Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 17,751 100.0 16,466 100.0 2,513 100.0 517
Single modes 14,308 80.6 15,991 97.1 2,185 86.9 191
Truck 14,040 79.1 15,575 94.6 1,907 75.9 174
For-hire truck 7,577 42.7 8,087 49.1 1,451 57.8 519
Private truck 6,399 36.0 7,375 44.8 445 17.7 70
Rail 192 1.1 413 2.5 275 11.0 607
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 76 0.4 S S S S 1,346
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2,931 16.5 109 0.7 86 3.4 851
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,913 16.4 83 0.5 55 2.2 851
Truck and Rail 18 0.1 S S S S 1,951
Truck and water S S S S S S 524
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 513 2.9 366 2.2 S S 193

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,197
Single modes S S S S S S 1,172
Truck S S S S S S 1,172
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,172
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,236
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,236
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,387

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,328
Single modes S S S S S S 2,328
Truck S S S S S S 2,328
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,328
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 19 100.0 S S S S 2,591
Single modes S S S S S S 2,559
Truck S S S S S S 2,566
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,509
Private truck S S S S S S 2,624
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,461
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 14 74.8 S S S S 2,595
Parcel, USPS or courier 14 74.8 S S S S 2,595
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,416
Single modes S S S S S S 1,388
Truck S S S S S S 1,458
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,458
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,003
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,418
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,418
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 468 100.0 80 100.0 235 100.0 2,963
Single modes 248 53.0 70 88.2 206 87.6 2,962
Truck 240 51.2 62 78.2 185 78.8 2,988
For-hire truck 240 51.2 62 78.2 185 78.8 2,988
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,583
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,707
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 214 45.7 S S S S 2,967
Parcel, USPS or courier 208 44.5 S S S S 2,967
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,120
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,924

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,008
Single modes S S S S S S 1,885
Truck S S S S S S 1,885
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,885
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,009
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,009
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 553 100.0 133 100.0 27 100.0 195
Single modes 422 76.4 124 93.8 25 94.7 213
Truck 412 74.5 116 87.5 23 84.9 209
For-hire truck 343 62.1 72 54.3 16 60.6 234
Private truck 69 12.4 44 33.2 6 24.2 178
Rail S S S S S S 311
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,290
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 124 22.4 6 4.3 1 3.5 189
Parcel, USPS or courier 124 22.4 6 4.3 1 3.5 189
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 203

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 22 100.0 S S S S 458
Single modes S S S S S S 462
Truck S S S S S S 462
For-hire truck S S S S S S 464
Private truck S S S S S S 458
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 455
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 455
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 499
Single modes S S S S S S 523
Truck S S S S S S 523
For-hire truck S S S S S S 523
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 485
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 485
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,466
Single modes S S 46 30.4 S S 1,545
Truck S S 28 18.1 37 16.0 1,546
For-hire truck S S 27 17.6 36 15.6 1,550
Private truck S S S S S S 1,254
Rail S S S S S S 1,564
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,500
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 63 15.3 S S S S 1,457
Parcel, USPS or courier 63 15.1 S S S S 1,457
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,659
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,524

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 182 100.0 89 100.0 99 100.0 1,130
Single modes 161 88.4 87 98.4 97 98.4 1,147
Truck 159 87.1 82 92.0 90 90.8 1,146
For-hire truck 152 83.7 79 88.7 86 87.5 1,146
Private truck S S S S S S 1,108
Rail S S S S S S 1,321
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,334
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 21 11.6 1 1.6 2 1.6 1,125
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 11.6 1 1.6 2 1.6 1,125
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5,453
Single modes S S S S S S 5,328
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,328
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,546
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 5,546
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,482
Single modes S S S S S S 2,597
Truck S S S S S S 2,597
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,597
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,467
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,467
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 170 100.0 S S S S 992
Single modes 122 72.0 S S S S 948
Truck 117 68.8 45 47.6 43 60.3 960
For-hire truck 117 68.8 45 47.6 43 60.3 960
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 571
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,079
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 997
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 997
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 58 100.0 S S S S 949
Single modes 42 72.2 S S S S 978
Truck 39 67.6 16 32.9 14 36.8 980
For-hire truck 24 41.6 S S S S 983
Private truck 15 26.0 8 16.4 6 17.3 809
Rail S S S S S S 720
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.3 0.3 905
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.3 0.3 905
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 809

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 64 100.0 S S S S 1,147
Single modes 42 66.4 S S S S 1,173
Truck 39 60.6 S S S S 1,186
For-hire truck 39 60.6 S S S S 1,186
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 714
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,145
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,145
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 21 100.0 2 100.0 2 100.0 1,431
Single modes 8 38.1 1 49.8 1 51.3 1,623
Truck 3 15.7 1 49.4 1 50.8 1,442
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,438
Private truck S S S S S S 1,457
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,676
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,426
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,426
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 71 100.0 10 100.0 9 100.0 934
Single modes 21 29.0 7 73.6 7 72.3 994
Truck 21 29.0 7 73.6 7 72.3 994
For-hire truck 20 28.7 7 73.6 7 72.3 1,012
Private truck S S S S S S 869
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 930
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 930
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,556
Single modes S S S S S S 1,566
Truck S S S S S S 1,566
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,566
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,555
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,555
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,789

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 534 100.0 538 100.0 108 100.0 214
Single modes 429 80.4 534 99.4 107 99.2 198
Truck 391 73.2 441 82.1 90 83.1 198
For-hire truck 199 37.2 257 47.8 54 50.4 201
Private truck 177 33.1 182 33.8 35 32.1 191
Rail S S S S S S 193
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.2 0.2 239
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.2 0.2 239
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 178

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 261 100.0 79 100.0 39 100.0 487
Single modes 249 95.3 75 95.0 37 95.1 497
Truck 249 95.3 75 95.0 37 95.1 497
For-hire truck 238 91.1 70 88.5 35 89.7 493
Private truck S S S S S S 498
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 482
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 482
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,305 100.0 810 100.0 116 100.0 158
Single modes 3,685 85.6 775 95.6 109 93.9 141
Truck 3,685 85.6 775 95.6 109 93.9 141
For-hire truck 1,623 37.7 480 59.3 76 65.2 199
Private truck S S 292 36.0 33 28.3 92
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,398
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 572 13.3 14 1.7 2 2.1 181
Parcel, USPS or courier 572 13.3 14 1.7 2 2.1 181
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 198

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 40 100.0 S S S S 812
Single modes S S S S S S 853
Truck S S S S S S 875
For-hire truck S S S S S S 866
Private truck S S S S S S 898
Rail S S S S S S 412
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,149
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 22 54.4 1 4.4 1 9.3 812
Parcel, USPS or courier 22 54.4 1 4.4 1 9.3 812
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 920

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,339
Single modes S S S S S S 1,351
Truck S S S S S S 1,340
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,346
Private truck S S S S S S 1,288
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,544
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,337
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,337
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,312
Single modes S S S S S S 1,312
Truck S S S S S S 1,273
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,273
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,332
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,500
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,317
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,317
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 77 100.0 3 100.0 4 100.0 1,182
Single modes 19 23.9 2 67.7 3 70.1 1,088
Truck 14 18.4 2 63.7 3 66.6 1,358
For-hire truck 11 14.8 1 45.8 2 48.2 1,356
Private truck S S S S S S 1,371
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,061
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 1 29.9 1,212
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 1 29.9 1,212
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,452
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,452
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,452
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,458
Single modes S S S S S S 1,538
Truck S S S S S S 1,538
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,538
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,397
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,397
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,803
Single modes S S S S S S 2,831
Truck S S S S S S 2,785
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,785
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,876
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,802
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,802
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 987 100.0 1,267 100.0 135 100.0 110
Single modes 709 71.8 1,233 97.3 130 96.3 106
Truck 709 71.8 1,233 97.3 130 96.3 106
For-hire truck 368 37.3 814 64.2 100 74.3 136
Private truck 341 34.5 419 33.0 30 22.0 99
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 199 20.1 7 0.5 1 0.8 113
Parcel, USPS or courier 199 20.1 7 0.5 1 0.8 113
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 140

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 753 100.0 142 100.0 47 100.0 445
Single modes 429 57.0 138 97.7 45 97.5 600
Truck 410 54.5 138 97.7 45 97.4 313
For-hire truck 190 25.3 61 43.1 20 43.7 293
Private truck S S S S S S 330
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,220
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 2.3 1 2.5 404
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 2.3 1 2.5 404
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,623
Single modes S S S S S S 2,645
Truck S S S S S S 2,295
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,295
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,659
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,144
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,144
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,999 100.0 1,897 100.0 297 100.0 191
Single modes 1,791 89.6 1,763 92.9 257 86.8 159
Truck 1,782 89.2 1,763 92.9 257 86.7 150
For-hire truck 1,095 54.8 S S S S 214
Private truck 685 34.3 491 25.9 95 31.9 126
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 659
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 207 10.3 4 0.2 1 0.3 232
Parcel, USPS or courier 207 10.3 4 0.2 1 0.3 232
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 293

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 61 100.0 52 100.0 839
Single modes S S S S S S 872
Truck S S S S S S 865
For-hire truck S S S S S S 864
Private truck S S S S S S 905
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,175
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 36 9.7 1 2.0 1 2.0 830
Parcel, USPS or courier 36 9.7 1 2.0 1 2.0 830
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 17 100.0 S S S S 1,564
Single modes S S S S S S 1,660
Truck S S S S S S 1,637
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,637
Private truck S S S S S S 1,677
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,685
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,554
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,554
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 294 100.0 46 100.0 33 100.0 697
Single modes 204 69.3 44 94.2 31 94.3 695
Truck 117 39.9 32 68.9 23 71.7 697
For-hire truck S S 17 36.8 13 39.8 772
Private truck 43 14.5 S S S S 611
Rail S S S S S S 589
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 883
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 89 30.2 3 5.4 2 5.3 699
Parcel, USPS or courier 89 30.2 3 5.4 2 5.3 699
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 735

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,615
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,612
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,612
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,649

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 24 100.0 S S S S 3,077
Single modes 14 59.2 S S S S 3,010
Truck S S S S S S 3,025
For-hire truck S S S S S S 3,025
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,847
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,877
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 10 40.8 S S S S 3,104
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 40.8 S S S S 3,104
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 536 100.0 197 100.0 89 100.0 424
Single modes 381 71.0 180 91.4 82 92.3 437
Truck 381 71.0 180 91.4 82 92.3 437
For-hire truck 331 61.7 161 81.8 75 83.8 437
Private truck 50 9.3 S S S S 438
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 147 27.4 5 2.3 2 2.1 423
Parcel, USPS or courier 147 27.4 5 2.3 2 2.1 423
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 387

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 108 100.0 24 100.0 6 100.0 233
Single modes 76 70.9 23 95.6 5 95.6 232
Truck 76 70.9 23 95.6 5 95.6 232
For-hire truck 49 45.1 16 67.2 4 67.4 256
Private truck 28 25.8 S S S S 227
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 30 27.5 1 4.1 4.2 234
Parcel, USPS or courier 30 27.5 1 4.1 4.2 234
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 256

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 43 100.0 15 100.0 15 100.0 1,003
Single modes 32 75.9 15 98.4 15 98.4 1,021
Truck 32 74.4 13 89.6 13 89.2 1,007
For-hire truck 31 72.5 12 84.4 12 83.9 1,007
Private truck S S S S S S 1,014
Rail S S S S S S 1,048
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,107
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 10 22.4 1.2 1.2 1,000
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 22.4 1.2 1.2 1,000
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 991

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,565
Single modes S S S S S S 1,539
Truck S S S S S S 1,539
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,538
Private truck S S S S S S 1,549
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,577
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,577
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 55 100.0 7 100.0 8 100.0 1,064
Single modes 44 79.8 7 98.3 8 98.5 1,080
Truck 44 79.2 7 98.0 8 98.3 1,120
For-hire truck 44 79.2 7 98.0 8 98.3 1,120
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 980
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1.7 1.5 1,054
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1.7 1.5 1,054
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,093

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 99 100.0 40 100.0 83 100.0 1,787
Single modes 45 45.9 S S S S 1,786
Truck 29 29.6 13 32.1 24 29.2 1,785
For-hire truck 21 20.9 S S S S 1,750
Private truck S S S S S S 1,986
Rail S S S S S S 2,170
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 49 49.3 1 2.3 2 2.0 1,773
Parcel, USPS or courier 49 49.3 1 2.3 2 2.0 1,773
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,148

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,317
Single modes S S S S S S 2,239
Truck S S S S S S 2,292
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,292
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,214
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2.3 2.3 2,327
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2.3 2.3 2,327
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,188 100.0 10,304 100.0 273 100.0 32
Single modes 3,936 94.0 10,242 99.4 270 98.9 31
Truck 3,930 93.8 10,155 98.6 263 96.1 31
For-hire truck 1,244 29.7 4,270 41.4 106 39.0 34
Private truck 2,661 63.5 5,781 56.1 149 54.4 31
Rail S S S S S S 48
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,439
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 171 4.1 9 S S 58
Parcel, USPS or courier 169 4.0 6 0.1 58
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 204
Truck and water S S S S S S 524
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 81 1.9 52 0.5 S S 10

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 19 100.0 13 100.0 651
Single modes S S 18 96.3 S S 699
Truck S S 18 95.8 S S 673
For-hire truck S S S S S S 654
Private truck S S S S S S 680
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,127
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 622
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 622
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 2 100.0 2,963
Single modes S S S S S S 2,726
Truck S S S S S S 2,720
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,720
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,817
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 2 93.5 2,964
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 30.3 1 73.7 2,965
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 363
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 68 100.0 S S S S 506
Single modes S S S S S S 617
Truck S S S S S S 616
For-hire truck S S S S S S 685
Private truck S S S S S S 540
Rail S S S S S S 790
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 468
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 468
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,061

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 124 100.0 S S S S 1,107
Single modes 76 61.0 S S S S 1,140
Truck 72 58.0 S S S S 1,132
For-hire truck 58 46.8 S S S S 1,130
Private truck S S S S S S 1,202
Rail S S S S S S 1,270
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 48 39.0 S S S S 1,107
Parcel, USPS or courier 42 33.5 S S S S 1,107
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 734
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,895
Single modes S S S S S S 2,503
Truck S S S S S S 2,048
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,048
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,618
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,866
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,866
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.