel, USPS or courier 109 17.5 S S S S 426
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 472

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 41 100.0 25 100.0 5 100.0 240
Single modes 27 65.8 18 72.8 4 78.8 266
Truck 27 65.7 18 72.8 4 78.7 235
For-hire truck S S S S 2 40.9 240
Private truck 7 17.2 8 34.3 S S 230
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,365
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 17.5 1.4 1.6 238
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 17.5 1.4 1.6 238
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 143

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 50 100.0 26 100.0 25 100.0 976
Single modes 34 68.7 25 99.1 25 99.0 1,008
Truck 34 68.5 25 99.1 25 99.0 991
For-hire truck 34 68.5 25 99.1 25 99.0 991
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,201
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 15 30.7 0.9 0.9 975
Parcel, USPS or courier 15 30.7 0.9 0.9 975
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 981

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,556
Single modes S S S S S S 1,827
Truck S S S S S S 1,827
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,820
Private truck S S S S S S 1,864
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,547
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,547
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 338 100.0 S S S S 1,070
Single modes S S S S S S 1,180
Truck 127 37.7 42 50.0 43 44.7 1,088
For-hire truck 127 37.7 42 50.0 43 44.7 1,089
Private truck S S S S S S 963
Rail S S S S S S 1,275
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,290
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,061
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,061
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 267 100.0 78 100.0 151 100.0 1,886
Single modes 131 49.1 70 88.9 135 89.0 1,917
Truck 98 36.5 64 81.9 124 82.1 1,954
For-hire truck 96 35.9 55 70.1 107 70.4 1,983
Private truck S S S S S S 1,879
Rail S S S S S S 1,904
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.1 0.1 1,813
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 131 49.1 8 10.7 16 10.6 1,882
Parcel, USPS or courier 131 48.9 8 10.0 15 9.9 1,882
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,052
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,993

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 23 100.0 S S S S 2,329
Single modes 15 65.9 S S S S 2,424
Truck 14 59.2 S S S S 2,353
For-hire truck 14 58.8 S S S S 2,362
Private truck S S S S S S 2,300
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,483
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 8 34.1 S S S S 2,323
Parcel, USPS or courier 8 34.1 S S S S 2,323
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,188 100.0 10,304 100.0 273 100.0 32
Single modes 3,936 94.0 10,242 99.4 270 98.9 31
Truck 3,930 93.8 10,155 98.6 263 96.1 31
For-hire truck 1,244 29.7 4,270 41.4 106 39.0 34
Private truck 2,661 63.5 5,781 56.1 149 54.4 31
Rail S S S S S S 48
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,439
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 171 4.1 9 S S 58
Parcel, USPS or courier 169 4.0 6 0.1 58
Truck and rail S S S S S S 204
Truck and water S S S S S S 524
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 81 1.9 52 0.5 S S 10

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 121 100.0 225 100.0 S S 605
Single modes 68 56.2 S S S S 680
Truck 46 37.8 S S S S 657
For-hire truck 40 33.4 S S S S 656
Private truck S S S S S S 660
Rail S S S S S S 712
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,053
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 51 42.2 S S S S 600
Parcel, USPS or courier 51 42.2 S S S S 600
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 768

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 101 100.0 10 100.0 31 100.0 2,999
Single modes 51 51.1 6 62.8 19 62.3 2,869
Truck 24 24.3 6 62.6 19 62.1 2,996
For-hire truck 24 24.2 6 62.5 19 62.1 2,986
Private truck S S S S S S 3,009
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.2 0.2 2,785
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 48 47.7 S S S S 3,011
Parcel, USPS or courier 47 46.5 S S S S 3,010
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,465
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,808

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 13 100.0 S S S S 517
Single modes 11 82.3 S S S S 577
Truck 11 82.2 S S S S 565
For-hire truck 10 72.8 S S S S 566
Private truck S S S S S S 564
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,021
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 510
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 510
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 92 100.0 S S S S 1,082
Single modes 58 63.5 S S S S 1,101
Truck 51 55.3 43 49.8 44 46.5 1,076
For-hire truck 49 53.7 42 48.9 43 45.6 1,074
Private truck S S S S S S 1,091
Rail S S S S S S 1,162
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,240
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 27 29.5 1 1.1 1 1.1 1,079
Parcel, USPS or courier 27 29.5 1 1.1 1 1.1 1,079
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,161

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5 100.0 S S S S 2,075
Single modes S S S S S S 1,870
Truck S S S S S S 1,870
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,870
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 5 90.1 S S S S 2,076
Parcel, USPS or courier 5 90.1 S S S S 2,076
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.